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Crime in the United States 2011

Crime in the United States 2011 Author Sarah E. Baltic
ISBN-10 9781598884821
Release 2011
Pages 718
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Of the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program -- Offenses known to police -- Offenses cleared -- Persons arrested -- Law enforcement personnel -- Hate crime.



Crime in the United States 2013

Crime in the United States 2013 Author Shana Hertz Hattis
ISBN-10 9781598886221
Release 2013
Pages 618
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This reference is a comprehensive collection of the nation's criminal statistics. It provides the latest data submitted by city, county, state, tribal, and federal law enforcement agencies.



The Collapse of American Criminal Justice

The Collapse of American Criminal Justice Author William J. Stuntz
ISBN-10 9780674051751
Release 2011-09-15
Pages 413
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Rule of law has vanished in America’s criminal justice system. Prosecutors decide whom to punish; most accused never face a jury; policing is inconsistent; plea bargaining is rampant; and draconian sentencing fills prisons with mostly minority defendants. A leading criminal law scholar looks to history for the roots of these problems—and solutions.



Crime and Public Policy

Crime and Public Policy Author James Q. Wilson
ISBN-10 9780199968237
Release 2012-06-01
Pages 656
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Crime in the United States has fluctuated considerably over the past thirty years, as have the policy approaches to deal with it. During this time criminologists and other scholars have helped to shed light on the role of incarceration, prevention, drugs, guns, policing, and numerous other aspects to crime control. Yet the latest research is rarely heard in public discussions and is often missing from the desks of policymakers. This book accessibly summarizes the latest scientific information on the causes of crime and evidence about what does and does not work to control it. Thoroughly revised and updated, this new version of Crime and Public Policy will include twenty chapters and five new substantial entries. As with previous editions, each essay reviews the existing literature, discusses the methodological rigor of the studies, identifies what policies and programs the studies suggest, and then points to policies now implemented that fail to reflect the evidence. The chapters cover the principle institutions of the criminal justice system (juvenile justice, police, prisons, probation and parole, sentencing), how broader aspects of social life inhibit or encourage crime (biology, schools, families, communities), and topics currently generating a great deal of attention (criminal activities of gangs, sex offenders, prisoner reentry, changing crime rates). With contributions from trusted, leading scholars, Crime and Public Policy offers the most comprehensive and balanced guide to how the latest and best social science research informs the understanding of crime and its control for policymakers, community leaders, and students of crime and criminal justice.



Crime in the United States 2014

Crime in the United States  2014 Author Gwenavere W. Dunn
ISBN-10 9781598887181
Release 2014-11-17
Pages 630
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Crime in the United States contains findings from the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of the offenses, known to law enforcement, released annually from its Uniform Crime Reporting Program. Because the FBI no longer prints these findings, Bernan Press continues to provide this practical information in convenient book form. In this intricately detailed source, legal and law enforcement professionals, researchers, and those who are just curious will find violent and property crime statistics for the nation as a whole—and for regions, states, counties, cities, towns, and even college and university campuses. Crime in the United States includes statistics for: Violent and property crimes Hate crimes Crime trends Victims, by type Crimes cleared (those closed by arrest or other means) Persons arrested (age, sex, and race) Juvenile offenders Law enforcement personnel (including the number of sworn officers killed or assaulted) Characteristics of homicides (including age, sex, and race of victims and offenders; victim-offender relationships; weapons used; and circumstances surrounding homicides) In addition to data, Crime in the United States also includes text and pertinent figures that explain the data in greater detail and supplies a visual perspective of these major offenses. Violent crimes include: Murder and non-negligent manslaughter Forcible rape Robbery Aggravated assault Property crimes include: Burglary Larceny-theft Motor vehicle theft Arson Hate crimes include any crime motivated by bias against: Race Religion Sexual orientation Ethnicity/national origin Disability Data include the following: offense type, location, bias motivation, victim type, number of individual victims, number of offenders, and the race of the offenders.



What Is Jiu Jitsu

What Is Jiu Jitsu Author D.S. Hopkins
ISBN-10 9781506900421
Release 2015-10-02
Pages 380
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'What Is Jiu Jitsu? The Martial Arts And How To Understand Them' is a book that considers first and foremost the Japanese feudal discipline of Jiu Jitsu, its life and lineage. From linguistics to its relationships with the martial arts of its immediate family, the offspring of that family and their characteristics are all regarded. The forces that shaped these martial arts are identified in an attempt to create a perspective of the parent discipline itself and the distance it has traveled to reach its present state. It is placed in historical context and considered for its role in the life of the Samurai, the eras that changed it, until finally its role today in the wider world. In close conjunction with the exploration of Jiu Jitsu and its survival of the turbulent eras from which it came is also the consideration of other martial practices from other parts of the globe that also survived, as well as those that didn't. The almost inseparable relationship of martial arts and martial sports is assessed, the personages that defined different disciplines and were responsible for some of the later milestones on the martial science landscape. Even the prospective student is provided a few road signs to watch for on the path to study. In the later parts of the work the underlying theory of function for a martial art is simplified to create some small illumination for the processes that govern the operation of the martial sciences. And finally the factors outside the training hall's indoctrination and preparation are given form and name, from anatomical limitations to artificial enhancements and the impact they all have on the performance of a martial art. Comparative techniques are illustrated in black and white within the book to better serve the goal of contrasting one style of Jiu Jitsu to another, and to provide the reader an idea of what the different martial arts related to Jiu Jitsu look like, and more importantly how their apt to behave. Various diagrams and maps throughout the book help to facilitate the aim of the work, which is to create an insight into Jiu Jitsu and what it is. Keywords: Martial Art, Jiu Jitsu, Jujitsu, Jujutsu, Grappling, Samurai, Fighting, Combat, MMA, Sport



Statistical Abstract of the U S 2012

Statistical Abstract of the U S  2012 Author
ISBN-10 0160891159
Release 2011
Pages 1028
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Provides a wide variety of statistics dealing with the political, social, and economic organization of the United States, in a work originally issued by the Bureau of the Census.



Criminal Justice in the United States 1789 1939

Criminal Justice in the United States  1789   1939 Author Elizabeth Dale
ISBN-10 9781139503150
Release 2011-08-15
Pages
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This book chronicles the development of criminal law in America, from the beginning of the constitutional era (1789) through the rise of the New Deal order (1939). Elizabeth Dale discusses the changes in criminal law during that period, tracing shifts in policing, law, the courts and punishment. She also analyzes the role that popular justice - lynch mobs, vigilance committees, law-and-order societies and community shunning - played in the development of America's criminal justice system. This book explores the relation between changes in America's criminal justice system and its constitutional order.



The Mismeasure of Crime

The Mismeasure of Crime Author Clayton J. Mosher
ISBN-10 9781412981811
Release 2010-12-01
Pages 265
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This book addresses the measurement of crime both historically and cross-nationally. It examines the strengths and weaknesses of each data source, the fundamental issues surrounding their accuracy, and the applications of these data in theoretical and policy research.



The Oxford Handbook of Gender Sex and Crime

The Oxford Handbook of Gender  Sex  and Crime Author Rosemary Gartner
ISBN-10 9780199397297
Release 2014-05-14
Pages 768
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Research on gender, sex, and crime today remains focused on topics that have been a mainstay of the field for several decades, but it has also recently expanded to include studies from a variety of disciplines, a growing number of countries, and on a wider range of crimes. The Oxford Handbook of Gender, Sex, and Crime reflects this growing diversity and provides authoritative overviews of current research and theory on how gender and sex shape crime and criminal justice responses to it. The editors, Rosemary Gartner and Bill McCarthy, have assembled a diverse cast of criminologists, historians, legal scholars, psychologists, and sociologists from a number of countries to discuss key concepts and debates central to the field. The Handbook includes examinations of the historical and contemporary patterns of women's and men's involvement in crime; as well as biological, psychological, and social science perspectives on gender, sex, and criminal activity. Several essays discuss the ways in which sex and gender influence legal and popular reactions to crime. An important theme throughout The Handbook is the intersection of sex and gender with ethnicity, class, age, peer groups, and community as influences on crime and justice. Individual chapters investigate both conventional topics - such as domestic abuse and sexual violence - and topics that have only recently drawn the attention of scholars - such as human trafficking, honor killing, gender violence during war, state rape, and genocide. The Oxford Handbook of Gender, Sex, and Crime offers an unparalleled and comprehensive view of the connections among gender, sex, and crime in the United States and in many other countries. Its insights illuminate both traditional areas of study in the field and pathways for developing cutting-edge research questions.



Computer Crime Investigation and the Law

Computer Crime  Investigation  and the Law Author Chuck Easttom
ISBN-10 9781435456105
Release 2011
Pages 517
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One can hardly open a newspaper or read news online without seeing another story about a computer-related crime. We are awash in identity theft, online child predators, and even cyber espionage. It seems overwhelming. And people in many different professi



Human Security Transnational Crime and Human Trafficking

Human Security  Transnational Crime and Human Trafficking Author Shiro Okubo
ISBN-10 9781136832932
Release 2011-03-17
Pages 272
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In recent years, drug use, illegal migration and human trafficking have all become more common in Asia, North America and Asia: the problems of organized crime and human trafficking are no longer confined to operating at the traditional regional level. This book fills a gap in the current literature by examining transnational crime, human trafficking and its implications for human security from both Western and Asian perspectives. The book: Provides an outline of the overall picture of organized crime and human trafficking in the contemporary world, examining the current trends and recent developments contrasts the experience and perception of these problems in Asia with those in the West, by analyzing the distinctive Japanese perspective on globalization, human security and transnational crime examines the policy responses of key states and international institutions in Germany, Canada, the United States, the European Union, Japan, and Korea. This book argues that any effort to combat these crimes requires a response that addresses the welfare of human beings alongside the standard criminal law response. It represents a timely analysis of the increasingly serious problems of transnational crime, human trafficking and security.



State Crime

State Crime Author Dawn Rothe
ISBN-10 9780813549002
Release 2011
Pages 335
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Current media and political discourse on crime has long ignored crimes committed by States themselves, despite their greater financial and human toll. For the past two decades, scholars have examined how and why States violate their own laws and international law and explored what can be done to reduce or prevent these injustices. Through a collection of essays by leading scholars in the field, State Crime offers a set of cases exemplifying state criminality along with various methods for controlling governmental transgressions. With topics ranging from crimes of aggression to nuclear weapons to the construction and implementation of social controls, this volume is an indispensable resource for those who examine the behavior of States and those who study crime in its varied forms.



Failure to Flourish

Failure to Flourish Author Clare Huntington
ISBN-10 9780190212209
Release 2014-05-20
Pages 352
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Exploring the connection between families and inequality, Failure to Flourish: How Law Undermines Family Relationships argues that the legal regulation of families stands fundamentally at odds with the needs of families. Strong, stable, positive relationships are essential for both individuals and society to flourish, but from transportation policy to the criminal justice system, and from divorce rules to the child welfare system, the legal system makes it harder for parents to provide children with these kinds of relationships, exacerbating the growing inequality in America. Failure to Flourish contends that we must re-orient the legal system to help families avoid crises and, when conflicts arise, intervene in a manner that heals relationships. To understand how wrong our family law system has gone and what we need to repair it, Failure to Flourish takes us from ancient Greece to cutting-edge psychological research, and from the chaotic corridors of local family courts to a quiet revolution under way in how services are provided to families in need. Incorporating the latest insights of positive psychology and social science research, the book sets forth a new, more emotionally intelligent vision for a legal system that not only resolves conflict but actively encourages the healthy relationships that are at the core of a stable society.



Issues in Criminology and Criminal Justice Research 2011 Edition

Issues in Criminology and Criminal Justice Research  2011 Edition Author
ISBN-10 9781464967542
Release 2012-01-09
Pages 202
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Issues in Criminology and Criminal Justice Research: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Criminology and Criminal Justice Research. The editors have built Issues in Criminology and Criminal Justice Research: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Criminology and Criminal Justice Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Criminology and Criminal Justice Research: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.



Victimology

Victimology Author William G. Doerner
ISBN-10 9780323296380
Release 2014-02-06
Pages 518
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Victimology, Seventh Edition, introduces students to the criminal justice system in the United States and its impact on crime victims. Authors William Doerner and Steven Lab provide a fresh look at the theoretical basis of victimology and then present the key facets of crime and its effects. They examine financial and social costs both to the individual and to the larger community. This new edition uses the theoretical foundation of victimology to establish a clear conceptual framework and reduce repetition. Emerging trends in the field receive greater emphasis in this edition, including non-adversarial resolutions that offer remediation for crime victims. Crimes like intimate-partner violence and victimization in work or school environments continue to take a toll, and the authors examine efforts to prevent these crimes as well as responses after an incident occurs. Doerner and Lab challenge students to rethink the current response to crime victims, and to develop improved approaches to this costly social issue. Online supplements are available for both professors and students. A new chapter on explaining victimization provides context and a backdrop for examining emerging trends A new chapter on hate crimes delves into the complexities faced by victims as they negotiate the reporting process The text is supplemented by learning tools including chapter-by-chapter learning objectives, key terms, illustrative figures and tables, and call-outs to related Internet sites



2011 National Gang Threat Assessment

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment Author Federal Bureau of Investigation
ISBN-10 9781614481546
Release 2012-01-01
Pages 104
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Gangs continue to commit criminal activity, recruit new members in urban, suburban, and rural regions across the United States, and develop criminal associations that expand their influence over criminal enterprises, particularly street-level drug sales. The most notable trends for 2011 have been the overall increase in gang membership, and the expansion of criminal street gangs' control of street-level drug sales and collaboration with rival gangs and other criminal organizations.