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Comparing European and U S Securities Regulations

Comparing European and U S  Securities Regulations Author Tanja Boskovic
ISBN-10 0821382543
Release 2010-01-12
Pages 184
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This paper, aimed at professionals, scholars, and government officials in the field of securities regulations, compares the European (specifically the Market in Financial Instruments Directive MiFID) and U.S. securities regulations. The analysis focuses on the regulatory and supervisory framework, trading venues, and the provision of investment services. We show that although there may be regional differences in the structure and rules of current securities regulation, the objectives and some outcomes of regulation are comparable. Similarly, as the current global financial and economic crisis exposed gaps in securities regulations worldwide, regulators in both regions face similar challenges. This study will be particularly useful for World Bank member countries that are looking at either the European or U.S. regulations when conducting market reforms.



Stock Market Integration

Stock Market Integration Author E. Dorodnykh
ISBN-10 9781137381705
Release 2013-11-04
Pages 103
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This book provides an original approach to the determinants of stock exchange integration. With case studies of successful integration projects in Europe, North America, Latin America as well as intercontinental cross-border mergers, it provides a complete analysis of all existing integration projects between stock exchange markets.



New Technology Organizational Change and Governance

New Technology  Organizational Change and Governance Author E. Avril
ISBN-10 9781137264237
Release 2013-05-07
Pages 242
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Globalization and the technological revolution have forced organizations to rethink decision-making structures favouring the adoption of highly innovative practices. This book analyzes the impact of new technologies testing empowerment, engagement and democratization against the new organizational morphology of political parties and corporations.



The Oxford Handbook of Financial Regulation

The Oxford Handbook of Financial Regulation Author Niamh Moloney
ISBN-10 9780191510878
Release 2015-08-27
Pages 900
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The financial system and its regulation have undergone exponential growth and dramatic reform over the last thirty years. This period has witnessed major developments in the nature and intensity of financial markets, as well as repeated cycles of regulatory reform and development, often linked to crisis conditions. The recent financial crisis has led to unparalleled interest in financial regulation from policymakers, economists, legal practitioners, and the academic community, and has prompted large-scale regulatory reform. The Oxford Handbook of Financial Regulation is the first comprehensive, authoritative, and state-of-the-art account of the nature of financial regulation. Written by an international team of leading scholars in the field, it takes a contextual and comparative approach to examine scholarly, policy, and regulatory developments in the past three decades. The first three Parts of the Handbook address the underpinning horizontal themes which arise in financial regulation: financial systems and regulation; the organization of financial system regulation, including regional examples from the EU and the US; and the delivery of outcomes and regulatory techniques. The final three Parts address the major reoccurring objectives of financial regulation, widely regarded as the anchors of financial regulation internationally: financial stability; market efficiency, integrity, and transparency; and consumer protection. The Oxford Handbook of Financial Regulation will be an invaluable resource for scholars and students of financial regulation, and for economists, policy-makers and regulators.



Ascent After Decline

Ascent After Decline Author Otaviano Canuto
ISBN-10 9780821389423
Release 2012-01-09
Pages 294
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Without a resurrection of strong economic growth in major economies, the likelihood of rapid economic development in poor developing countries is dampened. The nature of that ascent is the subject of this volume.



Emerging Capital Markets and Globalization

Emerging Capital Markets and Globalization Author Augusto de la Torre
ISBN-10 0821365444
Release 2006-10-20
Pages 228
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Back in the early 1990s, economists and policy makers had high expectations about the prospects for domestic capital market development in emerging economies, particularly in Latin America. Unfortunately, they are now faced with disheartening results. Stock and bond markets remain illiquid and segmented. Debt is concentrated at the short end of the maturity spectrum and denominated in foreign currency, exposing countries to maturity and currency risk. Capital markets in Latin America look particularly underdeveloped when considering the many efforts undertaken to improve the macroeconomic environment and to reform the institutions believed to foster capital market development. The disappointing performance has made conventional policy recommendations questionable, at best. 'Emerging Capital Markets and Globalization' analyzes where we stand and where we are heading on capital market development. First, it takes stock of the state and evolution of Latin American capital markets and related reforms over time and relative to other countries. Second, it analyzes the factors related to the development of capital markets, with particular interest on measuring the impact of reforms. And third, in light of this analysis, it discusses the prospects for capital market development in Latin America and emerging economies and the implications for the reform agenda.



Globalization Growth and Poverty

Globalization  Growth  and Poverty Author Paul Collier
ISBN-10 082135048X
Release 2002
Pages 174
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Globalization - the growing integration of economies and societies around the world, is a complex process. The focus of this research is the impact of economic integration on developing countries and especially the poor people living in these countries. Whether economic integration supports poverty reduction and how it can do so more effectively are key questions asked. The research yields 3 main findings with bearings on current policy debates about globalization. Firstly, poor countries with some 3 billion people have broken into the global market for manufactures and services, and this successful integration has generally supported poverty reduction. Secondly, inclusion both across countries and within them is important as a number of countries (pop. 2 billion) are failing as states, trading less and less, and becoming marginal to the world economy. Thirdly, standardization or homogenization is a concern - will economic integration lead to cultural or institutional homogenization?



Business Regulation and Economic Performance

Business Regulation and Economic Performance Author Norman V. Loayza
ISBN-10 0821381458
Release 2010-01-11
Pages 290
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The Schumpeterian process of 'creative destruction' is an essential ingredient of a dynamic economy. In many countries around the world, however, this process is weakened by pervasive regulation of product and factor markets. This book documents the regulatory obstacles faced by firms, particularly in developing countries, and assesses their implications for firm renewal and macroeconomic performance. Combining a variety of methodological approaches--analytical and empirical, micro and macroeconomic, single- and cross-country-- the book provides evidence that streamlining the regulatory framework would have a significant social pay-off, particularly in developing countries that are also burdened by weak governance. The book's chapters trace out analytically and empirically the links between microeconomic policies and distortions, on the one hand, and aggregate performance in terms of productivity, growth and volatility, on the other. The volume adds to a novel but increasingly influential literature that seeks to understand macroeconomic phenomena from a microeconomic perspective, and derive the relevant lessons for development policy. Such literature is still fairly scarce in the case of industrial countries, and virtually in its infancy for developing countries.



Financial Sector Development in Africa

Financial Sector Development in Africa Author Thorsten Beck
ISBN-10 9780821396292
Release 2012-12-03
Pages 252
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This edited volume contains eight studies of financial sector challenges in Africa. They discuss expanding access, lengthening contracts, safeguarding finance and implementing financial sector reform in politically difficult environment.



Emerging Equity Markets

Emerging Equity Markets Author Mr. Manmohan S. Kumar
ISBN-10 9781455240708
Release 1994-03-01
Pages 34
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Since the mid-1980s, there has been a very substantial increase in stock market activity in many developing countries. This paper first examines the main characteristics of the emerging stock markets, and illustrates the evolution of equity prices in these markets over the last decade. It then discusses the reasons for the markets’ growth and assesses the extent to which domestic policies, as well as external factors, have played a role. This is followed by a discussion of the likely benefits of these markets; the effects which any abrupt correction in stock prices could have for the economy; and the ways in which these markets can be made more efficient.



Innovative Financing for Development

Innovative Financing for Development Author Suhas Ketkar
ISBN-10 082137706X
Release 2008-09-29
Pages 216
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Developing countries need additional, cross-border capital channeled into their private sectors to generate employment and growth, reduce poverty, and meet the other Millennium Development Goals. Innovative financing mechanisms are necessary to make this happen. 'Innovative Financing for Development' is the first book on this subject that uses a market-based approach. It compiles pioneering methods of raising development finance including securitization of future flow receivables, diaspora bonds, and GDP-indexed bonds. It also highlights the role of shadow sovereign ratings in facilitating access to international capital markets. It argues that poor countries, especially those in Sub-Saharan Africa, can potentially raise tens of billions of dollars annually through these instruments. The chapters in the book focus on the structures of the various innovative financing mechanisms, their track records and potential for tapping international capital markets, the constraints limiting their use, and policy measures that governments and international institutions can implement to alleviate these constraints.



The Development and Regulation of Non bank Financial Institutions

The Development and Regulation of Non bank Financial Institutions Author Jeffrey Carmichael
ISBN-10 0821348396
Release 2002-01-01
Pages 230
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This book aims to create an awareness of the potential of non-bank financial institutions (NBFIs) for developing countries, and to assist policy makers in the creation of coherent policy structures and effective regulatory systems for the development of these institutions. It considers the essential functions and characteristics of non-bank financial institutions and includes chapters on insurance companies, mutual funds and pension schemes, securities markets, and leasing and real estate companies.



Housing Finance Policy in Emerging Markets

Housing Finance Policy in Emerging Markets Author Loic Chiquier
ISBN-10 9780821377512
Release 2009
Pages 491
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Housing finance markets have been changing dramatically in both emerging and developed economies. On the one hand, housing finance markets are expanding and represent a powerful engine for economic growth in many emerging economies. However, the unfolding sub-prime mortgage crisis highlights the risks and potential turbulence that this sector can introduce into the financial system when expanding without proper infrastructure and regulation. As housing finance keeps growing in emerging economies to match a rising demand for housing, new risk management approaches, business models, funding tools, and policy instruments can help. Yet many questions remain about the right balance between innovation and regulation, the extent of risks to the financial system, the appropriate role of the state to promote affordable housing, and the effects of the sub-prime crisis. This book provides a guide for policymakers dealing with housing finance in emerging markets. It highlights the prerequisites for an effective housing finance system; it lays out several policy alternatives and models of housing finance; and it explores the role of governments in expanding access to housing finance for lower-income households. There is no "best" model set out in this book. The aim is to provide a developmental roadmap that can be tailored and sequenced to each country's situation and timing.



Unleashing Prosperity

Unleashing Prosperity Author
ISBN-10 9780821372807
Release 2008
Pages 277
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Over the past few years, the countries of Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union have seen rapid productivity growth that has driven up living standards and reduced poverty. Unleashing Prosperity examines the microfoundations of the recent growth. The report shows that these countries have enjoyed substantial productivity gains from the reallocation of labor and capital to more productive sectors and firms, from the entry of new firms and the exit of obsolete firms, and from the more efficient use of resources. Unleashing Prosperity also illustrates that policy reforms that promote governance and macroeconomic stability, market competition, infrastructure quality, financial deepening, labor market flexibility, and skill upgrading are important in achieving higher productivity growth. However, significant challenges remain in sustaining productivity growth. The report argues that for the early reformers (most of the 10 new members of the European Union, plus Turkey), policy reforms aimed at improving the ability of firms to innovate and compete in global markets are a main concern. By contrast, for the late reformers (most of Southeastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States), policy reforms aimed at addressing the legacy of transition continue to be a top priority. Unleashing Prosperity shows why microeconomic reforms deserve more attention. It is a must-read for policy makers, government officials, researchers, and economists who are interested in furthering growth and prosperity in the region.



Handbook for Evaluating Infrastructure Regulatory Systems

Handbook for Evaluating Infrastructure Regulatory Systems Author Ashley C. Brown
ISBN-10 9780821365809
Release 2006-01-01
Pages 397
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More than 200 new infrastructure regulators have been created around the world in the last 15 years. They were established to encourage clear and sustainable long-term economic and legal commitments by governments and investors to encourage new investment to benefit existing and new customers. There is now considerable evidence that both investors and consumers-the two groups that were supposed to have benefited from these new regulatory systems-have often been disappointed with their performance. The fundamental premise of this book is that regulatory systems can be successfully reformed only if there are independent, objective and public evaluations of their performance. Just as one goes to a medical doctor for a regular health checkup, it is clear that infrastructure regulation would also benefit from periodic checkups. This book provides a general framework as well as detailed practical guidance on how to perform such "regulatory checkups."



Postcrisis Growth and Development

Postcrisis Growth and Development Author Shahrokh Fardoust
ISBN-10 0821385232
Release 2010-11-09
Pages 584
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Post-crisis Growth and Development lays the groundwork for setting development priorities and advances the discussion among the G20, and non-G20 countries on development policy in infrastructure, trade, food security, financial inclusion, and Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), as they relate to strong, sustainable, and balanced global growth.



Global Change and East Asian Policy Initiatives

Global Change and East Asian Policy Initiatives Author Shahid Yusuf
ISBN-10 9780821356203
Release 2004
Pages 452
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Annotation Although many economies have grown briskly in the last few years, future development will depend on the quality and timeliness of policy actions. This volume provides specific policy responses that could be employed to navigate successfully through periods of economic, political and technological turbulence by enhancing both competitiveness of firms and the stability of the economies in East Asia.