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China s Economy

China s Economy Author Arthur R. Kroeber
ISBN-10 9780190239046
Release 2016-03-01
Pages 256
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China's Economy: What Everyone Needs to Know? is a concise introduction to the most astonishing economic growth story of the last three decades. In the 1980s China was an impoverished backwater, struggling to escape the political turmoil and economic mismanagement of the Mao era. Today it is the world's second biggest economy, the largest manufacturing and trading nation, the consumer of half the world's steel and coal, the biggest source of international tourists, and one of the most influential investors in developing countries from southeast Asia to Africa to Latin America. China's growth has lifted 700 million people out of poverty. It has also created a monumental environmental mess, with smog-blanketed cities and carbon emissions that are a leading cause of climate change. Multinational companies make billions of dollars in profits in China each year, but traders around the world shudder at every gyration of the country's unruly stock markets. Most surprising of all, its capitalist economy is governed by an authoritarian Communist Party that shows no sign of loosening its grip. How did China grow so fast for so long? Can it keep growing and still solve its problems of environmental damage, fast-rising debt and rampant corruption? How long can its vibrant economy co-exist with the repressive one-party state? What do China's changes mean for the rest of the world? China's Economy: What Everyone Needs to Know? answers these questions in straightforward language that you don't need to be an economist to understand, but with a wealth of detail drawn from academic research, interviews with dozens of company executives and policy makers, and a quarter-century of personal experience. Whether you're doing business in China, negotiating with its government officials, or a student trying to navigate the complexities of this fascinating and diverse country, this is the one book that will tell you everything you need to know about how China works, where it came from and where it's going.



China in the 21st Century

China in the 21st Century Author Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom
ISBN-10 9780190659073
Release 2018-04-09
Pages 240
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In this fully revised and updated third edition of China in the 21st Century: What Everyone Needs to Know(R), Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom and Maura Elizabeth Cunningham provide cogent answers to urgent questions regarding the world's newest superpower and offer a framework for understanding China's meteoric rise from developing country to superpower. Framing their answers through the historical legacies - Confucian thought, Western and Japanese imperialism, the Mao era, and the Tiananmen Square massacre - that largely define China's present-day trajectory, Wasserstrom and Cunningham introduce readers to the Chinese Communist Party, the building boom in Shanghai, and the environmental fallout of rapid Chinese industrialization. They also explain unique aspects of Chinese culture, such as the one-child policy, and provide insight into Chinese-American relations, a subject that has become increasingly fraught during the Trump era. As Wasserstrom and Cunningham draw parallels between China and other industrialized nations during their periods of development, in particular the United States during its rapid industrialization in the 19th century, they also predict how we might expect China to act in the future vis-a-vis the United States, Russia, India, and its East Asian neighbors. Updated to include perspectives on Hong Kong's shifting political status, as well as an expanded discussion of President Xi Jinping's time in office, China in the 21st Century provides a concise and insightful introduction to this significant global power.



Environmental Pollution in China

Environmental Pollution in China Author Daniel K. Gardner
ISBN-10 9780190696115
Release 2018-07-02
Pages 304
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When Deng Xiaoping introduced market reforms in the late 1970s, few would have imagined what the next four decades would bring. China's GDP has grown on average nearly 10 percent annually since, and its economy is now the second largest in the world. Forty years ago, the Flying Pigeon bicycle ruled the roads; today, China is the world's largest car market. And if forty years ago you looked out across the Huangpu River from the Bund in Shanghai, you would have seen farmland and a few warehouses and wharves; now you see the stunning, futuristic cityscape of Pudong. The material progress of the past forty years has been staggering -- a source of pride for the Chinese people, as well as a source of legitimacy for the ruling Chinese Communist Party. But that progress has come at great cost: the extreme pollution of China's air, water, and soil has taken a stark toll on human health. In Environmental Pollution in China: What Everyone Needs to Know®, Daniel K. Gardner examines the range of factors -- economic, social, political, and historical -- contributing to the degradation of China's environment. He also covers the public response to the widespread pollution; the measures the government is taking to clean up the environment; and the country's efforts to lessen its dependence on fossil fuels and develop clean sources of energy. Concise, accessible, and authoritative, this book serves as an ideal primer on one of the world's most challenging environmental crises.



India in the 21st Century

India in the 21st Century Author Mira Kamdar
ISBN-10 9780199973620
Release 2018-04-04
Pages 224
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India is fast overtaking China to become the most populous country on Earth. By mid-century, its 1.7 billion people will live in what is projected to become the world's second-largest economy after China. While a democracy and an open society compared to China, assertive Hindu nationalism is posing new challenges to India's democratic freedoms and institutions at a time when illiberal democracies and autocratic leaders are on the rise worldwide. How India's destiny plays out in the coming decades will matter deeply to a world where the West's influence in shaping the 21st century will decline as that of these two Asian giants and other emerging economies in Africa and Latin America rise. In India in the 21st Century, Mira Kamdar, a former member of the New York Times Editorial Board and an award-winning author, offers readers an introduction to India today in all its complexity. In a concise question-and-answer format, Kamdar addresses India's history, including its ancient civilization and kingdoms; its religious plurality; its colonial legacy and independence movement; the political and social structures in place today; its rapidly growing economy and financial system; India's place in the geopolitical landscape of the 21st century; the challenge to India posed by climate change and dwindling global resources; wealth concentration and stark social inequalities; the rise of big data and robotics; the role of social media and more. She explores India's contradictions and complications, while celebrating the merging of India's multicultural landscape and deep artistic and intellectual heritage with the Information Age and the expansion of mass media. With clarity and balance, Kamdar brings her in-depth knowledge of India and eloquent writing style to bear in this focused and incisive addition to Oxford's highly successful What Everyone Needs to Know series.



Economic Development

Economic Development Author Marcelo M. Giugale
ISBN-10 9780190688448
Release 2017-06-27
Pages 208
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There is much discussion about global poverty and the billions of people living with almost nothing. Why is it that governments, development banks, think-tanks, academics, NGOs and many others can't just fix the problem? Why is it that seemingly obvious reforms never happen? Why are prosperity and equity so elusive? The revised second edition of Economic Development: What Everyone Needs to Know® brings readers right into the trenches of development policies to show what practitioners are actually doing and explains the issues, dilemmas, options, frustrations and opportunities they face, day in and day out. In straightforward language and a question-and-answer format, Marcelo M. Giugale outlines the frontier of the development practice or, as he puts it, "...the point at which knowledge stops and ignorance begins." He takes readers from why it is so difficult to get governments to function, to the basic policies that economies need to work well, the powerful new tools for social assistance, and the challenges of inclusion, education, health, infrastructure, technology, data, and foreign aid. Giugale gives no definitive, universal answers. They don't really exist. Rather, he highlights what works, what doesn't, and what's promising. Drawing from examples across the world, his overall message is clear: economic development, and the poverty reduction that goes with it, have never been more possible for more countries.



Inequality

Inequality Author James K. Galbraith
ISBN-10 9780190250492
Release 2016-02-11
Pages 256
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Over the past thirty years, the issue of economic inequality has emerged from the backwaters of economics to claim center stage in the political discourse of America and beyond---a change prompted by a troubling fact: numerous measures of income inequality, especially in the United States in the last quarter of the twentieth century, have risen sharply in recent years. Even so, many people remain confused about what, exactly, politicians and media persons mean when they discuss inequality. What does "economic inequality" mean? How is it measured? Why should we care? Why did inequality rise in the United States? Is rising inequality an inevitable feature of capitalism? What should we do about it? Inequality: What Everyone Needs to Know takes up these questions and more in plain and clear language, bringing to life one of the great economic and political debates of our age. Inequality expert James K. Galbraith has compiled the latest economic research on inequality and explains his findings in a way that everyone can understand. He offers a comprehensive introduction to the study of economic inequality, including its philosophical and theoretical origins, the variety of concepts in wide use, empirical measures and their advantages and disadvantages, competing modern theories of the causes and effects of rising inequality in the United States and worldwide, and a range of policy measures. The topic of economic inequality is going to become only more important as we approach the 2016 presidential elections. This latest addition to the popular What Everyone Needs to Know series from Oxford University Press will tell you everything you need to know to make informed opinions on this significant issue.



               Author Χάνια Γιαναγκιχάρα
ISBN-10 9786180309669
Release 2016-11-24
Pages
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Τέσσερις φίλοι και συμφοιτητές μετακομίζουν, μετά την αποφοίτησή τους, στη Νέα Υόρκη για να φτιάξουν τη ζωή τους – άφραγκοι, χαμένοι, με μόνο τους στήριγμα τη φιλία τους και τις φιλοδοξίες τους: Ο ευγενής, ωραίος Γουίλεμ, επίδοξος ηθοποιός· ο Τζέι Μπι, ζωγράφος από το Μπρούκλιν, που προσπαθεί να κατακτήσει τον καλλιτεχνικό κόσμο∙ ο Μάλκολμ, αρχιτέκτονας σε μια σημαντική εταιρεία∙ και ο Τζουντ – ο ιδιοφυής, αινιγματικός Τζουντ. Όπως περνούν οι δεκαετίες, οι σχέσεις τους βαθαίνουν, αλλά και σκοτεινιάζουν, καθώς τις χρωματίζουν ο εθισμός, η επιτυχία, η περηφάνια. Ωστόσο η σπουδαιότερη πρόκληση, συνειδητοποιούν όλοι, είναι ο ίδιος ο Τζουντ, πλέον ένας απίστευτα χαρισματικός δικηγόρος μα και ένας άνθρωπος ολοένα και πιο διαλυμένος, με το σώμα του και τον νου του σημαδεμένα από τους ανείπωτους τρόμους της παιδικής του ηλικίας – κυνηγημένος από τραύματα που φοβάται ότι όχι μόνο δεν θα ξεπεράσει ποτέ, αλλά και θα τον ορίζουν για πάντα. Με πρόζα πλούσια και λαμπρή, η Γιαναγκιχάρα γράφει έναν τραγικό, υπερβατικό ύμνο στην αγάπη, μια αριστοτεχνική απεικόνιση του σπαραγμού, της τυραννίας της μνήμης και των ορίων της ανθρώπινης αντοχής.



Brazil

Brazil Author Professor of Political Science Riordan Roett
ISBN-10 9780190224523
Release 2016-08-01
Pages 256
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Brazil is one of the most important but puzzling countries in the world. A nation of 200 million people, it has vast natural resource reserves, rich cultural traditions, a middle class undergoing explosive growth, and social welfare policies that are models for much of the world ('la bolsa familia, ' which provides a guaranteed income to poor families). And, after decades of authoritarian rule, it is a stable democracy. Yet it is beset by problems that no other advanced economy suffers from: staggeringly high crime rates, sky-high inequality levels, and endemic political corruption. Emblematic of these two sides of Brazil is the selection of Rio as site of both the next Summer Olympics and the next World Cup. While the choice of Rio for these events points to Brazil's expanding presence on the world stage, so far the construction and planning for the events have been disastrous, threatening to deeply embarrass the nation. In Brazil: What Everyone Needs to Know(r), Riordan Roett, an eminent scholar of Brazil and Latin America, will provide a rich overview of Brazil, covering Brazilian society, politics, culture, and the economy. The book begins with a series of chapters on Brazilian history, beginning with the pre-colonial period and moving on, in succession, to the long era of Portuguese rule, the birth of independent Brazil, the emergence of modern Brazil in the 1930s, the era of the dictators, and - finally - to the democratic regime that came into being in the 1980s. Throughout the book, Roett will focus sharply on the fault lines -- racial, economic, political, and cultural - that have plagued Brazil from its beginnings to this day. As the 2016 World Cup and Summer Olympics approach, interest in Brazil is sure to rise. Roett's synthesis will provide interested readers with an accessible, authoritative overview of this troubled yet fascinating giant.



Cybersecurity

Cybersecurity Author Peter W. Singer
ISBN-10 9780199918119
Release 2014
Pages 306
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An authoritative, single-volume introduction to cybersecurity addresses topics ranging from phishing and electrical-grid takedowns to cybercrime and online freedom, sharing illustrative anecdotes to explain how cyberspace security works and what everyday people can do to protect themselves. Simultaneous.



Burma Myanmar

Burma Myanmar Author David Steinberg
ISBN-10 9780199981700
Release 2013-05-15
Pages 256
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No country in Asia in recent years has undergone so massive a political shift in so short a time as Myanmar. Until recently, the former British colony had one of the most secretive, corrupt, and repressive regimes on the planet, a country where Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi was held in continual house arrest and human rights were denied to nearly all. Yet events in Myanmar since the elections of November 2010 have profoundly altered the internal mood of the society, and have surprised even Burmese and seasoned foreign observers of the Myanmar scene. The pessimism that pervaded the society prior to the elections, and the results of that voting that prompted many foreign observers to call them a "sham" or "fraud," gradually gave way to the realization that positive change was in the air. In this updated second edition of Burma/Myanmar: What Everyone Needs to Know?, Davd I. Steinberg addresses the dramatic changes in the country over the past two years, including the establishment of a human rights commission, the release of political prisoners, and reforms in health and education. More than ever, the history, culture, and internal politics of this country are crucial to understanding the current transformation, which has generated headlines across the globe. Geographically strategic, Burma/Myanmar lies between the growing powers of China and India. Yet it is mostly unknown to Westerners despite being its thousand-year history as a nation. Burma/Myanmar is a place of contradictions: a picturesque land with mountain jungles and monsoon plains, it is one of the world's largest producers of heroin. Though it has extensive natural resources including oil, gas, teak, metals, and minerals, it is one of the poorest countries in the world. And despite a half-century of military-dominated rule, change is beginning to work its way through the beleaguered nation, as it moves to a more pluralistic administrative system reflecting its pluralistic cultural and multi-ethnic base. Authoritative and balanced, Burma/Myanmar is an essential book on a country in the throes of historic change. What Everyone Needs to Know? is a registered trademark of Oxford University Press.



                                           Author Guy Debord
ISBN-10 9786180309638
Release 2016-11-25
Pages
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Στην Κοινωνία του θεάματος- που κυκλοφόρησε το 1947-, ο Guy Debord εκθέτει συνεκτικά τους τρόπους λειτουργίας της σύγχρονης κοινωνίας όπως διαμορφώνεται από τα τέλη της δεκαετίας του 1920 και γιγαντώνεται, παροξυσμικά και παρανοϊκά, έως τις μέρες μας. Μισό αιώνα μετά την πρώτη του έκδοση, αυτό το μοναδικό βιβλίο παραμένει δυναμικά επίκαιρο. Γράφει ο Debord: «Το θέαμα δεν μπορεί να εννοηθεί ως κατάχρηση ενός κόσμους της όρασης, ως το προιόν των τεχνικών μαζικής διάχυσης εικόνων. Είναι μάλλον μια Weltanschauung [κοσμοθεώρηση] που έγινε πραγματική, που εκφράστηκε υλικά. Είναι μια θεώρηση του κόσμου που έγινε αντικειμενική». Όσον αφορά τον ίδιο τον συγγραφέα, ακολούθησε στη ζωή και έως τον εκούσιο θάνατό του έναν και μοναδικό κανόνα. Τον συνοψίζει στον πρόλογο της Τρίτης γαλλικής έκδοσης του ανά χείρας έργου: «Οφείλει κανείς να διαβάσει αυτό το βιβλίο έχοντας κατά νου ότι γράφτηκε με την πρόθεση να βλάψει την κοινωνία του θεάματος. Δεν είπα ποτέ τίποτα το εξωφρενικό».



Venezuela

Venezuela Author Miguel Tinker-Salas
ISBN-10 9780199783281
Release 2015
Pages 192
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A concise book on Venezuela, told through the lens of oil on the country's politics, economy, culture, and international relations



Hydrofracking

Hydrofracking Author Alex Prud'homme
ISBN-10 9780199311255
Release 2014-01
Pages 184
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Examines the basics of hydraulic fracturing and introduces economic and political benefits of fracking and the possible dangers associated with it.



Food Politics

Food Politics Author Robert Paarlberg
ISBN-10 9780199322381
Release 2013-10
Pages 272
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In a lively and easy-to-navigate, question-and-answer format, Food Politics carefully examines and explains the most important issues on today's global food landscape.



Nigeria

Nigeria Author John Campbell
ISBN-10 9780190657970
Release 2018
Pages 240
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As the "Giant of Africa" Nigeria is home to about twenty percent of the population of Sub-Saharan Africa, serves as Africa's largest producer of oil and natural gas, comprises Africa's largest economy, and represents the cultural center of African literature, film, and music. Yet the country is plagued by problems that keep it from realizing its potential as a world power. Boko Haram, a radical Islamist insurrection centered in the northeast of the country, is an ongoing security challenge, as is the continuous unrest in the Niger Delta, the heartland of Nigeria's petroleum wealth. There is also persistent violence associated with land and water use, ethnicity, and religion. In Nigeria: What Everyone Needs to Know®, John Campbell and Matthew Page provide a rich contemporary overview of this crucial African country. Delving into Nigeria's recent history, politics, and culture, this volume tackles essential questions related to widening inequality, the historic 2015 presidential election, the persistent security threat of Boko Haram, rampant government corruption, human rights concerns, and the continual conflicts that arise in a country that is roughly half Christian and half Muslim. With its continent-wide influence in a host of areas, Nigeria's success as a democracy is in the fundamental interest of its African neighbors, the United States, and the international community. This book will provide interested readers with an accessible, one-of-a-kind overview of the country.



Russia

Russia Author Timothy J. Colton
ISBN-10 9780199917808
Release 2016-10-01
Pages 280
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Today's Russia, also known as the Russian Federation, is often viewed as less powerful than the Soviet Union of the past. When stacked against other major nations in the present, however, the new Russia is a formidable if flawed player. Russia: What Everyone Needs to Know(r) provides fundamental information about the origins, evolution, and current affairs of the Russian state and society. The story begins with Russia's geographic endowment, proceeds through its experiences as a kingdom and empire, and continues through the USSR's three-quarters of a century, and finally the shocking breakup of that regime a generation ago. Chapters on the failed attempt to reform Communism under Mikhail Gorbachev, the halting steps toward democratization under Boris Yeltsin, and the entrenchment of central controls under Vladimir Putin bring the reader into the contemporary scene and to headline-grabbing events such as Russia's annexation of the Crimean Peninsula from Ukraine and its military intervention in Syria. Drawing on trends within Russia and on ratings and rankings compiled by international organizations, Colton discusses the challenges facing the country--ranging from economic recession to demographic stress, political stagnation, and overextension in foreign policy--and to the realistic options for coping with them. The book shows that, although Russia is not imprisoned by its history, it is heavily influenced by it. Colton illustrates Russia's greatest strength and, ironically, its greatest weakness: the ability of its people to adapt themselves to difficult circumstances beyond their immediate control. Russia, as Putin has asserted, will not soon be a second edition of the United States or Britain. But, Colton shows, there are ways in which it could become a better version of itself.



The World s Energy Supply What Everyone Needs to Know

The World s Energy Supply  What Everyone Needs to Know Author Jose Goldemberg
ISBN-10 9780190269210
Release 2015-03-17
Pages 640
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The topic of energy is one of the most pressing issues across the globe. In this bundle, consisting of Energy: What Everyone Needs to Know, Nuclear Energy: What Everyone Needs to Know, and Hydrofracking: What Everyone Needs to Know, readers will explore everything from the the basic scientific concepts of energy to questions surrounding the specific ways we obtain it.