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Civil Engineering and Urban Planning IV

Civil Engineering and Urban Planning IV Author Yuan-Ming Liu
ISBN-10 9781315645155
Release 2016-04-27
Pages 996
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Civil Engineering and Urban Planning IV includes the papers presented at the 4th International Conference on Civil Engineering and Urban Planning (CEUP 2015, Beijing, China, 25-27 July 2015). The contributions from experts and world-renowned scientists cover a wide variety of topics: - Civil engineering; - Architecture and urban planning; - Transportation engineering; - Geomatics; - Natural hazards and risk, and - Rock mechanics and rock engineering. Civil Engineering and Urban Planning IV will appeal to professionals and academics involved in the above mentioned areas.



Genetic Algorithms Data Structures Evolution Programs

Genetic Algorithms   Data Structures   Evolution Programs Author Zbigniew Michalewicz
ISBN-10 9783662033159
Release 2013-03-09
Pages 387
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Genetic algorithms are founded upon the principle of evolution, i.e., survival of the fittest. Hence evolution programming techniques, based on genetic algorithms, are applicable to many hard optimization problems, such as optimization of functions with linear and nonlinear constraints, the traveling salesman problem, and problems of scheduling, partitioning, and control. The importance of these techniques is still growing, since evolution programs are parallel in nature, and parallelism is one of the most promising directions in computer science. The book is self-contained and the only prerequisite is basic undergraduate mathematics. This third edition has been substantially revised and extended by three new chapters and by additional appendices containing working material to cover recent developments and a change in the perception of evolutionary computation.



Object oriented Software Construction

Object oriented Software Construction Author Bertrand Meyer
ISBN-10 0136290310
Release 1988
Pages 534
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Software -- Software Engineering.



Knowledge Engineering and Management

Knowledge Engineering and Management Author Guus Schreiber
ISBN-10 0262193000
Release 2000
Pages 455
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The disciplines of knowledge engineering and knowledge management are closely tied. Knowledge engineering deals with the development of information systems in which knowledge and reasoning play pivotal roles. Knowledge management, a newly developed field at the intersection of computer science and management, deals with knowledge as a key resource in modern organizations. Managing knowledge within an organization is inconceivable without the use of advanced information systems; the design and implementation of such systems pose great organization as well as technical challenges.The book covers in an integrated fashion the complete route from corporate knowledge management, through knowledge analysis and engineering, to the design and implementation of knowledge-intensive information systems. The CommonKADS methodology, developed over the last decade by an industry-university consortium led by the authors, is used throughout the book. CommonKADS makes as much use as possible of the new UML notation standard. Beyond information systems applications, all software engineering and computer systems projects in which knowledge plays an important role stand to benefit from the CommonKADS methodology.



Writing Effective Use Cases

Writing Effective Use Cases Author Alistair Cockburn
ISBN-10 9780201702255
Release 2001
Pages 270
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This guide will help readers learn how to employ the significant power of use cases to their software development efforts. It provides a practical methodology, presenting key use case concepts.



Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems

Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems Author John Henry Holland
ISBN-10 0262581116
Release 1992
Pages 211
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List of figures. Preface to the 1992 edition. Preface. The general setting. A formal framework. lustrations. Schemata. The optimal allocation of trials. Reproductive plans and genetic operators. The robustness of genetic plans. Adaptation of codings and representations. An overview. Interim and prospectus. Glossary of important symbols.



Permafrost

Permafrost Author Antoni G. Lewkowicz
ISBN-10 OCLC:486881824
Release 1998
Pages 1276
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Permafrost has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Permafrost also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Permafrost book for free.



Foundations of Statistical Natural Language Processing

Foundations of Statistical Natural Language Processing Author Christopher D. Manning
ISBN-10 0262133601
Release 1999
Pages 680
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An introduction to statistical natural language processing (NLP). The text contains the theory and algorithms needed for building NLP tools. Topics covered include: mathematical and linguistic foundations; statistical methods; collocation finding; word sense disambiguation; and probalistic parsing.



Context and Consciousness

Context and Consciousness Author Bonnie A. Nardi
ISBN-10 0262140586
Release 1996
Pages 400
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Intended for designers and researchers, Context and Consciousness brings together 13 contributions that apply activity theory to problems of human-computer interaction.Understanding how people actually use computers in their everyday lives is essential to good design and evaluation. This insight necessitates a move out of the laboratory and into the field. The research described in Context and Consciousness presents activity theory as a means of structuring and guiding field studies of human-computer interaction, from practical design to theoretical development. Activity theory is a psychological theory with a naturalistic emphasis, with roots going back to the 1920s in the Soviet Union. It provides a hierarchical framework for describing activity and a set of perspectives on practice. Activity theory has been fruitfully applied in many areas of human need, including problems of mentally and physically handicapped children, educational testing, curriculum design, and ergonomics. There is growing interest in applying activity theory to problems of human- computer interaction, and an international community of researchers is contributing to the effort.Contributors : Rachel Bellamy. Susanne Bødker. Ellen Christiansen. Yrjo Engeström. Virginia Escalante. Dorothy Holland. Victor Kaptelinin. Kari Kuutti. Bonnie A. Nardi. Arne Raeithel. James Reeves. Boris Velichkovksy. Vladimir P. Zinchenko.



Semiotics in Information Systems Engineering

Semiotics in Information Systems Engineering Author Kecheng Liu
ISBN-10 1139425536
Release 2000-05-11
Pages
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Semiotics, the science of signs, has long been recognised as an important discipline for understanding information and communications. Moreover it has found wide application in other areas of computer science, as it offers an effective insight into organisations and the computer systems that support them. An organisation may be viewed as a system of information and communication in which human actors, with the assistance of information technology, are able to process, represent, store and consume information. Computer systems that fit into an organisation and that support and enhance its performance and competitiveness, can be better delivered if semiotic principles are understood and applied. In this book, first published in 2000, semiotic methods are introduced and illustrated through three major case studies, which demonstrate how information systems can be developed to meet business requirements and support business objectives. It will appeal to academics, systems developers and analysts.



Design and Use of Software Architectures

Design and Use of Software Architectures Author Jan Bosch
ISBN-10 UOM:39015050193641
Release 2000
Pages 354
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This book provides an achievable answer. The author proposes a method for designing software architectures, and product line architectures, which is based on his experience in industry and research. The first part of the book introduces the design method,



Usability Inspection Methods

Usability Inspection Methods Author Jakob Nielsen
ISBN-10 UOM:39015032581681
Release 1994-05-09
Pages 448
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Computer Science/Computers-Human Interaction Usability Inspection Methods is the first comprehensive, book-length work in this important new field. Designed to get you quickly up and running with the full complement of UI strategies, tools, and techniques, this extremely practical guide offers you a unique opportunity to learn them from the women and men who invented them. With the help of numerous real-life case studies, the authors give you: Step-by-step guidance on all important methods now in use, including the heuristic evaluation method, the pluralistic walkthrough method, the cognitive walkthrough method, and more Proven techniques for integrating usability inspections with other methods now in use An in-depth, comparative analysis of UI versus user testing A cost-benefit analysis of UI as compared to other approaches Program prototypes that provide UI computer support for interface designers An important resource for user interface developers, software designers, as well as graduate students and researchers



China s Urban Revolution

China  s Urban Revolution Author Austin Williams
ISBN-10 9781350003231
Release 2017-10-19
Pages 240
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By 2025, China will have built fifteen new 'supercities' each with 25 million inhabitants. It will have created 250 'Eco-cities' as well: clean, green, car-free, people-friendly, high-tech urban centres. From the edge of an impending eco-catastrophe, we are arguably witnessing history's greatest environmental turnaround - an urban experiment that may provide valuable lessons for cities worldwide. Whether or not we choose to believe the hype – there is little doubt that this is an experiment that needs unpicking, understanding, and learning from. Austin Williams, The Architectural Review's China correspondent, explores the progress and perils of China's vast eco-city program, describing the complexities which emerge in the race to balance the environment with industrialisation, quality with quantity, and the liberty of the individual with the authority of the Chinese state. Lifting the lid on the economic and social realities of the Chinese blueprint for eco-modernisation, Williams tells the story of China's rise, and reveals the pragmatic, political and economic motives that lurk behind the successes and failures of its eco-cities. Will these new kinds of urban developments be good, humane, healthy places? Can China find a 'third way' in which humanity, nature, economic growth and sustainability are reconciled? And what lessons can we learn for our own vision of the urban future? This is a timely and readable account which explores a range of themes – environmental, political, cultural and architectural – to show how the eco-city program sheds fascinating light on contemporary Chinese society, and provides a lens through which to view the politics of sustainability closer to home.



Wetland Systems to Control Urban Runoff

Wetland Systems to Control Urban Runoff Author M. Scholz
ISBN-10 0080464025
Release 2006-09-29
Pages 360
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Wetland Systems to Control Urban Runoff integrates natural and constructed wetlands, and sustainable drainage techniques into traditional water and wastewater systems used to treat surface runoff and associated diffuse pollution. The first part of the text introduces the fundamentals of water quality management, and water and wastewater treatment. The remaining focus of the text is on reviewing treatment technologies, disinfection issues, sludge treatment and disposal options, and current case studies related to constructed wetlands applied for runoff and diffuse pollution treatment. Professionals and students will be interested in the detailed design, operation, management, process control and water quality monitoring and applied modeling issues. * Contains a comprehensive collection of timely, novel and innovative research case studies in the area of wetland systems applied for the treatment of urban runoff * Demonstrates to practitioners how natural and constructed wetland systems can be integrated into traditional wastewater systems, which are predominantly applied for the treatment of surface runoff and diffuse pollution * Assesses the design, operation, management and water treatment performance of sustainable urban drainage systems including constructed wetlands



Target Cost Contracting Strategy in Construction

Target Cost Contracting Strategy in Construction Author Daniel W.M. Chan
ISBN-10 9781317229278
Release 2016-10-14
Pages 170
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The problems inherent in the traditional design-bid-build procurement method often lead to the adversarial working relationships within the construction industry. Target cost contracts, accompanied by a gain-share/pain-share arrangement serving as a cost incentive mechanism, have emerged in the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia and Hong Kong with the aim of achieving better value for money and more satisfactory overall project performance under a collaborative working relationship. This book presents the underlying principles, practicalities and a series of short case studies of applying the target cost contracting strategy. Principles begin with the fundamentals then cover the development of target cost contracting in major countries/cities, definitions of target cost contracting, perceived benefits, potential difficulties and critical success factors for implementation. Practices include the target cost contracting approach and process in general, the key risk factors, risk assessment model, risk allocation and risk mitigation measures for target cost contracts in particular, together with a conceptual framework for the performance measurement of target cost contracts. Several short real-life case studies from the United Kingdom, Hong Kong, Australia and New Zealand are provided for further illustration. The book will appeal to a wide spectrum of readers from industrial practitioners to undergraduate students, researchers and academics interested in construction contracts and procurement methods.



Principles of Model Checking

Principles of Model Checking Author Christel Baier
ISBN-10 9780262304030
Release 2008-04-25
Pages 984
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Our growing dependence on increasingly complex computer and software systems necessitates the development of formalisms, techniques, and tools for assessing functional properties of these systems. One such technique that has emerged in the last twenty years is model checking, which systematically (and automatically) checks whether a model of a given system satisfies a desired property such as deadlock freedom, invariants, and request-response properties. This automated technique for verification and debugging has developed into a mature and widely used approach with many applications. Principles of Model Checking offers a comprehensive introduction to model checking that is not only a text suitable for classroom use but also a valuable reference for researchers and practitioners in the field.The book begins with the basic principles for modeling concurrent and communicating systems, introduces different classes of properties (including safety and liveness), presents the notion of fairness, and provides automata-based algorithms for these properties. It introduces the temporal logics LTL and CTL, compares them, and covers algorithms for verifying these logics, discussing real-time systems as well as systems subject to random phenomena. Separate chapters treat such efficiency-improving techniques as abstraction and symbolic manipulation. The book includes an extensive set of examples (most of which run through several chapters) and a complete set of basic results accompanied by detailed proofs. Each chapter concludes with a summary, bibliographic notes, and an extensive list of exercises of both practical and theoretical nature.



Balancing Agility and Discipline

Balancing Agility and Discipline Author Barry W. Boehm
ISBN-10 0321186125
Release 2004
Pages 266
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* *Helps organization achieve the speed of agility without sacrificing the discipline of process *For quick learning and easy reference, the margins contain a "fast track" summary of the material *Forewords by Grady Booch, Alistair Cockburn, and Watts Humphrey!