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Competence Competence in the Face of Illegality in Contracts and Arbitration Agreements

Competence Competence in the Face of Illegality in Contracts and Arbitration Agreements Author Richard H. Kreindler
ISBN-10 9789004257559
Release 2013-08-16
Pages
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Also available as an e-book Competence-competence and corruption have, for different reasons, been mainstays of international dispute resolution thought and practice for the longest time. In the last few years, their intersection has become increasingly important and problematic. These lectures seek to define the problem and to provide acceptable solutions where possible. They attempt to derive support from both a stringent dogmatic approach and pragmatic attention to real-life expectations and conduct. More so than in other areas of private international law, the intersection between the powers of the arbitrator and the illegality of the subject matter or the parties’ conduct poses a particular challenge. That challenge is to postulate proper solutions under the law, including principles of transnational or international law, to conduct which can take on a multiplicity of appearances owing to conflicting cultural understandings of what is and is not legal in commercial life. The statement that bribery and corruption offend transnational or international public policy does not relieve the arbitrator from the burden of scrutinizing that statement doctrinally and exploring its consequences in a period of ever-increasing globalization of economic activity and investment.



The Quest for World Order and Human Dignity in the Twenty first Century

The Quest for World Order and Human Dignity in the Twenty first Century Author W.M. Reisman
ISBN-10 9789004236165
Release 2013-02-18
Pages 487
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This General Course is concerned, first, with understanding and assessing the aggregate performance of the world constitutive process, in present and projected constructs; second, with providing the intellectual tools that can enable those involved in making decisions to be more effective, whether they are operating in islands or offshore; and, third, with inquiring into ways the international legal system might be improved. Reisman identifies the individual as the ultimate actor in international law and explores the dilemmas of meaningful individual commitment to a world order of human dignity amidst interlocking communities and overlapping loyalties.



Compensation and Restitution in Investor State Arbitration

Compensation and Restitution in Investor State Arbitration Author Borzu Sabahi
ISBN-10 9780191021589
Release 2011-06-30
Pages 280
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This book examines the history, principles, and practice of awarding compensation and restitution in investor-State arbitration disputes, which are initiated under investment treaties. The principles discussed may be applied to all international law cases where damage to property is an issue. The book starts by tracing the roots of the applicable international legal principles to Roman law, and from there follows their evolution through the European law of extra-contractual liability and eventually through the Chorzów Factory case to principles of compensation and restitution in the modern law of international investment. The greater part of the book is then dedicated to examination of the modern application of these principles, focusing on the jurisprudence of international tribunals under various arbitral rules such as ICSID and UNCITRAL Rules. Monetary compensation as the prevalent form of remedy sought and awarded in investor-State disputes is discussed in more detail, including topics such as the amount of compensation for damage resulting from breach of investment treaties or for lawful expropriation of foreign investor's property, a brief overview of valuation methods, supplementary compensation for moral damages, interest, costs, and currency fluctuations as well as various principles that may limit the amount of recoverable compensation, such as causation. A full chapter is dedicated to the discussion of the theory and practice of awarding restitution in investor-State disputes. The book also covers the general principle of reparation in international law as applied in investor-State arbitrations. The topics discussed cover all the theoretical as well as practical issues which may be raised in awarding compensation and restitution in investment treaty disputes between States and foreign investors.



The State and Illegality in Indonesia

The State and Illegality in Indonesia Author E. Aspinall
ISBN-10 9789004253681
Release 2011-01-01
Pages 340
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The popular 1998 reformasi movement that brought down President Suharto’s regime demanded an end to illegal practices by state officials, from human rights abuse to nepotistic investments. Yet today, such practices have proven more resistant to reform than people had hoped. Many have said corruption in Indonesia is "entrenched". We argue it is precisely this entrenched character that requires attention. What is state illegality entrenched in and how does it become entrenched? This involves studying actual cases. Our observations led us to rethink fundamental ideas about the nature of the state in Indonesia, especially regarding its socially embedded character. We conclude that illegal practices by state officials are not just aberrations to the state, they are the state. Almost invariably, illegality occurs as part of collective, patterned, organized and collaborative acts, linked to the competition for political power and access to state resources. While obviously excluding many without connections, corrupt behaviour also plays integrative and stabilizing functions. Especially at the lower end of the social ladder, it gets a lot of things done and is often considered legitimate.



Lis Pendens in International Litigation

Lis Pendens in International Litigation Author Campbell McLachlan
ISBN-10 9789004179097
Release 2009-07-15
Pages 485
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What legal principles apply when courts in different jurisdictions are simultaneously seised with the same dispute ? This question — of international lis pendens — has long been controversial. But it has taken on new and urgent importance in our age. Globalization has driven an unprecedented rise in forum shopping between national courts and a proliferation of new international tribunals. Problems of litispendence have spawned some of the most dramatic litigation of modern times — from anti-suit injunction battles in commercial disputes, to the appeals of prisoners on death row to international human rights tribunals. The way we respond to this challenge has profound theoretical implications for the interaction of legal systems in today’s pluralistic world. In this wide-ranging survey, McLachlan analyses the problems of parallel litigation — in private and public international law and international arbitration. He argues that we need to develop a more sophisticated set of rules of conflict of litigation, guided by a cosmopolitan conception of the rule of law.



International Humanitarian Law Theory Practice Context

International Humanitarian Law  Theory  Practice  Context Author Daniel Thürer
ISBN-10 9789004179103
Release 2011-07-11
Pages 500
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This book is about international humanitarian law or - as it is also called - the "law of armed conflict"or "law of war". It emerged from a series of lectures delivered at the Hague Academy of International Law. The author deals with war and the means by which international law attempts to contain and, as it were, "humanize" organized violence. But the ambitions of the author go beyond the battlefield. The book explores the many complex ways in which law functions to regulate warfare, in theory and practice. The author looks into treaties and other sources of international law, but he also tries to step outside the boundaries of "black-letter law"to deal broadly with such matters as the influence of culture in shaping the norms on war, the institutions that develop those norms and work for their universal acceptance, the networks of humanitarian actors in this area and the legal procedures in which the law of war and its various institutions are embedded. The book demonstrates that even wars are, in various ways, conducted in "the shadow of the law".



Pan Africanism and International Law

Pan Africanism and International Law Author Abdulqawi A. Yusuf
ISBN-10 9789004285057
Release 2014-11-28
Pages 288
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Pan-Africanism offers a unique vantage point to study Africa’s encounters with international law : first, as a continent whose political entities were excluded from the scope of application of the Eurocentric version of international law that was applied among the self-styled club of “civilized nations” ; second, through the emergence of African States as subjects of international law willing to contribute to the reform and further development of the law as a universal interstate normative system; and third, as members of the OAU and the AU acting collectively to generate innovative principles and rules, which, though applicable only in the context of intra-African relations, either go beyond those existing at the universal level or complement them by broadening their scope. This study examines those encounters through the various stages in the evolution of Pan-Africanism from a diaspora-based movement, engaged in the struggle for the emancipation of the peoples of the continent, to groupings of independent States and intergovernmental organizations which continue to promote African unity and influence the development of international law to make it more reflective of diverse legal traditions and values.



The Secession of States and Their Recognition in the Wake of Kosovo

The Secession of States and Their Recognition in the Wake of Kosovo Author John Dugard
ISBN-10 9789004257498
Release 2013-08-07
Pages
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Also available as an e-book The secession of States is subject to legal regulation. The arguments presented by States in the advisory proceedings on Kosovo confirm that there are rules of international law that determine whether the secession of a State in the post-colonial world is permissible. These rules derive from the competing principles of self-determination and territorial integrity. In deciding whether to recognize a secessionist entity as a State, or to admit it to the United Nations, States must balance these competing principles, with due regard to precedent and State practice. These lectures examine cases in which secession has succeeded (such as Israel and Bangladesh), in which it has failed (such as Biafra and Chechnya) and in which a determination is still to be made (Kosovo, Abkhazia and South Ossetia).



Law for Business and Personal Use

Law for Business and Personal Use Author John Adamson
ISBN-10 9780538445887
Release 2008-02-08
Pages 688
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Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.



Plunder

Plunder Author Ugo Mattei
ISBN-10 9780470695807
Release 2008-04-30
Pages 296
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Plunder examines the dark side of the Rule of Law and explores how it has been used as a powerful political weapon by Western countries in order to legitimize plunder – the practice of violent extraction by stronger political actors victimizing weaker ones. Challenges traditionally held beliefs in the sanctity of the Rule of Law by exposing its dark side Examines the Rule of Law's relationship with 'plunder' – the practice of violent extraction by stronger political actors victimizing weaker ones – in the service of Western cultural and economic domination Provides global examples of plunder: of oil in Iraq; of ideas in the form of Western patents and intellectual property rights imposed on weaker peoples; and of liberty in the United States Dares to ask the paradoxical question – is the Rule of Law itself illegal?



Unilateral Acts of States in Public International Law

Unilateral Acts of States in Public International Law Author Przemyslaw Saganek
ISBN-10 9789004274617
Release 2015-11-20
Pages 670
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In Unilateral Acts of States in Public International Law Przemysław Saganek discusses an important source of States’ obligations. The aim is to discover the nature of unilateral acts and possibilities of codifying them in a single set of rules.



Public International Law

Public International Law Author Gideon Boas
ISBN-10 9780857939562
Release 2012-01-01
Pages 400
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'Gideon Boas's experience as an international litigator and his renown as an academic practitioner means he was well-placed to write a book on international law that both covers this growing field and enters it at key moments to illustrate important themes. This book accomplishes the difficult task of offering a wide-ranging perspective on the whole field, as well as conveying the ferment that surrounds it. Students of international law will derive great benefit from it.' – Gerry Simpson, University of Melbourne, Australia Public International Law offers a comprehensive understanding of international law as well as a fresh and highly accessible approach. While explaining the theory and development of international law, this work also examines how it functions in practice. Case studies and recent examples are infused in the discussion on each topic, and critical perspectives on the principles are given prominence, building an understanding of how and why the international legal system operates in the way it does and where it is heading. For each principle, the book starts by explaining the theoretical foundations in detail before illustrating how these principles function in practice. Features include: • a focus on fundamental principles of international law rather than specialist sub-topics; • integrated and contextual explanation of political and extra-legal dimension of international legal system; • principles of international law placed within a contemporary real-life context; • traditional and contemporary case studies explained in the context of legal principles; and • uniform structure to facilitate understanding. With insight founded on the author's many years of experience as a practitioner and academic in the field of international law, this work will offer legal practitioners, policy makers and students, both undergraduate and postgraduate, an invaluable insight into the field of international law.



Natural Resources and Violent Conflict

Natural Resources and Violent Conflict Author Ian Bannon
ISBN-10 0821355031
Release 2003-01-01
Pages 409
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Research carried out by the World Bank on the root causes of conflict and civil war finds that a developing country's economic dependence on natural resources or other primary commodities is strongly associated with the risk level for violent conflict. This book brings together a collection of reports and case studies that explore what the international community in particular can do to reduce this risk.; The text explains the links between natural resources and conflict and examines the impact of resource dependence on economic performance, governance, secessionist movements and revel financing. It then explores avenues for international action - from financial and resource reporting procedures and policy recommendations to commodity tracking systems and enforcement instruments, including sanctions, certification requirements, aid conditionality, legislative and judicial instruments.



El desarrollo sostenible una gu a sobre nuestro futuro com n

El desarrollo sostenible  una gu  a sobre nuestro futuro com  n Author World Commission on Environment and Development
ISBN-10 019282080X
Release 1987
Pages 383
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Discusses population growth, food production, energy, industry, and urban development, and suggests ways to promote economic growth while protecting the environment.



To Do Justly

To Do Justly Author Florence Ellinwood Allen
ISBN-10 UCAL:B4372445
Release 1965
Pages 201
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To Do Justly has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from To Do Justly also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full To Do Justly book for free.



Law of Business Contracts in India

Law of Business Contracts in India Author Sairam Bhat
ISBN-10 9788132104780
Release 2009-12-10
Pages 352
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Law of Business Contracts in India brings together in-depth, wide-ranging articles by legal experts in the area of Business Contracts. It focuses on the modern forms of business contracts and exposits on the historical evolution, judicial interpretation and future applications of such contracts. The articles bridge the gap between the theoretical understanding of contract law and its practical orientation, need, relevance and challenges. The key features of the volume are: • Comprehensive coverage of modern laws on contract formation. • Discussion on the relevance of international laws in the global business context. • Delineation of the modern style, practice and challenges confronting new forms of contracts. • Description of the application of contract law to special contracts. • Discourse on the issues of international taxation and multinational contractual jurisdiction. • Research-based analysis of the common law approach with the Indian perspective on contract law application. The compilation views modern business contracts in a wide variety of commercial segments-from infrastructure to consortium loans, from joint ventures to outsourcing. It will serve as an excellent reference material for students of law, especially commercial law and business contracts. It will also be an exhaustive guide for lawyers and entrepreneurs.



The History of Terrorism

The History of Terrorism Author Gérard Chaliand
ISBN-10 9780520292505
Release 2016-08-23
Pages 536
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First published in English in 2007 under title: The history of terrorism: from antiquity to al Qaeda.