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DNA and the Criminal Justice System

DNA and the Criminal Justice System Author David Lazer
ISBN-10 026262186X
Release 2004
Pages 414
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Examines the impact of DNA technology on issues of ethics, civil liberties, privacy, and security.

Cross border Law Enforcement

Cross border Law Enforcement Author Saskia Hufnagel
ISBN-10 9780415583749
Release 2012
Pages 289
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This innovative volume explores issues of law enforcement cooperation across borders from a variety of disciplinary perspectives. In doing so it adopts a comparative framework hitherto unexplored; namely the EU and the Australsian/Asia-Pacific region whose relative geopolitical remoteness from each other decreases with every incremental increase in globalisation. The borders under examination include both macro-level cooperation between nation-states, as well as micro-level cooperation between different Executive agencies within a nation-state. In terms of disciplinary borders the contributions demonstrate the breadth of academic insight that can be brought to bear on this topic. The volume contributes to the wider context for evidence-based policy-making and knowledge-based policing by bringing together leading academics, public policy-makers, legal practitioners and law enforcement officials from Europe, Australia and the Asian-Pacific region, to shed new light on the pressing problems impeding cross-border policing and law enforcement globally and regionally. Problems common to all jurisdictions are discussed and innovative 'best practice' solutions and models are considered. The book is structured in four parts: Police cooperation in the EU; in Australia; in the Asia-Pacific Region; and finally it considers issues of jurisdiction and due process/human rights issues, with a focus on regional cooperation strategies for countering human trafficking, organised crime and terrorism. The book will be of interest to both academic and practitioner communities in policing, criminology, international relations, and comparative Asia-Pacific and EU legal studies.

Worst Case Bioethics

Worst Case Bioethics Author George J. Annas
ISBN-10 9780199840717
Release 2011-06
Pages 335
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In Worst Case Bioethics, George Annas employs contemporary disputes involving death and disaster to explore the radical changes underway in public health practice, the application of constitutional law to medicine, and human rights discourse to promote human health and wellbeing.

Genetic Justice

Genetic Justice Author Sheldon Krimsky
ISBN-10 9780231145213
Release 2012-03-01
Pages 406
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Explores how different countries balance the use of DNA databanks in criminal justice with the rights of their citizens, including arguments about the dangers of collecting DNA from arrested individuals and the myth behind DNA profiling.

New Challenges for Biobanks

New Challenges for Biobanks Author Kris Dierickx
ISBN-10 9050959741
Release 2009
Pages 277
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The book is a collection of papers presented during an international conference, held in Leuven May 18-20, 2009, organized by the Centre for Biomedical Ethics and Law of the Catholic University of Leuven and the GeneBanC project.

Genetic Suspects

Genetic Suspects Author Richard Hindmarsh
ISBN-10 9781139490825
Release 2010-08-12
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As DNA forensic profiling and databasing become established as key technologies in the toolbox of the forensic sciences, their expanding use raises important issues that promise to touch everyone's lives. In an authoritative global investigation of a diverse range of countries, including those at the forefront of these technologies' development and use, this book identifies and provides critical reflection upon the many issues of privacy; distributive justice; DNA information system ownership; biosurveillance; function creep; the reliability of collection, storage and analysis of DNA profiles; the possibility of transferring medical DNA information to forensics databases; and democratic involvement and transparency in governance, an emergent key theme. This book is timely and significant in providing the essential background and discussion of the ethical, legal and societal dimensions for academics, practitioners, public interest and criminal justice organisations, and students of the life sciences, law, politics, and sociology.

DNA Technology in Forensic Science

DNA Technology in Forensic Science Author Committee on DNA Technology in Forensic Science
ISBN-10 9780309045872
Release 1992-01-01
Pages 200
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Matching DNA samples from crime scenes and suspects is rapidly becoming a key source of evidence for use in our justice system. DNA Technology in Forensic Science offers recommendations for resolving crucial questions that are emerging as DNA typing becomes more widespread. The volume addreses key issues: Quality and reliability in DNA typing, including the introduction of new technologies, problems of standardization, and approaches to certification. DNA typing in the courtroom, including issues of population genetics, levels of understanding among judges and juries, and admissibility. Societal issues, such as privacy of DNA data, storage of samples and data, and the rights of defendants to quality testing technology. Combining this original volume with the new update--The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence--provides the complete, up-to-date picture of this highly important and visible topic. This volume offers important guidance to anyone working with this emerging law enforcement tool: policymakers, specialists in criminal law, forensic scientists, geneticists, researchers, faculty, and students.

Race and the Genetic Revolution

Race and the Genetic Revolution Author Sheldon Krimsky
ISBN-10 9780231527699
Release 2011-08-16
Pages 304
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Leading scholars from a range of disciplines, including law, biology, sociology, history, anthropology, and psychology, examine the impact of modern genetics on the concept of race. Does mapping the human genome reconstitute a scientific rationale for long-discredited racial categories? Contributors trace the interplay between genetics and race in forensic DNA databanks, the biology of intelligence, DNA ancestry markers, and racialized medicine. Each essay explores commonly held and unexamined assumptions and misperceptions about race in both science and popular culture. Divided into six major categories, the collection begins with the historical origins and current uses of the concept of "race" in science. It follows with an analysis of the role of race in DNA databanks and its reflection of racial disparities in the criminal justice system. Essays then consider the rise of recreational genetics in the form of for-profit testing of genetic ancestry and the introduction of racialized medicine, specifically through an FDA-approved heart drug called BiDil, marketed to African American men. Concluding sections discuss the contradictions between our scientific and cultural understandings of race and the continuing significance of race in educational and criminal justice policy, not to mention the ongoing project of a society that has no use for racial stereotypes.

Inside the Cell

Inside the Cell Author Erin Murphy
ISBN-10 9781568584706
Release 2015-10-06
Pages 400
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Josiah Sutton was convicted of rape. He was five inches shorter and 65 pounds lighter than the suspect described by the victim, but at trial a lab analyst testified that his DNA was found at the crime scene. His case looked like many others—arrest, swab, match, conviction. But there was just one problem—Sutton was innocent. We think of DNA forensics as an infallible science that catches the bad guys and exonerates the innocent. But when the science goes rogue, it can lead to a gross miscarriage of justice. Erin Murphy exposes the dark side of forensic DNA testing: crime labs that receive little oversight and produce inconsistent results; prosecutors who push to test smaller and poorer-quality samples, inviting error and bias; law-enforcement officers who compile massive, unregulated, and racially skewed DNA databases; and industry lobbyists who push policies of “stop and spit.” DNA testing is rightly seen as a transformative technological breakthrough, but we should be wary of placing such a powerful weapon in the hands of the same broken criminal justice system that has produced mass incarceration, privileged government interests over personal privacy, and all too often enforced the law in a biased or unjust manner. Inside the Cell exposes the truth about forensic DNA, and shows us what it will take to harness the power of genetic identification in service of accuracy and fairness.

Ethics and Policy of Biometrics

Ethics and Policy of Biometrics Author Ajay Kumar
ISBN-10 9783642125942
Release 2010-04-23
Pages 169
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This volume constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the Third International Conference on Ethics and Policy of Biometrics and International Data Sharing, ICEB 2010, held in Hong Kong, during January 4-5, 2010. The 25 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the book. The papers are organized in topical sections on Privacy Protection and Challenges, Legal Challenges, Engineering and Social Challenges, Ethical and Medical Concerns, Policy Issues and Deployments in Asia, Challenges in Large Scale Biometrics Identification.

Science Public Policy

Science   Public Policy Author
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822036042356
Release 2007
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Science Public Policy has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Science Public Policy also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Science Public Policy book for free.

Forensic Science and the Administration of Justice

Forensic Science and the Administration of Justice Author Kevin J. Strom
ISBN-10 9781483324401
Release 2014-04-04
Pages 312
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Uniting forensics, law, and social science in meaningful and relevant ways, Forensic Science and the Administration of Justice, by Kevin J. Strom and Matthew J. Hickman, is structured around current research on how forensic evidence is being used and how it is impacting the justice system. This unique book—written by nationally known scholars in the field—includes five sections that explore the demand for forensic services, the quality of forensic services, the utility of forensic services, post-conviction forensic issues, and the future role of forensic science in the administration of justice. The authors offer policy-relevant directions for both the criminal justice and forensic fields and demonstrate how the role of the crime laboratory in the American justice system is evolving in concert with technological advances as well as changing demands and competing pressures for laboratory resources.

The Use of Analysis of Deoxyribonucleic Acid DNA Within the Framework of the Criminal Justice System

The Use of Analysis of Deoxyribonucleic Acid  DNA  Within the Framework of the Criminal Justice System Author Council of Europe. Committee of Ministers
ISBN-10 9287121311
Release 1993-01-01
Pages 37
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9. Equality of arms

Forensic DNA Applications

Forensic DNA Applications Author Dragan Primorac
ISBN-10 9781466580237
Release 2014-01-29
Pages 647
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Forensic DNA Applications: An Interdisciplinary Perspective was developed as an outgrowth of a conference held by the International Society of Applied Biological Sciences. The topic was human genome–based applications in forensic science, anthropology, and individualized medicine. Assembling the contributions of contributors from numerous regions around the world, this volume is designed as both a textbook for forensic molecular biology students and a reference for practitioners and those in the legal system. The book begins with the history and development of DNA typing and profiling for criminal and civil purposes. It discusses the statistical interpretation of results with case examples, mitochondrial DNA testing, Y single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and short tandem repeats (STRs), and X SNP and STR testing. It also explores low copy number DNA typing, mixtures, and quality assurance and control. The second section examines the collection and preservation of biological evidence under a variety of different circumstances and the identification of human remains—including in mass disaster settings. It discusses applications to bioterrorism investigations, animal DNA testing in criminal cases, pedigree questions and wildlife forensic problems, applications in forensic entomology, and forensic botany. The third section explores recent developments and new technologies, including the rigorous identification of tissue of origin, mtDNA profiling using immobilized probe strips, chips and next-generation sequencing, the use of SNPs to ascertain phenotypic characteristics, and the "molecular autopsy" that looks at aspects of toxicogenetics and pharmacogenetics. The book concludes with a discussion on law, ethics, and policy. It examines the use of DNA evidence in the criminal justice system in both the United States and Europe, ethical issues in forensic laboratory practices, familial searches, DNA databases, ancestry searches, physical phenotyping, and report writing. The contributors also examine DNA applications in immigration and human trafficking cases and international perspectives on DNA databases.


Bioethics Author Warren T. Reich
ISBN-10 UOM:49015003476919
Release 1998
Pages 1152
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An alphabetical encyclopedia of ethical issues related to sexuality, genetics, and human reproduction, offering articles and bibliographies on such topics as abortion, fertility, and population policies.

Encyclopedia of Bioethics Dec Hyp

Encyclopedia of Bioethics  Dec Hyp Author Warren T. Reich
ISBN-10 0028973542
Release 1995
Pages 2950
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This 5 volume revision of the 1979 Dartmouth Medal-winner provides balanced, informative articles on the moral and ethical dimensions of modern medicine, science and technology.

The New England Journal of Medicine

The New England Journal of Medicine Author
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822037769056
Release 2009
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The New England Journal of Medicine has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The New England Journal of Medicine also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The New England Journal of Medicine book for free.