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Correlated Electrons in Quantum Matter

Correlated Electrons in Quantum Matter Author Peter Fulde
ISBN-10 9789814397223
Release 2012-08-08
Pages 552
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An understanding of the effects of electronic correlations in quantum systems is one of the most challenging problems in physics, partly due to the relevance in modern high technology. Yet there exist hardly any books on the subject which try to give a comprehensive overview on the field covering insulators, semiconductors, as well as metals. The present book tries to fill that gap. It intends to provide graduate students and researchers a comprehensive survey of electron correlations, weak and strong, in insulators, semiconductors and metals. This topic is a central one in condensed matter and beyond that in theoretical physics. The reader will have a better understanding of the great progress which has been made in the field over the past few decades. Contents:IntroductionIndependent ElectronsHomogeneous Electron GasDensity Functional TheoryWavefunction-Based MethodsCorrelated Ground-State WavefunctionsQuasiparticle ExcitationsIncoherent ExcitationsCoherent-Potential ApproximationsStrongly Correlated ElectronsTransition MetalsTransition-Metal OxidesHeavy QuasiparticlesExcitations with Fractional ChargesSuperconductivity Readership: Graduate students and researchers in condensed matter physics. Keywords:Electron Correlations;Many-body Theory;Quasi-Particles;Fractional Charges;Superconductivity;Many-Body WavefunctionsKey Features:Besides approaches based on Density Functional Theory, the importance of many-body wavefunction and projection methods is emphasizedConsiderable space is devoted to systems with strong electron correlations evident in high-Tc superconducting cupratesTransition metals and their oxides are discussed as well as compounds with heavy quasiparticlesDifferent competing methods for describing correlation effects are presentedAt various places a connection to relevant experiments is madeReviews: “Peter Fulde's book is well suited as an introduction to the general field of correlated electron systems… For this purpose some elementary chapters are included. Finally, the book is hard work but also fun to read because of its personal style.” Prof. Dr. Joachim Keller Institut für Theoretische Physik Universität Regensburg “Written with great pedagogical skill, it will be of interest to both experts in the field and graduate students. The book presents a consistent description of a new branch of solid state physics — the theory of strongly correlated systems which cannot be treated by conventional approaches as the density functional theory being successful for many years in describing band structure of solids. In this respect it can be used as a textbook for a university course on this new and fascinating branch of solid state physics.” Professor Nikolay Pladika Joint Institute for Nuclear Research “Peter Fulde provides an excellent introduction to this field. This book provides a very careful treatment of an extraordinarily wide range of topics, and is particularly strong on transition-metal oxides and heavy fermion systems. This carefully written book can be recommended to a very wide readership.” Contemporary Physics

Lecture Notes on Electron Correlation and Magnetism

Lecture Notes on Electron Correlation and Magnetism Author Patrik Fazekas
ISBN-10 9789812386274
Release 1999
Pages 777
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This volume attempts to fill the gap between standard introductions to solid state physics, and textbooks which give a sophisticated treatment of strongly correlated systems. Starting with the basics of the microscopic theory of magnetism, one proceeds with relatively elementary arguments to such topics of current interest as the Mott transition, heavy fermions, and quantum magnetism. The basic approach is that magnetism is one of the manifestations of electronOCoelectron interaction, and its treatment should be part of a general discussion of electron correlation effects. Though the text is primarily theoretical, a large number of illustrative examples are brought from the experimental literature. There are many problems, with detailed solutions. The book is based on the material of lectures given at the Diploma Course of the International Center for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, and later at the Technical University and the R. EAtvAs University of Budapest, Hungary. Sample Chapter(s). Chapter 1.1: Magnetism and Other Effects of Electron-Electron Interaction (483 KB). Chapter 1.2: Sources of Magnetic Fields (311 KB). Chapter 1.3: Getting Acquainted: Magnetite (692 KB). Chapter 1.4: Variety of Correlated Systems: An Outline of the Course (307 KB). Contents: Atoms, Ions, and Molecules; Crystal Field Theory; Mott Transition and Hubbard Model; Mott Insulators; Heinsenberg Magnets; Itinerant Electron Magnetism; Ferromagnetism in Hubbard Models; The Gutzwiller Variational Method; The Correlated Metallic State; Mixed Valence and Heavy Fermions; Quantum Hall Effect; Hydrogen Atom; Single-Spin-Flip Ansatz; Gutzwiller Approximation; SchriefferOCoWolff Transformation. Readership: Graduate students and researchers in condensed matter physics."

Strongly Correlated Electrons in Two Dimensions

Strongly Correlated Electrons in Two Dimensions Author Sergey Kravchenko
ISBN-10 9789814745383
Release 2017-05-25
Pages 244
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The properties of strongly correlated electrons confined in two dimensions are a forefront area of modern condensed matter physics. In the past two or three decades, strongly correlated electron systems have garnered a great deal of scientific interest due to their unique and often unpredictable behavior. Two of many examples are the metallic state and the metal–insulator transition discovered in 2D semiconductors: phenomena that cannot occur in noninteracting systems. Tremendous efforts have been made, in both theory and experiment, to create an adequate understanding of the situation; however, a consensus has still not been reached. Strongly Correlated Electrons in Two Dimensions compiles and details cutting-edge research in experimental and theoretical physics of strongly correlated electron systems by leading scientists in the field. The book covers recent theoretical work exploring the quantum criticality of Mott and Wigner–Mott transitions, experiments on the metal–insulator transition and related phenomena in clean and dilute systems, the effect of spin and isospin degrees of freedom on low-temperature transport in two dimensions, electron transport near the 2D Mott transition, experimentally observed temperature and magnetic field dependencies of resistivity in silicon-based systems with different levels of disorder, and microscopic theory of the interacting electrons in two dimensions. Edited by Sergey Kravchenko, a prominent experimentalist, this book will appeal to advanced graduate-level students and researchers specializing in condensed matter physics, nanophysics, and low-temperature physics, especially those involved in the science of strong correlations, 2D semiconductors, and conductor–insulator transitions.

Finite Size Effects in Correlated Electron Models

Finite Size Effects in Correlated Electron Models Author Andrei A Zvyagin
ISBN-10 9781783260478
Release 2005-05-25
Pages 380
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The book presents exact results for one-dimensional models (including quantum spin models) of strongly correlated electrons in a comprehensive and concise manner. It incorporates important results related to magnetic and hybridization impurities in electron hosts and contains exact original results for disordered ensembles of impurities in interacting systems. These models describe a number of real low-dimensional electron systems that are widely used in nanophysics and microelectronics. An important method of modern theoretical and mathematical physics — the Bethe's Ansatz (BA) — is introduced to readers. This book presents different forms of the BA for periodic and open quantum chains. Other forms dealt with are the co-ordinate BA, thermodynamic BA, nested BA, algebraic BA, and thermal BA. The book also contains a compact description of other theoretical methods such as scaling, conformal field theory, Abelian and non-Abelian bosonizations. The book is suitable for use as a textbook by graduate students in non-perturbative methods of low-dimensional quantum many-body theory. It will also be a useful source of reference for qualified physicists, as well as non-experts in low-dimensional physics, as it explores material necessary for further studies in the fields of exactly solvable quantum models and low-dimensional correlated electron systems. Contents:Quantum Spin-1/2 Chain with the Nearest-Neighbour CouplingsCo-Ordinate Bethe Ansatz for a Heisenberg-Ising RingCorrelated Electron Chains: Co-Ordinate Bethe AnsatzAlgebraic Bethe AnsatzCorrelated Quantum Chains with Open Boundary ConditionsCorrelated Quantum Chains with Isolated ImpuritiesCorrelated Quantum Chains with a Finite Concentration of ImpuritiesFinite Size Corrections in Quantum Correlated ChainsBeyond the Integrability: Approximate Methods Readership: Graduates and postgraduates in physics and mathematics, physicists and mathematical physicists. Key Features:Describes features of the Bethe Ansatz methods in a compact, unified and self-contained mannerDiscusses other popular methods such as conformal field theory, scaling and bosonizationPresents a number of original results for models of physics of popular correlated electron systemsKeywords:Low-Dimensional Quantum Spin Models;Co-Ordinate Bethe Ansatz;Algebraic Bethe Ansatz;Thermal Bethe Ansatz;Conformal Field Theory;Abelian and Non-Abelian Bosonization;The Heisenberg-Ising Model

Theoretical Methods for Strongly Correlated Electrons

Theoretical Methods for Strongly Correlated Electrons Author David Sénéchal
ISBN-10 9780387008950
Release 2003-10-01
Pages 361
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Focusing on the purely theoretical aspects of strongly correlated electrons, this volume includes thorough pedagogical reviews as well as overviews of current problems and developments.

Field Theories for Low Dimensional Condensed Matter Systems

Field Theories for Low Dimensional Condensed Matter Systems Author Guiseppe Morandi
ISBN-10 9783662042731
Release 2013-03-14
Pages 280
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This book is especially addressed to young researchers in theoretical physics with a basic background in Field Theory and Condensed Matter Physics. The topics were chosen so as to offer the largest possible overlap between the two expertises, selecting a few key problems in Condensed Matter Theory which have been recently revisited within a field-theoretic approach. The presentation of the material is aimed not only at providing the reader with an overview of this exciting frontier area of modern theoretical physics, but also at elucidating most of the tools needed for a technical comprehen sion of the many papers appearing in current issues of physics journals and, hopefully, to enable the reader to tackle research problems in this area of physics. This makes the material a live creature: while not pretending it to be exhaustive, it is tutorial enough to be useful to young researchers as a starting point in anyone of the topics covered in the book.

Quantum Field Theory in Strongly Correlated Electronic Systems

Quantum Field Theory in Strongly Correlated Electronic Systems Author Naoto Nagaosa
ISBN-10 3540659811
Release 1999-09-20
Pages 170
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In this book the author extends the concepts introduced in his Quantum Field Theory in Condensed Matter Physics to situations in which the strong electronic correlations are crucial for the understanding of the observed phenomena. Starting from a model field theory to illustrate the basic ideas, more complex systems are analyzed in turn. A special chapter is devoted to the description of antiferromagnets, doped Mott insulators, and quantum Hall liquids from the point of view of gauge theory.

Interacting Electrons and Quantum Magnetism

Interacting Electrons and Quantum Magnetism Author Assa Auerbach
ISBN-10 9781461208693
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 255
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In the excitement and rapid pace of developments, writing pedagogical texts has low priority for most researchers. However, in transforming my lecture l notes into this book, I found a personal benefit: the organization of what I understand in a (hopefully simple) logical sequence. Very little in this text is my original contribution. Most of the knowledge was collected from the research literature. Some was acquired by conversations with colleagues; a kind of physics oral tradition passed between disciples of a similar faith. For many years, diagramatic perturbation theory has been the major theoretical tool for treating interactions in metals, semiconductors, itiner ant magnets, and superconductors. It is in essence a weak coupling expan sion about free quasiparticles. Many experimental discoveries during the last decade, including heavy fermions, fractional quantum Hall effect, high temperature superconductivity, and quantum spin chains, are not readily accessible from the weak coupling point of view. Therefore, recent years have seen vigorous development of alternative, nonperturbative tools for handling strong electron-electron interactions. I concentrate on two basic paradigms of strongly interacting (or con strained) quantum systems: the Hubbard model and the Heisenberg model. These models are vehicles for fundamental concepts, such as effective Ha miltonians, variational ground states, spontaneous symmetry breaking, and quantum disorder. In addition, they are used as test grounds for various nonperturbative approximation schemes that have found applications in diverse areas of theoretical physics.

Quantum Monte Carlo Methods in Condensed Matter Physics

Quantum Monte Carlo Methods in Condensed Matter Physics Author Masuo Suzuki
ISBN-10 9810236832
Release 1993
Pages 368
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This book reviews recent developments of quantum Monte Carlo methods and some remarkable applications to interacting quantum spin systems and strongly correlated electron systems. It contains twenty-two papers by thirty authors. Some of the features are as follows. The first paper gives the foundations of the standard quantum Monte Carlo method, including some recent results on higher-order decompositions of exponential operators and ordered exponentials. The second paper presents a general review of quantum Monte Carlo methods used in the present book. One of the most challenging problems in the field of quantum Monte Carlo techniques, the negative-sign problem, is also discussed and new methods proposed to partially overcome it. In addition, low-dimensional quantum spin systems are studied. Some interesting applications of quantum Monte Carlo methods to fermion systems are also presented to investigate the role of strong correlations and fluctuations of electrons and to clarify the mechanism of high-c superconductivity. Not only thermal properties but also quantum-mechanical ground-state properties have been studied by the projection technique using auxiliary fields. Further, the Haldane gap is confirmed by numerical calculations. Active researchers in the forefront of condensed matter physics as well as young graduate students who want to start learning the quantum Monte Carlo methods will find this book useful.

Self consistent Quantum Field Theory and Bosonization for Strongly Correlated Electron Systems

Self consistent Quantum Field Theory and Bosonization for Strongly Correlated Electron Systems Author Rudolf Haussmann
ISBN-10 9783540489368
Release 2003-07-01
Pages 175
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Self consistent Quantum Field Theory and Bosonization for Strongly Correlated Electron Systems has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Self consistent Quantum Field Theory and Bosonization for Strongly Correlated Electron Systems also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Self consistent Quantum Field Theory and Bosonization for Strongly Correlated Electron Systems book for free.

Physics Of Heavy Fermions Heavy Fermions And Strongly Correlated Electrons Systems

Physics Of Heavy Fermions  Heavy Fermions And Strongly Correlated Electrons Systems Author Onuki Yoshichika
ISBN-10 9789813232211
Release 2018-04-20
Pages 336
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A large variety of materials prove to be fascinating in solid state and condensed matter physics. New materials create new physics, which is spearheaded by the international experimental expert, Prof Yoshichika Onuki. Among them, the f electrons of rare earth and actinide compounds typically exhibit a variety of characteristic properties, including spin and charge orderings, spin and valence fluctuations, heavy fermions, and anisotropic superconductivity. These are mainly manifestations of better competitive phenomena between the RKKY interaction and the Kondo effect. The present text is written so as to understand these phenomena and the research they prompt. For example, superconductivity was once regarded as one of the more well-understood many-body problems. However, it is, in fact, still an exciting phenomenon in new materials. Additionally, magnetism and superconductivity interplay strongly in heavy fermion superconductors. The understanding of anisotropic superconductivity and magnetism is a challenging problem in solid state and condensed matter physics. This book will tackle all these topics and more. Contents: Conduction Electrons and Fermi Surfaces Local Magnetic Moment Single Crystal Growth and Measuring Methods Itinerant 3d-electrons Heavy Fermions Superconductivity Readership: Graduate students and researchers interested and/or involved in single crystal growth, heavy fermions, superconductivity and related experimental methods. Keywords: Heavy Fermions;Strongly Correlated Electrons Systems;Magnetism;SuperconductivityReview: Key Features: Readers can understand the present frontiers of solid state and condensed matter physics, on the basis of fundamental ideas and formulae described in various related methods of measurement This paves the way for readers to participate in research concerning single crystal growth and characteristic properties in rare earth and actinide compounds

Basic Aspects of the Quantum Theory of Solids

Basic Aspects of the Quantum Theory of Solids Author Daniel I. Khomskii
ISBN-10 9781139491365
Release 2010-09-02
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Aimed at graduate students and researchers, this book covers the key aspects of the modern quantum theory of solids, including up-to-date ideas such as quantum fluctuations and strong electron correlations. It presents in the main concepts of the modern quantum theory of solids, as well as a general description of the essential theoretical methods required when working with these systems. Diverse topics such as general theory of phase transitions, harmonic and anharmonic lattices, Bose condensation and superfluidity, modern aspects of magnetism including resonating valence bonds, electrons in metals, and strong electron correlations are treated using unifying concepts of order and elementary excitations. The main theoretical tools used to treat these problems are introduced and explained in a simple way, and their applications are demonstrated through concrete examples.

Emergent Phenomena in Correlated Matter

Emergent Phenomena in Correlated Matter Author Eva Pavarini
ISBN-10 9783893368846
Release 2013
Pages 527
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Emergent Phenomena in Correlated Matter has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Emergent Phenomena in Correlated Matter also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Emergent Phenomena in Correlated Matter book for free.

Quantum Field Theory in Condensed Matter Physics

Quantum Field Theory in Condensed Matter Physics Author Naoto Nagaosa
ISBN-10 9783662037744
Release 2013-11-11
Pages 206
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This is an approachable introduction to the important topics and recent developments in the field of condensed matter physics. First, the general language of quantum field theory is developed in a way appropriate for dealing with systems having a large number of degrees of freedom. This paves the way for a description of the basic processes in such systems. Applications include various aspects of superfluidity and superconductivity, as well as a detailed description of the fractional quantum Hall liquid.

Concepts in Electron Correlation

Concepts in Electron Correlation Author Alex C. Hewson
ISBN-10 9789401002134
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 385
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The NATO sponsored Advanced Research Workshop on "Concepts in Electron Correlation" took place on the Croatian island of Hvar during the period from the 29th of September to the 3rd of October, 2002. The topic of electron correlation is a fundamental one in the field of condensed matter, and one that is being very actively studied both experimentally and theoretically at the present time. The manifestations of electron cor relation are diverse, and play an important role in systems ranging from high temperature superconductors, heavy fermions, manganite compounds with colossal magnetoresistance, transition metal compounds with metal insulator transitions, to mesoscopic systems and quantum dots. The aim of the workshop was to provide an opportunity for a dialogue between exper imentalists and theoreticians to assess the current state of understanding, and to set an agenda for future work. There was also a follow-up workshop on the same topic where the presentations included more background and introductory material for younger researchers in the field. The papers presented in these proceedings clearly demonstrate the di versity of current research on electron correlation. They show that real progress is being made in characterising systems experimentally and in developing theoretical approaches for a quantitative comparison with ex periment. The more one learns, however, the more there is to understand, and many of the contributions help to map out the territory which has yet to be explored. We hope that the articles in this volume will be a stimulus for such future work.

Holographic Quantum Matter

Holographic Quantum Matter Author Sean A. Hartnoll
ISBN-10 9780262348027
Release 2018-03-09
Pages 408
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This book, written by pioneers in the field, offers a comprehensive overview of holographic methods in quantum matter. It covers influential developments in theoretical physics, making the key concepts accessible to researchers and students in both high energy and condensed matter physics. The book provides a unique combination of theoretical and historical context, technical results, extensive references to the literature, and exercises. It will give readers the ability to understand the important problems in the field, both those that have been solved and those that remain unsolved, and will enable them to engage directly with the current literature. The book describes a particular interface between condensed matter physics, gravitational physics, and string and quantum field theory made possible by holographic duality. The chapters cover such topics as the essential workings of the holographic correspondence; strongly interacting quantum matter at a fixed commensurate density; compressible quantum matter with a variable density; transport in quantum matter; the holographic description of symmetry broken phases; and the relevance of the topics covered to experimental challenges in specific quantum materials. Holographic Quantum Matter promises to be the definitive presentation of this material.

Quantum Physics of Light and Matter

Quantum Physics of Light and Matter Author Luca Salasnich
ISBN-10 9783319529981
Release 2017-03-25
Pages 244
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This compact but exhaustive textbook, now in its significantly revised and expanded second edition, provides an essential introduction to the field quantization of light and matter with applications to atomic physics and strongly correlated systems. Following an initial review of the origins of special relativity and quantum mechanics, individual chapters are devoted to the second quantization of the electromagnetic field and the consequences of light field quantization for the description of electromagnetic transitions. The spin of the electron is then analyzed, with particular attention to its derivation from the Dirac equation. Subsequent topics include the effects of external electric and magnetic fields on the atomic spectra and the properties of systems composed of many interacting identical particles. The book also provides a detailed explanation of the second quantization of the non-relativistic matter field, i.e., the Schrödinger field, which offers a powerful tool for the investigation of many-body problems, and of atomic quantum optics and entanglement. Finally, two new chapters introduce the finite-temperature functional integration of bosonic and fermionic fields for the study of macroscopic quantum phenomena: superfluidity and superconductivity. Several solved problems are included at the end of each chapter, helping readers put into practice all that they have learned.