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Contextualizing Disaster

Contextualizing Disaster Author Gregory V. Button
ISBN-10 9781785332814
Release 2016-09-30
Pages 214
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Contextualizing Disaster offers a comparative analysis of six recent "highly visible" disasters and several slow-burning, "hidden," crises that include typhoons, tsunamis, earthquakes, chemical spills, and the unfolding consequences of rising seas and climate change. The book argues that, while disasters are increasingly represented by the media as unique, exceptional, newsworthy events, it is a mistake to think of disasters as isolated or discrete occurrences. Rather, building on insights developed by political ecologists, this book makes a compelling argument for understanding disasters as transnational and global phenomena.



Cultural Psychology of Coping with Disasters

Cultural Psychology of Coping with Disasters Author Manfred Zaumseil
ISBN-10 9781461493549
Release 2013-11-21
Pages 356
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This book offers a broad theoretical foundation by relating and contrasting relevant international literature with the outcomes of a particular research project. It provides a critical reevaluation of the complex phenomena of coping with disasters on a general level by applying this integrative theory of disaster coping to a specific context. A cultural psychological model is developed in order to suggest ways of understanding and assessing local and cultural specificity. This interaction of the general and locally specific is central to our understanding of cultural psychology of coping with disaster. The book provides a basic overview, by presenting various approaches to coping with natural disasters and relating them to each other in a coherent manner. So far, most research approaches either focus on technical, social, psychological or cultural aspects of coping, neglecting their interconnectedness. Coping is seldom seen as an extensive, long-term process, in which disaster relief complexly interacts and is integrated with the local actors and conditions. Until now, a perspective is missing, in which the mentioned modes of coping are integrated with cultural interpretations and practices and long-standing forms of communal self-help, which possibly develop in places that are frequently threatened by natural disasters.



Historical Disasters in Context

Historical Disasters in Context Author Andrea JANKU
ISBN-10 9781136476259
Release 2011-12-27
Pages 312
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Growing concerns about climate change and the increasing occurrence of ever more devastating natural disasters in some parts of the world and their consequences for human life, not only in the immediately affected regions, but for all of us, have increased our desire to learn more about disaster experiences in the past. How did disaster experiences impact on the development of modern sciences in the early modern era? Why did religion continue to play such an important role in the encounter with disasters, despite the strong trend towards secularization in the modern world? What was the political role of disasters? Historical Disasters in Context illustrates how past societies coped with a threatening environment, how societies changed in response to disaster experiences, and how disaster experiences were processed and communicated, both locally and globally. Particular emphasis is put on the realms of science, religion, and politics. International case studies demonstrate that while there are huge differences across cultures in the way people and societies responded to disasters, there are also many commonalities and interactions between different cultures that have the potential to alter the ways people prepare for and react to disasters in future. To explain these relationships and highlight their significance is the purpose of this volume.



Gender and Land Tenure in the Context of Disaster in Asia

Gender and Land Tenure in the Context of Disaster in Asia Author Kyoko Kusakabe
ISBN-10 9783319166162
Release 2015-06-30
Pages 112
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This book explores an interdisciplinary field at the intersection of gender and development studies, disaster and land tenure policy. It is well known that women generally have weaker claims to land. But how does that translate to increased vulnerability during disaster? Using case studies from Asia, this book argues that land tenure is a key factor in mitigating the impact of disasters on women. The scale and frequency of disasters have been increasing in recent decades due to human impact on the landscape and climate. Unsustainable farming and land management systems have increased environmental risks and social vulnerabilities. However, around the world the costs of disasters are disproportionately borne by women, due largely to their reduced mobility and lack of control over assets. In post-disaster settings, women’s vulnerabilities increase due to gendered rescue and rehabilitation practices. As such, a gendered approach to land rights is critical to disaster preparedness and recovery.



Psychosocial Capacity Building in Response to Disasters

Psychosocial Capacity Building in Response to Disasters Author Joshua L. Miller
ISBN-10 9780231519762
Release 2012-02-21
Pages 360
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Disaster responders treat more than just the immediate emotional and psychological trauma of victims: they empower individuals and families to heal themselves long into a disaster's aftermath. This requires rebuilding the ability of survivors to meet their emotional and psychological needs, not only for themselves but also for others, and necessitates a careful consideration of survivors' social, economic, and political realities so healing and recovery can outlast the reverberations of disaster.



Making a Market for Acts of God

Making a Market for Acts of God Author Paula Jarzabkowski
ISBN-10 9780199664764
Release 2015
Pages 231
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Reinsurance is a financial market that trades in the risk of unpredictable and devastating disasters - such as Hurricane Katrina, the Tohoku earthquake and tsunami, and the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Centre. Such disasters are increasing in both frequency and severity, with the cost of their losses mounting rapidly. Reinsurance insures insurance companies, enabling them to pay claims arising from these losses. It is thus a market mechanism that is a critical part of the social and economic safety net, helping to pick up the pieces after disasters. Yet, how is the risk of such disasters calculated and traded in a global market? This book brings to life the reinsurance market through vivid real-life tales that draw from an ethnographic, "fly-on-the-wall" study of the global reinsurance industry over three annual cycles. The authors shadowed underwriters around the world as they traded risks through multiple disasters. For instance, this book takes readers into the desperate hours of pricing Japanese risks during March 2011, while the devastating aftermath of the Tohoku earthquake is unfolding. To show how the market works, the book offers authentic tales gathered from observations of reinsurers in Bermuda, Lloyd's of London, Continental Europe and SE Asia as they evaluate, price and compete for different risks as part of their everyday practice. Understanding how this market for disasters works has never been more critical given the impact of climate change and increased global connectivity, where a flood in one country can trigger losses to supply chains around the world. The authors develop a novel concept of how global markets work, which advances scholarship and challenges current thinking about how financial markets trade in intangible assets such as risk. This book will be useful to readers interested in markets for disasters, insurance, reinsurance and financial markets, and academics interested in the practice of financial markets specifically or the practice of strategy and organizations generally.



Governance of Risk Hazards and Disasters

Governance of Risk  Hazards and Disasters Author Giuseppe Forino
ISBN-10 9781315463872
Release 2018-01-29
Pages 296
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Growing debates around governance are taking place among academic, policy-making, and practice-based communities. In light of the increasing focus on governance, this book presents and discusses governance as a framework that is able to both conceptualize and contextualize risks and disasters as currently experienced and managed into social systems. Contributions offer a variety of perspectives, experiences and socio-cultural contexts which have identified the challenges, opportunities and critiques of promoting governance. Part I explores approaches, models, and keywords as applied to risk and disaster governance theory. Part II investigates practices of risk governance and associated issues by focusing on disaster risk reduction policy and practice. Finally, Part III explores practices of disaster governance and associated issues, by focusing on disaster recovery experiences. This book highlights cutting-edge recent theoretical and empirical trends and is a valuable resource for students, academics, practitioners and policy-makers interested in risk and disaster governance.



The Great Catastrophe of My Life

The Great Catastrophe of My Life Author Thomas E. Buckley
ISBN-10 0807853801
Release 2002
Pages 346
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Martin R. Delany (1812-85) has been called the "Father of Black Nationalism," but his extraordinary career also encompassed the roles of abolitionist, physician, editor, explorer, politician, army officer, novelist, and political theorist. Despite his enormous influence in the nineteenth century, and his continuing influence on black nationalist thought in the twentieth century, Delany has remained a relatively obscure figure in U.S. culture, generally portrayed as a radical separatist at odds with the more integrationist Frederick Douglass. This pioneering documentary collection offers readers a chance to discover, or rediscover, Delany in all his complexity. Through nearly 100 documents--approximately two-thirds of which have not been reprinted since their initial nineteenth-century publications--it traces the full sweep of his fascinating career. Included are selections from Delany's early journalism, his emigrationist writings of the 1850s, his 1859-62 novel, Blake (one of the first African American novels published in the United States), and his later writings on Reconstruction. Incisive and shrewd, angry and witty, Delany's words influenced key nineteenth-century debates on race and nation, addressing issues that remain pressing in our own time.



APAIS Australian Public Affairs Information Service

APAIS  Australian Public Affairs Information Service Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015079938539
Release 1993
Pages
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APAIS Australian Public Affairs Information Service has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from APAIS Australian Public Affairs Information Service also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full APAIS Australian Public Affairs Information Service book for free.



Disaster Capitalism

Disaster Capitalism Author Richard W. Mitchell
ISBN-10 9781841504308
Release 2011
Pages 299
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The book includes three full-length plays: Shadow Anthropology (a dark comedy about the U.S. occupation of Afghanistan), Through the Roof (a Faustian trip through the social history of "natural" disaster in New Orleans), and Celestial Flesh (a sacrilegious romp through the 1980s sanctuary movement, sacred sex, and CIA drug running in a Los Angeles Catholic Church). Placing the plays within an historical and thematic context, the author introduces the collection with an essay examining catastrophe, capitalism, and what he calls "Apocalypse Theatre for the Twenty-First Century. & qu.



America s Disaster Culture

America s Disaster Culture Author Robert C. Bell
ISBN-10 9781628924626
Release 2017-10-19
Pages 176
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Are we inside the era of disasters or are we merely inundated by mediated accounts of events categorized as catastrophic? America's Disaster Culture offers answers to this question and a critical theory surrounding the culture of "natural†? disasters in American consumerism, literature, media, film, and popular culture. In a hyper-mediated global culture, disaster events reach us with great speed and minute detail, and Americans begin forming, interpreting, and historicizing catastrophes simultaneously with fellow citizens and people worldwide. America's Disaster Culture is not policy, management, or relief oriented. It offers an analytical framework for the cultural production and representation of disasters, catastrophes, and apocalypses in American culture. It focuses on filling a need for critical analysis centered upon the omnipresence of real and imagined disasters, epidemics, and apocalypses in American culture. However, it also observes events, such as the Dust Bowl, Hurricane Katrina, and 9/11, that are re-framed and re-historicized as "natural†? disasters by contemporary media and pop culture. Therefore, America's Disaster Culture theorizes the very parameters of classifying any event as a "natural†? disaster, addresses the biases involved in a catastrophic event's public narrative, and analyzes American culture's consumption of a disastrous event. Looking toward the future, what are the hypothetical and actual threats to disaster culture? Or, are we oblivious that we are currently living in a post-apocalyptic landscape?



Learning from Catastrophe

Learning from Catastrophe Author
ISBN-10 1877943185
Release 2006
Pages 456
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"Presents a peer-reviewed collection of quick response research conducted following Hurricane Katrina in 2005"--Provided by publisher.



Space Program Disasters Framing and Narrative Context in the Changing Times

Space Program Disasters  Framing  and Narrative Context in the Changing Times Author Jeffrey Cannon
ISBN-10 IND:30000095224139
Release 2007
Pages 158
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Space Program Disasters Framing and Narrative Context in the Changing Times has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Space Program Disasters Framing and Narrative Context in the Changing Times also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Space Program Disasters Framing and Narrative Context in the Changing Times book for free.



Natural Disasters Cultural Responses

Natural Disasters  Cultural Responses Author Christof Mauch
ISBN-10 0739124153
Release 2009-01-01
Pages 382
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This collection of essays testifies to the profound impact that earthquakes, hurricanes, floods, and other such events have had on humans throughout history in every part of the world. Several contributors argue that the experience of catastrophe has changed humans' behavior and perceptions over time without necessarily reducing their degree of exposure or risk. The book includes case studies from Western Europe, Scandinavia, Algeria, the Middle East, China, India, the Philippines, Argentina, Mexico, and the East Coast of the United States, ranging from the medieval through the modern period. While natural disasters occur around the globe, different cultures, societies, and regions have adopted specific methods and technologies for managing local hazards and for surviving catastrophic natural events. Indeed, how humans deal with catastrophes depends largely on social and cultural patterns, values, belief systems, political institutions, and economic structures. The roles that natural disasters play in society and the meanings they are given vary from one political and geographic space to the next. The essays collected here help us to understand not only how people across the centuries have learned to cope with disaster but also how communities in different parts of the world have developed cultural, social, and technological strategies for doing so.



The Politics and Policies of Relief Aid and Reconstruction

The Politics and Policies of Relief  Aid and Reconstruction Author Fulvio Attina
ISBN-10 9781137026736
Release 2012-10-15
Pages 265
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Disaster policies present a new challenge to the practitioners and students of global politics; this book explains how political science enriches the contribution of the social sciences to the study of disaster relief, aid and reconstruction following the major disaster events, both natural and man-made, of recent times.



Koenig and Schultz s Disaster Medicine

Koenig and Schultz s Disaster Medicine Author Kristi L. Koenig
ISBN-10 9781139483261
Release 2009-09-30
Pages
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As societies become more complex and interconnected, the global risk for catastrophic disasters is increasing. Demand for expertise to mitigate the human suffering and damage these events cause is also high. A new field of disaster medicine is emerging, offering innovative approaches to optimize disaster management. Much of the information needed to create the foundation for this growing specialty is not objectively described or is scattered among multiple different sources. Now, for the first time, a coherent and comprehensive collection of scientific observations and evidence-based recommendations with expert contributors from around the globe is available in Koenig and Schultz's Disaster Medicine: Comprehensive Principles and Practices. This definitive work on disaster medicine identifies essential subject matter, clarifies nomenclature, and outlines necessary areas of proficiency for healthcare professionals handling mass casualty crises. It also describes in-depth strategies for the rapid diagnosis and treatment of victims suffering from blast injuries or exposure to chemical, biological, and radiological agents.



40th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics

40th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics Author Association for Computational Linguistics. Meeting
ISBN-10 1558608834
Release 2002
Pages 520
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40th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from 40th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full 40th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics book for free.