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Directed Evolution of Selective Enzymes

Directed Evolution of Selective Enzymes Author Manfred T. Reetz
ISBN-10 9783527316601
Release 2016-12-19
Pages 320
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Authored by one of the world's leading organic chemists, this authoritative reference provides an overview of basic strategies in directed evolution and introduces common gene mutagenesis, screening and selection methods. Throughout the text, emphasis is placed on methodology development to maximize efficiency, reliability and speed of the experiments and to provide guidelines for efficient protein engineering. Professor Reetz highlights the application of directed evolution experiments to address limitations in the field of enzyme selectivity, substrate scope, activity and robustness. He critically reviews recent developments and case studies, takes a look at future applications in the field of organic synthesis, and concludes with lessons learned from previous experiments.



Early Drug Development

Early Drug Development Author Fabrizio Giordanetto
ISBN-10 9783527801770
Release 2018-06-15
Pages 400
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This one-stop reference systematically covers key aspects in early drug development that are directly relevant to the discovery phase and are required for first-in-human studies. Its broad scope brings together critical knowledge from many disciplines, ranging from process technology to pharmacology to intellectual property issues. After introducing the overall early development workflow, the critical steps of early drug development are described in a sequential and enabling order: the availability of the drug substance and that of the drug product, the prediction of pharmacokinetics and -dynamics, as well as that of drug safety. The final section focuses on intellectual property aspects during early clinical development. The emphasis throughout is on recent case studies to exemplify salient points, resulting in an abundance of practice-oriented information that is usually not available from other sources. Aimed at medicinal chemists in industry as well as academia, this invaluable reference enables readers to understand and navigate the challenges in developing clinical candidate molecules that can be successfully used in phase one clinical trials.



Enzyme Catalysis in Organic Synthesis

Enzyme Catalysis in Organic Synthesis Author Karlheinz Drauz
ISBN-10 9783527325474
Release 2012
Pages 1985
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Enzyme Catalysis in Organic Synthesis has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Enzyme Catalysis in Organic Synthesis also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Enzyme Catalysis in Organic Synthesis book for free.



Green Biocatalysis

Green Biocatalysis Author Ramesh N. Patel
ISBN-10 9781118822357
Release 2016-05-09
Pages 792
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Green Biocatalysis presents an exciting green technology that uses mild and safe processes with high regioselectivity and enantioselectivity. Bioprocesses are carried out under ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure in aqueous conditions that do not require any protection and deprotection steps to shorten the synthetic process, offering waste prevention and using renewable resources. Drawing on the knowledge of over 70 internationally renowned experts in the field of biotechnology, Green Biocatalysis discusses a variety of case studies with emphases on process R&D and scale-up of enzymatic processes to catalyze different types of reactions. Random and directed evolution under process conditions to generate novel highly stable and active enzymes is described at length. This book features: A comprehensive review of green bioprocesses and application of enzymes in preparation of key compounds for pharmaceutical, fine chemical, agrochemical, cosmetic, flavor, and fragrance industries using diverse enzymatic reactions Discussion of the development of efficient and stable novel biocatalysts under process conditions by random and directed evolution and their applications for the development of environmentally friendly, efficient, economical, and sustainable green processes to get desired products in high yields and enantiopurity The most recent technological advances in enzymatic and microbial transformations and cuttingedge topics such as directed evolution by gene shuffling and enzyme engineering to improve biocatalysts With over 3000 references and 800 figures, tables, equations, and drawings, Green Biocatalysis is an excellent resource for biochemists, organic chemists, medicinal chemists, chemical engineers, microbiologists, pharmaceutical chemists, and undergraduate and graduate students in the aforementioned disciplines.



Biocatalysis in the Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Industries

Biocatalysis in the Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Industries Author Ramesh N. Patel
ISBN-10 9781420019377
Release 2006-09-26
Pages 893
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Because enzyme-catalyzed reactions exhibit higher enantioselectivity, regioselectivity, substrate specificity, and stability, they require mild conditions to react while prompting higher reaction efficiency and product yields. Biocatalysis in the Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Industries examines the use of catalysts to produce fine chemicals and chiral intermediates in a variety of pharmaceutical, agrochemical, and other biotechnological applications. Written by internationally recognized scientists in biocatalysis, the authors analyze the synthesis of chiral intermediates for over 60 brand-name pharmaceuticals for a wide range of drug therapies and treatments. From starting material to product, the chapters offer detailed mechanisms that show chiral intermediates and other by-products for each reaction—including hydrolytic, acylation, halogenation, esterification, dehalogenation, oxidation-reduction, oxygenation, hydroxylation, deamination, transamination, and C–C, C–N, C–O bonds formation. Cutting-edge topics include advanced methodologies for gene shuffling and directed evolution of biocatalysts; the custom engineering of enzymes; the use of microbial cells and isolated biocatalysts; the use of renewable starting materials; and generating novel molecules by combinatorial biocatalysis and high-throughput screening. Focusing on industrial applications, the book also considers factors such as bulk processes, instrumentation, solvent selection, and techniques for catalyst immobilization, reusability, and yield optimization throughout. Biocatalysis in the Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Industries showcases the practical advantages and methodologies for using biocatalysts to develop and produce chiral pharmaceuticals and fine chemicals.



Biotechnology of Microbial Enzymes

Biotechnology of Microbial Enzymes Author Goutam Brahmachari
ISBN-10 9780128037461
Release 2016-07-21
Pages 632
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Biotechnology of Microbial Enzymes: Production, Biocatalysis and Industrial Applications provides a complete survey of the latest innovations on microbial enzymes, highlighting biotechnological advances in their production and purification along with information on successful applications as biocatalysts in several chemical and industrial processes under mild and green conditions. Applications of microbial enzymes in food, feed, and pharmaceutical industries are given particular emphasis. The application of recombinant DNA technology within industrial fermentation and the production of enzymes over the last 20 years have produced a host of useful chemical and biochemical substances. The power of these technologies results in novel transformations, better enzymes, a wide variety of applications, and the unprecedented development of biocatalysts through the ongoing integration of molecular biology methodology, all of which is covered insightfully and in-depth within the book. Features research on microbial enzymes from basic science through application in multiple industry sectors for a comprehensive approach Includes information on metabolic pathway engineering, metagenomic screening, microbial genomes, extremophiles, rational design, directed evolution, and more Provides a holistic approach to the research of microbial enzymes



Biocatalysis for the Pharmaceutical Industry

Biocatalysis for the Pharmaceutical Industry Author Junhua (Alex) Tao
ISBN-10 9780470823156
Release 2009-07-23
Pages 250
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Biocatalysis is rapidly evolving into a key technology for the discovery and production of chemicals, especially in the pharmaceutical industry, where high yielding chemo-, regio-, and enantioselective reactions are critical. Taking the latest breakthroughs in genomics and proteomics into consideration, Biocatalysis for the Pharmaceutical Industry concisely yet comprehensively discusses the modern application of biocatalysis to drug discovery, development, and manufacturing. Written by a team of leading experts, the book offers deep insight into this cutting edge field. Covers a wide range of topics in a systematic manner with an emphasis on industrial applications Provides a thorough introduction to the latest biocatalysts, modern expression hosts, state-of-the-art directed evolution, high throughput screening, and bioprocess engineering Addresses frontier subjects such as emerging enzymes, metabolite profiling, combinatorial biosynthesis, metabolic engineering, and autonomous enzymes for the synthesis and development of chiral molecules, drug metabolites, and semi-synthetic medicinal compounds and natural product analogs Highlights the impact of biocatalysis on green chemistry Contains numerous graphics to illustrate concepts and techniques Biocatalysis for the Pharmaceutical Industry is an essential resource for scientists, engineers, and R&D policy makers in the fine chemical, pharmaceutical, and biotech industries. It is also an invaluable tool for academic researchers and advanced students of organic and materials synthesis, chemical biology, and medicinal chemistry.



Advances in Catalysis

Advances in Catalysis Author
ISBN-10 0080462189
Release 2006-02-10
Pages 326
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Catalysis is the acceleration of a chemical reaction by a catalyst, a substance that notably affects the rate of a chemical reaction without itself being consumed or altered. Since 1948, Advances in Catalysis has filled the gap between the papers that report on and the textbooks that teach in the diverse areas of catalysis research. The editors of and contributors to Advances in Catalysis are dedicated to recording progress in this area. Volume 49 reviews the directed evolution of enantioselective enzymes as catalysts for organic synthesis; dendrimers in catalysis and catalysis in ionic liquids; and the optimization of alkaline earth metal oxide and hydroxide catalysts for base-catalyzed reactions. Provides a comprehensive review of all aspects of catalytic research Contains in-depth, critical, state-of-the-art reports An indispensable source for researchers in academia and industry



Asymmetric Organic Synthesis with Enzymes

Asymmetric Organic Synthesis with Enzymes Author Vicente Gotor
ISBN-10 3527318259
Release 2008-03-31
Pages 325
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Perfect for biochemists, synthetic and organic chemists, this book covers all important reactions, including C-C coupling reactions, oxidation reactions and many more. Divided into two parts, the first section on methodology presents new innovative methods for enzymatic catalysis optimization, including such new trends as medium engineering, directed evolution and computer-aided prediction of enantioselectivity. The second and main section deals with applications to synthesis, showing important reaction types and their applications. Only those reactions with very high selectivity are presented, allowing readers to improve their own reaction yields.



Directed Enzyme Evolution

Directed Enzyme Evolution Author Frances Hamilton Arnold
ISBN-10 9781592593965
Release 2003
Pages 383
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Seasoned practitioners from many leading laboratories describe their best readily reproducible screening strategies for isolating useful clones. These techniques have been optimized for sensitivity, high throughput, and robustness, and are of proven utility for directed evolution purposes. The assays presented use a variety of techniques, including genetic complementation, microtiter plates, solid-phase screens with colorimetric substrates, and flow cytometric screens. An accompanying volume, Directed Evolution Library Creation: Methods and Protocols, describes readily reproducible methods for the creation of mutated DNA molecules and DNA libraries.



Molecular Biology of the Cell

Molecular Biology of the Cell Author Bruce Alberts
ISBN-10 9781317563747
Release 2017-08-07
Pages 1464
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As the amount of information in biology expands dramatically, it becomes increasingly important for textbooks to distill the vast amount of scientific knowledge into concise principles and enduring concepts.As with previous editions, Molecular Biology of the Cell, Sixth Edition accomplishes this goal with clear writing and beautiful illustrations. The Sixth Edition has been extensively revised and updated with the latest research in the field of cell biology, and it provides an exceptional framework for teaching and learning. The entire illustration program has been greatly enhanced.Protein structures better illustrate structure–function relationships, icons are simpler and more consistent within and between chapters, and micrographs have been refreshed and updated with newer, clearer, or better images. As a new feature, each chapter now contains intriguing openended questions highlighting “What We Don’t Know,” introducing students to challenging areas of future research. Updated end-of-chapter problems reflect new research discussed in the text, and these problems have been expanded to all chapters by adding questions on developmental biology, tissues and stem cells, pathogens, and the immune system.



Biocatalysis

Biocatalysis Author W.-D. Fessner
ISBN-10 9783540681168
Release 2003-09-05
Pages 254
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Here, leading contributors from the forefront of this exciting technology present authoritative and timely reviews on the state of the art of biocatalysis. They cover the whole spectrum from the discovery of novel enzymes - by modern screening, evolutionary or immunological approaches - through immobilization techniques for technical processes, to their use in the asymmetric synthesis of important target compounds.



Future Directions in Biocatalysis

Future Directions in Biocatalysis Author Tomoko Matsuda
ISBN-10 9780444637505
Release 2017-08-11
Pages 460
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Future Directions in Biocatalysis, Second Edition, presents the future direction and latest research on how to utilize enzymes, i.e., natural catalysts, to make medicines and other necessities for humans. It emphasizes the most important and unique research on biocatalysis instead of simply detailing the ABC’s on the topic. This book is an indispensable tool for new researchers in the field to help identify specific needs, start new projects that address current environmental concerns, and develop techniques based on green technology. It provides invaluable hints and clues for conducting new research on enzymes, with final sections outlining future directions in biocatalysis further expanding the science into new applications. Gives future directions in the area of biocatalysis research Presents research topics based on their uniqueness, originality, and novelty Includes many explanatory figures to demonstrate concepts to both organic chemists and biochemists Shows that there is no boundary between organic chemistry and biochemistry



Enzyme Technologies

Enzyme Technologies Author Wu-Kuang Yeh
ISBN-10 9781118125038
Release 2011-05-04
Pages 368
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Enzyme Technologies has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Enzyme Technologies also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Enzyme Technologies book for free.



Directed Enzyme Evolution Advances and Applications

Directed Enzyme Evolution  Advances and Applications Author Miguel Alcalde
ISBN-10 9783319504131
Release 2017-03-15
Pages 284
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This book focuses on some of the most significant advances in enzyme engineering that have been achieved through directed evolution and hybrid approaches. On the 25th anniversary of the discovery of directed evolution, this volume is a tribute to the pioneers of this thrilling research field, and at the same time provides a comprehensive overview of current research and the state of the art. Directed molecular evolution has become the most reliable and robust method to tailor enzymes, metabolic pathways or even whole microorganisms with improved traits. By mirroring the Darwinian algorithm of natural selection on a laboratory scale, new biomolecules of invaluable biotechnological interest can now be engineered in a manner that surpasses the boundaries of nature. The volume is divided into two sections, the first of which provides an update on recent successful cases of enzyme ensembles from different areas of the biotechnological spectrum, including tryptophan synthases, unspecific peroxygenases, phytases, therapeutic enzymes, stereoselective enzymes and CO2-fixing enzymes. This section also provides information on the directed evolution of whole cells. The second section of the book summarizes a variety of the most applicable methods for library creation, together with the future trends aimed at bringing together directed evolution and in silico/computational enzyme design and ancestral resurrection.



Enzyme Functionality

Enzyme Functionality Author Allan Svendsen
ISBN-10 9780824756918
Release 2003-10-28
Pages 712
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Enzyme Functionality serves as a conduit for trailblazing research in enzyme engineering-relating current understanding of sequence families, the new notion of enzyme structure classes, and modern methods in protein engineering, design, and directed evolution to accelerate the development of novel enzyme functionalities. This reference gathers the diverse perspectives of nearly 80 scientists from around the globe and surveys all leading rational and random approaches to the artificial evolution of enzymes. Citing more than 1500 notable works, it outlines assays for enzyme activity, stability, and specificity and a wide variety of site-directed, redesign, and evolutionary engineering methods.



Advances in Enzyme Biotechnology

Advances in Enzyme Biotechnology Author Pratyoosh Shukla
ISBN-10 9788132210948
Release 2013-08-13
Pages 175
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Enzyme Technology is one the most promising disciplines in modern biotechnology. In this book, the applications of a wide variety of enzymes are highlighted. Current studies in enzyme technology are focused towards the discovery of novel enzymes (termed “bio-discovery” or “bio-prospecting”) and the identification and elucidation of novel pathways of these novel enzymes with emphasis on their industrial relevance. With the development of molecular techniques and other bioinformatics tools, the time to integrate this subject with other fields in the life sciences has arrived. A rapid expansion of the knowledge base in the field of enzyme biotechnology has occurred over the past few years. Much of this expansion has been driven by the bio-discovery of many new enzymes from a wide range of environments, some extreme in nature, followed by subsequent protein (enzyme) engineering. These enzymes have found a wide range of applications, ranging from bioremediation, bio-monitoring, biosensor development, bioconversion to biofuels and other biotechnologically important value-added products. Hydrolases constitute a major component of the global annual revenue generated by industrial enzymes and the emphasis has therefore been placed on these enzymes and their applications. With the immense interest of researchers active in this area, this book will serve to provide information on current aspects in this field of study. In the current edition, the contributions of many diversified topics towards establishing new directions of research in the area of enzyme biotechnology are described. This book serves to provide a unique source of information to undergraduates, post graduates and doctoral courses in microbiology and biotechnology along with allied life sciences. The present edition of the book covers all important areas of enzyme biotechnology i.e. the wide variety of enzymes in the field of enzyme biotechnology and their industrial applications, new methods and state-of-the-art information on modern methods of enzyme discovery. This book will act as good resource on most of the current facets of enzyme technology for all students engaged in bioengineering and biotechnology.