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Courts Law and Justice

Courts  Law  and Justice Author William J. Chambliss
ISBN-10 9781412978576
Release 2011-05-03
Pages 317
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Examines topics relevant to criminal justice, including DNA evidence, eyewitness accuracy, polygraphs, the jury system, plea bargaining, victim rights and restitution, and restorative justice



Juvenile Crime and Justice

Juvenile Crime and Justice Author William J. Chambliss
ISBN-10 9781412978583
Release 2011-05-03
Pages 336
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Presents arguments both in favor of and opposed to various treatments, programs, and punishments, examining issues such as youth curfews, juveniles in adult courts, legal representation for juveniles, juvenile boot camps, group homes, and out-of-home placement.



The Social History of Crime and Punishment in America

The Social History of Crime and Punishment in America Author Wilbur R. Miller
ISBN-10 9781483305936
Release 2012-07-20
Pages 2712
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Several encyclopedias overview the contemporary system of criminal justice in America, but full understanding of current social problems and contemporary strategies to deal with them can come only with clear appreciation of the historical underpinnings of those problems. Thus, this five-volume work surveys the history and philosophy of crime, punishment, and criminal justice institutions in America from colonial times to the present. It covers the whole of the criminal justice system, from crimes, law enforcement and policing, to courts, corrections and human services. Among other things, this encyclopedia: explicates philosophical foundations underpinning our system of justice; charts changing patterns in criminal activity and subsequent effects on legal responses; identifies major periods in the development of our system of criminal justice; and explores in the first four volumes - supplemented by a fifth volume containing annotated primary documents - evolving debates and conflicts on how best to address issues of crime and punishment. Its signed entries in the first four volumes--supplemented by a fifth volume containing annotated primary documents--provide the historical context for students to better understand contemporary criminological debates and the contemporary shape of the U.S. system of law and justice.



Corrections

Corrections Author William J. Chambliss
ISBN-10 9781412978569
Release 2011-05-03
Pages 327
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This volume in the Key Issues in Crime and Punishment series looks at key issues in the field such as capital punishment, healthcare for prisoners and prison privatisation.



The Collapse of American Criminal Justice

The Collapse of American Criminal Justice Author William J. Stuntz
ISBN-10 9780674051751
Release 2011-09-15
Pages 413
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Rule of law has vanished in America’s criminal justice system. Prosecutors decide whom to punish; most accused never face a jury; policing is inconsistent; plea bargaining is rampant; and draconian sentencing fills prisons with mostly minority defendants. A leading criminal law scholar looks to history for the roots of these problems—and solutions.



Crime Punishment and Mental Illness

Crime  Punishment  and Mental Illness Author Patricia Erickson
ISBN-10 9780813545080
Release 2008-07-18
Pages 238
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Hundreds of thousands of the inmates who populate the nation's jails and prison systems today are identified as mentally ill. Many experts point to the deinstitutionalization of mental hospitals in the 1960s, which led to more patients living on their own, as the reason for this high rate of incarceration. But this explanation does not justify why our society has chosen to treat these people with punitive measures. In Crime, Punishment, and Mental Illness, Patricia E. Erickson and Steven K. Erickson explore how societal beliefs about free will and moral responsibility have shaped current policies and they identify the differences among the goals, ethos, and actions of the legal and health care systems. Drawing on high-profile cases, the authors provide a critical analysis of topics, including legal standards for competency, insanity versus mental illness, sex offenders, psychologically disturbed juveniles, the injury and death rates of mentally ill prisoners due to the inappropriate use of force, the high level of suicide, and the release of mentally ill individuals from jails and prisons who have received little or no treatment.



Introduction to Criminal Justice

Introduction to Criminal Justice Author Lawrence F. Travis III
ISBN-10 9780323290708
Release 2014-07-30
Pages 576
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This student-friendly introductory text describes the criminal justice process—outlining the decisions, practices, people, and issues involved. It provides a solid introduction to the mechanisms of the criminal justice system, with balanced coverage of the issues presented by each facet of the process, including a thorough review of practices and controversies in law enforcement, the criminal courts, and corrections. Systems approach to the criminal justice process provides students with an excellent foundation in the discipline Each chapter is enhanced by important terms, boxes, photos, and review questions An easy-to-access glossary offers a complete collection of essential terms in criminal justice



Indigenous People Crime and Punishment

Indigenous People  Crime and Punishment Author Thalia Anthony
ISBN-10 9781134620487
Release 2013-07-24
Pages 248
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Indigenous People, Crime and Punishment examines criminal sentencing courts’ changing characterisations of Indigenous peoples’ identity, culture and postcolonial status. Focusing largely on Australian Indigenous peoples, but drawing also on the Canadian experiences, Thalia Anthony critically analyses how the judiciary have interpreted Indigenous difference. Through an analysis of Indigenous sentencing remarks over a fifty year period in a number of jurisdictions, the book demonstrates how judicial discretion is moulded to dominant white assumptions about Indigeneity. More specifically, Indigenous People, Crime and Punishment shows how the increasing demonisation of Indigenous criminality and culture in sentencing has turned earlier ‘gains’ in the legal recognition of Indigenous peoples on their head. The recognition of Indigenous difference is thereby revealed as a pliable concept that is just as likely to remove concessions as it is to grant them. Indigenous People, Crime and Punishment suggests that Indigenous justice requires a two-way recognition process where Indigenous people and legal systems are afforded greater control in sentencing, dispute resolution and Indigenous healing.



Guilty

Guilty Author Teri Kanefield
ISBN-10 9780544148963
Release 2014
Pages 134
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Offers an overview of crime and the American criminal justice system, using extensive examples of real cases to illustrate difficult questions about what is considered criminal and what punishment is appropriate for different types of crimes.



Malign Neglect

Malign Neglect Author Michael Tonry
ISBN-10 0195104692
Release 1995
Pages 256
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Tonry focuses on the racial disparities in the criminal justice system, especially apparent discrimination toward black males.



Corrections

Corrections Author John T. Whitehead
ISBN-10 9781317523604
Release 2012-09-28
Pages 660
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Corrections: Exploring Crime, Punishment, and Justice in America provides a thorough introduction to the topic of corrections in America. In addition to providing complete coverage of the history and structure of corrections, it offers a balanced account of the issues facing the field so that readers can arrive at informed opinions regarding the process and current state of corrections in America. The 3e introduces new content and fully updated information on America’s correctional system in a lively, colorful, readable textbook. Both instructors and students benefit from the inclusion of pedagogical tools and visual elements that help clarify the material.



Crime and Punishment in America

Crime and Punishment in America Author Elliott Currie
ISBN-10 9781250024213
Release 2013-03-26
Pages 288
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An acclaimed criminologist examines America's ongoing war against violent crime, arguing that ever-increasing rates of imprisonment have not reduced--and will not reduce--crime rates and offering a range of tested alternatives based on deterrence. Tour.



Crime and Criminal Behavior

Crime and Criminal Behavior Author William J. Chambliss
ISBN-10 9781412978552
Release 2011-05-03
Pages 323
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Bringing together work from experts in the field this text looks at key issues such as euthanasia, drug laws and terrorism and extremism.



Crime and Punishment

Crime and Punishment Author Philip Steele
ISBN-10 0237525178
Release 2003
Pages 62
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Moral Dilemmas is a series that presents balanced and thought-provoking views on some of today's most topical and controversial issues. Background information and up-to-date case studies are discussed in a sensitive and factual way, supported by photography and relevant quotes to highlight key points. Crime and Punishment looks at how criminal justice systems operate and change in Britain and elsewhere, and at the origins of these systems, from the early Body of Civil Law drawn up by the Roman Emperor Justinian I to the American Bill of Rights. It explores some of the psychological and social causes of criminal behavious and the role of the law in preventing and punishing crime and raises questions about law and order in dictatorships and democracies.



Judging Addicts

Judging Addicts Author Rebecca Tiger
ISBN-10 9780814784068
Release 2012-12-03
Pages 198
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The number of people incarcerated in the U.S. now exceeds 2.3 million, due in part to the increasing criminalization of drug use: over 25% of people incarcerated in jails and prisons are there for drug offenses. Judging Addicts examines this increased criminalization of drugs and the medicalization of addiction in the U.S. by focusing on drug courts, where defendants are sent to drug treatment instead of prison. Rebecca Tiger explores how advocates of these courts make their case for what they call “enlightened coercion,” detailing how they use medical theories of addiction to justify increased criminal justice oversight of defendants who, through this process, are defined as both “sick” and “bad.” Tiger shows how these courts fuse punitive and therapeutic approaches to drug use in the name of a “progressive” and “enlightened” approach to addiction. She critiques the medicalization of drug users, showing how the disease designation can complement, rather than contradict, punitive approaches, demonstrating that these courts are neither unprecedented nor unique, and that they contain great potential to expand punitive control over drug users. Tiger argues that the medicalization of addiction has done little to stem the punishment of drug users because of a key conceptual overlap in the medical and punitive approaches—that habitual drug use is a problem that needs to be fixed through sobriety. Judging Addicts presses policymakers to implement humane responses to persistent substance use that remove its control entirely from the criminal justice system and ultimately explores the nature of crime and punishment in the U.S. today.



The Capacity to Punish

The Capacity to Punish Author Henry E. Pontell
ISBN-10 0253203368
Release 1985-02
Pages 156
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Henry Pontell convincingly demonstrates that despite the expenditure of millions of dollars, the enactment of many new laws exacting harsher punishments, and the growth of a vast criminal justice system, America is losing its "war on crime." By focusing on deterrence through punishment meted out by our criminal justice system, our courts receive more cases than they can handle, and our prisons and jails overflow with inmates. The message from a beleaguered criminal justice system, according to the author, is clear: there is limited capacity to punish. Pontell suggests that the first step toward solving the crime problem is to stop perceiving it—and using it—as a political issue and to begin to approach it from a reasoned, scientific, humane methodology.



A Wild Justice The Death and Resurrection of Capital Punishment in America

A Wild Justice  The Death and Resurrection of Capital Punishment in America Author Evan J. Mandery
ISBN-10 9780393239584
Release 2013-08-19
Pages 534
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Discusses the history of the two Supreme Court cases that were responsible for changing the laws regarding the death penalty in America and polarizing the nation.