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Deterrence and First strike Stability in Space

Deterrence and First strike Stability in Space Author Forrest E. Morgan
ISBN-10 0833049135
Release 2010
Pages 59
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Space stability is a fundamental U.S. national security interest. Unfortunately, that stability may be eroding. Potential enemies understand the high degree to which space systems enhance U.S. conventional warfighting capabilities, and a growing number of them are acquiring the ability to degrade or destroy those systems. However, the risk is not the same for all space systems in all types of crises or at all levels of war. Some systems are more vulnerable than others, and different types of attacks offer different cost-benefit payoffs to attackers. Therefore, each space system has a different threshold at which efforts to deter attacks on it could fail. The United States can raise the thresholds of deterrence failure in crises and at some levels of limited war by implementing a coordinated national space deterrence strategy designed to operate on both sides of a potential adversary's cost-benefit decision calculus simultaneously. This strategy should begin with a national space policy that declares thatthe United States will punish space aggressors in ways, times, and places of its choosing. The United States should also take steps to reduce the benefits an enemy might expect to gain in attacking U.S. space systems. Future research will determine the most effective and affordable mix of strategies, policies, and systems for strengthening space deterrence.



Nuclear Deterrence in the 21st Century

Nuclear Deterrence in the 21st Century Author Thérèse Delpech
ISBN-10 9780833059444
Release 2012-03-28
Pages 196
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Deterrence remains a primary doctrine for dealing with the threat of nuclear weapons in the 21st century. The author reviews the history of nuclear deterrence and calls for a renewed intellectual effort to address the relevance of concepts such as first strike, escalation, extended deterrence, and other Cold War-era strategies in today's complex world of additional superpowers, smaller nuclear powers, and nonstate actors.



The U S China Military Scorecard

The U S  China Military Scorecard Author Eric Heginbotham
ISBN-10 9780833082190
Release 2015-09-14
Pages 430
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A RAND study analyzed trends in the development of Chinese and U.S. military capabilities in two scenarios (centered on Taiwan and the Spratly Islands) and multiple types of operations from 1996 to 2017.



The Law of War

The Law of War Author Em Prof Ingrid Detter
ISBN-10 9781409464976
Release 2013-07-28
Pages 566
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The third edition of Ingrid Detter's authoritative work explores the changing legal context of modern warfare in light of events over the last decade. The new edition covers post 9/11 events and the resulting changes in the ethos of war. It analyses the role of military companies sometimes authorised by States to act in war-like situations and examines what their legitimacy means for international society. The edition also discusses certain ‘intrinsic’ rules such as rules giving individuals the right to be spared genocide, torture, slavery and apartheid and assure them basic democratic rights.



The Law of War

The Law of War Author Ingrid Detter
ISBN-10 9781317026075
Release 2016-03-03
Pages 568
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The third edition of Ingrid Detter's authoritative work explores the changing legal context of modern warfare in light of events over the last decade. Ingrid Detter reviews the status of non-State actors, as individuals and groups become more prominent in international society. Covering post 9/11 events and the resulting changes in the ethos of war, the author analyses the role of military companies and examines what their legitimacy means for international society. The edition also discusses certain ’intrinsic’ rules in the Law of War, such as rules giving individuals the right to be spared genocide, torture, slavery and apartheid and assure them basic democratic rights. The author questions the right of ’illegal’ combatants to be treated as prisoners of war and suggests that a minimum standard must be afforded to all, whether captured dictators or detainees suspected of terrorism. In the modern world, the individual (the soldier, the civilian, the dictator, the terrorist or the pirate) can no longer behave as they wish. Further new topics include 'target killings', the ’right to protect’ (’R2P’, - claimed to be a new form of intervention), the use of unregulated weapons such as drones and robots, the war scenario in Outer Space and cyber crimes. There is also a discussion of new developments in the field of war crimes including severe criticism of the novel concept 'joint criminal enterprise' (JCE), which, in the opinion of the author, undermines the Rule of Law. This updated and expanded edition will be of use to statesmen, scholars and students of international relations and international law.



Space Weapons Earth Wars

Space Weapons Earth Wars Author Robert Preston
ISBN-10 9780833032522
Release 2002-02-13
Pages 228
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This overview aims to inform the public discussion of space-based weapons by examining their characteristics, potential attributes, limitations, legality, and utility. The authors do not argue for or against space weapons, nor do they estimate the potential costs and performance of specific programs, but instead sort through the realities and myths surrounding space weapons in order to ensure that debates and discussions are based on fact.



Iran s Nuclear Future

Iran s Nuclear Future Author Lynn Etheridge Davis
ISBN-10 9780833053084
Release 2011
Pages 153
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As Irans nuclear program evolves, U.S. decisionmakers will confront a series of critical policy choices involving complex considerations and trade-offs. The U.S. Air Force will need to prepare to carry out whatever policies are chosen.



The Future of the U S Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Force

The Future of the U S  Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Force Author Lauren Caston
ISBN-10 9780833076236
Release 2014-02-04
Pages 184
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Assesses alternatives for a next-generation intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) across a broad set of potential characteristics and situations and weighs them against the costs of those alternatives.



Crisis and Escalation in Cyberspace

Crisis and Escalation in Cyberspace Author Martin C. Libicki
ISBN-10 9780833076793
Release 2012
Pages 199
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"The chances are growing that the United States will find itself in a crisis in cyberspace, with the escalation of tensions associated with a major cyberattack, suspicions that one has taken place, or fears that it might do so soon. The genesis for this work was the broader issue of how the Air Force should integrate kinetic and nonkinetic operations. Central to this process was careful consideration of how escalation options and risks should be treated, which, in turn, demanded a broader consideration across the entire crisis-management spectrum. Such crises can be managed by taking steps to reduce the incentives for other states to step into crisis, by controlling the narrative, understanding the stability parameters of the crises, and trying to manage escalation if conflicts arise from crises."--P. [4] of cover.



A New Division of Labor

A New Division of Labor Author Andrew R. Hoehn
ISBN-10 9780833039620
Release 2007
Pages 112
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A new U.S. grand strategy has been emerging, one that requires not only resources but patience and commitment: the promotion of democracy and freedom abroad. The U.S. armed forces will continue to be among the myriad contributors necessary to achieve this goal. In the face of increasing complexity, changing tactics, and tight budgets, the defense establishment will need to change in multiple ways, yet must also not risk its historic strengths. This volume draws together and integrates insights derived from a wide range of research efforts undertaken at RAND over the past few years. Some of the observations include different ways to organize and employ forces and to divide labor among them, updated insights about the natures of likely future conflicts, the need to further improve information resources, and the value of fostering partnerships among the services and with allies. The authors also offer specific recommendations, such as a recommendation to the Air force to reevaluate its concepts for large-scale power projection.



Chinese Responses to U S Military Transformation and Implications for the Department of Defense

Chinese Responses to U S  Military Transformation and Implications for the Department of Defense Author James C. Mulvenon
ISBN-10 9780833040817
Release 2006-04-05
Pages 186
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For the past decade, Chinese military strategists have keenly observed the changes in U.S. national strategy and military transformation. This report examines the constraints, facilitators, and potential options for Chinese responses to U.S. transformation efforts and offers possible U.S. counterresponses (particularly in light of whether Taiwan moves toward or away from formal independence).



National Security Space Launch Report

National Security Space Launch Report Author Forrest McCartney
ISBN-10 9780833039590
Release 2006
Pages 82
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In 1994, the National Space Transportation Policy laid the framework for appropriate government agencies to maintain strong launch systems and infrastructure while modernizing space transportation capabilities and encouraging cost reductions. More than a decade later, through combined Department of Defense (DoD) and industrial investment, the two Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV) families of U.S. rockets (Atlas V and Delta IV) have proved to be maturing, reliable state-of-the-art technologies. In 2004, Congress directed the Secretary of Defense to establish a panel of experts with extensive space launch and operations background to address the future National Security Space launch requirements and the means of meeting those requirements. DoD selected RAND to facilitate and support this panel in its deliberations between May 2005 and May 2006. This report analyzes the National Security Space (NSS) Launch Requirements Panel's major findings and recommendations. In short, the Panel concludes that, because basic rocketry principles, use of chemically derived thrust, and multiple expendable stages seem certain to remain the design of choice for operational space launch vehicles, the EELV can satisfy all known and projected NSS requirements through 2020.



Improving the Cost Estimation of Space Systems

Improving the Cost Estimation of Space Systems Author
ISBN-10 0833044605
Release 2008
Pages 211
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Why have the costs of acquiring space systems been so high? What are the sources of the problems? To answer these questions, RAND undertook an extensive study of two space systems--the Space Based Infrared System-High (SBIRS) and the Global Positioning System (GPS).



Strategic Stability Contending Interpretations Enlarged Edition

Strategic Stability  Contending Interpretations  Enlarged Edition Author Elbridge A. Colby
ISBN-10 9781304049520
Release
Pages
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Strategic Stability Contending Interpretations Enlarged Edition has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Strategic Stability Contending Interpretations Enlarged Edition also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Strategic Stability Contending Interpretations Enlarged Edition book for free.



The New Counterinsurgency Era

The New Counterinsurgency Era Author David H. Ucko
ISBN-10 9781589017283
Release 2009-07-02
Pages 272
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Confronting insurgent violence in Iraq and Afghanistan, the U.S. military has recognized the need to “re-learn” counterinsurgency. But how has the Department of Defense with its mixed efforts responded to this new strategic environment? Has it learned anything from past failures? In The New Counterinsurgency Era, David Ucko examines DoD’s institutional obstacles and initially slow response to a changing strategic reality. Ucko also suggests how the military can better prepare for the unique challenges of modern warfare, where it is charged with everything from providing security to supporting reconstruction to establishing basic governance—all while stabilizing conquered territory and engaging with local populations. After briefly surveying the history of American counterinsurgency operations, Ucko focuses on measures the military has taken since 2001 to relearn old lessons about counterinsurgency, to improve its ability to conduct stability operations, to change the institutional bias against counterinsurgency, and to account for successes gained from the learning process. Given the effectiveness of insurgent tactics, the frequency of operations aimed at building local capacity, and the danger of ungoverned spaces acting as havens for hostile groups, the military must acquire new skills to confront irregular threats in future wars. Ucko clearly shows that the opportunity to come to grips with counterinsurgency is matched in magnitude only by the cost of failing to do so.



Living the Martial Way

Living the Martial Way Author Forrest E. Morgan
ISBN-10 0942637763
Release 1992-01-01
Pages 312
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A step-by-step approach to applying the Japanese warrior's mind-set to martial training and daily life. It combines a knowledge of fighting with an exploration of the culture of the warrior. Morgan carefully guides the reader from The Way of Training, through The Way of Honour to The Way of Living, constantly finding applications both inside and outside martial arts.



Moving Toward the Future of Policing

Moving Toward the Future of Policing Author Gregory F. Treverton
ISBN-10 0833053205
Release 2011-10-03
Pages 182
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Advances in technology and operating concepts are driving significant changes in the day-to-day operations of future police forces. This book explores potential visions of the future of policing, based on the drivers of jurisdiction, technology, and threat, and includes concrete steps for implementation. The analysis is based on a review of policing methods and theories from the 19th century to the present day.