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Cyber Operations and the Use of Force in International Law

Cyber Operations and the Use of Force in International Law Author Marco Roscini
ISBN-10 9780199655014
Release 2014-03
Pages 307
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Recent years have seen a significant increase in the scale and sophistication of cyber attacks employed by, or against, states and non-state actors. This book investigates the international legal regime that applies to such attacks, and investigates how far the traditional rules of international humanitarian law can be used in these situations.



Cyber Operations and the Use of Force in International Law

Cyber Operations and the Use of Force in International Law Author Marco Roscini
ISBN-10 9780191652806
Release 2014-03-13
Pages 402
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The internet has changed the rules of many industries, and war is no exception. But can a computer virus be classed as an act of war? Does a Denial of Service attack count as an armed attack? And does a state have a right to self-defence when cyber attacked? With the range and sophistication of cyber attacks against states showing a dramatic increase in recent times, this book investigates the traditional concepts of 'use of force', 'armed attack', and 'armed conflict' and asks whether existing laws created for analogue technologies can be applied to new digital developments. The book provides a comprehensive analysis of primary documents and surrounding literature, to investigate whether and how existing rules on the use of force in international law apply to a relatively new phenomenon such as cyberspace operations. It assesses the rules of jus ad bellum and jus in bello, whether based on treaty or custom, and analyses why each rule applies or does not apply to cyber operations. Those rules which can be seen to apply are then discussed in the context of each specific type of cyber operation. The book addresses the key questions of whether a cyber operation amounts to the use of force and, if so, whether the victim state can exercise its right of self-defence; whether cyber operations trigger the application of international humanitarian law when they are not accompanied by traditional hostilities; what rules must be followed in the conduct of cyber hostilities; how neutrality is affected by cyber operations; whether those conducting cyber operations are combatants, civilians, or civilians taking direct part in hostilities. The book is essential reading for everyone wanting a better understanding of how international law regulates cyber combat.



Cyber Operations and the Use of Force in International Law

Cyber Operations and the Use of Force in International Law Author Marco Roscini
ISBN-10 9780191652813
Release 2014-03-13
Pages 402
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The internet has changed the rules of many industries, and war is no exception. But can a computer virus be classed as an act of war? Does a Denial of Service attack count as an armed attack? And does a state have a right to self-defence when cyber attacked? With the range and sophistication of cyber attacks against states showing a dramatic increase in recent times, this book investigates the traditional concepts of 'use of force', 'armed attack', and 'armed conflict' and asks whether existing laws created for analogue technologies can be applied to new digital developments. The book provides a comprehensive analysis of primary documents and surrounding literature, to investigate whether and how existing rules on the use of force in international law apply to a relatively new phenomenon such as cyberspace operations. It assesses the rules of jus ad bellum and jus in bello, whether based on treaty or custom, and analyses why each rule applies or does not apply to cyber operations. Those rules which can be seen to apply are then discussed in the context of each specific type of cyber operation. The book addresses the key questions of whether a cyber operation amounts to the use of force and, if so, whether the victim state can exercise its right of self-defence; whether cyber operations trigger the application of international humanitarian law when they are not accompanied by traditional hostilities; what rules must be followed in the conduct of cyber hostilities; how neutrality is affected by cyber operations; whether those conducting cyber operations are combatants, civilians, or civilians taking direct part in hostilities. The book is essential reading for everyone wanting a better understanding of how international law regulates cyber combat.



Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare

Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare Author Michael N. Schmitt
ISBN-10 9781107024434
Release 2013-03-07
Pages 282
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The result of a three-year project, this manual addresses the entire spectrum of international legal issues raised by cyber warfare.



The Oxford Handbook of the Use of Force in International Law

The Oxford Handbook of the Use of Force in International Law Author Marc Weller
ISBN-10 9780199673049
Release 2015
Pages 1280
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This Oxford Handbook provides an authoritative and comprehensive analysis of one of the most controversial areas of international law. Over seventy contributors assess the current state of the international law prohibiting the use of force, assessing its development and analysing the many recent controversies that have arisen in this field.



The Use of Force in International Law

The Use of Force in International Law Author Tom Ruys
ISBN-10 9780191087189
Release 2018-04-26
Pages 750
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The international law on the use of force is one of the oldest branches of international law. It is an area twinned with the emergence of international law as a concept in itself, and which sees law and politics collide. The number of armed conflicts is equal only to the number of methodological approaches used to describe them. Many violent encounters are well known. The Kosovo Crisis in 1999 and the US-led invasion of Iraq in 2003 spring easily to the minds of most scholars and academics, and gain extensive coverage in this text. Other conflicts, including the Belgian operation in Stanleyville, and the Ethiopian Intervention in Somalia, are often overlooked to our peril. Ruys and Corten's expert-written text compares over sixty different instances of the use of cross border force since the adoption of the UN Charter in 1945, from all out warfare to hostile encounters between individual units, targeted killings, and hostage rescue operations, to ask a complex question. How much authority does the power of precedent really have in the law of the use of force?



Tallinn Manual 2 0 on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Operations

Tallinn Manual 2 0 on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Operations Author Michael N. Schmitt
ISBN-10 9781107177222
Release 2017-02-02
Pages 638
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The new edition of the highly influential Tallinn Manual, which outlines public international law as it applies to cyber operations.



Cyber Operations and the Use of Force in International Law

Cyber Operations and the Use of Force in International Law Author Robert Rhodes
ISBN-10 1722062118
Release 2018-05-26
Pages 236
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The novel provides a wide research of main records and around literary works, to examine whether and how current guidelines on the use of power in worldwide law implement to a relatively new trend such as the online world functions. It analyzes the guidelines of jus ad bellum and jus in bello, whether based on agreement or customized, and studies why each concept is applicable or does not implement to online functions. Those guidelines which can be seen to make use of are then mentioned in the perspective of each particular type of online function. The novel details the key concerns of whether a online function quantities to the use of power and, if so, whether the sufferer state can exercise its right of self-defence; whether online functions induce the use of worldwide relief law when they are not associated with conventional hostilities; what guidelines must be followed in the perform of online hostilities; how neutrality is impacted by online operations; whether those performing online functions are combatants, citizens, or citizens taking immediate part in hostilities. The novel is important studying for everyone seeking a better knowing of how worldwide law manages online fight.



International Law and the Use of Force

International Law and the Use of Force Author Christine Gray
ISBN-10 9780198808411
Release 2018-02
Pages 480
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This book explores the large and controversial subject of the use of force in international law. It examines not only the use of force by states but also the role of the UN in peacekeeping and enforcement action, and the increasing role of regional organizations in the maintenance of international peace and security. The UN Charter framework is under challenge. Russia's invasion of Georgia and intervention in Ukraine, the USA's military operations in Syria, and Saudi Arabia's campaign to restore the government of Yemen by force all raise questions about the law on intervention. The 'war on terror' that began after the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the USA has not been won. It has spread far beyond Afghanistan: it has led to targeted killings in Pakistan, Somalia, and Yemen, and to intervention against ISIS in Iraq and Syria. Is there an expanding right of self-defence against non-state actors? Is the use of force effective? The development of nuclear weapons by North Korea has reignited discussion about the legality of pre-emptive self-defence. The NATO-led operation in Libya increased hopes for the implementation of 'responsibility to protect', but it also provoked criticism for exceeding the Security Council's authorization of force because its outcome was regime change. UN peacekeeping faces new challenges, especially with regard to the protection of civilians, and UN forces have been given revolutionary mandates in several African states. But the 2015 report Uniting Our Strengths reaffirmed that UN peacekeeping is not suited to counter-terrorism or enforcement operations; the UN should turn to regional organizations such as the African Union as first responders in situations of ongoing armed conflict.



Research Handbook on International Law and Cyberspace

Research Handbook on International Law and Cyberspace Author Nicholas Tsagourias
ISBN-10 9781782547396
Release 2015-06-29
Pages 560
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This timely Research Handbook contains an analysis of various legal questions concerning cyberspace and cyber activities and provides a critical account of their effectiveness. Expert contributors examine the application of fundamental international la



The Handbook of the International Law of Military Operations

The Handbook of the International Law of Military Operations Author Terry D. Gill
ISBN-10 9780191062087
Release 2015-12-10
Pages 816
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The second edition of this well received handbook provides a comprehensive overview and annotated commentary of those areas of international law most relevant to the planning and conduct of military operations. It covers a wide scope of military operations, ranging from operations conducted under UN Security Council mandate to (collective) self-defence and consensual and humanitarian operations and identifies the relevant legal bases and applicable legal regimes governing the application of force and treatment of persons during such operations. It also devotes attention to the law governing the status of forces, military use of the sea and airspace and questions of international (criminal) responsibility for breaches of international law. New developments such as cyber warfare and controversial aspects of law in relation to contemporary operations, such as targeted killing of specific individuals are discussed and analysed, alongside recent developments in more traditional types of operations, such as peacekeeping and naval operations. The book is aimed at policy officials, commanders and their (military) legal advisors who are involved with the planning and conduct of any type of military operation and is intended to complement national and international policy and legal guidelines and assist in identifying and applying the law to ensure legitimacy and contribute to mission accomplishment. It likewise fulfils a need in pertinent international organizations, such as the UN, NATO, Regional Organizations, and NGOs. It also serves as a comprehensive work of reference to academics and is suitable for courses at military staff colleges, academies and universities, which devote attention to one or more aspects of international law treated in the book. This mix of intended users is reflected in the contributors who include senior (former) policy officials and (military) legal advisors, alongside academics engaged in teaching and research in these areas of international law.



Inside Cyber Warfare

Inside Cyber Warfare Author Jeffrey Carr
ISBN-10 9781449325459
Release 2011-12-09
Pages 318
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When the Stuxnet computer worm damaged the Iranian nuclear program in 2010, the public got a small glimpse into modern cyber warfare—without truly realizing the scope of this global conflict. Inside Cyber Warfare provides fascinating and disturbing details on how nations, groups, and individuals throughout the world increasingly rely on Internet attacks to gain military, political, and economic advantages over their adversaries. This updated second edition takes a detailed look at the complex domain of cyberspace, and the players and strategies involved. You’ll discover how sophisticated hackers working on behalf of states or organized crime patiently play a high-stakes game that could target anyone, regardless of affiliation or nationality. Discover how Russian investment in social networks benefits the Kremlin Learn the role of social networks in fomenting revolution in the Middle East and Northern Africa Explore the rise of anarchist groups such as Anonymous and LulzSec Look inside cyber warfare capabilities of nations including China and Israel Understand how the U.S. can legally engage in covert cyber operations Learn how the Intellectual Property war has become the primary focus of state-sponsored cyber operations Jeffrey Carr, the founder and CEO of Taia Global, Inc., is a cyber intelligence expert and consultant who specializes in the investigation of cyber attacks against governments and infrastructures by state and non-state hackers.



Striking Power

Striking Power Author Jeremy Rabkin
ISBN-10 9781594038884
Release 2017-09-12
Pages 304
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Threats to international peace and security include the proliferation of weapons of mass destructions, rogue nations, and international terrorism. The United States must respond to these challenges to its national security and to world stability by embracing new military technologies such as drones, autonomous robots, and cyber weapons. These weapons can provide more precise, less destructive means to coerce opponents to stop WMD proliferation, clamp down on terrorism, or end humanitarian disasters. Efforts to constrain new military technologies are not only doomed, but dangerous. Most weapons in themselves are not good or evil; their morality turns on the motives and purposes for the war itself. These new weapons can send a strong message without cause death or severe personal injury, and as a result can make war less, rather than more, destructive.



Cyber Warfare and the Laws of War

Cyber Warfare and the Laws of War Author Heather Harrison Dinniss
ISBN-10 9781107011083
Release 2012-07-19
Pages 331
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An analysis of the status of computer network attacks in international law.



War

 War Author Shane Harris
ISBN-10 9780544251793
Release 2014
Pages 263
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An investigation into how the Pentagon, NSA, and other government agencies are uniting with corporations to fight in cyberspace, the next great theater of war.



Extraterritorial Use of Force Against Non State Actors

Extraterritorial Use of Force Against Non State Actors Author Noam Lubell
ISBN-10 9780199584840
Release 2010-05-27
Pages 288
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This book examines the legality of the use of force by states against individuals and non-state groups located beyond its borders, in light of applicable international law. The issues discussed include force used in the 'war on terror', pre-emptive self defence, and targeted killings of individuals.



Collective Security

Collective Security Author Nicholas Tsagourias
ISBN-10 9781107015401
Release 2013-10-31
Pages 518
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A systematic analysis and assessment of the institutional, operational, legal and accountability parameters of the United Nations collective security system.