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Coastal Environments and Global Change

Coastal Environments and Global Change Author Gerd Masselink
ISBN-10 9781118825105
Release 2014-04-23
Pages 448
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The coastal zone is one of the most dynamic environments on our planet and is much affected by global change, especially sea-level rise. Coastal environments harbour valuable ecosystems, but they are also hugely important from a societal point of view. This book, which draws on the expertise of 21 leading international coastal scientists, represents an up-to-date account of coastal environments and past, present and future impacts of global change. The first chapter of the book outlines key principles that underpin coastal systems and their behaviour. This is followed by a discussion of key processes, including sea level change, sedimentation, storms, waves and tides, that drive coastal change. The main part of the book consists of a discussion of the main coastal environments (beaches, dunes, barriers, salt marshes, tidal flats, estuaries, coral reefs, deltas, rocky and glaciated coasts and coastal groundwater), and how these are affected by global change. The final chapter highlights strategies for coping with coastal change. Readership: final year undergraduate and postgraduate-level students on coastal courses in a wide range subjects, including geography, environmental management, geology, oceanography and coastal/civil engineering. The book will also be a valuable resource for researchers and applied scientists dealing with coastal environments. Additional resources for this book can be found at: www.wiley.com/go/masselink/coastal



Sustainable Coastal Management and Climate Adaptation

Sustainable Coastal Management and Climate Adaptation Author R. A. Kenchington
ISBN-10 9780643100275
Release 2012
Pages 222
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Explores evolution of coastal management, provides critical insights into contemporary experience, understanding of coastal management in Australia. Draws on contemporary theory, lessons from case examples to highlight roles of research, community engagement in coastal management. Wood and Stocker at Curtin University.



Coral Reefs and Climate Change

Coral Reefs and Climate Change Author JonathanT. Phinney
ISBN-10 9780875903590
Release 2006-01-10
Pages 244
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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Coastal and Estuarine Studies, Volume 61. The effects of increased atmospheric carbon dioxide and related climate change on shallow coral reefs are gaining considerable attention for scientific and economic reasons worldwide. Although increased scientific research has improved our understanding of the response of coral reefs to climate change, we still lack key information that can help guide reef management. Research and monitoring of coral reef ecosystems over the past few decades have documented two major threats related to increasing concentrations of atmospheric CO2: (1) increased sea surface temperatures and (2) increased seawater acidity (lower pH). Higher atmospheric CO2 levels have resulted in rising sea surface temperatures and proven to be an acute threat to corals and other reef-dwelling organisms. Short periods (days) of elevated sea surface temperatures by as little as 1–2°C above the normal maximum temperature has led to more frequent and more widespread episodes of coral bleaching-the expulsion of symbiotic algae. A more chronic consequence of increasing atmospheric CO2 is the lowering of pH of surface waters, which affects the rate at which corals and other reef organisms secrete and build their calcium carbonate skeletons. Average pH of the surface ocean has already decreased by an estimated 0.1 unit since preindustrial times, and will continue to decline in concert with rising atmospheric CO2. These climate-related Stressors combined with other direct anthropogenic assaults, such as overfishing and pollution, weaken reef organisms and increase their susceptibility to disease.



Global Coastal Change

Global Coastal Change Author Ivan Valiela
ISBN-10 9781444309034
Release 2009-03-12
Pages 376
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Global Coastal Changeprovides a comprehensive overview of the environmental factors changing the marine systems of the world including atmospheric changes, sea level rise, alterations in freshwater and sediment use and transport, toxins, overfishing, alien species, and eutrophication. Includes case studies providing real-world examples, detailed reviews of the evidence of changes and possible solutions. Brings together a wealth of important information about our changing marine environments. An invaluable reference for upper level undergraduates, graduates, and professionals interested in marine environmental science.



Geoinformatics for Marine and Coastal Management

Geoinformatics for Marine and Coastal Management Author Darius Bartlett
ISBN-10 9781351722308
Release 2016-12-19
Pages 414
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Geoinformatics for Marine and Coastal Management provides a timely and valuable assessment of the current state of the art geoinformatics tools and methods for the management of marine systems. This book focuses on the cutting-edge coverage of a wide spectrum of activities and topics such as GIS-based application of drainage basin analysis, contribution of ontology to marine management, geoinformatics in relation to fisheries management, hydrography, indigenous knowledge systems, and marine law enforcement. The authors present a comprehensive overview of the field of Geoinformatic Applications in Marine Management covering key issues and debates with specific case studies illustrating real-world applications of the GIS technology. This "box of tools" serves as a long-term resource for coastal zone managers, professionals, practitioners, and students alike on the management of oceans and the coastal fringe, promoting the approach of allowing sustainable and integrated use of oceans to maximize opportunities while keeping risks and hazards to a minimum.



Applied Studies in Climate Adaptation

Applied Studies in Climate Adaptation Author Jean P. Palutikof
ISBN-10 9781118845035
Release 2014-10-27
Pages 496
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The book advances knowledge about climate change adaptation practices through a series of case studies. It presents important evidence about adaptation practices in agriculture, businesses, the coastal zone, community services, disaster management, ecosystems, indigneous populations, and settlements and infrastructure. In addition to 38 case studies across these sectors, the book contains horizon-scoping essays from international experts in adaptation research, including Hallie Eakin, Susanne Moser, Jonathon Overpeck, Bill Solecki, and Gary Yohe. Australia’s social-ecological systems have a long history of adapting to climate variability and change, and in recent decades has been a world-leader in implementing and researching adaptation, making this book of universal relevance to all those working to adapt our environment and societies to climate change.



Remote Sensing and Global Environmental Change

Remote Sensing and Global Environmental Change Author Sam J. Purkis
ISBN-10 1444340255
Release 2011-03-03
Pages 384
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Remote Sensing plays a key role in monitoring the various manifestations of global climate change. It is used routinely in the assessment and mapping of biodiversity over large areas, in the monitoring of changes to the physical environment, in assessing threats to various components of natural systems, and in the identification of priority areas for conservation. This book presents the fundamentals of remote sensing technology, but rather than containing lengthy explanations of sensor specifications and operation, it concentrates instead on the application of the technology to key environmental systems. Each system forms the basis of a separate chapter, and each is illustrated by real world case studies and examples. Readership The book is intended for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in earth science, environmental science, or physical geography taking a course in environmental remote sensing. It will also be an invaluable reference for environmental scientists and managers who require an overview of the use of remote sensing in monitoring and mapping environmental change at regional and global scales. Additional resources for this book can be found at: http://www.wiley.com/go/purkis/remote.



Solutions for Climate Change Challenges in the Built Environment

Solutions for Climate Change Challenges in the Built Environment Author Colin A. Booth
ISBN-10 9781405195072
Release 2012-03-12
Pages 352
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The multi-disciplinary perspective provided here offers a strategic view on built environment issues and improve understanding of how built environment activities potentially induce global warming and climate change. It also highlights solutions to these challenges. Solutions to Climate change Challenges in the Built Environment helps develop an appreciation of the diverse themes of the climate change debate across the built environment continuum. A wide perspective is provided through contributions from physical, environmental, social, economic and political scientists. This strategic view on built environment issues will be useful to researchers as well as policy experts and construction practitioners wanting a holistic view. This book clarifies complex issues around climate change and follows five main themes: climate change experiences; urban landscape development; urban management issues; measurement of impact; and the future. Chapters are written by eminent specialists from both academic and professional backgrounds. The main context for chapters is the developed world but the discussion is widened to incorporate regional issues. The book will be valuable to researchers and students in all the built environment disciplines, as well as to practitioners involved with the design, construction and maintenance of buildings, and government organisations developing and implementing climate change policy.



Biogeochemical Dynamics at Major River Coastal Interfaces

Biogeochemical Dynamics at Major River Coastal Interfaces Author Thomas Bianchi
ISBN-10 9781107022577
Release 2013-10-28
Pages 674
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State-of-the-art, comprehensive synthesis of biogeochemical dynamics and impact of human alterations at major river-coastal interfaces for advanced students and researchers.



Ecosystems at the Land Sea Margin

Ecosystems at the Land Sea Margin Author Thomas C. Malone
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822027848159
Release 1999-01-26
Pages 381
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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Coastal and Estuarine Studies, Volume 55. Nutrient and contaminant inputs to estuaries and coastal seas, the exploitation of living resources, translocation of nonindigenous species, and habitat loss or modification are among the most significant and sustained anthropogenic alterations of coastal ecosystems. Although the chapters that follow touch on all of these issues, the causes and consequences of nutrient enrichment are emphasized. Nutrient enrichment of estuaries and coastal seas has increased dramatically in recent decades, largely as a consequence of the combustion of fossil fuels and land-use patterns in coastal watersheds related to increases in population density and agriculture. How these changes and the compounding effects of meteorological events and local?]regional expressions of global climate change will play out in terms of ecosystem dynamics are important questions that will drive research and monitoring in the coastal zone for decades to come.



Earth Environments

Earth Environments Author David Huddart
ISBN-10 9781118688120
Release 2013-04-16
Pages 912
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This book provides a comprehensive coverage of the major topics within undergraduate study programmes in geosciences, environmental science, physical geography, natural hazards and ecology. This text introduces students to the Earth's four key interdependent systems: the atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere, focussing on their key components, interactions between them and environmental change. Topics covered include: An earth systems model; components systems and processes: atmospheric systems; oceanography, endogenic geological systems and exogenic geological systems, biogeography and, aspects of the Earth's Record. The impact of climate and environmental change is discussed in a final chapter which draws together Earth's systems and their evolution and looks ahead to future earth changes and environments and various time periods in the geological record. Throughout the book geological case studies are used in addition to the modern processes.



Buoyancy Effects on Coastal and Estuarine Dynamics

Buoyancy Effects on Coastal and Estuarine Dynamics Author D. G. Aubrey
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822023215288
Release 1996-01-09
Pages 359
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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Coastal and Estuarine Studies, Volume 53. Coastal water quality, flooding, estuarine habitat diversity, and distribution of coastal organisms depend in part on the dynamics of the coastal water column. Particularly within coastal embayments and estuaries, areas within the influence of freshwater from surface and ground water sources, the water column may be stratified by temperature and/or salinity. Resulting density gradients affect the behavior of the water column, including mixing and transport processes. Understanding physical processes associated with buoyancy in the coastal oceans is a requisite first step towards understanding the effects of buoyancy on coastal processes, including geological, biological and geochemical aspects. This volume presents 23 papers addressing various aspects of buoyancy in the coastal oceans, including plumes, tidal interaction with buoyancy, shelf dynamics and mixing processes, and estuarine dynamics of buoyancy. The interwoven common thread amongst these articles is how buoyancy processes affect the density stratification and dynamics of shallow coastal flows.



Climate Change 2014 Impacts Adaptation and Vulnerability Part A Global and Sectoral Aspects Volume 1 Global and Sectoral Aspects

Climate Change 2014     Impacts  Adaptation and Vulnerability  Part A  Global and Sectoral Aspects  Volume 1  Global and Sectoral Aspects Author Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
ISBN-10 9781316240342
Release 2014-12-29
Pages
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This latest Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) will again form the standard reference for all those concerned with climate change and its consequences, including students, researchers and policy makers in environmental science, meteorology, climatology, biology, ecology, atmospheric chemistry and environmental policy.



Marine Conservation

Marine Conservation Author G. Carleton Ray
ISBN-10 9781118714447
Release 2013-12-31
Pages 384
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Providing a guide for marine conservation practice, Marine Conservation takes a whole-systems approach, covering major advances in marine ecosystem understanding. Its premise is that conservation must be informed by the natural histories of organisms together with the hierarchy of scale-related linkages and ecosystem processes. The authors introduce a broad range of overlapping issues and the conservation mechanisms that have been devised to achieve marine conservation goals. The book provides students and conservation practitioners with a framework for thoughtful, critical thinking in order to incite innovation in the 21st century. "Marine Conservation presents a scholarly but eminently readable case for the necessity of a systems approach to conserving the oceans, combining superb introductions to the science, law and policy frameworks with carefully chosen case studies. This superb volume is a must for anyone interested in marine conservation, from students and practitioners to lay readers and policy-makers." —Simon Levin, George M. Moffett Professor of Biology, Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University



Nitrogen Loading in Coastal Water Bodies

Nitrogen Loading in Coastal Water Bodies Author Richard A. Valigura
ISBN-10 9780875902715
Release 2001-01-09
Pages 254
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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Coastal and Estuarine Studies, Volume 57. Every time it rains, biologically active nitrogen compounds are transferred from the air to whatever surface lies underneath; what a farmer once called "the poor man's fertilizer." In fact, nitrogen containing compounds are transferred between surface and atmosphere even when it is not raining. That this atmospheric nitrogen deposition impacts on the environment is a scientifically accepted fact, established during the acid rain debates led by the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program. The extent to which this deposition contributes to the decline of coastal waters around the United States due to over fertilization, however, is still under debate. In response to and as a continuation of this debate is the current work before you: the first attempt to consistently and comprehensively estimate the relative contribution of atmospherically delivered nitrogen to the total amount of nitrogen entering coastal estuaries around the United States.



Climate Change Biology

Climate Change Biology Author Lee Hannah
ISBN-10 9780127999234
Release 2014-11-17
Pages 470
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Climate Change Biology, 2e examines the evolving discipline of human-induced climate change and the resulting shifts in the distributions of species and the timing of biological events. The text focuses on understanding the impacts of human-induced climate change by drawing on multiple lines of evidence, including paleoecology, modeling, and current observation. This revised and updated second edition emphasizes impacts of human adaptation to climate change on nature and greater emphasis on natural processes and cycles and specific elements. With four new chapters, an increased emphasis on tools for critical thinking, and a new glossary and acronym appendix, Climate Change Biology, 2e is the ideal overview of this field. Expanded treatment of processes and cycles Additional exercises and elements to encourage independent and critical thinking Increased on-line supplements including mapping activities and suggested labs and classroom activities.



The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Tourism

The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Tourism Author Alan A. Lew
ISBN-10 9781118474624
Release 2014-04-02
Pages 672
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The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Tourism presents a collection of readings that represent an essential and authoritative reference on the state-of-the-art of the interdisciplinary field of tourism studies. Presents a comprehensive and critical overview of tourism studies across the social sciences Introduces emerging topics and reassesses key themes in tourism studies in the light of recent developments Includes 50 newly commissioned essays by leading experts in the social sciences from around the world Contains cutting-edge perspectives on topics that include tourism’s role in globalization, sustainable tourism, and the state’s role in tourism development Sets an agenda for future tourism research and includes a wealth of bibliographic references