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Demographic Methods

Demographic Methods Author Andrew Hinde
ISBN-10 9781444165661
Release 2014-05-12
Pages 305
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First published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.



Essential Demographic Methods

Essential Demographic Methods Author Kenneth W. Wachter
ISBN-10 9780674045576
Release 2014-06-23
Pages 288
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Classroom-tested over many years and filled with fresh examples, Essential Demographic Methods is tailored to beginners, advanced students, and researchers. Award-winning teacher and eminent demographer Kenneth Wachter draws on themes from the individual lifecourse, history, and global change to bring out the wider appeal of demography.



History in Practice

History in Practice Author Ludmilla Jordanova
ISBN-10 9781472503558
Release 2019-03-07
Pages 240
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History in Practice explores the discipline's breadth, its complexities and the tasks it takes on. This study by one of the liveliest and most acute practitioners in the field demystifies what historians do. It looks at history as an academic discipline but also engages with the extensive and sometimes troubling uses of historical ideas in the wider world. Historical work has public consequences and draws considerable energy from contemporary preoccupations. For this new edition of her respected and widely used book, Ludmilla Jordanova has revised the text and added a new chapter that explores the role of digital technology in historical practice. She pays attention both to recent trends in the discipline and to its basic characteristics. This book is essential reading for all students seeking an understanding of history as a discipline.



Methods and Models in Demography

Methods and Models in Demography Author Colin Newell
ISBN-10 0898624517
Release 1990-06-01
Pages 217
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This volume clearly outlines the methods used to study population structure and change by presenting the major descriptive and analytical models developed by demographers to investigate the interrelationships between fertility, age, structure, and mortality. With illustrations, tables, and data drawn from a wide range of countries in both the developed and developing world, Methods and Models in Demography explicates the potential uses and limitations of the current models for population analysis, estimation, and forecasting. Its broad yet in-depth approach to this field of wide-spread concern makes Methods and Models in Demography an invaluable resource for researchers and social planners. The book's clear writing, step-by-step format, numerous case examples, and exercises (complete with answers), make it an exemplary classroom text for any population-related course.



Genetic Predisposition to Cancer 2Ed

Genetic Predisposition to Cancer  2Ed Author Ros Eng
ISBN-10 9780340762547
Release 2004-08-27
Pages 466
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Over the last 20 years it has become increasingly apparent that the occurrence of many cancers can have an inherited basis. This book examines the principles underlying genetic predisposition to cancer and will be relevant to practising oncologists, geneticists and other professionals interested in this rapidly expanding field. Coverage is comprehensive, taking the reader from an introduction to genetic predisposition, through a discussion of the molecular biology and statistical techniques involved in the identification and characterisation of predisposition genes, to a consideration of heritable cancer syndromes, and encompasses both rare and common cancers. The text also features a discussion of cancer risk assessment, genetic counselling issues, genetic screening and cancer management options, and a consideration of the associated ethical and psychological issues. Building on the reputation of the previous edition, and to reflect the rapid advances in the field since its publication, the contents of the second edition have been thoroughly updated and include discussion of many newly identified cancer genes. In particular, the book features new chapters added on the biological basis of cancer predisposition, population-based studies of susceptibility, and evaluation of management strategies for individuals at increased cancer risk.



Wiltshire Marriage Patterns 1754 1914

Wiltshire Marriage Patterns 1754 1914 Author Cathy Day
ISBN-10 9781443867924
Release 2014-09-26
Pages 270
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This is the first study to use pedigrees of a mainstream English population to determine cousin marriage rates amongst ordinary labourers, tradesmen and farmers, and to demonstrate the association between cousin marriage, occupation, religious affiliation, geographical mobility and illegitimate reproductive experience. Using birthplace rather than place of residence, it shows the geographical source of spouses, their parents and grandparents. The marriage prospects of parents of illegitimate children and the children themselves are described, along with the association between being the mother of an illegitimate child and both low geographical mobility and high rates of cousin marriage.



Demographic Methods and Concepts

Demographic Methods and Concepts Author Donald T. Rowland
ISBN-10 0198752636
Release 2003-04-17
Pages 546
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Makes accessible the most commonly needed techniques for working with population statistics. Includes concepts and practical strategies needed in the interpretation of demographic indices and data . Spreadsheet training exercises enable students to acquire the computer skills needed for demographic work.



                                             Author 和田 光平
ISBN-10 9784274217166
Release 2015-03-26
Pages 192
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難解な人口統計学の醍醐味を味わえる! 人口を研究対象として接近するときの分析ツールは共通しています。それは形式人口学であり、人口統計学に相当するという意味で、人口学を研究する人を対象としたのが本書です。 時間の連続概念の数学的な理論展開と、時間が離散的に実測される統計制約との間で生じる不調和的な関係をできる限り解決できるように解説しています。 また、実際の計算の数値例として表を掲載し、計算式を記述していくので、Excelなどの表計算ソフトで利用して計算することも可能です。 目次 はじめに 第1章 人口統計学の基礎理論 1.1 人口と人口学 1.1.1 人口の定義と人口学の構成 1.1.2 人口の成長と構造 1.1.3 人口方程式 1.2 人口動態事象の発生率と発生確率 1.2.1 静態と動態 1.2.2 期間と発生率 1.2.3 延べ人年 1.2.4 コーホートと発生確率 1.3 人口統計学の観察原理 1.3.1 レキシス図と3 つの観察原理 1.3.2 満年齢と連続年齢 1.3.3 発生率と発生確率 1.3.4 レキシス図と生命線 1.3.5 死亡確率と要因分解 1.3.6 離散的な死亡確率 1.3.7 空間幾何学的図法 1.4 コーホート分析 1.4.1 コーホート表と3 つの効果 1.4.2 コーホート分析 1.4.3 識別問題 第2章 人口の構造理論 2.1 年齢別期間率と年齢構造の関係 2.2 年齢標準化 2.2.1 標準化とその応用 2.2.2 標準人口 2.2.3 間接標準化法 2.3 要因分解 2.3.1 死亡率の要因分解 第3章 人口の成長理論 3.1 人口増加と増加率 3.1.1 増加率 3.1.2 増加率と期間普通率 3.1.3 線形の年平均人口増加率 3.1.4 離散的年平均人口増加率 3.1.5 連続的年平均人口増加率 3.1.6 離散的年平均増加率と連続的年平均増加率との関係 3.1.7 増加率と期間との関係 3.2 ロジスティック関数 第4章 出生の理論 4.1 出生と出生力の概念 4.1.1 普通出生率 4.1.2 総出生率 4.1.3 年齢別出生率と年齢標準化普通出生率 4.2 期間合計特殊出生率 4.2.1 合計特殊出生率の意味 4.2.2 パリティ拡大率 4.2.3 有配偶出生率 4.3 コーホート合計特殊出生率 4.3.1 コーホートの年齢別出生率 4.3.2 期間とコーホート 4.4 タイミング効果とカンタム効果の空間図法による考察 4.4.1 タイミング効果 4.4.2 カンタム効果 第5章 死亡と生命表の理論 5.1 生命表関数 5.1.1 生存率 5.1.2 死亡確率 5.2 生命表の連続的関数 5.2.1 死力 5.2.2 連続的な生存確率と死亡確率 5.2.3 生存延べ人年と平均余命 5.2.4 期間死亡率と死亡確率との関係 5.2.5 死亡年齢区間生存期間割合と死力との関係 5.3 期間生命表関数の推定 5.3.1 死亡年齢区間生存期間割合の推定 5.3.2 グレビルの方法 5.3.3 キーフィッツ‐フラウエンタールの方法 5.3.4 モデル生命表による推定 5.4 高年齢生存数の補整 5.4.1 ゴンパーツ関数 5.4.2 ゴンパーツ‐メイカム関数 5.5 多重減少生命表 5.5.1 多重減少表の関数 5.5.2 特定要因を除去したときの死亡確率 5.5.3 特定要因を除去したときの生命表 5.5.4 人口静態統計における単要因減少表 第6章 人口再生産理論 6.1 再生産率 6.1.1 粗再生産率 6.1.2 純再生産率 6.2 人口置換水準 6.2.1 出生性比 6.2.2 置換水準 第7章 安定人口理論 7.1 ロトカの命題と安定人口 7.1.1 ロトカの命題 7.1.2 安定人口の年齢構造係数 7.1.3 ロトカの人口学的関数(単性人口) 7.1.4 ロトカの人口学的関数(両性人口) 7.2 ロトカの現代的表現 7.2.1 ロトカの積分方程式 7.3 パラメータの推定 7.3.1 安定人口自然増加率の決定 7.3.2 平均世代間隔 7.4 安定同値人口 7.4.1 推計への応用 7.5 プレストン・コールシステム 7.5.1 成長率と生残率の離散的関係 7.5.2 成長率と生残率の連続的関係 7.5.3 間接推定法 7.5.4 ロジット変換による間接推定 7.5.5 年齢別出生率が安定人口年齢構造に及ぼす効果 7.5.6 人口成長のモーメント 第8章 人口推計の理論 8.1 推計の過程 8.1.1 人口推計の考え方 8.1.2 人口推計と人口予測 8.1.3 推計資料 8.1.4 仮定値と推計結果 8.1.5 人口成長の基本 8.2 コーホート法による推計 8.2.1 コーホート要因法の計算システム 8.2.2 生残率法による女子人口の推移 8.2.3 生残率法による出生数 8.2.4 翌年の0 歳人口への推移 8.2.5 男子人口の推移 8.2.6 流出と流入の推定方法 8.2.7 純移動を考慮した年齢別人口の推移 8.2.8 行列形式による人口推計 8.2.9 両性モデルならびに人口移動の調整 第9章 死亡率の推計 9.1 リレーショナルモデル 9.1.1 古典的な方法 9.1.2 リレーショナルモデル 9.1.3 ブラスモデルの評価と拡張ブラスモデル 9.2 リー・カーターモデル 9.2.1 モデルの基本 9.2.2 矩形化と高年齢シフトへの対応 9.2.3 死亡率推計への応用 第10章 出生率等の推計 10.1 出生率推計の考え方 10.1.1 コーホートによる推計 10.2 コール・マクニールモデル 10.2.1 モデルの基本 10.2.2 パラメータの推定 10.3 その他の推計 10.3.1 国際人口移動の推計 10.3.2 出生性比の推計 引用文献 索引



Demography in Archaeology

Demography in Archaeology Author Andrew T. Chamberlain
ISBN-10 9781139455343
Release 2006-07-06
Pages
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Demography in Archaeology, first published in 2006, is a review of current theory and method in the reconstruction of populations from archaeological data. Starting with a summary of demographic concepts and methods, the book examines historical and ethnographic sources of demographic evidence before addressing the methods by which reliable demographic estimates can be made from skeletal remains, settlement evidence and modern and ancient biomolecules. Recent debates in palaeodemography are evaluated, new statistical methods for palaeodemographic reconstruction are explained, and the notion that past demographic structures and processes were substantially different from those pertaining today is critiqued. The book covers a wide span of evidence, from the evolutionary background of human demography to the influence of natural and human-induced catastrophes on population growth and survival. This is essential reading for any archaeologist or anthropologist with an interest in relating the results of field and laboratory studies to broader questions of population structure and dynamics.



Research Methods and Statistics in Psychology

Research Methods and Statistics in Psychology Author Hugh Coolican
ISBN-10 9781444170122
Release 2017-08-16
Pages 774
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This sixth edition of Research Methods and Statistics in Psychology has been fully revised and updated, providing students with the most readable and comprehensive survey of research methods, statistical concepts and procedures in psychology today. Assuming no prior knowledge, this bestselling text takes you through every stage of your research project giving advice on planning and conducting studies, analysing data and writing up reports. The book provides clear coverage of statistical procedures, and includes everything needed from nominal level tests to multi-factorial ANOVA designs, multiple regression and log linear analysis. It features detailed and illustrated SPSS instructions for all these procedures eliminating the need for an extra SPSS textbook. New features in the sixth edition include: "Tricky bits" - in-depth notes on the things that students typically have problems with, including common misunderstandings and likely mistakes. Improved coverage of qualitative methods and analysis, plus updates to Grounded Theory, Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis and Discourse Analysis. A full and recently published journal article using Thematic Analysis, illustrating how articles appear in print. Discussion of contemporary issues and debates, including recent coverage of journals’ reluctance to publish replication of studies. Fully updated online links, offering even more information and useful resources, especially for statistics. Each chapter contains a glossary, key terms and newly integrated exercises, ensuring that key concepts are understood. A companion website (www.routledge.com/cw/coolican) provides additional exercises, revision flash cards, links to further reading and data for use with SPSS.



Handbook of Archaeological Methods

Handbook of Archaeological Methods Author Herbert D. G. Maschner
ISBN-10 0759100780
Release 2005-01-01
Pages 1469
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The Handbook of Archaeological Methods comprises 37 articles by leading archaeologists on the key methods used by archaeologists in the field, in analysis, in theory building, and in managing cultural resources. The book is destined to become the key reference work for archaeologists and their advanced students on contemporary archaeological methods.



The Media Book

The Media Book Author Chris Newbold
ISBN-10 0340740477
Release 2002
Pages 445
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The Media Book provides today's students with a comprehensive foundation for the study of the modern media. It has been systematically compiled to map the field in a way which corresponds to the curricular organization of the field around the globe, providing a complete resource for students in their third year to graduate level courses in the U.S.



Final Solution

 Final Solution Author Götz Aly
ISBN-10 0340677570
Release 1999
Pages 305
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Making extensive use of archives, Aly provides a detailed reconstruction of the Final Solution. He illustrated the lunacy of Nazi race policy and the variety of agencies that went into the gradual shaping of a policy of all-out genocide.



Making History Count

Making History Count Author Charles H. Feinstein
ISBN-10 0521001374
Release 2002-08-29
Pages 547
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Authoritative guide to using quantitative methods in history; clearly illustrated and accompanied by website material.



Critical Companion to the Russian Revolution 1914 1921

Critical Companion to the Russian Revolution  1914 1921 Author Edward Acton
ISBN-10 0253333334
Release 1997-01-01
Pages 782
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Essays by 46 historians reflect the impact of the fall of the Soviet Union on the study of the revolution that birthed it, including better access to archives and new opportunities for collaborations between Russian and other specialists. They cover the revolution as event; actors and the question of agency; parties, movements, and ideologies; institutions and institutional cultures; social groups, identities, cultures, and the question of consciousness; economic issues and problems of everyday life; and nationality and regional questions. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR



Demography

Demography Author Sarah Harper
ISBN-10 9780198725732
Release 2018-05-22
Pages 144
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The generation into which each person is born, the demographic composition of that cohort, and its relation to those born at the same time in other places influences not only a person's life chances, but also the economic and political structures within which that life is lived; the person's access to social and natural resources (food, water, education, jobs, sexual partners); and even the length of that person's life. Demography, literally the study of people, addresses the size, distribution, composition, and density of populations, and considers the impact the drivers which mediate these will have on both individual lives and the changing structure of human populations. This Very Short Introduction considers the way in which the global population has evolved over time and space. Sarah Harper discusses the theorists, theories, and methods involved in studying population trends and movements. She then looks at the emergence of new demographic sub-disciplines and addresses some of the future population challenges of the 21st century. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.



An Introduction to Functional Grammar

An Introduction to Functional Grammar Author Michael Halliday
ISBN-10 9781444119084
Release 2014-02-04
Pages 480
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This third edition of An Introduction to Functional Grammar has been extensively revised. While retaining the organization and coverage of the earlier editions, it incorporates a considerable amount of new material.