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Codes of the Underworld

Codes of the Underworld Author Diego Gambetta
ISBN-10 9781400833610
Release 2011-07-18
Pages 368
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How do criminals communicate with each other? Unlike the rest of us, people planning crimes can't freely advertise their goods and services, nor can they rely on formal institutions to settle disputes and certify quality. They face uniquely intense dilemmas as they grapple with the basic problems of whom to trust, how to make themselves trusted, and how to handle information without being detected by rivals or police. In this book, one of the world's leading scholars of the mafia ranges from ancient Rome to the gangs of modern Japan, from the prisons of Western countries to terrorist and pedophile rings, to explain how despite these constraints, many criminals successfully stay in business. Diego Gambetta shows that as villains balance the lure of criminal reward against the fear of dire punishment, they are inspired to unexpected feats of subtlety and ingenuity in communication. He uncovers the logic of the often bizarre ways in which inveterate and occasional criminals solve their dilemmas, such as why the tattoos and scars etched on a criminal's body function as lines on a professional résumé, why inmates resort to violence to establish their position in the prison pecking order, and why mobsters are partial to nicknames and imitate the behavior they see in mafia movies. Even deliberate self-harm and the disclosure of their crimes are strategically employed by criminals to convey important messages. By deciphering how criminals signal to each other in a lawless universe, this gruesomely entertaining and incisive book provides a quantum leap in our ability to make sense of their actions.



Transformative Practice and Research in Organizational Communication

Transformative Practice and Research in Organizational Communication Author Salem, Philip J.
ISBN-10 9781522528241
Release 2017-07-12
Pages 367
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Communication creates organizations, and the ways individuals communicate determines the functions and processes of organizations. Understanding communication challenges is necessary in order to understand organizational successes and organizational change. Transformative Practice and Research in Organizational Communication is an essential reference publication featuring the latest scholarly research on the practice of organizational communication. The chapters cover a range of topics such as business expertise, social media, and capitalism. This book is ideally designed for academicians, students, professionals, and managers seeking current research on organizational communication practices.



Policing Transnational Organized Crime and Corruption

Policing Transnational Organized Crime and Corruption Author M. Congram
ISBN-10 9781137333797
Release 2013-11-21
Pages 141
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Examining the role of communication interception technology (CIT) in the investigation of transnational organised crime, the authors demonstrate that a proactive intelligence-led policing framework and a re-evaluation of the constraints of CIT are required to combat the international issue of corruption.



The Social Order of the Underworld

The Social Order of the Underworld Author David Skarbek
ISBN-10 9780199328505
Release 2014
Pages 224
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This book challenges the widely held view that inmates create prison gangs to promote racism and violence. On the contrary, gangs form to create order. Most people assume that violent inmates left to themselves will descend into a chaotic anarchy, but that's not necessarily the case. This book studies the hidden order of the prison underworld to understand how order arises among outlaws. It uses economics to explore the secret world of the convict culture, inmate hierarchy, and prison gang politics. Inmates engaged in illegal activity cannot rely entirely on state-based governance institutions, such as courts of law and the police, to create order. Correctional officers will not resolve a dispute over a heroin deal gone wrong or help kill a predatory rapist. Yet, the inmate social system is relatively orderly and underground markets flourish. In today's prisons, gangs play a pivotal role in protecting inmates and facilitating illicit commerce. They have sophisticated internal structures and often rely on elaborate written constitutions. To maintain social order, gangs adjudicate conflicts and orchestrate strategic acts of violence to negotiate the competing demands of inmates, gang members, and correctional officers. This book uses economics to explain why prison gangs form, how formal institutions affect them, and why they have a powerful influence even over crime beyond prison walls. Economics explains the seemingly irrational, truly astonishing, and often tragic world of life among the society of captives.



Liars and Outliers

Liars and Outliers Author Bruce Schneier
ISBN-10 9781118239018
Release 2012-01-27
Pages 384
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In today's hyper-connected society, understanding the mechanisms of trust is crucial. Issues of trust are critical to solving problems as diverse as corporate responsibility, global warming, and the political system. In this insightful and entertaining book, Schneier weaves together ideas from across the social and biological sciences to explain how society induces trust. He shows the unique role of trust in facilitating and stabilizing human society. He discusses why and how trust has evolved, why it works the way it does, and the ways the information society is changing everything.



The paradox of self harm in prison psychopathy or an evolved coping strategy

The paradox of self harm in prison  psychopathy or an evolved coping strategy Author Julia Griller
ISBN-10 9783954896615
Release 2014-02-01
Pages 86
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Deliberate self-harm (DSH) refers to intentionally self-inflicted injuries, and is mainly explained by abuse or neglect, severe psychopathy or at least a trait of a mental disorder. Most functions of DSH serve intrapersonal motives but interpersonal reasons are also found. These range from seeking for attention, pity and sympathy, to benefits like care, help or avoidance of unpleasant tasks or persons. To the latter belongs the deterrence of assaulters, a benefit, especially desirable for prisoners due to the hostile and brutal environment of prisons. This book scrutinizes two hypotheses of avoidance of attacks in prisons by the use of episodes of DSH as costly signals building upon the signaling theory developed in economics and biology. The first hypothesis is that DSH is an honest signal of fearlessness intended to repel other inmates from attacking. The second deals with the avoidance of assaulters by signaling madness via DSH to achieve relocation into an asylum. The underlying motive in this case is the need of protection, and thus, DSH serves as a cry for help to prison authorities. All necessary requirements of both hypotheses are examined, provided with evidence from existing research and analyzed with the help of mathematical models.



Religion and Trade

Religion and Trade Author Francesca Trivellato
ISBN-10 9780199379217
Release 2014-08-20
Pages 304
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Although trade connects distant people and regions, bringing cultures closer together through the exchange of material goods and ideas, it has not always led to unity and harmony. From the era of the Crusades to the dawn of colonialism, exploitation and violence characterized many trading ventures, which required vessels and convoys to overcome tremendous technological obstacles and merchants to grapple with strange customs and manners in a foreign environment. Yet despite all odds, experienced traders and licensed brokers, as well as ordinary people, travelers, pilgrims, missionaries, and interlopers across the globe, concocted ways of bartering, securing credit, and establishing relationships with people who did not speak their language, wore different garb, and worshipped other gods. Religion and Trade: Cross-Cultural Exchanges in World History, 1000-1900 focuses on trade across religious boundaries around the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic and Indian Oceans during the second millennium. Written by an international team of scholars, the essays in this volume examine a wide range of commercial exchanges, from first encounters between strangers from different continents to everyday transactions between merchants who lived in the same city yet belonged to diverse groups. In order to broach the intriguing yet surprisingly neglected subject of how the relationship between trade and religion developed historically, the authors consider a number of interrelated questions: When and where was religion invoked explicitly as part of commercial policies? How did religious norms affect the everyday conduct of trade? Why did economic imperatives, political goals, and legal institutions help sustain commercial exchanges across religious barriers in different times and places? When did trade between religious groups give way to more tolerant views of "the other" and when, by contrast, did it coexist with hostile images of those decried as "infidels"? Exploring captivating examples from across the world and spanning the course of the second millennium, this groundbreaking volume sheds light on the political, economic, and juridical underpinnings of cross-cultural trade as it emerged or developed at various times and places, and reflects on the cultural and religious significance of the passage of strange persons and exotic objects across the many frontiers that separated humankind in medieval and early modern times.



Sociology 2009

Sociology 2009 Author British Library
ISBN-10 0415599288
Release 2010-11-01
Pages 625
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First published in 1952, the International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (anthropology, economics, political science, and sociology) is well established as a major bibliographic reference for students, researchers & librarians.



Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology Author
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105061548017
Release 1932
Pages
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Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology book for free.



House of Commons Debates Official Report Hansard

House of Commons Debates  Official Report  Hansard Author
ISBN-10 OSU:32435055324834
Release 1996
Pages
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House of Commons Debates Official Report Hansard has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from House of Commons Debates Official Report Hansard also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full House of Commons Debates Official Report Hansard book for free.



House of Commons Debates

House of Commons Debates Author
ISBN-10 NWU:35556026809673
Release 1996-04
Pages
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House of Commons Debates has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from House of Commons Debates also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full House of Commons Debates book for free.



Handbook of Criminology

Handbook of Criminology Author Stuart Adams
ISBN-10 UCAL:B3916480
Release 1974
Pages 1180
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Handbook of Criminology has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Handbook of Criminology also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Handbook of Criminology book for free.



United States Code Annotated

United States Code Annotated Author United States
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105061458175
Release 1989
Pages
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United States Code Annotated has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from United States Code Annotated also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full United States Code Annotated book for free.



God s Gambler

God s Gambler Author Robert Frederick West
ISBN-10 PSU:000063441994
Release 1964
Pages 235
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God s Gambler has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from God s Gambler also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full God s Gambler book for free.



United states code service

United states code service Author
ISBN-10 UCAL:B3600618
Release 1979
Pages
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United states code service has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from United states code service also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full United states code service book for free.



United States code service lawyers edition

United States code service  lawyers edition Author United States
ISBN-10 UOM:35112200580332
Release 1996
Pages
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United States code service lawyers edition has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from United States code service lawyers edition also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full United States code service lawyers edition book for free.



The anti society

The anti society Author Kellow Chesney
ISBN-10 UCAL:$B381914
Release 1970-06
Pages 398
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The anti society has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The anti society also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The anti society book for free.