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Joining Complexity Science and Social Simulation for Innovation Policy

Joining Complexity Science and Social Simulation for Innovation Policy Author Petra Ahrweiler
ISBN-10 9781443892391
Release 2016-04-26
Pages 410
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This book explores how complexity science and social simulation can be used to improve and inform policy-making in both research and innovation. Beginning with an introduction to conceptual definitions of complexity science and social simulation, the book demonstrates the validity of the underlying integrated research framework used throughout. It is then divided into two parts, with the first investigating the effects and impacts of policy making on the structure, composition and outputs of research and innovation networks using the agent-based SKIN platform (Simulating Knowledge Dynamics in Innovation Networks, http://cress.soc.surrey.ac.uk/SKIN/). The second half of the book discusses a research initiative funded by the Irish government focusing on innovation policy simulation for economic recovery. This consists of empirical research on Irish research and innovation networks, and SKIN-based simulations of technology transfer issues and the commercialization of research in areas with high potential for innovation and economic growth. The book concludes with reflections on the maturity and utility of an approach combining complexity science and social simulation for research and innovation policy. Joining Complexity Science and Social Simulation for Innovation Policy will be of particular interest to scientists concerned with innovation and complex systems, including economists, sociologists, and complexity researchers, as well as students and practitioners, such as innovation policymakers and innovation business managers.



Searching for a path out of distance fares

Searching for a path out of distance fares Author Kellermann, Norman
ISBN-10 9783942720571
Release 2014-09-09
Pages 284
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This work reconstructs the history of fare policy in the European passenger railway industry and integrates behavioural pricing theory into an agent-based simulation model for railway revenue management. The model is employed to conduct artificial experiments on fare innovations. It represents supply and demand on a transport market including car traffic and is calibrated with empirical data of an incumbent European railway. The model uses a combination of marketing concepts, dynamics in time and social interaction of consumers to analyse revenue effects of different pricing options. This book provides insights for readers interested in the commercial aspects of transportation history. Furthermore, it is directed at researchers interested in pricing theory and the simulation method. It is also a rich source of information for practitioners in the revenue management branches of transport enterprises.



Computational Social Science

Computational Social Science Author Nigel Gilbert
ISBN-10 1847871712
Release 2010-10-01
Pages 1664
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Computational social science is an approach increasingly influential in a broad range of social sciences. It involves building a computer program model that represents a theory and then ‘executing’ the program and observing the output as a way of validating the theory, making predictions about the social world or exploring the implications of social interventions. Computational Social Science, a four volume set republishes the widely dispersed key articles in the emerging field of computational social science.



What levels of explanation in the behavioural sciences

What levels of explanation in the behavioural sciences Author Giuseppe Boccignone
ISBN-10 9782889195978
Release 2015-07-03
Pages
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Complex systems are to be seen as typically having multiple levels of organization. For instance, in the behavioural and cognitive sciences, there has been a long lasting trend, promoted by the seminal work of David Marr, putting focus on three distinct levels of analysis: the computational level, accounting for the What and Why issues, the algorithmic and the implementational levels specifying the How problem. However, the tremendous developments in neuroscience knowledge about processes at different scales of organization together with the complexity of today cognitive theories suggest that there will hardly be only three levels of explanation. Instead, there will be many different degrees of commitments corresponding to the different granularities - from high-level (behavioural) models to low-level (neural and molecular) models of the cognitive research program. For instance, Bayesian approaches, that are usually advocated for formalizing Marr's computational level and rational behaviour, have even been adopted to model synaptic plasticity and axon guidance by molecular gradients. As a result, we can consider the behavioural scientist as dealing with models at a multiplicity of levels. The purpose of this Research Topic in Frontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology is to promote an approach to the role of the levels and explanation and models which is of interest for cognitive scientists, neuroscientists, psychologists, behavioural scientists, and philosophers of science.



The SAGE Encyclopedia of Social Science Research Methods

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Social Science Research Methods Author Michael Lewis-Beck
ISBN-10 0761923632
Release 2004
Pages 1305
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"The first encyclopedia to cover inclusively both quantitative and qualitative research approaches, this set provides clear explanations of 1,000 methodologies, avoiding mathematical equations when possible with liberal cross-referencing and bibliographies. Each volume includes a list of works cited, and the third contains a comprehensive index and lists of person names, organizations, books, tests, software, major concepts, surveys, and methodologies."--"Reference that rocks," American Libraries, May 2005.



The SAGE Handbook of Online Research Methods

The SAGE Handbook of Online Research Methods Author Nigel G Fielding
ISBN-10 9781473959309
Release 2016-12-14
Pages 684
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Online research methods are popular, dynamic and fast-changing. Following on from the great success of the first edition, published in 2008, The SAGE Handbook of Online Research Methods, Second Edition offers both updates of existing subject areas and new chapters covering more recent developments, such as social media, big data, data visualization and CAQDAS. Bringing together the leading names in both qualitative and quantitative online research, this new edition is organised into nine sections: 1. Online Research Methods 2. Designing Online Research 3. Online Data Capture and Data Collection 4. The Online Survey 5. Digital Quantitative Analysis 6. Digital Text Analysis 7. Virtual Ethnography 8. Online Secondary Analysis: Resources and Methods 9. The Future of Online Social Research The SAGE Handbook of Online Research Methods, Second Edition is an essential resource for anyone interested in the contemporary practice of computer-mediated research and scholarship.



Text Mining

Text Mining Author Gabe Ignatow
ISBN-10 9781483369358
Release 2016-05-10
Pages 208
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Online communities generate massive volumes of natural language data and the social sciences continue to learn how to best make use of this new information and the technology available for analyzing it. Text Mining: A Guidebook for the Social Sciences brings together a broad range of contemporary qualitative and quantitative methods to provide strategic and practical guidance on analyzing large text collections. This accessible book, written by sociologist Gabe Ignatow and computer scientist Rada Mihalcea, surveys the fast-changing landscape of data sources, programming languages, software packages, and methods of analysis available today. Suitable for novice and experienced researchers alike, the book will help readers use text mining techniques more efficiently and productively.



Digital sociology in everyday life

Digital sociology in everyday life Author Jessie Daniels
ISBN-10 9781447329053
Release 2016-11-18
Pages 180
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Digital technologies, digital media, and mobile technologies now shape the experience of everyday life in the Western world, yet the way our quotidian lives are enmeshed with these technologies is far from clearly understood. Through studies of the digital everyday, sociologists are beginning to reinvigorate the sociological imagination in light of digitization. Chapters in this Byte cover topics such as designing a research framework and how to work ethically as a digital researcher, continually interrogating one’s position as a researcher and reflecting on the process of knowledge creation. Cumulatively, they highlight the value of sociological theory for understanding our digital world.



Researching Social Life

Researching Social Life Author Nigel Gilbert
ISBN-10 0761972455
Release 2001
Pages 406
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Reviews of the First Edition `... an ideal primary text for an undergraduate course in social research methods' - Teaching Sociology `This is a very impressive book. It is admirably written in clear, straightforward language, so that I can easily imagine undergraduates responding well to its use as a core text.' - Geoff Payne, Professor of Social Research, University of Plymouth `Provides an excellent introductory methods text that covers every stage of quantitative and qualitative research.' - Journal of Social Policy `an ideal text for undergraduates in a variety of disciplines who are taking research methods courses'



Constructing Social Research

Constructing Social Research Author Charles C. Ragin
ISBN-10 9781483342887
Release 2010-07-14
Pages 248
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Constructing Social Research: The Unity and Diversity of Method, Second Edition is a concise, innovative text designed for Research Methods courses in the Social Sciences. The main goal of this Sociology for a New Century Series text is to show unity within the diversity of activities called social research. The first part of the book tackles questions like "What is social research?" "How does it differ from journalism, documentary film-making, or laboratory research in the natural sciences?" and "What is the researcher's obligation to those he or she is studying?" The book also covers the how the various goals of social researchers shape the strategies they use and the representations of social life they construct. The latter part of the book is structured around the typical emphases of each tradition: qualitative research on commonalities, comparative research on diversity, and quantitative research on relationships among variables. These are not rigid divisions and research designs often blend aspects of each tradition in creative ways. Regardless of the approach, the process of representing social life through research involves a dialogue of ideas ("theory") and evidence ("data"). The model of social research put forth by Ragin and Amoroso is not as restrictive as the scientific method and encompasses social research ranging from research examining the complexities of everyday life to research investigating the power of transnational processes.



Mass Communication Research Methods

Mass Communication Research Methods Author Anders Hansen
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105215336624
Release 2009-02-03
Pages 1592
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Mass communication research is a sprawling and multidisciplinary field of research approaches and theories, drawing inspiration from a range of disciplines in the humanities and the social sciences, and even from such science disciplines such as mathematics, computing, and engineering. It continually develops and adapts to the changing nature and application of media technologies as well as changing political and social concerns with 'the media'. This major work combines 'pure' methods articles or discussions with a range of 'exemplary' applications within particular theoretical frameworks of each particular method or approach. The content is divided into five sections: Section I: Asking the right questions Section II: Researching media institutions, organizations, professionals and production Section III: Researching media content and representation Section IV: Researching media and communication in society: consumption, audiences, politics, problems and pleasures Section V: Doing communication research



Interviewing II

Interviewing II Author Nigel Fielding
ISBN-10 UOM:39015080877965
Release 2008-12-04
Pages 1664
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Interviewing has a strong claim to be the most widely-practiced social science research methods. The ubiquity of this basic activity means that this field has one of the most developed bodies of methodological literature having ramifications throughout the social sciences. Nigel Fielding, the acknowledged expert in the field, has again collected a set of contemporary classic readings. Interviewing has been established as the authoritative and balanced research resource in this subject. It is comprehensive and generic; however, its coverage does not entirely reflect the apportionment of intellectual effort and interest in the field. Interviewing II delves further into the subject and concentrates on articles representing topics that have proven controversial and thus attracted many contributions.



The SAGE Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods Author Lisa M. Given
ISBN-10 9781452265896
Release 2008-08-19
Pages 1072
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Qualitative research is designed to explore the human elements of a given topic, while specific qualitative methods examine how individuals see and experience the world. Qualitative approaches are typically used to explore new phenomena and to capture individuals' thoughts, feelings, or interpretations of meaning and process. Such methods are central to research conducted in education, nursing, sociology, anthropology, information studies, and other disciplines in the humanities, social sciences, and health sciences. Qualitative research projects are informed by a wide range of methodologies and theoretical frameworks. The SAGE Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods presents current and complete information as well as ready-to-use techniques, facts, and examples from the field of qualitative research in a very accessible style. In taking an interdisciplinary approach, these two volumes target a broad audience and fill a gap in the existing reference literature for a general guide to the core concepts that inform qualitative research practices. The entries cover every major facet of qualitative methods, including access to research participants, data coding, research ethics, the role of theory in qualitative research, and much more—all without overwhelming the informed reader. Key Features Defines and explains core concepts, describes the techniques involved in the implementation of qualitative methods, and presents an overview of qualitative approaches to research Offers many entries that point to substantive debates among qualitative researchers regarding how concepts are labeled and the implications of such labels for how qualitative research is valued Guides readers through the complex landscape of the language of qualitative inquiry Includes contributors from various countries and disciplines that reflect a diverse spectrum of research approaches from more traditional, positivist approaches, through postmodern, constructionist ones Presents some entries written in first-person voice and others in third-person voice to reflect the diversity of approaches that define qualitative work Key Themes Approaches and Methodologies Arts-Based Research, Ties to Computer Software Data Analysis Data Collection Data Types and Characteristics Dissemination History of Qualitative Research Participants Quantitative Research, Ties to Research Ethics Rigor Textual Analysis, Ties to Theoretical and Philosophical Frameworks The SAGE Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods is designed to appeal to undergraduate and graduate students, practitioners, researchers, consultants, and consumers of information across the social sciences, humanities, and health sciences, making it a welcome addition to any academic or public library.



Interviewing II

Interviewing II Author Nigel Fielding
ISBN-10 UOM:39015080877965
Release 2008-12-04
Pages 1664
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Interviewing has a strong claim to be the most widely-practiced social science research methods. The ubiquity of this basic activity means that this field has one of the most developed bodies of methodological literature having ramifications throughout the social sciences. Nigel Fielding, the acknowledged expert in the field, has again collected a set of contemporary classic readings. Interviewing has been established as the authoritative and balanced research resource in this subject. It is comprehensive and generic; however, its coverage does not entirely reflect the apportionment of intellectual effort and interest in the field. Interviewing II delves further into the subject and concentrates on articles representing topics that have proven controversial and thus attracted many contributions.



Innovations in Digital Research Methods

Innovations in Digital Research Methods Author Peter Halfpenny
ISBN-10 9781473926950
Release 2015-05-18
Pages 336
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Vast amounts of digital data are now generated daily by people as they go about their lives, yet social researchers are struggling to exploit it. At the same time, the challenges faced by society in the 21st century are growing ever more complex, and demands research that is bigger in scale, more collaborative and multi-disciplinary than ever before. This cutting-edge volume provides an accessible introduction to innovative digital social research tools and methods that harness this ‘data deluge’ and successfully tackle key research challenges. Contributions from leading international researchers cover topics such as: Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods research Data management Social media and social network analysis Modeling and simulation Survey methods Visualizing social data Ethics and e-research The future of social research in the digital age This vibrant introduction to innovative digital research methods is essential reading for anyone conducting social research today.



American Book Publishing Record

American Book Publishing Record Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015066043251
Release 2005
Pages
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American Book Publishing Record has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from American Book Publishing Record also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full American Book Publishing Record book for free.



Internet Research Methods

Internet Research Methods Author Claire Hewson
ISBN-10 0761959203
Release 2003
Pages 155
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Offering a concise, comprehensive guide to conducting research on the Internet, this book provides a detailed explanation of all the main areas of Internet research. It distinguishes between primary research (using the Internet to recruit participants, to administer the research process and to collect results) and secondary research (using the Internet to access available material online). The book is designed for social science researchers and presents a user-friendly, practical guide that will be invaluable to both students and researchers who wish to incorporate the Internet into their research practice.