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Coping with Demographic Change A Comparative View on Education and Local Government in Germany and Poland

Coping with Demographic Change  A Comparative View on Education and Local Government in Germany and Poland Author Reinhold Sackmann
ISBN-10 9783319103013
Release 2014-11-12
Pages 281
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With many OECD countries experiencing a decline in their populations, this book offers a theoretical model of coping with demographic change and examines different strategies that societies have used to come to terms with demographic change. In particular, it details the different ways that Germany and Poland have tried to cope with this challenge and reveals three conflicting strategies: expansion, reduction, and phasing out. Coverage includes: · How and why demographic change was used in Poland to expand the education system · The variance of linkage between demographic change and growth rates in different fields of education in a German Bundesland · Modes of reflexivity and personnel policy in German and Polish municipalities · Effects of demographic change and forms of coping on fiscal capacity and unemployment rates in German municipalities Coping with Demographic Change examines how and why societies cope with these detrimental effects. It conceptualizes the challenges a society faces as a result of demographic change and focuses on the processes by which actors, organizations and nation-states try to cope with this new situation.



Economic Foundations for Creative Ageing Policy

Economic Foundations for Creative Ageing Policy Author Andrzej Klimczuk
ISBN-10 9781137465337
Release 2015-08-12
Pages 232
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Ageing populations are a major consideration for socio-economic development in the early twenty-first century. This demographic change is mainly seen as a threat rather than as an opportunity to improve the quality of human life, especially in Europe, where ageing has resulted in a reduction in economic competitiveness. Economic Foundations for Creative Ageing Policy mixes the silver economy, the creative economy, and the social economy to construct positive solutions for an ageing population. Klimczuk covers theoretical analyses and case study descriptions of good practices to suggest strategies that could be internationally popularized.



Handbuch Bev lkerungssoziologie

Handbuch Bev  lkerungssoziologie Author Yasemin Niephaus
ISBN-10 9783658014100
Release 2015-11-26
Pages 737
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In diesem Band präsentieren die Herausgebenden das Forschungsgebiet der Bevölkerungssoziologie. Mit unterschiedlichen Fragestellungen der Bevölkerungssoziologie befasste Autoren und Autorinnen tragen durch ihre Beiträge dazu bei. Nach einem ausführlichen Überblick über die in der Bevölkerungssoziologie gängigen Themen, Theorien und Daten werden die Bereiche Fertilität, Familie und Lebensformen, Migration und Mobilität sowie Mortalität, Morbidität und Pflege vorgestellt. Abschließend folgt eine Erörterung des gesellschaftlichen Umgangs mit demographischem Wandel. Damit richtet sich das Handbuch Bevölkerungssoziologie an ein breites Publikum, das Studierende, Wissenschaftler und Wissenschaftlerinnen, Politiker und Politikerinnen wie auch die interessierte Öffentlichkeit umfasst.



Germany s New Security Demographics

Germany s New Security Demographics Author Wenke Apt
ISBN-10 9789400769649
Release 2013-12-04
Pages 217
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Military recruitment will become more difficult in times of demographic aging. The question arises whether demographic change will constrain the capacity of aging states like Germany to conduct foreign policy and pursue their national security interests. Since contemporary military operations still display a strong human element, particular scrutiny is given to the empirical analysis of the determinants of military propensity and military service among youth. An additional human capital projection until 2030 illustrates how the decline in the youth population will interact with trends in educational attainment and adolescent health to further complicate military recruitment in the future. A concluding review of recruiting practices in other NATO countries provides insight in best-practice policy options to reduce the military’s sensitivity to demographic change. Following this approach, the book gives prominence to a topic that has thus far been under-represented in the greater discussion of demographic change today, namely the demographic impact on international affairs and strategic calculations.



The Health Care Workforce in Europe

The Health Care Workforce in Europe Author Bernd Rechel
ISBN-10 NWU:35557000151710
Release 2006-01-01
Pages 147
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The Health Care Workforce in Europe has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The Health Care Workforce in Europe also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The Health Care Workforce in Europe book for free.



Childlessness in Europe Contexts Causes and Consequences

Childlessness in Europe  Contexts  Causes  and Consequences Author Michaela Kreyenfeld
ISBN-10 9783319446677
Release 2017-01-11
Pages 370
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This book is published open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This open access book provides an overview of childlessness throughout Europe. It offers a collection of papers written by leading demographers and sociologists that examine contexts, causes, and consequences of childlessness in countries throughout the region.The book features data from all over Europe. It specifically highlights patterns of childlessness in Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Finland, Sweden, Austria and Switzerland. An additional chapter on childlessness in the United States puts the European experience in perspective. The book offers readers such insights as the determinants of lifelong childlessness, whether governments can and should counteract increasing childlessness, how the phenomenon differs across social strata and the role economic uncertainties play. In addition, the book also examines life course dynamics and biographical patterns, assisted reproduction as well as the consequences of childlessness. Childlessness has been increasing rapidly in most European countries in recent decades. This book offers readers expert analysis into this issue from leading experts in the field of family behavior. From causes to consequences, it explores the many facets of childlessness throughout Europe to present a comprehensive portrait of this important demographic and sociological trend.



Colonization and Development in New Zealand between 1769 and 1900

Colonization and Development in New Zealand between 1769 and 1900 Author Ian Pool
ISBN-10 9783319169040
Release 2015-09-03
Pages 335
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This book details the interactions between the Seeds of Rangiatea, New Zealand’s Maori people of Polynesian origin, and Europe from 1769 to 1900. It provides a case-study of the way Imperial era contact and colonization negatively affected naturally evolving demographic/epidemiologic transitions and imposed economic conditions that thwarted development by precursor peoples, wherever European expansion occurred. In doing so, it questions the applicability of conventional models for analyses of colonial histories of population/health and of development. The book focuses on, and synthesizes, the most critical parts of the story, the health and population trends, and the economic and social development of Maori. It adopts demographic methodologies, most typically used in developing countries, which allow the mapping of broad changes in Maori society, particularly their survival as a people. The book raises general theoretical questions about how populations react to the introduction of diseases to which they have no natural immunity. Another more general theoretical issue is what happens when one society’s development processes are superseded by those of some more powerful force, whether an imperial power or a modern-day agency, which has ingrained ideas about objectives and strategies for development. Finally, it explores how health and development interact. The Maori experience of contact and colonization, lasting from 1769 to circa 1900, narrated here, is an all too familiar story for many other territories and populations, Natives and former colonists. This book provides a case-study with wider ramifications for theory in colonial history, development studies, demography, anthropology and other fields.



Sociological Abstracts

Sociological Abstracts Author Leo P. Chall
ISBN-10 00380202
Release 1997
Pages
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CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.



Negotiating the Boundaries of Belonging

Negotiating the Boundaries of Belonging Author Nils Witte
ISBN-10 9783658197872
Release 2017-09-27
Pages 209
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Nils Witte explores Turkish migrants’ destigmatization strategies and investigates their legal and symbolic motives for naturalisation. Using mixed methods and unique data the author shows that Turkish migrants’ inclination to naturalise would be stronger if they were allowed to retain their former citizenship and if they were recognized as symbolic members of German society. Minority members enjoy expansive rights as permanent residents and many are entitled to hold German citizenship. However, they often experience symbolic exclusion making symbolic membership a rare motive for naturalisation.



Education and Training Policy No More Failures Ten Steps to Equity in Education

Education and Training Policy No More Failures Ten Steps to Equity in Education Author Field Simon
ISBN-10 9789264032606
Release 2007-11-14
Pages 159
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No More Failures challenges the assumption that there will always be failures and dropouts, those who can’t or won’t make it in school. It provides ten concrete policy measures for reducing school failure and dropout rates.



The European Second Generation Compared

The European Second Generation Compared Author Maurice Crul
ISBN-10 9789089644435
Release 2012-08-01
Pages 407
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Based on data collected by the TIES survey in 15 cities across 8 European countries, looks at the place and position of the children of immigrants from Turkey, Morocco, and the former Yugoslavia.



Population Reconstruction

Population Reconstruction Author Gerrit Bloothooft
ISBN-10 9783319198842
Release 2015-07-22
Pages 302
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This book addresses the problems that are encountered, and solutions that have been proposed, when we aim to identify people and to reconstruct populations under conditions where information is scarce, ambiguous, fuzzy and sometimes erroneous. The process from handwritten registers to a reconstructed digitized population consists of three major phases, reflected in the three main sections of this book. The first phase involves transcribing and digitizing the data while structuring the information in a meaningful and efficient way. In the second phase, records that refer to the same person or group of persons are identified by a process of linkage. In the third and final phase, the information on an individual is combined into a reconstruction of their life course. The studies and examples in this book originate from a range of countries, each with its own cultural and administrative characteristics, and from medieval charters through historical censuses and vital registration, to the modern issue of privacy preservation. Despite the diverse places and times addressed, they all share the study of fundamental issues when it comes to model reasoning for population reconstruction and the possibilities and limitations of information technology to support this process. It is thus not a single discipline that is involved in such an endeavor. Historians, social scientists, and linguists represent the humanities through their knowledge of the complexity of the past, the limitations of sources, and the possible interpretations of information. The availability of big data from digitized archives and the need for complex analyses to identify individuals calls for the involvement of computer scientists. With contributions from all these fields, often in direct cooperation, this book is at the heart of the digital humanities, and will hopefully offer a source of inspiration for future investigations.



Equity and Quality in Education Supporting Disadvantaged Students and Schools

Equity and Quality in Education Supporting Disadvantaged Students and Schools Author OECD
ISBN-10 9789264130852
Release 2012-02-09
Pages 168
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Across OECD countries, almost one in every five students does not reach a basic minimum level of skills. This book presents a series of policy recommendations for education systems to help all children succeed.



The Capacity to Govern

The Capacity to Govern Author Yehezkel Dror
ISBN-10 9781136342394
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 280
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The inadequacies of contemporary forms of governance are increasingly recognized: the brain drain from politics, distrust of governments, the danger of mass media and money-dominated elections, and the failure of governments to find good policy options on major issues. Industry, civil society and non-governmental organizations, however important, cannot compensate for government's incapacity to shape the future, which only it is democratically entitled to do. Radical improvements in governance are urgently needed, but salient proposals are scarce. This book diagnoses contemporary governments as obsolete and proposes changes in values, structures, staffing, public understanding and political culture to equip governance for the radically novel challenges of the 21st century. This is the first Report dealing with governance commissioned and approved by the Club of Rome, testifying to the significance of this book.



Demographic Change and Local Development Shrinkage Regeneration and Social Dynamics

Demographic Change and Local Development Shrinkage  Regeneration and Social Dynamics Author Martinez-Fernandez Cristina
ISBN-10 9789264180468
Release 2012-11-28
Pages 310
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This report highlights the issues faced by local areas against the backdrop of policies or planning models that have directed local development in the past decades.



The Political Economy of Local Regulation

The Political Economy of Local Regulation Author Alberto Asquer
ISBN-10 9781137588289
Release 2016-10-26
Pages 377
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This book offers theoretical and methodological guidelines for researching the complex regulation of local infrastructure, utilities and public services in the context of rapid urbanisation, technological change, and climate change. It examines the interactions between regulators, public officers, infrastructure and utilities firms, public service providers, citizens, and civil society organisations. It contains contributions from academics and practitioners from various disciplinary perspectives and from many regions of the world, illustrated with case studies from several sectors including water, natural gas and electricity distribution, local public transport, district heating, urban waste, and environmental services.



Heritage Pilgrimage and the Camino to Finisterre

Heritage  Pilgrimage and the Camino to Finisterre Author Cristina Sánchez-Carretero
ISBN-10 9783319202129
Release 2015-07-02
Pages 211
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This book presents research concerning the effects of the Camino to Finisterre on the daily lives of the populations who live along the route, and the heritagization processes that exploitation of the Camino for tourism purposes involves. Rather than focusing on the route to Santiago de Compostela and the pilgrimage itself, it instead examines a peculiar part of the route, the Camino to Finisterre, employing multiple perspectives that consider the processes of heritagization, the effects of the pilgrimage on local communities, and the motivations of the pilgrims. The book is based on a three-year research project and is the result of a multidisciplinary collaboration between anthropologists, sociologists, historians and archaeologists. Instead of ending in Santiago, as the rest of the Caminos do, this route continues to the cape of Finisterre on the Galician Atlantic coast. This part of the Camino de Santiago is not officially recognized by the Catholic Church and does not count as part of reaching Compostela, the recognition granted by the Catholic Church to those pilgrims who have walked at least 100 km. For this reason, as well as its relationship with the sun cult, many pilgrims call this route “the Camino of the atheists.” In fact, the Catholic Church is a strong force for the heritagization of the rest of the Caminos, and maintains a clear ignoratio strategy concerning the Finisterre route: Officially, the church neither opposes nor recognizes this route.