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Computational Social Science

Computational Social Science Author Nigel Gilbert
ISBN-10 1847871712
Release 2010-10-01
Pages 1664
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Computational social science is an approach increasingly influential in a broad range of social sciences. It involves building a computer program model that represents a theory and then ‘executing’ the program and observing the output as a way of validating the theory, making predictions about the social world or exploring the implications of social interventions. Computational Social Science, a four volume set republishes the widely dispersed key articles in the emerging field of computational social science.



SAGE Qualitative Research Methods

SAGE Qualitative Research Methods Author Paul Atkinson
ISBN-10 9781446275702
Release 2010-11-17
Pages 1616
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SAGE has been a major force shaping the field of qualitative methods, not just in its specialist methods journals like Qualitative Inquiry but in the 'empirical' journals such as Social Studies of Science. Delving into SAGE's deep backlist of qualitative research methods journals, Paul Atkinson and Sara Delmont, editors of Qualitative Research, have selected over 70 articles to represent SAGE's distinctive contribution to methods publishing in general and qualitative research in particular. This collection includes research from the past four decades and addresses key issues or controversies, such as: explanations and defences of qualitative methods; ethics; research questions and foreshadowed problems; access; first days in the field; field roles and rapport; practicalities of data collection and recording; data analysis; writing and (re) presentation; the rise of auto-ethnography; life history, narrative and autobiography; CA and DA; and alternatives to the logocentric (such as visual methods).



Generating Data

Generating Data Author Bruce Curtis
ISBN-10 1473907829
Release 2016-09-13
Pages 1600
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This Major Work collection explores a number of substantive methodologies and focuses on generating data, drawing primarily on literature from sociology, social psychology, social anthropology, and education.



Joining Complexity Science and Social Simulation for Innovation Policy

Joining Complexity Science and Social Simulation for Innovation Policy Author Petra Ahrweiler
ISBN-10 9781443892391
Release 2016-04-26
Pages 410
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This book explores how complexity science and social simulation can be used to improve and inform policy-making in both research and innovation. Beginning with an introduction to conceptual definitions of complexity science and social simulation, the book demonstrates the validity of the underlying integrated research framework used throughout. It is then divided into two parts, with the first investigating the effects and impacts of policy making on the structure, composition and outputs of research and innovation networks using the agent-based SKIN platform (Simulating Knowledge Dynamics in Innovation Networks, http://cress.soc.surrey.ac.uk/SKIN/). The second half of the book discusses a research initiative funded by the Irish government focusing on innovation policy simulation for economic recovery. This consists of empirical research on Irish research and innovation networks, and SKIN-based simulations of technology transfer issues and the commercialization of research in areas with high potential for innovation and economic growth. The book concludes with reflections on the maturity and utility of an approach combining complexity science and social simulation for research and innovation policy. Joining Complexity Science and Social Simulation for Innovation Policy will be of particular interest to scientists concerned with innovation and complex systems, including economists, sociologists, and complexity researchers, as well as students and practitioners, such as innovation policymakers and innovation business managers.



The SAGE Encyclopedia of Social Science Research Methods

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Social Science Research Methods Author Michael Lewis-Beck
ISBN-10 0761923632
Release 2004
Pages 1305
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"The first encyclopedia to cover inclusively both quantitative and qualitative research approaches, this set provides clear explanations of 1,000 methodologies, avoiding mathematical equations when possible with liberal cross-referencing and bibliographies. Each volume includes a list of works cited, and the third contains a comprehensive index and lists of person names, organizations, books, tests, software, major concepts, surveys, and methodologies."--"Reference that rocks," American Libraries, May 2005.



Searching for a path out of distance fares

Searching for a path out of distance fares Author Kellermann, Norman
ISBN-10 9783942720571
Release 2014-09-09
Pages 284
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This work reconstructs the history of fare policy in the European passenger railway industry and integrates behavioural pricing theory into an agent-based simulation model for railway revenue management. The model is employed to conduct artificial experiments on fare innovations. It represents supply and demand on a transport market including car traffic and is calibrated with empirical data of an incumbent European railway. The model uses a combination of marketing concepts, dynamics in time and social interaction of consumers to analyse revenue effects of different pricing options. This book provides insights for readers interested in the commercial aspects of transportation history. Furthermore, it is directed at researchers interested in pricing theory and the simulation method. It is also a rich source of information for practitioners in the revenue management branches of transport enterprises.



What levels of explanation in the behavioural sciences

What levels of explanation in the behavioural sciences Author Giuseppe Boccignone
ISBN-10 9782889195978
Release 2015-07-03
Pages
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Complex systems are to be seen as typically having multiple levels of organization. For instance, in the behavioural and cognitive sciences, there has been a long lasting trend, promoted by the seminal work of David Marr, putting focus on three distinct levels of analysis: the computational level, accounting for the What and Why issues, the algorithmic and the implementational levels specifying the How problem. However, the tremendous developments in neuroscience knowledge about processes at different scales of organization together with the complexity of today cognitive theories suggest that there will hardly be only three levels of explanation. Instead, there will be many different degrees of commitments corresponding to the different granularities - from high-level (behavioural) models to low-level (neural and molecular) models of the cognitive research program. For instance, Bayesian approaches, that are usually advocated for formalizing Marr's computational level and rational behaviour, have even been adopted to model synaptic plasticity and axon guidance by molecular gradients. As a result, we can consider the behavioural scientist as dealing with models at a multiplicity of levels. The purpose of this Research Topic in Frontiers in Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology is to promote an approach to the role of the levels and explanation and models which is of interest for cognitive scientists, neuroscientists, psychologists, behavioural scientists, and philosophers of science.



Grounded Theory and Situational Analysis

Grounded Theory and Situational Analysis Author Adele E Clarke
ISBN-10 0857027808
Release 2013-12-20
Pages 1584
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This new four-volume major work brings together a wealth of valuable research on the qualitative research methods of grounded theory and its extension, situational analysis. Both approaches draw on poststructural developments in the social sciences and humanities, (re)situating these methods among cutting-edge approaches today. The articles in this collection come from a variety of disciplines, from sociology to science and technology studies, as well as focusing on a broad cross-section of issues relating to race, class and gender amongst others. Framed and contextualised by an introductory chapter, newly-written for the set by the widely-respected editorial team of Adele Clarke and Kathy Charmaz, the collection is clearly divided into the four thematic volumes: Volume One: History, Essentials and Debates in Grounded Theory Volume Two: Grounded Theory in Disciplines and Research Volume Three: Grounded Theory Exemplars Across Disciplines Volume Four: Situational Analysis: Essentials and Exemplars



Generative Social Science Studies in Agent Based Computational Modeling

Generative Social Science  Studies in Agent Based Computational Modeling Author Joshua M. Epstein
ISBN-10 9781400842872
Release 2012-01-02
Pages 384
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Agent-based computational modeling is changing the face of social science. In Generative Social Science, Joshua Epstein argues that this powerful, novel technique permits the social sciences to meet a fundamentally new standard of explanation, in which one "grows" the phenomenon of interest in an artificial society of interacting agents: heterogeneous, boundedly rational actors, represented as mathematical or software objects. After elaborating this notion of generative explanation in a pair of overarching foundational chapters, Epstein illustrates it with examples chosen from such far-flung fields as archaeology, civil conflict, the evolution of norms, epidemiology, retirement economics, spatial games, and organizational adaptation. In elegant chapter preludes, he explains how these widely diverse modeling studies support his sweeping case for generative explanation. This book represents a powerful consolidation of Epstein's interdisciplinary research activities in the decade since the publication of his and Robert Axtell's landmark volume, Growing Artificial Societies. Beautifully illustrated, Generative Social Science includes a CD that contains animated movies of core model runs, and programs allowing users to easily change assumptions and explore models, making it an invaluable text for courses in modeling at all levels.



Comparative Methods in the Social Sciences

Comparative Methods in the Social Sciences Author Neil J. Smelser
ISBN-10 9781610271776
Release 2013-02-28
Pages 270
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Even after teaching generations of social scientists, Neil Smelser's classic book remains the most definitive statement of methodological issues for all comparative scholars and in political science, anthropology, sociology, economics and psychology. Such issues are timeless and therefore Smelser's lucid analysis remains timely and relevant. Smelser posits a methodological continuity between the comparative studies of past masters and the more recent flow of contemporary comparative work. To that end, he takes a pragmatic, critical look at the classic studies of Alexis de Tocqueville, Emile Durkheim, and Max Weber. His analyses respect the historical specifics and contexts of their work, but at the same time raise general issues such as cross-unit comparability, empirical representation of theoretical concepts and measures, and historical causality. The book also deals with the ongoing flows of comparative study in the social sciences, which, while methodologically more self-conscious than past work, nevertheless face a common set of issues, including causation and classification. The book's unique clarity makes it particularly useful for working scholars as well as students fighting their way through the methodological thickets of comparative studies.



SAGE Quantitative Research Methods

SAGE Quantitative Research Methods Author W Paul Vogt
ISBN-10 9781446275719
Release 2011-01-01
Pages 1760
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For more than 40 years, SAGE has been one of the leading international publishers of works on quantitative research methods in the social sciences. This new collection provides readers with a representative sample of the best articles in quantitative methods that have appeared in SAGE journals as chosen by W. Paul Vogt, editor of other successful major reference collections such as Selecting Research Methods (2008) and Data Collection (2010). The volumes and articles are organized by theme rather than by discipline. Although there are some discipline-specific methods, most often quantitative research methods cut across disciplinary boundaries. Volume One: Fundamental Issues in Quantitative Research Volume Two: Measurement for Causal and Statistical Inference Volume Three: Alternatives to Hypothesis Testing Volume Four: Complex Designs for a Complex World



The SAGE Handbook of Online Research Methods

The SAGE Handbook of Online Research Methods Author Nigel G Fielding
ISBN-10 9781473959309
Release 2016-12-14
Pages 684
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Online research methods are popular, dynamic and fast-changing. Following on from the great success of the first edition, published in 2008, The SAGE Handbook of Online Research Methods, Second Edition offers both updates of existing subject areas and new chapters covering more recent developments, such as social media, big data, data visualization and CAQDAS. Bringing together the leading names in both qualitative and quantitative online research, this new edition is organised into nine sections: 1. Online Research Methods 2. Designing Online Research 3. Online Data Capture and Data Collection 4. The Online Survey 5. Digital Quantitative Analysis 6. Digital Text Analysis 7. Virtual Ethnography 8. Online Secondary Analysis: Resources and Methods 9. The Future of Online Social Research The SAGE Handbook of Online Research Methods, Second Edition is an essential resource for anyone interested in the contemporary practice of computer-mediated research and scholarship.



Documentary Research

Documentary Research Author John Scott
ISBN-10 UCSC:32106018677457
Release 2006-03-27
Pages 1592
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Documentary research involves the use of texts and documents as source materials: government publications, newspapers, certificates, census publications, novels, film and video, paintings, personal photographs, diaries and innumerable other written, visual and pictorial sources in paper, electronic, or other `hard copy' form. Along with surveys and ethnography, documentary research is one of the three major types of social research and arguably has been the most widely used of the three throughout the history of sociology and other social sciences. It has been the principal method - indeed, sometimes the only one - for leading sociologists. The key issues surrounding types of documents and our ability to use them as reliable sources of evidence on the social world must be considered by all who use documents in their research. The paucity of sources available until now means that this compendium will be invaluable to social researchers. Volume One: Theory and Methods Volume Two: Personal Documents Volume Three: Mass Media and Cyber Documents Volume Four: Official Statistics and Sources



The SAGE Handbook of Innovation in Social Research Methods

The SAGE Handbook of Innovation in Social Research Methods Author Malcolm Williams
ISBN-10 9781446209639
Release 2011-03-11
Pages 664
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Social research is a bourgeoning field. Of course it has many traditions and approaches, but there is a high premium upon thinking differently and thinking anew because social life is never static or wholly predictable. The Handbook, edited by internationally recognized scholars, provides a comprehensive, pitch-perfect critical assessment of the field. The main features of the Handbook are: Clear organization into 4 parts dealing with The Social Context of Research; Design and Data Collection; Integrating The Analysis of New Data Types; Sampling, Inference and Measurement Clear, cutting edge chapters on Objectivity; Causation; Organizing Social Research; Correspondence Analysis; Grounded Theory; Conversational Surveys; Mixed Methods; Meta-Analysis; Optimal Matching Analysis; GIS Analysis; Quantitative Narrative Analysis; Longitudinal Studies; SEM; MLM; Qualitative Comparative Analysis; Respondent Driven Sampling Brings together a glittering assembly of the key figures working in the field of research methods Demonstrates the continuities and productive tensions between classical traditions and real world research. The result is a superbly organized text which will be required reading for anyone interested in the routes and future of social research. It is an unparalleled teaching resource and a 'must have' for serious social researchers.



The SAGE Handbook of Social Research Methods

The SAGE Handbook of Social Research Methods Author Pertti Alasuutari
ISBN-10 9781473971264
Release 2008-02-25
Pages 648
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The SAGE Handbook of Social Research Methods is a must for every social-science researcher. It charts the new and evolving terrain of social research methodology, covering qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods in one volume. The Handbook includes chapters on each phase of the research process: research design, methods of data collection, and the processes of analyzing and interpreting data. The volume maintains that there is much more to research than learning skills and techniques; methodology involves the fit between theory, research questions research design and analysis. The book also includes several chapters that describe historical and current directions in social research, debating crucial subjects such as qualitative versus quantitative paradigms, how to judge the credibility of types of research, and the increasingly topical issue of research ethics. The Handbook serves as an invaluable resource for approaching research with an open mind. This volume maps the field of social research methods using an approach that will prove valuable for both students and researchers.



Using Documents in Social Research

Using Documents in Social Research Author Lindsay Prior
ISBN-10 0761957472
Release 2003-06-16
Pages 195
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A comprehensive, yet concise, introduction to the use of documents as tools within social science research.



The SAGE Dictionary of Statistics Methodology

The SAGE Dictionary of Statistics   Methodology Author W. Paul Vogt
ISBN-10 9781483381787
Release 2015-10-20
Pages 520
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Written in a clear, readable style with a wide range of explanations and examples, The SAGE Dictionary of Statistics & Methodology, Fifth Edition by W. Paul Vogt and R. Burke Johnson is a must-have dictionary that reflects recent changes in the fields of statistics and methodology. Packed with 500 new definitions, terms, and graphics, the Fifth Edition is an ideal reference for researchers and professionals in the field and provides everything students need to read and understand a research report, including elementary terms, concepts, methodology, and design definitions, as well as concepts from qualitative research methods and terms from theory and philosophy.