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Complexity

Complexity Author Mitchell M. Waldrop
ISBN-10 9780671872342
Release 1993-09-01
Pages 380
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A look at the rebellious thinkers who are challenging old ideas with their insights into the ways countless elements of complex systems interact to produce spontaneous order out of confusion



So You Think Medicine is Modern

So You Think Medicine is Modern Author Dr Eddie Price
ISBN-10 9781925271362
Release 2015-04-22
Pages 314
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Disappointed by the lack of uptake in the utilisation of Health Outcomes into routine day-to-day medical practice, Dr Price was confronted by the objection that as these measures were patients’ responses to questions – they were “subjective” and therefore not good science. Medicine, said the doctors, was based in science, which was objective. This made no sense to Dr Price, who considered himself an advocate for scientific medicine. He vowed to find the science that would prove that “Outcomes Medicine” was not only based on good science but the latest science. This led him on a journey from Systems Theory to Quantum Mechanics, to Dissipative Structures, to Einstein and e = mc2. He read about fractals, Mandelbrot, and the work of the world-famous Santa Fe Institute set up by “particle physics” Nobel Prize Winner, Murray Gell-Mann, which developed the latest science – Complexity Science. Dr Price concluded that the human body is a Complex Adaptive System (CAS) and realised that there was an additional in-between “state of matter” between solid and fluid. This, he called “SOPHTID”, the mnemonic for (S)Second (O)Order (PH)Phase (T)Transition (ID)Identity, a state which enables fractals and power laws to come about or emerge. Dr Price further contended this was a “functional” state that not only was consistent with Health Outcomes “functional” measurements, but enabled information generation and with the aid of the solid and fluid parts of the cell, information processing or cognition. Dr Price’s hypothesis on the SOPHTID state has now been supported by Longo & Montévil in their 2014 book, Perspectives on Organisms, where they call this “SOPHTID state”, Extended Critically. Thus, with this scientific backing, “Outcomes Medicine” is now best called “Complexity Medicine”, and is backed by the latest science. It enables a new form of Digitised Medicine that will revolutionise healthcare improving Health Outcomes and drastically reducing costs.



Handbook of Research on Chaos and Complexity Theory in the Social Sciences

Handbook of Research on Chaos and Complexity Theory in the Social Sciences Author Erçetin, ?efika ?ule
ISBN-10 9781522501497
Release 2016-04-21
Pages 458
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The concept of “chaos”, and chaos theory, though it is a field of study specifically in the field of mathematics with applications in physics, engineering, economics, management, and education, has also recently taken root in the social sciences. As a method of analyzing the way in which the digital age has connected society more than ever, chaos and complexity theory serves as a tactic to tie world events and cope with the information overload that is associated with heightened social connectivity. The Handbook of Research on Chaos and Complexity Theory in the Social Sciences explores the theories of chaos and complexity as applied to a variety of disciplines including political science, organizational and management science, economics, and education. Presenting diverse research-based perspectives on mathematical patterns in the world system, this publication is an essential reference source for scholars, researchers, mathematicians, social theorists, and graduate-level students in a variety of disciplines.



Chaos and Complexity Theory

Chaos and Complexity Theory Author T. J. Titcomb
ISBN-10 1562862294
Release 1998
Pages 16
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Do decisions and ever-changing strategies make you believe that your organization operates in a state of chaos? Maybe it does - and for good reason. This issue describes the characteristics of chaos and complexity theory found in most organization and how it affects decisions and business management. A beginners guide shows you how to apply these complex theories to understand your organization and the direct consequences for trainers. A glossary of terms is provided as a guide to your baseline understanding of the field.



Creativity

Creativity Author Rob Pope
ISBN-10 9781134273522
Release 2005-04-15
Pages 370
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Creativity: Theory, History, Practice offers important new perspectives on creativity in the light of contemporary critical theory and cultural history. Innovative in approach as well as argument, the book crosses disciplinary boundaries and builds new bridges between the critical and the creative. It is organised in four parts: Why creativity now? offers much-needed alternatives to both the Romantic stereotype of the creator as individual genius and the tendency of the modern creative industries to treat everything as a commodity defining creativity, creating definitions traces the changing meaning of 'create' from religious ideas of divine creation from nothing to advertising notions of concept creation. It also examines the complex history and extraordinary versatility of terms such as imagination, invention, inspiration and originality dreation as myth, story, metaphor begins with modern re-tellings of early African, American and Australian creation myths and – picking up Biblical and evolutionary accounts along the way – works round to scientific visions of the Big Bang, bubble universes and cosmic soup creative practices, cultural processes is a critical anthology of materials, chosen to promote fresh thinking about everything from changing constructions of 'literature' and 'design' to artificial intelligence and genetic engineering. Rob Pope takes significant steps forward in the process of rethinking a vexed yet vital concept, all the while encouraging and equipping readers to continue the process in their own creative or 're-creative' ways. Creativity: Theory, History, Practice is invaluable for anyone with a live interest in exploring what creativity has been, is currently, and yet may be.



What Works for GE May Not Work for You

What Works for GE May Not Work for You Author Lawrence Solow
ISBN-10 9781439826003
Release 2016-04-19
Pages 206
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What Works for GE May Not Work for You: Using Human Systems Dynamics to Build a Culture of Process Improvement provides new tools for managing and sustaining process improvement in today’s complex non-linear environments and helps readers apply new, relevant theory to their own management practices. With more than 50 combined years of change management and process improvement consulting experience, the authors offer valuable practical insights for creating dynamic organizational change. The first section of the book describes the key bodies of knowledge and process improvement processes (Lean, Six Sigma, and Human Systems Dynamics) used throughout the text. The next two sections focus on the case story of TryinHard Marine. The authors first highlight the dynamics of a typical linear process improvement implementation. They then present ways to combat a range of complex, non-linear, and emergent organizational issues as they arise during the implementation of a Six Sigma initiative. The last part explains how to assess readiness to begin a process improvement initiative, select consultants and internal "Belt" candidates, and choose the appropriate tools for projects. The authors also introduce additional tools and concepts to enable adaptive action at all levels of an organization. This book provides useful information for thinking and behaving in adaptive ways that can be applied to any organization. By using the concepts, models, and tools presented, readers can improve their own business improvement processes. The book has an accompanying website with more information.



The Edge of Organization

The Edge of Organization Author Russ Marion
ISBN-10 0761912665
Release 1999-01-14
Pages 357
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Russ Marion describes formal and social organizations from the perspective of chaos and complexity theories. The book is generously illustrated and includes references plus an annotated bibliography.



The Age of Spiritual Machines

The Age of Spiritual Machines Author Ray Kurzweil
ISBN-10 1101077883
Release 2000-01-01
Pages 400
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Ray Kurzweil is the inventor of the most innovative and compelling technology of our era, an international authority on artificial intelligence, and one of our greatest living visionaries. Now he offers a framework for envisioning the twenty-first century--an age in which the marriage of human sensitivity and artificial intelligence fundamentally alters and improves the way we live. Kurzweil's prophetic blueprint for the future takes us through the advances that inexorably result in computers exceeding the memory capacity and computational ability of the human brain by the year 2020 (with human-level capabilities not far behind); in relationships with automated personalities who will be our teachers, companions, and lovers; and in information fed straight into our brains along direct neural pathways. Optimistic and challenging, thought-provoking and engaging, The Age of Spiritual Machines is the ultimate guide on our road into the next century. From the Trade Paperback edition.



The Changing Image of the Sciences

The Changing Image of the Sciences Author Ida H. Stamhuis
ISBN-10 9789401005876
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 226
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This volume is written as a reaction to the worldwide decreasing interest in the natural sciences. It addresses many intriguing questions. How is the changing image of the distinct sciences experienced by the general public, by the scientists themselves, or in disciplines in which natural sciences are applied? How can it be connected to the phenomenon of the low number of women in science? It is of interest to researchers, teachers, and students of natural sciences, the history of science, and philosophy.



Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy

Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy Author D. C. Phillips
ISBN-10 9781483364759
Release 2014-05-19
Pages 952
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Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.



The Story of Post Modernism

The Story of Post Modernism Author Charles Jencks
ISBN-10 9781119960096
Release 2012-05-25
Pages 296
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In The Story of Post-Modernism, Charles Jencks, the authority on Post-Modern architecture and culture, provides the defining account of Post-Modern architecture from its earliest roots in the early 60s to the present day. By breaking the narrative into seven distinct chapters, which are both chronological and overlapping, Jencks charts the ebb and flow of the movement, the peaks and troughs of different ideas and themes. The book is highly visual. As well as providing a chronological account of the movement, each chapter also has a special feature on the major works of a given period. The first up-to-date narrative of Post-Modern Architecture - other major books on the subject were written 20 years ago. An accessible narrative that will appeal to students who are new to the subject, as well as those who can remember its heyday in the 70s and 80s.



Management and International Review

Management and International Review Author Marion Festing
ISBN-10 9783322909930
Release 2013-06-29
Pages 146
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Management and International Review has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Management and International Review also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Management and International Review book for free.



Basic Machining Reference Handbook

Basic Machining Reference Handbook Author Arthur R. Meyers
ISBN-10 0831131209
Release 2001
Pages 308
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A comprehensive, yet easy-to-use "memory jog" for experienced machinists, as well as a reference for programmers and anyone else with an interest in machining processes.



The Drama of the Commons

The Drama of the Commons Author National Research Council
ISBN-10 0309169984
Release 2002-02-15
Pages 534
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The "tragedy of the commons" is a central concept in human ecology and the study of the environment. It has had tremendous value for stimulating research, but it only describes the reality of human-environment interactions in special situations. Research over the past thirty years has helped clarify how human motivations, rules governing access to resources, the structure of social organizations, and the resource systems themselves interact to determine whether or not the many dramas of the commons end happily. In this book, leaders in the field review the evidence from several disciplines and many lines of research and present a state-of-the-art assessment. They summarize lessons learned and identify the major challenges facing any system of governance for resource management. They also highlight the major challenges for the next decade: making knowledge development more systematic; understanding institutions dynamically; considering a broader range of resources (such as global and technological commons); and taking into account the effects of social and historical context. This book will be a valuable and accessible introduction to the field for students and a resource for advanced researchers.



More Than You Know

More Than You Know Author Michael J. Mauboussin
ISBN-10 9780231513470
Release 2007-11-23
Pages 320
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Since its first publication, Michael J. Mauboussin's popular guide to wise investing has been translated into eight languages and has been named best business book by BusinessWeek and best economics book by Strategy+Business. Now updated to reflect current research and expanded to include new chapters on investment philosophy, psychology, and strategy and science as they pertain to money management, this volume is more than ever the best chance to know more than the average investor. Offering invaluable tools to better understand the concepts of choice and risk, More Than You Know is a unique blend of practical advice and sound theory, sampling from a wide variety of sources and disciplines. Mauboussin builds on the ideas of visionaries, including Warren Buffett and E. O. Wilson, but also finds wisdom in a broad and deep range of fields, such as casino gambling, horse racing, psychology, and evolutionary biology. He analyzes the strategies of poker experts David Sklansky and Puggy Pearson and pinpoints parallels between mate selection in guppies and stock market booms. For this edition, Mauboussin includes fresh thoughts on human cognition, management assessment, game theory, the role of intuition, and the mechanisms driving the market's mood swings, and explains what these topics tell us about smart investing. More Than You Know is written with the professional investor in mind but extends far beyond the world of economics and finance. Mauboussin groups his essays into four parts-Investment Philosophy, Psychology of Investing, Innovation and Competitive Strategy, and Science and Complexity Theory-and he includes substantial references for further reading. A true eye-opener, More Than You Know shows how a multidisciplinary approach that pays close attention to process and the psychology of decision making offers the best chance for long-term financial results.



Management 3 0

Management 3 0 Author Jurgen Appelo
ISBN-10 0321718992
Release 2010-12-28
Pages 451
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In many organizations, management is the biggest obstacle to successful Agile development. Unfortunately, reliable guidance on Agile management has been scarce indeed. Now, leading Agile manager Jurgen Appelo fills that gap, introducing a realistic approach to leading, managing, and growing your Agile team or organization. Writing for current managers and developers moving into management, Appelo shares insights that are grounded in modern complex systems theory, reflecting the intense complexity of modern software development. Appelo’s Management 3.0 model recognizes that today’s organizations are living, networked systems; and that management is primarily about people and relationships. Management 3.0 doesn’t offer mere checklists or prescriptions to follow slavishly; rather, it deepens your understanding of how organizations and Agile teams work and gives you tools to solve your own problems. Drawing on his extensive experience as an Agile manager, the author identifies the most important practices of Agile management and helps you improve each of them. Coverage includes • Getting beyond “Management 1.0” control and “Management 2.0” fads • Understanding how complexity affects your organization • Keeping your people active, creative, innovative, and motivated • Giving teams the care and authority they need to grow on their own • Defining boundaries so teams can succeed in alignment with business goals • Sowing the seeds for a culture of software craftsmanship • Crafting an organizational network that promotes success • Implementing continuous improvement that actually works Thoroughly pragmatic–and never trendy–Jurgen Appelo’s Management 3.0 helps you bring greater agility to any software organization, team, or project.



Determinants of Health Theory Understanding Portrayal Policy

Determinants of Health  Theory  Understanding  Portrayal  Policy Author Matthew J. Commers
ISBN-10 9789401599603
Release 2013-03-09
Pages 211
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For decades, health professionals have asserted the importance of public participation in interventions for health. Medicine has pursued patient participation in clinical decision-making. In the public health realm, target groups have been asked to assist in the design and implementation of initiatives for health. In practice, however, patients and populations expect health professionals to give advice and - in some cases - to make decisions on their behalf. This implies limits to the ideal of participation. In this innovative work, the author contrasts public and professional understandings of health and the best ways to achieve health. The result is a model of lay participation in the structuring of medical and public health activity. The book is unique due to its policy-applicable, quantitative studies and its theoretical analysis of works by René Dubos and Aaron Antonovsky. It will be of value to professionals in health promotion, health education, medical anthropology, and social epidemiology.