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Dopants and Defects in Semiconductors Second Edition

Dopants and Defects in Semiconductors  Second Edition Author Matthew D. McCluskey
ISBN-10 9781351977975
Release 2018-02-19
Pages 350
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Praise for the First Edition "The book goes beyond the usual textbook in that it provides more specific examples of real-world defect physics ... an easy reading, broad introductory overview of the field" ?Materials Today "... well written, with clear, lucid explanations ..." ?Chemistry World This revised edition provides the most complete, up-to-date coverage of the fundamental knowledge of semiconductors, including a new chapter that expands on the latest technology and applications of semiconductors. In addition to inclusion of additional chapter problems and worked examples, it provides more detail on solid-state lighting (LEDs and laser diodes). The authors have achieved a unified overview of dopants and defects, offering a solid foundation for experimental methods and the theory of defects in semiconductors. Matthew D. McCluskey is a professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy and Materials Science Program at Washington State University (WSU), Pullman, Washington. He received a Physics Ph.D. from the University of California (UC), Berkeley. Eugene E. Haller is a professor emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley, and a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He received a Ph.D. in Solid State and Applied Physics from the University of Basel, Switzerland.



Hydrogen in Semiconductors

Hydrogen in Semiconductors Author Jacques I. Pankove
ISBN-10 0080864317
Release 1991-04-23
Pages 648
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Hydrogen plays an important role in silicon technology, having a profound effect on a wide range of properties. Thus, the study of hydrogen in semiconductors has received much attention from an interdisciplinary assortment of researchers. This sixteen-chapter volume provides a comprehensive review of the field, including a discussion of hydrogenation methods, the use of hydrogen to passivate defects, the use of hydrogen to neutralize deep levels, shallow acceptors and shallow donors in silicon, vibrational spectroscopy, and hydrogen-induced defects in silicon. In addition to this detailed coverage of hydrogen in silicon, chapters are provided that discuss hydrogen-related phenomena in germanium and the neutralization of defects and dopants in III*b1V semiconductors. Provides the most in-depth coverage of hydrogen in silicon available in a single source**Includes an extensive chapter on the neutralization of defects in III*b1V semiconductors**Combines both experimental and theoretical studies to form a comprehensive reference



Polarization Effects in Semiconductors

Polarization Effects in Semiconductors Author Colin Wood
ISBN-10 0387368310
Release 2007-12-10
Pages 515
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Polarization Effects in Semiconductors: From Ab Initio Theory to Device Applications presents the latest understanding of the solid state physics, electronic implications and practical applications of the unique spontaneous or pyro-electric polarization charge of wurtzite compound semiconductors, and associated piezo-electric effects in strained thin film heterostructures. These heterostructures are used in wide band gap semiconductor based sensors, in addition to various electronic and opto-electronic semiconductor devices. The book covers the ab initio theory of polarization in cubic and hexagonal semiconductors, growth of thin film GaN, GaN/AlGaN GaAlN/ AlGaInN, and other nitrides, and SiC heterostructures. It discusses the effects of spontaneous and piezoelectric polarization on band diagrams and electronic properties of abrupt and compositionally graded heterostructures, electronic characterization of polarization-induced charge distributions by scanning-probe spectroscopies, and gauge factors and strain effects. In addition, polarization in extended defects, piezo-electric strain/charge engineering, and application to device design and processing are covered. The effects of polarization on the fundamental electron transport properties, and on the basic optical transitions are described. The crucial role of polarization in devices such as high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) and light-emitting diodes (LEDs) is covered. The chapters are authored by professors and researchers in the fields of physics, applied physics and electrical engineering, who worked for 5 years under the "Polarization Effects in Semiconductors" DOD funded Multi Disciplinary University Research Initiative. This book will be of interest to graduate students and researchers working in the field of wide-bandgap semiconductor physics and their device applications. It will also be useful for practicing engineers in the field of wide-bandgap semiconductor device research and development.



Defects in Optoelectronic Materials

Defects in Optoelectronic Materials Author Kazumi Wada
ISBN-10 9056997149
Release 2001-11-06
Pages 379
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Defects in Optoelectronic Materials bridges the gap between device process engineers and defect physicists by describing current problems in device processing and current understanding of these defects based on defect physics. The volume covers defects and their behaviors in epitaxial growth, in various processes such as plasma processing, deposition and implantation, and in device degradation. This book also provides graduate students cutting-edge information on devices and materials interaction.



Gettering Defects in Semiconductors

Gettering Defects in Semiconductors Author Victor A. Perevostchikov
ISBN-10 354026244X
Release 2005-09-15
Pages 386
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Gettering Defects in Semiconductors fulfills three basic purposes: – to systematize the experience and research in exploiting various gettering techniques in microelectronics and nanoelectronics; – to identify new directions in research, particularly to enhance the perspective of professionals and young researchers and specialists; – to fill a gap in the contemporary literature on the underlying semiconductor-material theory. The authors address not only well-established gettering techniques but also describe contemporary trends in gettering technologies from an international perspective. The types and properties of structural defects in semiconductors, their generating and their transforming mechanisms during fabrication are described. The primary emphasis is placed on classifying and describing specific gettering techniques, their specificity arising from both their position in a general technological process and the regimes of their application. This book addresses both engineers and material scientists interested in semiconducting materials theory and also undergraduate and graduate students in solid–state microelectronics and nanoelectronics. A comprehensive list of references provides readers with direction for further reading.



Photonic Crystals

Photonic Crystals Author Jean-Michel Lourtioz
ISBN-10 354024431X
Release 2005-01-01
Pages 426
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Just like the periodical crystalline potential in solid-state crystals determines their properties for the conduction of electrons, the periodical structuring of photonic crystals leads to envisioning the possibility of achieving a control of the photon flux in dielectric and metallic materials. The use of photonic crystals as a cage for storing, filtering or guiding light at the wavelength scale thus paves the way to the realisation of optical and optoelectronic devices with ultimate properties and dimensions. This should contribute toward meeting the demands for a greater miniaturisation that the processing of an ever increasing number of data requires. Photonic Crystals intends to provide students and researchers from different fields with the theoretical background needed for modelling photonic crystals and their optical properties, while at the same time presenting the large variety of devices, from optics to microwaves, where photonic crystals have found applications. As such, it aims at building bridges between optics, electromagnetism and solid-state physics. This book was written by six specialists of nanophotonics, and was coordinated by Jean-Michel Lourtioz, head of the Institut d'A0/00lectronique Fondamentale in Orsay and coordinator of the French Research Network in Nanophotonics.



Handbook of Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology Second Edition

Handbook of Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology  Second Edition Author Yoshio Nishi
ISBN-10 1420017667
Release 2007-07-09
Pages 1720
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Retaining the comprehensive and in-depth approach that cemented the bestselling first edition's place as a standard reference in the field, the Handbook of Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology, Second Edition features new and updated material that keeps it at the vanguard of today's most dynamic and rapidly growing field. Iconic experts Robert Doering and Yoshio Nishi have again assembled a team of the world's leading specialists in every area of semiconductor manufacturing to provide the most reliable, authoritative, and industry-leading information available. Stay Current with the Latest Technologies In addition to updates to nearly every existing chapter, this edition features five entirely new contributions on... Silicon-on-insulator (SOI) materials and devices Supercritical CO2 in semiconductor cleaning Low-κ dielectrics Atomic-layer deposition Damascene copper electroplating Effects of terrestrial radiation on integrated circuits (ICs) Reflecting rapid progress in many areas, several chapters were heavily revised and updated, and in some cases, rewritten to reflect rapid advances in such areas as interconnect technologies, gate dielectrics, photomask fabrication, IC packaging, and 300 mm wafer fabrication. While no book can be up-to-the-minute with the advances in the semiconductor field, the Handbook of Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology keeps the most important data, methods, tools, and techniques close at hand.



Identification of Defects in Semiconductors

Identification of Defects in Semiconductors Author
ISBN-10 008086449X
Release 1998-10-27
Pages 434
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GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF THE SERIES Since its inception in 1966, the series of numbered volumes known as Semiconductors and Semimetals has distinguished itself through the careful selection of well-known authors, editors, and contributors. The "Willardson and Beer" Series, as it is widely known, has succeeded in publishing numerous landmark volumes and chapters. Not only did many of these volumes make an impact at the time of their publication, but they continue to be well-cited years after their original release. Recently, Professor Eicke R. Weber of the University of California at Berkeley joined as a co-editor of the series. Professor Weber, a well-known expert in the field of semiconductor materials, will further contribute to continuing the series' tradition of publishing timely, highly relevant, and long-impacting volumes. Some of the recent volumes, such as Hydrogen in Semiconductors, Imperfections in III/V Materials, Epitaxial Microstructures, High-Speed Heterostructure Devices, Oxygen in Silicon, and others promise indeed that this tradition will be maintained and even expanded. Reflecting the truly interdisciplinary nature of the field that the series covers, the volumes in Semiconductors and Semimetals have been and will continue to be of great interest to physicists, chemists, materials scientists, and device engineers in modern industry. GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF THE VOLUME This volume has contributions on Advanced Characterization Techniques with a focus on defect identification. The combination of beam techniques with electrical and optical characterization has not been discussed elsewhere.



Photo induced Defects in Semiconductors

Photo induced Defects in Semiconductors Author David Redfield
ISBN-10 0521024455
Release 2006-03-09
Pages 232
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This book gives a complete overview of the properties of deep-level, localized defects in semiconductors. Such comparatively long-lived (or metastable) defects exhibit complex interactions with the surrounding material, and can significantly affect the performance and stability of certain semiconductor devices. After an introductory discussion of metastable defects, the authors present properties of DX and EL2 centers in IIISHV compounds. They also deal with additional crystalline materials before giving a detailed description of the properties and kinetics of photo-induced defects in amorphous semiconductors. The book closes with an examination of the effects of photo-induced defects in a range of practical applications. The book will be of great use to graduate students and researchers interested in the physics and materials science of semiconductors.



Charged Semiconductor Defects

Charged Semiconductor Defects Author Edmund G. Seebauer
ISBN-10 9781848820593
Release 2008-11-14
Pages 298
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Defects in semiconductors have been studied for many years, in many cases with a view toward controlling their behaviour through various forms of “defect engineering”. For example, in the bulk, charging significantly affects the total concentration of defects that are available to mediate phenomena such as solid-state diffusion. Surface defects play an important role in mediating surface mass transport during high temperature processing steps such as epitaxial film deposition, diffusional smoothing in reflow, and nanostructure formation in memory device fabrication. “Charged Defects in Semiconductors” details the current state of knowledge regarding the properties of the ionized defects that can affect the behaviour of advanced transistors, photo-active devices, catalysts, and sensors. Features: group IV, III-V, and oxide semiconductors; intrinsic and extrinsic defects; and, point defects, as well as defect pairs, complexes and clusters.



Shallow Level Centers in Semiconductors

Shallow Level Centers in Semiconductors Author C A J Ammerlaan
ISBN-10 9789814546676
Release 1997-04-19
Pages 552
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This book is devoted to the specific physical and chemical properties of centers in semiconductors with shallow energy levels and electronic distributions of an extended size. Reports are included on the most advanced experimental and theoretical methods for identifying and further characterizing these materials. Attention is given to such topics as shallow-level centers in host semiconductors of lower dimensionality, centers in wide-bandgap semiconductors, shallow excited states of centers with deep ground states, passivation of centers, and other aspects of impurity control during crystal growth and processing with its relevance to applications. Contents:Resonant Polaron Effect of Shallow Indium Donors in CdTe (M Grynberg et al.)Shallow Electronic Traps Associated With Hydrogen Complexes in Crystalline Silicon (A N Safonov et al.)Zeeman Spectroscopy of Neutral Copper and a Copper Related Acceptor in Germanium (R E M Vickers & P Fisher)Excited States of the Vacancy in Diamond: Shallow States of a Deep Defect (A M Stoneham & A Mainwood)Shallow Donor in Spherical Quantum Antidots (R Buczko & F Bassani)Shallow Centers in Heavily Doped Silicon Quantum Wells (W Gehlhoff et al.)Shallow Thermal Donor Defects in Silicon (C P Ewels et al.)and other papers Readership: Researchers in semiconductors, experimental physics, condensed matter/solid state physics, theoretical physics and materials science. keywords:



Hyperfine interaction of defects in semiconductors

Hyperfine interaction of defects in semiconductors Author G. Langouche
ISBN-10 CORNELL:31924063406007
Release 1992-06
Pages 458
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Hyperfine interaction of defects in semiconductors has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Hyperfine interaction of defects in semiconductors also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Hyperfine interaction of defects in semiconductors book for free.



III Nitride Semiconductors Electrical Structural and Defects Properties

III Nitride Semiconductors  Electrical  Structural and Defects Properties Author M.O. Manasreh
ISBN-10 0080534449
Release 2000-12-06
Pages 464
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Research advances in III-nitride semiconductor materials and device have led to an exponential increase in activity directed towards electronic and optoelectronic applications. There is also great scientific interest in this class of materials because they appear to form the first semiconductor system in which extended defects do not severely affect the optical properties of devices. The volume consists of chapters written by a number of leading researchers in nitride materials and device technology with the emphasis on the dopants incorporations, impurities identifications, defects engineering, defects characterization, ion implantation, irradiation-induced defects, residual stress, structural defects and phonon confinement. This unique volume provides a comprehensive review and introduction of defects and structural properties of GaN and related compounds for newcomers to the field and stimulus to further advances for experienced researchers. Given the current level of interest and research activity directed towards nitride materials and devices, the publication of the volume is particularly timely. Early pioneering work by Pankove and co-workers in the 1970s yielded a metal-insulator-semiconductor GaN light-emitting diode (LED), but the difficulty of producing p-type GaN precluded much further effort. The current level of activity in nitride semiconductors was inspired largely by the results of Akasaki and co-workers and of Nakamura and co-workers in the late 1980s and early 1990s in the development of p-type doping in GaN and the demonstration of nitride-based LEDs at visible wavelengths. These advances were followed by the successful fabrication and commercialization of nitride blue laser diodes by Nakamura et al at Nichia. The chapters contained in this volume constitutes a mere sampling of the broad range of research on nitride semiconductor materials and defect issues currently being pursued in academic, government, and industrial laboratories worldwide.



Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Defects in Semiconductors

Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Defects in Semiconductors Author L. C. Kimerling
ISBN-10 UOM:39015009822852
Release 1985
Pages 1252
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Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Defects in Semiconductors has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Defects in Semiconductors also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Defects in Semiconductors book for free.



Defects in Semiconductors

Defects in Semiconductors Author
ISBN-10 9780128019405
Release 2015-06-08
Pages 458
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This volume, number 91 in the Semiconductor and Semimetals series, focuses on defects in semiconductors. Defects in semiconductors help to explain several phenomena, from diffusion to getter, and to draw theories on materials' behavior in response to electrical or mechanical fields. The volume includes chapters focusing specifically on electron and proton irradiation of silicon, point defects in zinc oxide and gallium nitride, ion implantation defects and shallow junctions in silicon and germanium, and much more. It will help support students and scientists in their experimental and theoretical paths. Expert contributors Reviews of the most important recent literature Clear illustrations A broad view, including examination of defects in different semiconductors



Simulation of Semiconductor Processes and Devices 2007

Simulation of Semiconductor Processes and Devices 2007 Author Tibor Grasser
ISBN-10 9783211728611
Release 2007-11-18
Pages 463
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This volume contains the proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Simulation of Semiconductor Processes and Devices, SISPAD 2007, held September 2007 in Vienna, Austria. It provides a global forum for the presentation and discussion of recent advances and developments in the theoretical description, physical modeling and numerical simulation and analysis of semiconductor fabrication processes, device operation and system performance.



Physical Chemistry of Semiconductor Materials and Processes

Physical Chemistry of Semiconductor Materials and Processes Author
ISBN-10 9781118514603
Release 2015-08-17
Pages 416
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The development of solid state devices began a little more than a century ago, with the discovery of the electrical conductivity of ionic solids. Today, solid state technologies form the background of the society in which we live. The aim of this book is threefold: to present the background physical chemistry on which the technology of semiconductor devices is based; secondly, to describe specific issues such as the role of defects on the properties of solids, and the crucial influence of surface properties; and ultimately, to look at the physics and chemistry of semiconductor growth processes, both at the bulk and thin-film level, together with some issues relating to the properties of nano-devices. Divided into five chapters, it covers: Thermodynamics of solids, including phases and their properties and structural order Point defects in semiconductors Extended defects in semiconductors and their interactions with point defects and impurities Growth of semiconductor materials Physical chemistry of semiconductor materials processing With applications across all solid state technologies,the book is useful for advanced students and researchers in materials science, physics, chemistry, electrical and electronic engineering. It is also useful for those in the semiconductor industry.