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Collective Action Under the Articles of Confederation

Collective Action Under the Articles of Confederation Author Keith L. Dougherty
ISBN-10 0521027586
Release 2006-11-02
Pages 224
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This 2001 book focuses on the reasons that states contributed to the government under the Articles of Confederation.



Understanding the Articles of Confederation

Understanding the Articles of Confederation Author James Wolfe
ISBN-10 9780766068674
Release 2015-07-15
Pages 128
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“The title of this confederacy shall be the United States..." Thus began the first constitution of the United States of America. Although replaced by the current US Constitution in 1788, the Articles of Confederation defined the US government and established policies that are still in place today. Featuring a unique combination of context and primary source text, this book provides a thorough understanding of this essential document.



The Encyclopedia of Public Choice

The Encyclopedia of Public Choice Author Charles Rowley
ISBN-10 9780306478284
Release 2008-01-25
Pages 1105
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The Encyclopedia provides a detailed and comprehensive account of the subject known as public choice. However, the title would not convey suf- ciently the breadth of the Encyclopedia’s contents which can be summarized better as the fruitful interchange of economics, political science and moral philosophy on the basis of an image of man as a purposive and responsible actor who pursues his own objectives as efficiently as possible. This fruitful interchange between the fields outlined above existed during the late eighteenth century during the brief period of the Scottish Enlightenment when such great scholars as David Hume, Adam Ferguson and Adam Smith contributed to all these fields, and more. However, as intell- tual specialization gradually replaced broad-based scholarship from the m- nineteenth century onwards, it became increasingly rare to find a scholar making major contributions to more than one. Once Alfred Marshall defined economics in neoclassical terms, as a n- row positive discipline, the link between economics, political science and moral philosophy was all but severed and economists redefined their role into that of ‘the humble dentist’ providing technical economic information as inputs to improve the performance of impartial, benevolent and omniscient governments in their attempts to promote the public interest. This indeed was the dominant view within an economics profession that had become besotted by the economics of John Maynard Keynes and Paul Samuelson immediately following the end of the Second World War.



James Madison and the Making of America

James Madison and the Making of America Author Kevin R. C. Gutzman
ISBN-10 9781429941006
Release 2012-02-14
Pages 432
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In James Madison and the Making of America, historian Kevin Gutzman looks beyond the way James Madison is traditionally seen -- as "The Father of the Constitution" -- to find a more complex and sometimes contradictory portrait of this influential Founding Father and the ways in which he influenced the spirit of today's United States. Instead of an idealized portrait of Madison, Gutzman treats readers to the flesh-and-blood story of a man who often performed his founding deeds in spite of himself: Madison's fame rests on his participation in the writing of The Federalist Papers and his role in drafting the Bill of Rights and Constitution. Today, his contribution to those documents is largely misunderstood. He thought that the Bill of Rights was unnecessary and insisted that it not be included in the Constitution, a document he found entirely inadequate and predicted would soon fail. Madison helped to create the first American political party, the first party to call itself "Republican", but only after he had argued that political parties, in general, were harmful. Madison served as Secretary of State and then as President during the early years of the United States and the War of 1812; however, the American foreign policy he implemented in 1801-1817 ultimately resulted in the British burning down the Capitol and the White House. In so many ways, the contradictions both in Madison's thinking and in the way he governed foreshadowed the conflicted state of our Union now. His greatest legacy—the disestablishment of Virginia's state church and adoption of the libertarian Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom—is often omitted from discussion of his career. Yet, understanding the way in which Madison saw the relationship between the church and state is key to understanding the real man. Kevin Gutzman's James Madison and the Making of America promises to become the standard biography of our fourth President.



Employment Class and Collective Actions

Employment Class and Collective Actions Author David Sherwyn
ISBN-10 9041125051
Release 2009-01
Pages 1149
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Long regarded as a powerful means to seek individual damages against a corporate defendant, class actions have become a staple of the U.S. litigation system. In recent years, however, several highly significant Supreme Court decisions have weakened the commonality claims of defendants, particularly in workplace discrimination actions. In light of this background, the trends and prospects of employment class actions were the theme of the 56th annual proceedings of the prestigious New York University Conference on Labor, held in May 2003. This important volume reprints the papers presented at that conference, as well as some additional contributions. Among the considerable expertise brought to bear on this controversial subject, readers will find insightful analysis of such issues as the following: Effect of class actions on losing companies; Importance of class actions to Title VII enforcement; Obstacles to class litigation; Compliance and internal enforcement challenges for large employers; Opt-in vs. opt-out alternatives for class members; Value and effectiveness of pattern or practice test cases; Legal limits of group identity; Shifting of the burden of proof; Authority of arbitrators to proceed on a class wide basis; and Countering statistical claims of expert witnesses. Because class actions are based on tension - that between commonality and individuation - they tend to accumulate precedent along a spectrum from disconnected disparity to meaningful resolution. In this deeply informed and thought-provoking book, lawyers and academics concerned with both the interests of employers and of employees will proceed with increased awareness as they work on reconciling the practical and theoretical constraints of class litigation.



Constitutional Law Principles and Policy Cases and Materials

Constitutional Law  Principles and Policy  Cases and Materials Author Jerome A. Barron
ISBN-10 9780327174349
Release 2012-05-29
Pages 1760
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The authors of this casebook are committed to reflect fully the dynamism, controversy, and excitement that characterize contemporary Constitutional Law. While generally striving for brevity, the authors lightly edit cases where the Court appears to be embarking on a new doctrinal course so that sharply different constitutional philosophies are fully and fairly presented. Features of the new Eighth Edition include: • Hamdan v. Rumsfeld -- the legality of the use of military commissions by the Executive Branch. • Boumediene v. Bush -- alien enemy combatants detained at Guantanamo and "the constitutional privilege of habeas corpus." • District of Columbia v. Heller and McDonald v. City of Chicago -- the personal right to keep and bear arms vis-a-vis federal and state governments. • Gonzales v. Carhart -- limiting the abortion right. • United Haulers Association, Inc. v. Oneida-Herkimer Solid Waste Management Authority -- state regulation of solid waste and the dormant Commerce Clause • Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1 -- affirmative action in the public schools. In the area of free expression, among the many cases featured are: • Holder v. Humanitarian Law Project -- national security v. political advocacy. • Snyder v. Phelps -- offensive speech and funeral picketing. • Morse v. Frederick -- student speech in the high schools. • Garcetti v. Ceballos -- free expression rights of government employees. • United States v. Stevens -- animal cruelty and the limits of freedom of expression. • Brown v. Entertainment Merchants Association -- protecting children from violent video games. • Citizens United v. Federal Elections Commission -- unleashing campaign spending by corporations and unions. The new 8th edition includes some of the latest law review literature as well as the leading constitutional cases covered in the previous edition. Constitutional Law: Principles and Policies is updated annually with a supplement addressing recent developments in the area of Constitutional Law.



The Emergence of Buddhism

The Emergence of Buddhism Author Jacob N. Kinnard
ISBN-10 0313328382
Release 2006
Pages 165
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In the 6th century B.C.E., a young prince named Siddhartha Gotama renounced his opulent lifestyle and set out on a quest to alleviate human suffering. When he realized his goal--a path to enlightenment--he dedicated his life to sharing that discovery. From its itinerant beginnings in what is now southern Nepal, to its current following of over 350 million adherents worldwide, Buddhism has spread through teachings and principles rather than worship of the divine, earning the title of the world's "oldest missionary religion." Primary documents, illustrations, a glossary, and biographical sketches illuminate the birth, enlightenment, travels, and legacy of the man called Buddha, the "Awakened One."



The encyclopedia of civil liberties in America

The encyclopedia of civil liberties in America Author David Andrew Schultz
ISBN-10 0765680637
Release 2004
Pages
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The encyclopedia of civil liberties in America has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The encyclopedia of civil liberties in America also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The encyclopedia of civil liberties in America book for free.



From Liberty to Democracy

From Liberty to Democracy Author Randall G. Holcombe
ISBN-10 9780472112906
Release 2002
Pages 336
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An analysis of American political history using the economic framework of public choice theory



Declaring War

Declaring War Author Brien Hallett
ISBN-10 9781139561181
Release 2012-08-13
Pages
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Declaring War directly challenges the 200-year-old belief that Congress can and should declare war. By offering a detailed analysis of the declarations of 1812, 1898 and the War Powers Resolution of 1973, the book demonstrates the extent of the organizational and moral incapacity of Congress to declare war. It invokes Carl von Clausewitz's dictum that 'war is policy' to explain why declarations of war are an integral part of war and proposes two possible remedies - a constitutional amendment or, alternatively, a significant re-organization of Congress. It offers a comprehensive historical, legal, constitutional, moral and philosophical analysis of why Congress has failed to check an imperial presidency. The book draws on Roman history and international law to clarify the form, function and language of declarations of war and John Austin's speech act theory.



Legislative Leviathan

Legislative Leviathan Author Gary W. Cox
ISBN-10 0520072200
Release 1993
Pages 324
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This book provides an incisive new look at the inner workings of the House of Representatives in the post-World War II era. Reevaluating the role of parties and committees, Gary Cox and Mathew McCubbins view parties in the House--especially majority parties--as a species of "legislative cartel." These cartels usurp the power, theoretically resident in the House, to make rules governing the structure and process of legislation. Possession of this rule-making power leads to two main consequences. First, the legislative process in general, and the committee system in particular, is stacked in favor of majority party interests. Second, because the majority party has all the structural advantages, the key players in most legislative deals are members of that party and the majority party's central agreements are facilitated by cartel rules and policed by the cartel's leadership. Debunking prevailing arguments about the weakening of congressional parties, Cox and McCubbins powerfully illuminate the ways in which parties exercise considerable discretion in organizing the House to carry out its work. This work will have an important impact on the study of American politics, and will greatly interest students of Congress, the presidency, and the political party system. This book provides an incisive new look at the inner workings of the House of Representatives in the post-World War II era. Reevaluating the role of parties and committees, Gary Cox and Mathew McCubbins view parties in the House--especially majority parties--as a species of "legislative cartel." These cartels usurp the power, theoretically resident in the House, to make rules governing the structure and process of legislation. Possession of this rule-making power leads to two main consequences. First, the legislative process in general, and the committee system in particular, is stacked in favor of majority party interests. Second, because the majority party has all the structural advantages, the key players in most legislative deals are members of that party and the majority party's central agreements are facilitated by cartel rules and policed by the cartel's leadership. Debunking prevailing arguments about the weakening of congressional parties, Cox and McCubbins powerfully illuminate the ways in which parties exercise considerable discretion in organizing the House to carry out its work. This work will have an important impact on the study of American politics, and will greatly interest students of Congress, the presidency, and the political party system.



Informal Workers and Collective Action

Informal Workers and Collective Action Author Adrienne E. Eaton
ISBN-10 9781501707957
Release 2017-05-15
Pages 296
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Informal Workers and Collective Action features nine cases of collective action to improve the status and working conditions of informal workers. Adrienne E. Eaton, Susan J. Schurman, and Martha A. Chen set the stage by defining informal work and describing the types of organizations that represent the interests of informal workers and the lessons that may be learned from the examples presented in the book. Cases from a diverse set of countries—Brazil, Cambodia, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Georgia, Liberia, South Africa, Tunisia, and Uruguay—focus on two broad types of informal workers: "waged" workers, including port workers, beer promoters, hospitality and retail workers, domestic workers, low-skilled public sector workers, and construction workers; and self-employed workers, including street vendors, waste recyclers, and minibus drivers. These cases demonstrate that workers and labor organizations around the world are rediscovering the lessons of early labor organizers on how to aggregate individuals' sense of injustice into forms of collective action that achieve a level of power that can yield important changes in their work and lives. Informal Workers and Collective Action makes a strong argument that informal workers, their organizations, and their campaigns represent the leading edge of the most significant change in the global labor movement in more than a century. Contributors Gocha Aleksandria, Georgian Trade Union Confederation Martha A. Chen, Harvard University and WIEGO Sonia Maria Dias, WIEGO and Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil Adrienne E. Eaton, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey Mary Evans, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey Janice Fine, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey Mary Goldsmith, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Xochimilco Daniel Hawkins, National Trade Union School of Colombia Elza Jgerenaia, Labor and Employment Policy Department for the Ministry of Labour, Health and Social Affairs, Republic of Georgia Stephen J. King, Georgetown University Allison J. Petrozziello, UN Women and the Center for Migration Observation and Social Development Pewee Reed, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Republic of Liberia Sahra Ryklief, International Federation of Workers' Education Associations Susan J. Schurman, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey Vera Alice Cardoso Silva, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil Milton Weeks, Devin Corporation



Comparative Constitutional Design

Comparative Constitutional Design Author Tom Ginsburg
ISBN-10 9781107020566
Release 2012-02-27
Pages 393
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This volume brings together essays by leading scholars of comparative constitutional design from myriad disciplinary perspectives. The authors collectively assess what we know - and don't know - about the design process as well as particular institutional choices concerning executive power, constitutional amendment processes, and many other issues. Bringing together positive and normative analysis, it provides the state of the art in a field of growing theoretical and practical importance.



Law and Markets in United States History

Law and Markets in United States History Author James Willard Hurst
ISBN-10 9781584771364
Release 2010-05-01
Pages 207
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Hurst, James Willard. Law and Markets in United States History: Different Modes of Bargaining among Interests. [Madison]: The University of Wisconsin Press, [1982]. vii, 207 pp. Reprinted 2001 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. LCCN 00-067116. ISBN 1-58477-136-4. Cloth. $80. * The eminent legal scholar's sociological analysis of the relation between law and private business (using the lumber business as an example) in relation to society at large. He argues that law and business support the same goals of efficiency and humanity, and examines their interrelationship toward that end in terms of ethical issues related to public policy, money supply, the impact of incremental change, inflation and deflation, monopoly and competition, and other economic factors. Based on Hurst's lectures at The University of Wisconsin in April, 1981.



The Constitutional Convention of 1787

The Constitutional Convention of 1787 Author John R. Vile
ISBN-10 1851096698
Release 2005-01-01
Pages 1009
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The pivotal moment in the formation of the United States - The Constitutional Convention - featured battles among factions, compromise between ideologies, and disagreements that nearly derailed the enterprise. The product was a document that still stands as the guide to governing a representative democracy. This impressive encyclopedia shows in detail the lively, contentious, four-month process that produced the foundation of this country. Powerful personalities and powerful ideas formed the Constitution. This work brings the people to life and shows how they brought into being one of the most important documents in history. Drawing on original sources and a wealth of secondary works, the 350 A-Z entries and dozens of sidebars in this encyclopedia present the first-ever comprehensive treatment of all aspects of the Constitutional Convention.



We Have Not a Government

We Have Not a Government Author George William Van Cleve
ISBN-10 9780226480503
Release 2017-10-13
Pages 390
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In between the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitutions, our nation was governed by a much lesser known--and lesser written about--document called the Articles of Confederation. Unlike many other books, George Van Cleve's readable and original history of the nation during this period does not treat it as the "backstory" of how the Constitution came to be, but, rather, on its own terms. In 1783, the American states had won the Revolutionary War, and the Articles of Confederation had won majority support among the public. Yet, only four years later, the government totally collapsed. In analyzing the extraordinarily divisive issues the Confederation faced in the aftermath of the Revolutionary War, Van Cleve uncovers and explains why that collapse occurred. The Confederation faced massive war debts with virtually no authority to compel its members to pay them. It encountered punishing trade restrictions and strong resistance to American territorial expansion from powerful European governments. Bitter sectional divisions that deadlocked the Continental Congress arose from exploding western settlement. And a deep, long-lasting recession led to sharp controversies and social unrest across the country and among sections over greatly increased taxes, debt relief, and paper money. Van Cleve shows how these remarkable stresses transformed the Confederation into a stalemate government and eventually led conflicting interest groups to see that there would need to be structural changes to enable groups to advance their policies within a union powerful enough to govern a continental empire. Lucidly argued and superbly written, Stalemate Government will be the standard history of this critical period of our nation's birth for decades to come.



Disaster and the Politics of Intervention

Disaster and the Politics of Intervention Author Andrew Lakoff
ISBN-10 9780231519250
Release 2010-06-01
Pages 160
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Government plays a critical role in mitigating individual and collective vulnerability to disaster. Through measures such as disaster relief, infrastructure development, and environmental regulation, public policy is central to making societies more resilient. However, the recent drive to replace public institutions with market mechanisms has challenged governmental efforts to manage collective risk. The contributors to this volume analyze the respective roles of the public and private sectors in the management of catastrophic risk, addressing questions such as: How should homeland security officials evaluate the risk posed by terrorist attacks and natural disasters? Are market-based interventions likely to mitigate our vulnerability to the effects of climate change? What is the appropriate relationship between non-governmental organizations and private security firms in responding to humanitarian emergencies? And how can philanthropic efforts to combat the AIDS crisis ensure ongoing access to life-saving drugs in the developing world? More generally, these essays point to the way thoughtful policy intervention can improve our capacity to withstand catastrophic events. Additional Columbia / SSRC books on the Privatization of Risk and its Implications for Americans Bailouts: Public Money, Private Profit Edited by Robert E. Wright Health at Risk: America's Ailing Health System-and How to Heal It Edited by Jacob S. Hacker Laid Off, Laid Low: Political and Economic Consequences of Employment Insecurity Edited by Katherine S. Newman Pensions, Social Security, and the Privatization of Risk Edited by Mitchell A. Orenstein