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Crime Mapping and Spatial Aspects of Crime

Crime Mapping and Spatial Aspects of Crime Author Derek J. Paulsen
ISBN-10 0205609457
Release 2009
Pages 333
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Spatial Aspects of Crime: Theory and Practice is the first book specifically designed to teach the theoretical and practical aspects of mapping for criminal justice purposes. First, the book provides a solid understanding of the theoretical and empirical realities of the spatial aspects of crime. Second, the book provides readers with the practical tools necessary to conduct effective crime mapping and spatial analyses of crime. This book covers the most current, state-of-the-art uses for GIS in the criminal justice system, theoretical aspects of the geography of crime and practical instruction, and exercises on how to use GIS to conduct crime mapping and spatial analysis of crime.



Fundamentals of Crime Mapping

Fundamentals of Crime Mapping Author Bryan Hill
ISBN-10 9781449648664
Release 2013-03-18
Pages 534
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A Revised and Updated Edition of a Bestselling GIS Text Fundamentals of Crime Mapping, Second Edition walks readers through the research, theories, and history of geographic information systems used in law enforcement. Practical, comprehensive, and highly accessible, the revised and updated Second Edition of this bestselling text explains the day-to-day application of crime analysis for mapping. The text is packed with relevant real-world scenarios that contextualize key concepts and reflect actual crime patterns, trends, and series. Students will develop the skills to analyze and synthesize information and transition classroom-based knowledge to careers in the fast-growing field of law enforcement. Special topics discussed include current basic mapping terminology, crime trends in rural and urban areas, the major ecological theories of crime, geographic profiling, and empirical research using crime mapping tools. The Second Edition incorporates all-new material, including new chapters on the basics of cartography and police methodologies and their impact on crime mapping, as well as all-new exercises using ArcGIS 10. Fundamentals of Crime Mapping, Second Edition helps to equip any practitioner of crime mapping and its related fields with the tools and understanding necessary to meet the challenges of the day.



Crime Analysis with Crime Mapping

Crime Analysis with Crime Mapping Author Rachel Boba Santos
ISBN-10 9781506331058
Release 2016-10-22
Pages 488
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Crime Analysis With Crime Mapping, Fourth Edition provides students and practitioners with a solid foundation for understanding the conceptual nature and practice of crime analysis to assist police in preventing and reducing crime and disorder. Author Rachel Boba Santos offers an in-depth description of this emerging field, as well as guidelines and techniques for conducting crime analysis supported by evidence-based research, real world application, and recent innovations in the field. As the only introductory core text for crime analysis, this must-have resource presents readers with opportunities to apply theory, research methods, and statistics to careers that support and enhance the effectiveness of modern policing.



GIS and Crime Mapping

GIS and Crime Mapping Author Spencer Chainey
ISBN-10 9781118685198
Release 2013-04-26
Pages 448
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The growing potential of GIS for supporting policing and crime reduction is now being recognised by a broader community. GIS can be employed at different levels to support operational policing, tactical crime mapping, detection, and wider-ranging strategic analyses. With the use of GIS for crime mapping increasing, this book provides a definitive reference. GIS and Crime Mapping provides essential information and reference material to support readers in developing and implementing crime mapping. Relevant case studies help demonstrate the key principles, concepts and applications of crime mapping. This book combines the topics of theoretical principles, GIS, analytical techniques, data processing solutions, information sharing, problem-solving approaches, map design, and organisational structures for using crime mapping for policing and crime reduction. Delivered in an accessible style, topics are covered in a manner that underpins crime mapping use in the three broad areas of operations, tactics and strategy. Provides a complete start-to-finish coverage of crime mapping, including theory, scientific methodologies, analysis techniques and design principles. Includes a comprehensive presentation of crime mapping applications for operational, tactical and strategic purposes. Includes global case studies and examples to demonstrate good practice. Co-authored by Spencer Chainey, a leading researcher and consultant on GIS and crime mapping, and Jerry Ratcliffe, a renowned professor and former police officer. This book is essential reading for crime analysts and other professionals working in intelligence roles in law enforcement or crime reduction, at the local, regional and national government levels. It is also an excellent reference for undergraduate and Masters students taking courses in GIS, Geomatics, Crime Mapping, Crime Science, Criminal Justice and Criminology.



Tactical Crime Analysis

Tactical Crime Analysis Author Derek J. Paulsen
ISBN-10 9781420086980
Release 2009-08-19
Pages 240
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Research has shown that the majority of crimes are committed by persistent or serial offenders, with as little as seven percent of offenders accounting for approximately 60 percent of all crimes. By focusing police efforts on these prolific offenders and learning to identify, analyze, and resolve the crimes they commit, the law enforcement community can protect and defend the public much more effectively. Tactical Crime Analysis: Research and Investigation provides a comprehensive discussion on both the theoretical and practical aspects of crime series analysis, making it a critical resource for those engaged in crime prevention and investigation. Appropriate for all levels Written by a distinctive team of authors, each of whom combine academic credibility, police experience, and years of analytical success, this manual is designed for the novice, the working professional, and the veteran crime analyst. It provides an introduction to the realities of tactical crime analysis, assists current analysts in further developing their professional skills, and offers advanced insight for experts. Covering all aspects of serial crime investigation, the book explores: Major problems and issues within serial crime Offender spatial behavior Linkage analysis Investigative techniques Geographic profiling Next event forecasting Supplemental materials to enhance the text This multi-faceted resource includes an interview with a serial offender, case studies of solved serial crimes, and an accompanying website with supplemental material. An important addition to the reference shelf of analytical professionals, this resource provides a revealing glimpse into the machinations of the serial offender.



Encyclopedia of GIS

Encyclopedia of GIS Author Shashi Shekhar
ISBN-10 9780387308586
Release 2007-12-12
Pages 1370
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The Encyclopedia of GIS provides a comprehensive and authoritative guide, contributed by experts and peer-reviewed for accuracy, and alphabetically arranged for convenient access. The entries explain key software and processes used by geographers and computational scientists. Major overviews are provided for nearly 200 topics: Geoinformatics, Spatial Cognition, and Location-Based Services and more. Shorter entries define specific terms and concepts. The reference will be published as a print volume with abundant black and white art, and simultaneously as an XML online reference with hyperlinked citations, cross-references, four-color art, links to web-based maps, and other interactive features.



Space Time and Crime

Space  Time  and Crime Author Kim Michelle Lersch
ISBN-10 159460326X
Release 2007
Pages 316
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Interest in the spatial distribution of crime and criminals has experienced a virtual explosion over the past several years. In Space, Time, and Crime, Lersch provides an overview of the various theoretical explanations, crime control policies, and practical investigative tools used to identify high crime places, spaces, and times. Throughout the text, Lersch strives to provide a highly readable, informative discussion of the important issues surrounding the geography of crime, providing real world examples as well as illustrations from previously published research.Space, Time, and Crime provides a basic overview of the more popular theories that have been used to explain the concentration of crime in certain places and times. Each theory is carefully and clearly developed from its historical roots to contemporary applications, with solid research cited throughout the discussions. The reader is then moved from theory into practice, where a summary and critique of a number of various theoretically-driven practical policy applications are presented. The basic elements of crime analysis and crime mapping, both very popular crime fighting tools for police agencies and place managers, are presented. Finally, the book closes with a strong Marxist-based critique of the various theories, policies, and tools, leaving the reader with some troubling questions to ponder.This book includes sections on a number of the more exciting and controversial issues facing criminal justice today, including community policing, problem oriented policing, crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED), situational crime prevention, the COMPSTAT model for managing police resources, identifying and controlling hot spots, crime displacement and other ethical issues surrounding crime prevention, and environmental justice.The second edition includes updates of the material in each chapter. The reader is provided even more real-world examples from the field, making the material more concrete. Additionally, extensive sections that address temporal aspects of criminal events, including the concept of time geography, have been added.



Spatial Policing

Spatial Policing Author Charles E. Crawford
ISBN-10 1594605661
Release 2010
Pages 214
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The ghetto, the block, neighborhood, community, and hot spot are all terms that capture a particular space or a familiar location for citizens and law enforcement officers. These spaces may appear welcoming to some, or send waves of fear into others who have to enter. What is it about an area of the city that makes it a hot spot for crime at night? Why do the police act, speak, and patrol so differently across segments of the city? At their core these questions all show an awareness of the power of space. Spatial Policing is a fascinating look at how the contexts of space, location, and time influence law enforcement, which can result in differential treatment and controversial patrol practices. Each chapter in Spatial Policing, written by leading experts in law enforcement, spatial, and cultural issues in criminal justice provides a highly readable text, and offers an in depth discussion of theory, research findings, as well as real world examples of the most important spatial contexts for police actions. Spatial Policing explores in rich detail the numerous contexts of space, from urban settings, to rural, to the space of minorities, and international borders to examine how each represents a unique challenge for individual officers, departments, and their patrol efforts in our society. Recognizing how space is used and defined as well as how it conditions the interactions between citizens and the police is at the heart of Spatial Policing. Ultimately, for law enforcement, space matters.



Data Mining and Predictive Analysis

Data Mining and Predictive Analysis Author Colleen McCue
ISBN-10 9780128004081
Release 2014-12-30
Pages 422
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Data Mining and Predictive Analysis: Intelligence Gathering and Crime Analysis, 2nd Edition, describes clearly and simply how crime clusters and other intelligence can be used to deploy security resources most effectively. Rather than being reactive, security agencies can anticipate and prevent crime through the appropriate application of data mining and the use of standard computer programs. Data Mining and Predictive Analysis offers a clear, practical starting point for professionals who need to use data mining in homeland security, security analysis, and operational law enforcement settings. This revised text highlights new and emerging technology, discusses the importance of analytic context for ensuring successful implementation of advanced analytics in the operational setting, and covers new analytic service delivery models that increase ease of use and access to high-end technology and analytic capabilities. The use of predictive analytics in intelligence and security analysis enables the development of meaningful, information based tactics, strategy, and policy decisions in the operational public safety and security environment. Discusses new and emerging technologies and techniques, including up-to-date information on predictive policing, a key capability in law enforcement and security Demonstrates the importance of analytic context beyond software Covers new models for effective delivery of advanced analytics to the operational environment, which have increased access to even the most powerful capabilities Includes terminology, concepts, practical application of these concepts, and examples to highlight specific techniques and approaches in crime and intelligence analysis



Spatial Regression Models

Spatial Regression Models Author Michael D. Ward
ISBN-10 9781544328812
Release 2018-04-10
Pages 128
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Spatial Regression Models illustrates the use of spatial analysis in the social sciences within a regression framework and is accessible to readers with no prior background in spatial analysis. The text covers different modeling-related topics for continuous dependent variables, including: mapping data on spatial units, exploratory spatial data analysis, working with regression models that have spatially dependent regressors, and estimating regression models with spatially correlated error structures. Using social sciences examples based on real data, Michael D. Ward and Kristian Skrede Gleditsch illustrate the concepts discussed, and show how to obtain and interpret relevant results. The examples are presented along with the relevant code to replicate all the analysis using the R package for statistical computing. Users can download both the data and computer code to work through all the examples found in the text. New to the Second Edition is a chapter on mapping as data exploration and its role in the research process, updates to all chapters based on substantive and methodological work, as well as software updates, and information on estimation of time-series, cross-sectional spatial models.



The Encyclopedia of Theoretical Criminology

The Encyclopedia of Theoretical Criminology Author J. Mitchell Miller
ISBN-10 9780470658444
Release 2014-04-07
Pages 1048
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The two–volume Encyclopedia of Theoretical Criminology, available in print and online, is the definitive reference resource for theoretical criminology. This encyclopedia offers a state–of–the–art survey of leading theories, concepts, and key figures in the field. It combines this breadth of coverage with the authority and international perspective of an experienced team of contributors, creating a definitive reference resource for students, scholars, and professionals. Comprehensive: Broad coverage spans the origins and evolution of leading theories, major theorists, concepts, applications, and degree of empirical support for both criminology and justice Authoritative: Edited by a leading team of experts in the field and enhanced by contributions from an international group of leading criminology and criminal justice scholars International: Offers a global perspective from an international team of leading scholars, including coverage of the strong and rapidly growing body of work on criminology in Europe and other areas Wide–ranging: Includes coverage of theories of justice, crime, applied criminology, and traditional and alternative criminological theories Multi–format: Publishing simultaneously as a two–volume print set and via Wiley Online Library; visit www.theoreticalcriminology.com for further details



Security

Security Author Philip P. Purpura
ISBN-10 9781439894569
Release 2016-04-19
Pages 637
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Today, threats to the security of an organization can come from a variety of sources — from outside espionage to disgruntled employees and internet risks to utility failure. Reflecting the diverse and specialized nature of the security industry, Security: An Introduction provides an up-to-date treatment of a topic that has become increasingly complex as more vulnerabilities arise. Philip P. Purpura, recently selected by Security Magazine as one of the Top 25 Most Influential People in the Security Industry, shares his 30-plus years of professional experience in the industry to provide basic theory and real-world methodologies that security practitioners can apply to scenarios they encounter. Topics discussed in this broad-based text include: The history of security and the role of security professionals Terrorism and national strategies for homeland security Crime prevention through environmental design Violence, theft, and drugs in the workplace Insider threats, pre-employment screening, and executive and personnel protection The security of physical structures Threats to information security, including malware and botnets; and risks to proprietary information and communication Security law and liabilities Investigations, interrogations, and surveillance Risk management, threats from natural disasters, and business continuity/enterprise resilience Critical infrastructures and key national resources The future of security technology Utilizing real-world examples, each chapter begins with learning objectives and a list of key terms and ends with discussion questions, role-playing exercises, and links to relevant websites. The book offers readers a foundation for understanding and implementing best practices for security to more effectively protect people, assets, and organizations.



GIS Tutorial for Crime Analysis

GIS Tutorial for Crime Analysis Author Wilpen L. Gorr
ISBN-10 1589485165
Release 2018
Pages 270
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GIS Tutorial for Crime Analysis, second edition presents state-of-the-art crime mapping and analysis methods that can be incorporated into any police department's current practices.



GIS and Public Health

GIS and Public Health Author Ellen K. Cromley
ISBN-10 9781609187507
Release 2012-01-01
Pages 503
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Authoritative and comprehensive, this is the leading text and professional resource on using geographic information systems (GIS) to analyze and address public health problems. Basic GIS concepts and tools are explained, including ways to access and manage spatial databases. The book presents state-of-the-art methods for mapping and analyzing data on population, health events, risk factors, and health services, and for incorporating geographical knowledge into planning and policy. Numerous maps, diagrams, and real-world applications are featured. The companion Web page provides lab exercises with data that can be downloaded for individual or course use. New to This Edition *Incorporates major technological advances, such as Internet-based mapping systems and the rise of data from cell phones and other GPS-enabled devices. *Chapter on health disparities. *Expanded coverage of public participation GIS. *Companion Web page has all-new content. *Goes beyond the United States to encompass an international focus.



Fundamentals of Crime Mapping

Fundamentals of Crime Mapping Author Bryan Hill
ISBN-10 9781449648664
Release 2013-03-18
Pages 534
Download Link Click Here

A Revised and Updated Edition of a Bestselling GIS Text Fundamentals of Crime Mapping, Second Edition walks readers through the research, theories, and history of geographic information systems used in law enforcement. Practical, comprehensive, and highly accessible, the revised and updated Second Edition of this bestselling text explains the day-to-day application of crime analysis for mapping. The text is packed with relevant real-world scenarios that contextualize key concepts and reflect actual crime patterns, trends, and series. Students will develop the skills to analyze and synthesize information and transition classroom-based knowledge to careers in the fast-growing field of law enforcement. Special topics discussed include current basic mapping terminology, crime trends in rural and urban areas, the major ecological theories of crime, geographic profiling, and empirical research using crime mapping tools. The Second Edition incorporates all-new material, including new chapters on the basics of cartography and police methodologies and their impact on crime mapping, as well as all-new exercises using ArcGIS 10. Fundamentals of Crime Mapping, Second Edition helps to equip any practitioner of crime mapping and its related fields with the tools and understanding necessary to meet the challenges of the day.



The Urban Fabric of Crime and Fear

The Urban Fabric of Crime and Fear Author Vania Ceccato
ISBN-10 9789400742109
Release 2012-06-21
Pages 354
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How does the city’s urban fabric relate to crime and fear, and how is that fabric affected by crime and fear? Does the urban environment affect one’s decision to commit an offence? Is there a victimisation-related inequality within cities? How do crime and fear interrelate to inequality and segregation in cities of developing countries? What are the challenges to planning cities which are both safe and sustainable? This book searches for answers to these questions in the nature of the city, particularly in the social interactions that take place in urban space distinctively guided by different land uses and people’s activities. In other words, the book deals with the urban fabric of crime and fear. The novelty of the book is to place safety and security issues on the urban scale by (1) showing links between urban structure, and crime and fear, (2) illustrating how different disciplines deal with urban vulnerability to (and fear of) crime (3) including concrete examples of issues and challenges found in European and North American cities, and, without being too extensive, also in cities of the Global South.



Making Spatial Decisions Using GIS

Making Spatial Decisions Using GIS Author Kathryn Keranen
ISBN-10 9781589481831
Release 2008
Pages 184
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"Making Spatial Decisions Using GIS, level 4 of the Our World GIS Education series, allows students to experience the GIS decision-making process in real-world settings. Designed for an upper-level high school or college curriculum, the five modules in this book invite students to perform sophisticated analyses in a variety of content areas. The projects in this book encourage students to make not only maps but also the type of spatial decisions that confront professionals in all walks of life. The five modules pose decisions that will have students examine location criteria, population patterns, chemical spills, storm-ravaged coastlines, and big-city crime." "Making Spatial Decisions Using GIS presumes prior GIS experience and offers step-by-step instruction along with guidelines for more independent study. This book contains all you need to complete GIS projects, including GIS software, data, and worksheets. Companion DVDs provide a wealth of instructional resources to supplement each book. Teachers new to GIS will benefit from detailed notes and suggestions for presenting the material." "The projects in this book are connected to a variety of subject areas, such as business, government, and public administration. By completing the projects, students improve their skills in critical thinking, communication, technology, and problem-solving as delineated by the Partnership for 21st Century Skills."--BOOK JACKET.