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Concrete in the Marine Environment

Concrete in the Marine Environment Author P.K. Mehta
ISBN-10 9781851666225
Release 2002-11-01
Pages 224
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Concrete has clearly emerged as the most economical and durable material for the building of the vast majority of marine structures. Reinforced concrete too has overcome the technological problems making it a suitable material for the construction of advanced marine structures such as offshore drilling platforms, superspan bridges and undersea tunnels. As the world becomes increasingly ocean-oriented for energy and other resources it is predicted that construction activities during the 21st century will be dominated by concrete sea structures. The performance of concrete in the marine environment is presented here in a logical manner giving state-of-the-art reviews of the nature of the marine environment, the composition and properties of concrete, history of concrete performance in seawater, major causes of deterioration of concrete in the marine environment, selection of materials and mix proportioning for durable concrete, recommended concrete practice and repair of deteriorated marine structures. It is of value to any design or construction engineer responsible for marine structures.



Diffusion of Chloride in Concrete

Diffusion of Chloride in Concrete Author E. Poulsen
ISBN-10 9781482295108
Release 2014-04-21
Pages 480
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This book is the most comprehensive and flexible theory of chloride ingress in concrete to date. Based on test results and field observations, the book demonstrates the easy application of this theory to practice. The information is presented in a clear style with each chapter containing an introduction, technical applications and examples, and a final section covering the mathematics behind the theory, to enable the reader to obtain a deeper insight into the subject. Primarily aimed at practising engineers engaged in analysis and design of concrete structures exposed to a chloride laden environment, this book is also a useful reference for mathematicians and engineering students.



Marine Concrete Structures

Marine Concrete Structures Author Mark Alexander
ISBN-10 9780081000847
Release 2016-09-13
Pages 504
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Marine Concrete Structures: Design, Durability and Performance comprehensively examines structures located in, under, or in close proximity to the sea. A major emphasis of the book is on the long-term performance of marine concrete structures that not only represent major infrastructure investment and provision, but are also required to operate with minimal maintenance. Chapters review the design, specification, construction, and operation of marine concrete structures, and examine their performance and durability in the marine environment. A number of case studies of significant marine concrete structures from around the world are included which help to reinforce the principles outlined in earlier chapters and provide useful background to these types of structures. The result is a thorough and up-to-date reference source that engineers, researchers, and postgraduate students in this field will find invaluable. Covers, in detail, the design, specification, construction, and operation of marine concrete structures Examines the properties and performance of concrete in the marine environment Provides case studies on significant marine concrete structures and durability-based design from around the world



Sulfate Attack on Concrete

Sulfate Attack on Concrete Author J. Marchand
ISBN-10 0203301625
Release 2003-09-02
Pages 232
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Sulfate Attack on Concrete provides a comprehensive reference to this important subject. It covers: a short history of concrete deterioration due to sulfate attack, the origin of sulfates in concrete, the importance of appropriate concrete processing, forms and physical-chemical mechanisms of concrete deterioration due to sulfates, preventative measures, standardisation and numerous case histories. This book is an essential reference for industry practitioners involved in concrete science and engineering, and also for academics and researchers of materials science and concrete technology.



Concrete Microstructure Properties and Materials

Concrete  Microstructure  Properties  and Materials Author P. Kumar Mehta
ISBN-10 9780071797887
Release 2013-09-24
Pages 672
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THE MOST COMPREHENSIVE AND CURRENT GUIDE TO THE PROPERTIES, BEHAVIOR, AND TECHNOLOGY OF CONCRETE This thoroughly updated edition contains new information on: Recently built construction projects worldwide Shrinkage-reducing admixtures Self-consolidating concrete, pervious concrete, internal curing, and other cutting-edge innovations Modeling of ice formation and alkali-aggregate reaction in concrete Environmental impact of concrete Each chapter begins with a preview of the contents and ends with a self-test and a guide for further reading. More than 300 drawings and photographs illustrate the topics discussed in this definitive text on concrete. Comprehensive coverage includes: Microstructure of concrete Strength Dimensional stability Durability Hydraulic cements Aggregates Admixtures Proportioning concrete mixtures Concrete at early age Nondestructive methods Progress in concrete technology Advances in concrete mechanics Global warming and concrete in the future



Marine Structures Engineering Specialized Applications

Marine Structures Engineering  Specialized Applications Author Gregory Tsinker
ISBN-10 9781461520818
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 548
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Marine Structures Engineering is designed to help engineers meet the growing worldwide demand for construction of new ports and the modernization of existing ports and terminals. It provides an authoritative guide to the design, construction, rehabilitation, repair, and maintenance of port and harbor structures. Each chapter is self-contained, allowing readers to access specific information. The Author draws on his extensive experience in offshore structure and port engineering to demonstrate evaluation, rehabilitation, repair, and maintenance of in-service marine structures. Also covered in detail are state-of-the-art approaches to: *marine structures in cold regions, with special attention to the role of ice loads, permafrost, and other ice effects *shiplifts, marine railways, shipways, and dry docks *offshore moorings *floating breakwaters *marinas *structures that protect bridge piers from ship impact. Offering practical information on all aspects of marine structures, this book serves as an indispensable resource to all engineers and professionals involved in design, construction, maintenance, and modernization of ports and harbors.



Fundamentals of Durable Reinforced Concrete

Fundamentals of Durable Reinforced Concrete Author Mark G. Richardson
ISBN-10 9781482272109
Release 2014-04-21
Pages 272
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Durability failures in reinforced concrete structures are wasteful of resources and energy. The introduction to practice of European Standard EN 206-1 represents a significant shift in emphasis on the need to explicitly consider each potential durability threat when specifying and producing concrete. Fundamentals of Durable Reinforced Concrete presents the fundamental aspects of concrete durability including reinforcement corrosion, carbonation, chloride ingress, alkali-aggregate reaction, freeze/thaw damage, sulphate attack, chemical attack, cracking, abrasion and weathering. The background to the durability exposure classes in EN 206-1 is also explained. Future directions in performance-based specifications and mathematical modelling of degradation are presented. This book will be of particular interest to specifiers applying the principles of the new European Standard EN 206-1 for the first time, to postgraduate researchers in mathematical modelling of degradation mechanisms, to undergraduates of engineering, architecture and building technology, and students of advanced concrete technology who require a concise source of reference on concrete durability.



Durability Design of Concrete Structures in Severe Environments Second Edition

Durability Design of Concrete Structures in Severe Environments  Second Edition Author Odd E. Gjørv
ISBN-10 9781466587304
Release 2014-02-07
Pages 270
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One of the most pressing problems facing the construction industry globally is the deterioration of major concrete infrastructure in marine and other chloride-containing environments. While recent advancements in concrete technology have made it easier to control the negative impact of deteriorating processes such as alkali-aggregate reaction, freezing and thawing and chemical attack, chloride-induced corrosion of embedded steel continues to pose the biggest threat to structure durability and performance. The second edition of Durability Design of Concrete Structures in Severe Environments focuses on enhancing the durability and service life of concrete structures. The text describes field experience and deteriorating processes of concrete structures in severe environments, and includes current data based on extensive field investigations. It presents a durability design based on calculation of corrosion probability, and outlines additional protective strategies and measures. The text also describes procedures for performance-based concrete quality control and quality assurance with documentation of achieved construction quality and compliance with specified durability. The text further covers calculation of life cycle costs and life cycle assessment, and includes some new recommended job specifications. What’s New in the Second Edition: This second edition delivers more results and experience from practical applications of the probability-based durability design and the performance-based concrete quality control. It includes recent commercial projects both for Oslo Harbor KF and Nye Tjuvholmen KS in Oslo, and contains some preliminary results from the more comprehensive research program "Underwater Infrastructure and Underwater City of the Future" at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. The book serves as an essential guide both for the owners and the consulting and construction engineers involved in new and major concrete infrastructure design and construction.



Building for Eternity

Building for Eternity Author C.J. Brandon
ISBN-10 9781782974239
Release 2014-08-29
Pages 368
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One marker of the majesty of ancient Rome is its surviving architectural legacy, the stunning remains of which are scattered throughout the circum-Mediterranean landscape. Surprisingly, one truly remarkable aspect of this heritage remains relatively unknown. There exists beneath the waters of the Mediterranean the physical remnants of a vast maritime infrastructure that sustained and connected the western worldÕs first global empire and economy. The key to this incredible accomplishment and to the survival of structures in the hostile environment of the sea for two thousand years was maritime concrete, a building material invented and then employed by Roman builders on a grand scale to construct harbor installations anywhere they were needed, rather than only in locations with advantageous geography or topography. This book explains how the Romans built so successfully in the sea with their new invention. The story is a stimulating mix of archaeological, geological, historical and chemical research, with relevance to both ancient and modern technology. It also breaks new ground in bridging the gap between science and the humanities by integrating analytical materials science, history, and archaeology, along with underwater exploration. The book will be of interest to anyone interested in Roman architecture and engineering, and it will hold special interest for geologists and mineralogists studying the material characteristics of pyroclastic volcanic rocks and their alteration in seawater brines. The demonstrable durability and longevity of Roman maritime concrete structures may be of special interest to engineers working on cementing materials appropriate for the long-term storage of hazardous substances such as radioactive waste. A pioneering methodology was used to bore into maritime structures both on land and in the sea to collect concrete cores for testing in the research laboratories of the CTG Italcementi Group, a leading cement producer in Italy, the University of Berkeley, and elsewhere. The resulting mechanical, chemical and physical analysis of 36 concrete samples taken from 11 sites in Italy and the eastern Mediterranean have helped fill many gaps in our knowledge of how the Romans built in the sea. To gain even more knowledge of the ancient maritime technology, the directors of the Roman Maritime Concrete Study (ROMACONS) engaged in an ambitious and unique experimental archaeological project Ð the construction underwater of a reproduction of a Roman concrete pier or pila. The same raw materials and tools available to the ancient builders were employed to produce a reproduction concrete structure that appears to be remarkably similar to the ancient one studied during ROMACONÕs fieldwork between 2002-2009. This volume reveals a remarkable and unique archaeological project that highlights the synergy that now exists between the humanities and science in our continuing efforts to understand the past. It will quickly become a standard research tool for all interested in Roman building both in the sea and on land, and in the history and chemistry of marine concrete. The authors also hope that the data and observations it presents will stimulate further research by scholars and students into related topics, since we have so much more to learn in the years ahead.



Concrete in Coastal Structures

Concrete in Coastal Structures Author Richard Thomas Lingen Allen
ISBN-10 0727726102
Release 1998-01-01
Pages 301
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Many types of structure are subject to maritime conditions, and construction and maintenance of coastal structures is a major part of the construction workload of any country bordering the sea. This book is a comprehensive source of information for all who are concerned with the commissioning, design, construction or maintenance of concrete structures in or near the sea. As well as describing the nature of the marine environment and the effects of man-made structures on the behaviour of the sea, this books deals with hydraulic design, the material properties of concrete and the design and specification of structures for coastal environments. The deterioration of concrete in coastal structures is usually a result of lack of durability rather than overloading, so much of the book has been directed towards the production of durable structures. British standards and other standards and codes from around the world are discussed, along with the planning of construction works under coastal conditions, and the maintenance of coastal structures. All of the chapters were written specially for this book by practising engineers with specialised knowledge and wide experience of coastal engineering. As most of the authors have been responsible for work in many parts of the world, this book is relevant regardless of where coastal structures are situated.



Galvanized Steel Reinforcement in Concrete

Galvanized Steel Reinforcement in Concrete Author Stephen Yeomans
ISBN-10 0080472834
Release 2004-11-26
Pages 316
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Reinforced concrete is one of the most widely used modern materials of construction. It is comparatively cheap, readily available, and suitable for a variety of building and construction applications. Galvanized Steel Reinforcement in Concrete provides a detailed resource covering all aspects of this important material. Both servicability and durability aspects are well covered, with all the information needed maximise the life of buildings constructed from it. Containing an up-to-date and comprehensive collection of technical information and data from world renound authors, it will be a valuable source of reference for academics, researchers, students and professionals alike. Provides information vital to prolong the life of buildings constructed from this versatile material Brings together a disparate body of knowledge from many parts of the world into a concise and authoritative text Containing an up-to-date and comprehensive collection of technical information



Advanced Concrete Technology

Advanced Concrete Technology Author Zongjin Li
ISBN-10 0470902434
Release 2011-01-11
Pages 624
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Over the past two decades concrete has enjoyed a renewed level of research and testing, resulting in the development of many new types of concrete. Through the use of various additives, production techniques and chemical processes, there is now a great degree of control over the properties of specific concretes for a wide range of applications. New theories, models and testing techniques have also been developed to push the envelope of concrete as a building material. There is no current textbook which brings all of these advancements together in a single volume. This book aims to bridge the gap between the traditional concrete technologies and the emerging state-of-the-art technologies which are gaining wider use.



Concrete Repair Rehabilitation and Retrofitting II

Concrete Repair  Rehabilitation and Retrofitting II Author Mark G. Alexander
ISBN-10 9781439828403
Release 2008-11-13
Pages 476
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The Second International Conference on Concrete Repair, Rehabilitation and Retrofitting (ICCRRR 2005) was held in Cape Town, South Africa, from 24-26 November 2008. The Conference followed the very successful First International Conference, also in Cape Town in 2005, and continued as a collaborative venture by researchers from the South African Research Programme in Concrete Materials (based at the Universities of Cape Town and The Witwatersrand) and The Construction Materials Sections at Leipzig University and MFPA Leipzig in Germany. The background, in industry and the state of national infrastructures, continues to be highly challenging and demanding. The facts remain that much of our concrete infrastructure deteriorates at unacceptable rates, that we need appropriate tools and techniques to undertake the vast task of sound repair, maintenance and rehabilitation of such infrastructure, and that all this must be undertaken with due cognisance of the limited budgets available for such work. New ways need to be found to extend the useful life of concrete structures cost-effectively. Confidence in concrete as a viable construction material into the 21st century needs to be retained and sustained, particularly considering the environmental challenges that the industry and society now face. The conference proceedings contain papers, presented at the conference, and classified into a total of 12 sub themes which can be grouped under the three main themes of (i) Concrete durability aspects, (ii) Condition assessment of concrete structures, and (iii) Concrete repair, rehabilitation and retrofitting. The major interests in terms of submissions exists in the fields of innovative materials for durable concrete construction, integrated service life modelling of reinforced concrete structures, NDE/NDT and measurement techniques, repair methods and materials, and structural strengthening and retrofitting techniques. The large number of high-quality papers presented and the wide range of relevant topics covered confirm that these proceedings will be a valued reference for many working in the important fields of concrete durability and repair, and that they will form a suitable base for discussion and provide suggestions for future development and research. Set of book of abstracts (476 pp) and a searchable full paper CD-ROM (1396 pp).



Advanced Materials and Techniques for Reinforced Concrete Structures Second Edition

Advanced Materials and Techniques for Reinforced Concrete Structures  Second Edition Author Mohamed Abdallah El-Reedy, Ph.D
ISBN-10 9781498724715
Release 2015-12-01
Pages 327
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Increase the Durability and Performance of Concrete during Its Lifetime While reinforced concrete is a durable material used for a wide range of construction projects in civil engineering, certain factors must be considered during its design, construction, and maintenance. This includes a variety of conditions impacting strength and performance relevant to specific structural systems, and the application of numerous codes. Advanced Materials and Techniques for Reinforced Concrete Structures, Second Edition discusses both traditional and new systems in concrete structures, outlines the advantages and disadvantages of each system and its importance to construction durability and reliability, and presents the latest advanced materials and construction techniques currently used in reinforced concrete structures. New Edition Now Includes Eurocode, Egyptian Code, British Standard, and American Specifications (ACI) In addition to highlighting new materials that can be used to enhance concrete strength and performance, the book describes the traditional and newest materials used in concrete technology; and presents new approaches to utilizing an integrity management system. It provides a comparison of concrete strength utilizing ACI, BS, Eurocode, and Egyptian codes of practice, and also highlights different loads that affect buildings from the application of the different international codes. By using this book, readers will learn how to: Choose the most reasonable structural system, materials, method of construction, and maintenance plan Determine the optimum system to meet stability, reliability, and architectural requirements Understand the statistical parameters that govern quality control in concrete construction projects Analyze and meet concrete construction quality control criteria Implement a maintenance plan incorporating modern construction techniques Advanced Materials and Techniques for Reinforced Concrete Structures, Second Edition serves as a practical guide on advanced materials, design, and construction techniques in concrete structures under different environmental conditions. Designed for practicing civil and structural engineers/engineering consultants, this revised version also appeals to senior undergraduate/graduate students in civil engineering - construction materials, and reinforced concrete (RC) construction.



Design of Modern Highrise Reinforced Concrete Structures

Design of Modern Highrise Reinforced Concrete Structures Author Hiroyuki Aoyama
ISBN-10 9781783261642
Release 2001-12-28
Pages 460
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This book presents the results of a Japanese national research project carried out in 1988-1993, usually referred to as the New RC Project. Developing advanced reinforced concrete building structures with high strength and high quality materials under its auspices, the project aimed at promoting construction of highrise reinforced concrete buildings in highly seismic areas such as Japan. The project covered all the aspects of reinforced concrete structures, namely materials, structural elements, structural design, construction, and feasibility studies. In addition to presenting these results, the book includes two chapters giving an elementary explanation of modern analytical techniques, i.e. finite element analysis and earthquake response analysis. Contents:RC Highrise Buildings in Seismic Areas (H Aoyama)The New RC Project (H Hiraishi)New RC Materials (M Abe & H Shiohara)New RC Structural Elements (T Kaminosono)Finite Element Analysis (H Noguchi)Structural Design Principles (M Teshigawara)Earthquake Response Analysis (T Kabeyasawa)Construction of New RC Structures (Y Masuda)Feasibility Studies and Example Buildings (H Fujitani) Readership: Civil, ocean and marine engineers.



Concrete technology

Concrete technology Author V. M. Malhotra
ISBN-10 UOM:39015032218862
Release 1994
Pages 683
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Concrete technology has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Concrete technology also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Concrete technology book for free.



Concrete Technology Properties of materials

Concrete Technology  Properties of materials Author Dennis Frank Orchard
ISBN-10 UOM:39015000464761
Release 1979
Pages 487
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Concrete Technology Properties of materials has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Concrete Technology Properties of materials also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Concrete Technology Properties of materials book for free.