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Deflating Existential Consequence

Deflating Existential Consequence Author Jody Azzouni
ISBN-10 0198036248
Release 2004-01-08
Pages 256
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If we must take mathematical statements to be true, must we also believe in the existence of abstracta eternal invisible mathematical objects accessible only by the power of pure thought? Jody Azzouni says no, and he claims that the way to escape such commitments is to accept (as an essential part of scientific doctrine) true statements which are about objects that don't exist in any sense at all. Azzouni illustrates what the metaphysical landscape looks like once we avoid a militant Realism which forces our commitment to anything that our theories quantify. Escaping metaphysical straitjackets (such as the correspondence theory of truth), while retaining the insight that some truths are about objects that do exist, Azzouni says that we can sort scientifically-given objects into two categories: ones which exist, and to which we forge instrumental access in order to learn their properties, and ones which do not, that is, which are made up in exactly the same sense that fictional objects are. He offers as a case study a small portion of Newtonian physics, and one result of his classification of its ontological commitments, is that it does not commit us to absolute space and time.



Philosophy of Mathematics Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Philosophy of Mathematics  Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide Author Oxford University Press
ISBN-10 0199808937
Release 2010-06-01
Pages 26
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This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of social work find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Philosophy, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study Philosophy. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.oxfordbibligraphies.com.



The Indispensability of Mathematics

The Indispensability of Mathematics Author Mark Colyvan
ISBN-10 0198031440
Release 2001-03-22
Pages 192
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The Quine-Putnam indispensability argument in the philosophy of mathematics urges us to place mathematical entities on the same ontological footing as other theoretical entities essential to our best scientific theories. Recently, the argument has come under serious scrutiny, with many influential philosophers unconvinced of its cogency. This book not only outlines the indispensability argument in considerable detail but also defends it against various challenges.



Properties Powers and Structures

Properties  Powers and Structures Author Alexander Bird
ISBN-10 9781136345715
Release 2013-03-01
Pages 280
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While the phrase "metaphysics of science" has been used from time to time, it has only recently begun to denote a specific research area where metaphysics meets philosophy of science—and the sciences themselves. The essays in this volume demonstrate that metaphysics of science is an innovative field of research in its own right. The principle areas covered are: The modal metaphysics of properties: What is the essential nature of natural properties? Are all properties essentially categorical? Are they all essentially dispositions, or are some categorical and others dispositional? Realism in mathematics and its relation to science: What does a naturalistic commitment of scientific realism tell us about our commitments to mathematical entities? Can this question be framed in something other than a Quinean philosophy? Dispositions and their relation to causation: Can we generate an account of causation that takes dispositionality as fundamental? And if we take dispositions as fundamental (and hence not having a categorical causal basis), what is the ontological ground of dispositions? Pandispositionalism: Could all properties be dispositional in nature? Natural kinds: Are there natural kinds, and if so what account of their nature should we give? For example, do they have essences? Here we consider how these issues may be illuminated by considering examples from reals science, in particular biochemistry and neurobiology.



A Companion to Relativism

A Companion to Relativism Author Steven D. Hales
ISBN-10 1444392484
Release 2011-03-21
Pages 648
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A Companion to Relativism presents original contributions from leading scholars that address the latest thinking on the role of relativism in the philosophy of language, epistemology, ethics, philosophy of science, logic, and metaphysics. Features original contributions from many of the leading figures working on various aspects of relativism Presents a substantial, broad range of current thinking about relativism Addresses relativism from many of the major subfields of philosophy, including philosophy of language, epistemology, ethics, philosophy of science, logic, and metaphysics



Metaphysical Grounding

Metaphysical Grounding Author Fabrice Correia
ISBN-10 9781107022898
Release 2012-10-04
Pages 311
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This anthology systematically investigates philosophical ideas about priority, and comprises original contributions on particular questions about priority and an introduction which provides a broader survey of the debate, addressing its history as well as its central systematic aspects. Of interest to students and scholars of metaphysics.



Dummett on Abstract Objects

Dummett on Abstract Objects Author G. Duke
ISBN-10 9780230378438
Release 2012-03-20
Pages 212
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This historically-informed critical assessment of Dummett's account of abstract objects, examines in detail some of the Fregean presuppositions of Dummett's account whilst also engaging with phenomenological approaches and recent work on the problem of abstract entities.



Metaphysical Myths Mathematical Practice

Metaphysical Myths  Mathematical Practice Author Jody Azzouni
ISBN-10 0521442230
Release 1994-02-25
Pages 249
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Jody Azzouni argues in this original and exciting study that mathematical knowledge really is a special kind of knowledge with its own special means of gathering evidence. He analyzes the linguistic pitfalls and misperceptions philosophers in this field are often prone to, and explores the misapplications of epistemic principles from the empirical sciences to the exact sciences. What emerges is a picture of mathematics both sensitive to mathematical practice, and to the ontological and epistemological issues that concern philosophers.



Ontology Without Borders

Ontology Without Borders Author Jody Azzouni
ISBN-10 9780190622572
Release 2017-07-20
Pages 320
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Our experience of objects (and consequently our theorizing about them) is very rich. We perceive objects as possessing individuation conditions. They appear to have boundaries in space and time, for example, and they appear to move independently of a background of other objects or a landscape. In Ontology Without Boundaries Jody Azzouni undertakes an analysis of our concept of object, and shows what about that notion is truly due to the world and what about it is a projection onto the world of our senses and thinking. Location and individuation conditions are our product: there is no echo of them in the world. Features, the ways that objects seem to be, aren't projections. Azzouni shows how the resulting austere metaphysics tames a host of ancient philosophical problems about constitution ("Ship of Theseus," "Sorities"), as well as contemporary puzzles about reductionism. In addition, it's shown that the same sorts of individuation conditions for properties, which philosophers use to distinguish between various kinds of odd abstracta-universals, tropes, and so on, are also projections. Accompanying our notion of an object is a background logic that makes cogent ontological debate about anything from Platonic objects to Bigfoot. Contemporary views about this background logic ("quantifier variance") make ontological debate incoherent. Azzouni shows how a neutral interpretation of quantifiers and quantifier domains makes sense of both philosophical and pre-philosophical ontological debates. Azzouni also shows how the same apparatus makes sense of our speaking about a host of items--Mickey Mouse, unicorns, Martians--that nearly all of us deny exist. It's allowed by what Azzouni shows about the background logic of our ontological debates, as well as the semantics of the language of those debates that we can disagree over the existence of things, like unicorns, without that background logic and semantics forcing ontological commitments onto speakers that they don't have.



The Bulletin of Symbolic Logic

The Bulletin of Symbolic Logic Author
ISBN-10 UVA:X030341139
Release 2004
Pages
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The Bulletin of Symbolic Logic has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The Bulletin of Symbolic Logic also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The Bulletin of Symbolic Logic book for free.



Oxford Studies in Metaphysics

Oxford Studies in Metaphysics Author Dean Zimmerman
ISBN-10 0199542996
Release 2008-05-22
Pages 334
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Oxford Studies in Metaphysics is the forum for the best new work in this flourishing field. A special feature of this volume is an unpublished paper on nominalism by W. V. Quine, arguably the most influential figure in philosophy in the second half of the twentieth century. It is accompanied by five specially commissioned commentaries.



The Harvard Review of Philosophy

The Harvard Review of Philosophy Author
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105122322774
Release 2005
Pages
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The Harvard Review of Philosophy has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The Harvard Review of Philosophy also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The Harvard Review of Philosophy book for free.



Mathematical Reviews

Mathematical Reviews Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015062317246
Release 2005-06
Pages
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Mathematical Reviews has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Mathematical Reviews also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Mathematical Reviews book for free.



Manuscrito

Manuscrito Author
ISBN-10 UCLA:L0100641505
Release 2008
Pages
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Manuscrito has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Manuscrito also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Manuscrito book for free.



Principia

Principia Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015046402668
Release 2003
Pages
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Principia has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Principia also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Principia book for free.



Logic and Knowledge

Logic and Knowledge Author Carlo Cellucci
ISBN-10 UCLA:L0104284294
Release 2011
Pages 447
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The problematic relation between logic and knowledge has given rise to some of the most important works in the history of philosophy, from Books VIVII of Platos Republic and Aristotles Prior and Posterior Analytics, to Kants Critique of Pure Reason and Mills A System of Logic, Ratiocinative and Inductive. It provides the title of an important collection of papers by Bertrand Russell (Logic and Knowledge. Essays, 19011950). However, it has remained an underdeveloped theme in the last century, because logic has been treated as separate from knowledge. This book does not hope to make up for a century-long absence of discussion. Rather, its ambition is to call attention to the theme and stimulating renewed reflection upon it. The book collects essays of leading figures in the field and it addresses the theme as a topic of current debate, or as a historical case study, or when appropriate as both. Each essay is followed by the comments of a younger discussant, in an attempt to transform what might otherwise appear as a monologue into an ongoing dialogue; each section begins with an historical essay and ends with an essay by one of the editors.



Talking About Nothing

Talking About Nothing Author Jody Azzouni
ISBN-10 9780199780433
Release 2010-09-30
Pages 288
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This book reconfigures metaphysics (and the role of metaphysics in semantics) in radical ways that allow the accommodation of our ordinary ways of speaking of what does not exist while retaining the absolutely crucial presupposition that such objects exist in no way at all, have no properties, and so are not the truth-makers for the truths and falsities that are about them.