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Control of Biological and Drug Delivery Systems for Chemical Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Engineering

Control of Biological and Drug Delivery Systems for Chemical  Biomedical  and Pharmaceutical Engineering Author Laurent Simon
ISBN-10 9781118396483
Release 2012-11-27
Pages 384
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Enables readers to apply process dynamics and control theory to solve bioprocess and drug delivery problems The control of biological and drug delivery systems is critical to the health of millions of people worldwide. As a result, researchers in systems biology and drug delivery rely on process dynamics and control theory to build our knowledge of cell behavior and to develop more effective therapeutics, controlled release devices, and drug administration protocols to manage disease. Written by a leading expert and educator in the field, this text helps readers develop a deep understanding of process dynamics and control theory in order to analyze and solve a broad range of problems in bioprocess and drug delivery systems. For example, readers will learn how stability criteria can be used to gain new insights into the regulation of biological pathways and lung mechanics. They'll also learn how the concept of a time constant is used to capture the dynamics of diffusive processes. Readers will also master such topics as external disturbances, transfer functions, and input/output models with the support of the author's clear explanations, as well as: Detailed examples from the biological sciences and novel drug delivery technologies 160 end-of-chapter problems with step-by-step solutions Demonstrations of how computational software such as MATLAB and Mathematica solve complex drug delivery problems Control of Biological and Drug-Delivery Systems for Chemical, Biomedical, and Pharmaceutical Engineering is written primarily for undergraduate chemical and biomedical engineering students; however, it is also recommended for students and researchers in pharmaceutical engineering, process control, and systems biology. All readers will gain a new perspective on process dynamics and control theory that will enable them to develop new and better technologies and therapeutics to treat human disease.

Design of Controlled Release Drug Delivery Systems

Design of Controlled Release Drug Delivery Systems Author Xiaoling Li
ISBN-10 9780071588836
Release 2005-11-24
Pages 435
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The goal of every drug delivery system is to deliver the precise amount of a drug at a pre-programmed rate to the desired location in order to achieve the drug level necessary for the treatment. An essential guide for biomedical engineers and pharmaceutical designers, this resource combines physicochemical principles with physiological processes to facilitate the design of systems that will deliver medication at the time and place it is most needed.

Biomedical Technology

Biomedical Technology Author Peter Wriggers
ISBN-10 9783319595481
Release 2017-08-29
Pages 362
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This book provides an overview of new mathematical models, computational simulations and experimental tests in the field of biomedical technology, and covers a wide range of current research and challenges. The first part focuses on the virtual environment used to study biological systems at different scales and under multiphysics conditions. In turn, the second part is devoted to modeling and computational approaches in the field of cardiovascular medicine, e.g. simulation of turbulence in cardiovascular flow, modeling of artificial textile-reinforced heart valves, and new strategies for reducing the computational cost in the fluid-structure interaction modeling of hemodynamics. The book’s last three parts address experimental observations, numerical tests, computational simulations, and multiscale modeling approaches to dentistry, orthopedics and otology. Written by leading experts, the book reflects the remarkable advances that have been made in the field of medicine, the life sciences, engineering and computational mechanics over the past decade, and summarizes essential tools and methods (such as virtual prototyping of medical devices, advances in medical imaging, high-performance computing and new experimental test devices) to enhance medical decision-making processes and refine implant design. The contents build upon the International Conference on Biomedical Technology 2015 (ICTB 2015), the second ECCOMAS thematic conference on Biomedical Engineering, held in Hannover, Germany in October 2015.

Drug Delivery Systems

Drug Delivery Systems Author Stroeve Pieter
ISBN-10 9789813201064
Release 2017-11-27
Pages 392
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With the alarming increase in cancer diagnoses and genetic illnesses, traditional drug agents and their delivery media need to be re-evaluated to address a quickly evolving field. With newer smart materials for the controlled release of macromolecules, peptides, genetic material, etc. further complications arise, such as material performance, synthesis, functionalization and targeting, biological identity, and biocompatibility. The book provides a comprehensive overview of the recent developments on "smart" targeting and drug delivery systems with a variety of carriers like nanoparticles, membranes, and hydrogels. It contains detailed descriptions on the recent trends in this field in the ongoing battle with catastrophic diseases like cancer. This field of research has been in its infancy and continues to face growth, and with it, further challenges and difficulties along the way toward maturity, which are accurately introduced in this book. Contents: Drug Delivery Systems: Possibilities and Challenges (Ryan Spitler, Saeid Zanganeh, Tahereh Jafari, Nasser Khakpash, Mohsen Erfanzadeh, Jim Q Ho, and Nastaran Sakhaie)Nanoparticles in Circulation: Blood Stability (Saeid Zanganeh, Tahereh Jafari, Nasser Khakpash, Mohsen Erfanzadeh, and Jim Q Ho)How do Nanoparticles (NPs) Pass Barriers? (Saeid Zanganeh, Ryan Spitler, Najme Javdani, and Jim Q Ho)Gated Porous Materials for Biomedical Application (Félix Sancenón, Erick Yu, Elena Aznar, M Dolores Marcos, and Ramón Martínez-Máñez)Controlled Release from Iron Oxide Nanoparticles (Masoud Rahman)The Reverse of Controlled Release: Controlled Sequestration of Species and Biotoxins into Nanoparticles (NPs) (Jenifer Gómez-Pastora, Eugenio Bringas, María Lázaro-Díez, José Ramos-Vivas, and Inmaculada Ortiz)Membranes for Controlled Release (Vida Araban, Neda Aslankoohi, and Mohammad Raoufi)Controlled Released from Hydrogel (Hossein Riahinezhad, Vida Araban, and Mohammad Raoufi)Nano Delivery Systems (Sophie Laurent, Afsaneh Lahooti, Saeed Shanehsazzadeh, and Robert N Muller)Legal Framework for Protection of Pharmaceutical Trade Marks in Europe and USA (Mohammad Hossein Erfanmanesh, and Shirin Sharifzadeh)Future Perspective on the Smart Delivery of Biomolecules (Erick Yu, Félix Sancenón, Elena Aznar, Ramón Martínez-Máñez, María Dolores Marcos, Mohammad J Hajipour, Morteza Mahmoudi, and Pieter Stroeve) Readership: Nanotechnologists; biomedical engineers; chemical engineers; materials scientists; biotechnology researchers; chemists; biological scientists; cell physiologists; medical scientists; gene therapists. Keywords: Drug Delivery Systems;Nanoparticles;Biomaterials;TargetingReview: Key Features: Comprehensive overview on "smart" targeting and drug delivery systemsUnderstanding of the biological identity of nanoparticles for drug delivery applicationsDetailed information on the legal framework for protection of pharmaceutical trade mark in Europe and the United States

Mathematics as a Laboratory Tool

Mathematics as a Laboratory Tool Author John Milton
ISBN-10 9781461490968
Release 2014-09-18
Pages 500
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This introductory textbook is based on the premise that the foundation of good science is good data. The educational challenge addressed by this introductory textbook is how to present a sampling of the wide range of mathematical tools available for laboratory research to well-motivated students with a mathematical background limited to an introductory course in calculus.

Nano and Microscale Drug Delivery Systems

Nano  and Microscale Drug Delivery Systems Author Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
ISBN-10 9780323527286
Release 2017-03-27
Pages 514
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Nano- and Microscale Drug Delivery Systems: Design and Fabrication presents the developments that have taken place in recent years in the field of micro- and nanoscale drug delivery systems. Particular attention is assigned to the fabrication and design of drug delivery systems in order to i) reduce the side effects of therapeutic agents, ii) increase their pharmacological effect, and iii) improve aqueous solubility and chemical stability of different therapeutic agents. This book is designed to offer a cogent, concise overview of current scholarship in this important area of research through its focus on the characterization and fabrication of a variety of nanomaterials for drug delivery applications. It is an invaluable reference source for both biomaterials scientists and biomedical engineers who want to learn more about how nanomaterials are engineered and used in the design of drug delivery nanosystems. Shows how micro- and nanomaterials can be engineered to create more effective drug delivery systems Summarizes current nanotechnology research in the field of drug delivery systems Explores the pros and cons of using particular nanomaterials as therapeutic agents Serves as a valuable reference for both biomaterials scientists and biomedical engineers who want to learn more about how nanomaterials are engineered and used in the design of drug delivery nanosystems

Biomaterials Science

Biomaterials Science Author Buddy D. Ratner
ISBN-10 9780125824637
Release 2004
Pages 851
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"... This reference integrates a historical perspective of materials engineering principles with biological interactions of biomaterials. Also provided within are regulatory and ethical issues in addition to future directions of the field, and a state-of-the-art update of medical and biotechnological applications. All aspects of biomaterials science are thoroughly addressed, from tissue engineering to cochlear prostheses and drug delivery systems. Over 80 contributors from academia, government and industry detail the principles of cell biology, immunology, and pathology. Focus within pertains to the clinical uses of biomaterials as components in implants, devices, and artificial organs. This reference also touches upon their uses in biotechnology as well as the characterization of the physical, chemical, biochemical and surface properties of these materials." -- Publisher's description.

Biomedical Science and Technology

Biomedical Science and Technology Author A. Atilla Hincal
ISBN-10 9781461553496
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 241
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Advancing with Biomedical Engineering Today, in most developed countries, modem hospitals have become centers of sophis ticated health care delivery using advanced technological methods. These have come from the emergence of a new interdisciplinary field and profession, commonly referred to as "Bio medical Engineering." Although what is included in the field of biomedical engineering is quite clear, there are some disagreements about its definition. In its most comprehensive meaning, biomedical engineering is the application of the principles and methods of engi neering and basic sciences to the understanding of the structure-function relationships in normal and pathological mammalian tissues, as well as the design and manufacture of prod ucts to maintain, restore, or improve tissue functions, thus assisting in the diagnosis and treat ment of patients. In this very broad definition, the field of biomedical engineering now includes: • System analysis (modeling, simulation, and control of the biological system) • Biomedical instrumentation (detection, measurement, and monitoring of physio logic signals) • Medical imaging (display of anatomic details or physiologic functions for diag nosis) • Biomaterials (development of materials used in prostheses or in medical devices) • Artificial organs (design and manufacture of devices for replacement or augmen tation of tissues or organs) • Rehabilitation (development oftherapeutic and rehabilitation procedures and de vices) • Diagnostics (development of expert systems for diagnosis of diseases) • Controlled drug delivery (development of systems for administration of drugs and other active agents in a controlled manner, preferably to the target area)

Biopolymer Based Composites

Biopolymer Based Composites Author Sougata Jana
ISBN-10 9780081019153
Release 2017-06-15
Pages 422
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Biopolymer-Based Composites: Drug Delivery and Biomedical Applications presents a comprehensive review on recent developments in biopolymer-based composites and their use in drug delivery and biomedical applications. The information contained in this book is critical for the more efficient use of composites, as detailed up-to-date information is a pre-requirement. The information provided brings cutting-edge developments to the attention of young investigators to encourage further advances in the field of bio-composite research. Currently, biopolymers are being investigated for the design of various drug delivery and biomedical devices due to their non-toxic, biodegradable and biocompatible nature. Mostly, biopolymer-based solid orals, gels, hydrogel beads, and transdermal matrices have been designed in order to control drug/protein release in simulated bio-fluids. Presents the most updated information in the field of pharmaceutical and biological sciences Contains color figures and illustrations to help users understand key topics Useful guide for young researchers working towards new innovations Includes chapters covered by eminent scientists in the field

Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies

Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies Author Ana Fred
ISBN-10 9783642184727
Release 2011-03-02
Pages 408
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the Third International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies, BIOSTEC 2010, held in Valencia, Spain, in January 2010. The 30 revised full papers presented together with 1 invited lecture were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 410 submissions in two rounds of reviewing and improvement. The papers cover a wide range of topics and are organized in four general topical sections on healthinf, biodevices, biosignals, and bioinformatics.

Biomedical Devices and Their Applications

Biomedical Devices and Their Applications Author D. Shi
ISBN-10 9783662061084
Release 2013-11-11
Pages 201
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Biomedical devices that contact with blood or tissue represent a wide range of products. Depending on their potential harm to a body, medical devices are categorized according to the degree, so their safety can be assured. All biomaterials are by definition designed to contact with a body for a certain period of time. The nature of the body contact, as well as the duration a material contacts with the body may initiate unwanted biological In comparison with invasive devices Oike catheters and medical responses. implants contact directly with tissue or with the circulating blood) non invasive devices (like wound-dressings and contact lenses contact with the skin, the sclera, and the mucosa or with open wounds) have a lesser risk of hurting a patient. When blood contacts with a foreign material, plasma proteins become absorpted to the surface within a few seconds. The reactions that follow, the so-called intrinsic pathway lead to the formation of fibrin and activation of platelets and white blood cells, result in blood clot formation.

Nanotechnology in Drug Delivery

Nanotechnology in Drug Delivery Author Saurabh Bhatia
ISBN-10 9781771883610
Release 2017-03-03
Pages 390
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This important new book provides the fundamental understanding of the peptide and protein drug delivery systems with a special focus on their nanotechnology applications. Addressing an increasing interest in peptide and protein drug delivery systems in both academic and industrial circles worldwide, this book fills the need for a comprehensive review and assessment of conventional and nonconventional routes of administration.

Engineering Polymer Systems for Improved Drug Delivery

Engineering Polymer Systems for Improved Drug Delivery Author Rebecca A. Bader
ISBN-10 9781118747803
Release 2014-01-17
Pages 496
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Polymers have played a critical role in the rational design and application of drug delivery systems that increase the efficacy and reduce the toxicity of new and conventional therapeutics. Beginning with an introduction to the fundamentals of drug delivery, Engineering Polymer Systems for Improved Drug Delivery explores traditional drug delivery techniques as well as emerging advanced drug delivery techniques. By reviewing many types of polymeric drug delivery systems, and including key points, worked examples and homework problems, this book will serve as a guide to for specialists and non-specialists as well as a graduate level text for drug delivery courses.

Nanostructures for Drug Delivery

Nanostructures for Drug Delivery Author Ecaterina Andronescu
ISBN-10 9780323461498
Release 2017-03-24
Pages 1024
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Nanostructures for Drug Delivery extensively covers the various nanostructured products that have been tested as carriers in target drug delivery systems. In addition, the book analyses the advantages of, and issues related to, using nanostructured materials in drug delivery systems, also detailing various nanocarrier preparation techniques. As delivering the drug to the target site is a major problem in providing effective treatment for many diseases, this book covers the latest advancements in numerous nanotechnological products that are being used in disease detection, controlled drug delivery, as biosensors, and in tissue engineering that have been developed for more efficient patient healthcare. Due to the versatility of nanostructured materials, it is now possible to deliver a drug at its target site in a more accurate and efficient way. This volume is an up-to-date, state-of-the-art work that highlights the principal mechanistic aspects related to the delivery of active nanoscale therapeutic agents (natural or synthetic) and their release profile in different environmental media. It highlights nanoscale encapsulation strategies and discusses both organic and inorganic nanomaterials as carriers and delivery platforms. Demonstrates how nanostructures are successfully employed in drug delivery stems and as drug delivery agents, allowing biomaterials scientists and biochemists to create more effective drug delivery systems Offers an overview of recent research into the use of nanostructures in drug delivery techniques in a cogent, synthesized way, allowing readers to quickly familiarize themselves with this area Includes examples of how the application of nanostructures have improved the efficiency of drug delivery systems, showing medical scientists how they are beneficial

Drug Delivery

Drug Delivery Author Eric Holowka
ISBN-10 9781493919987
Release 2014-11-22
Pages 355
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Current pharmaceutical and clinical approaches to the treatment of disease suffer from the inherent limitations in the specialization of drugs introduced to physiological systems. The interface of clinical and material sciences has allowed for a broad spectrum of creative approaches with the potential to alleviate these shortcomings. However, the synergy of these disciplines also presents problems in which nascent technology lacks the necessary evaluation within its intended clinical environment. Given the growing potential for materials science to address a number of unanswered therapeutic needs, it remains even more pressing to validate emerging drug delivery technologies in actual clinical environments. Drug Delivery: Materials Design and Clinical Perspective addresses the core fundamentals of drug delivery using material science and engineering principles, and then applies this knowledge using prominent examples from both the scientific literature and clinical practice. Each chapter focuses on a specific drug delivery technology, such as controlled-release materials, thin-film materials, or smart materials. Within each chapter, an initial section on “Engineering Concepts” reviews the relevant fundamental principles that guide rational design. The following section on “Materials Design” discusses how the design process applies engineering concepts for use in physiological systems. A third section on “Implementation” discusses current approaches in the literature which have demonstrated effective drug delivery in controlled environments. Finally, each chapter contains several sections on “Clinical Applications” which describe the validity of materials approaches from a clinical perspective; these sections review the safety and efficacy of drug delivery systems for specific, compelling medical applications. The book thereby bridges materials science with clinical medicine, and provides the reader with a bench-to-bedside view of novel drug delivery systems. · Provides a comprehensive description of drug delivery systems from a materials perspective · Includes a wide-ranging discussion of clinical applications of drug delivery systems · Presents separate chapters on controlled release materials, thin film materials, self-microemulsifying materials, smart materials, etc. · Covers fundamental engineering principles, rational materials design, implementation testing, and clinical applications for each material type

Polymeric Biomaterials

Polymeric Biomaterials Author Severian Dumitriu
ISBN-10 9781420094695
Release 2013-01-17
Pages 820
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Biomaterials have had a major impact on the practice of contemporary medicine and patient care. Growing into a major interdisciplinary effort involving chemists, biologists, engineers, and physicians, biomaterials development has enabled the creation of high-quality devices, implants, and drug carriers with greater biocompatibility and biofunctionality. The fast-paced research and increasing interest in finding new and improved biocompatible or biodegradable polymers has provided a wealth of new information, transforming this edition of Polymeric Biomaterials into a two-volume set. This volume, Polymeric Biomaterials: Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Applications, contains 28 authoritative chapters written by experts from around the world. Contributors cover the following topics: Processing polymeric biomaterials into specific forms that ensure biocompatibility and biodegradability for use in various applications in the medical and pharmaceutical arenas Use of biomaterials to address medical issues such as pulmonary disease, cancer, heart disease, tissue damage, and bone disease Applications including a variety of drug delivery systems, medical devices, anticancer therapies, biological uses for hydrogels, nanotechnology, bioartificial organs, and tissue engineering Completely revised and expanded, this state-of-the-art reference presents recent developments in polymeric biomaterials and the most up-to-date applications of biomaterials in medicine.

Who s who in Technology Today

Who s who in Technology Today Author
ISBN-10 PSU:000006013288
Release 1981
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Who s who in Technology Today has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Who s who in Technology Today also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Who s who in Technology Today book for free.