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Drinking Water Treatment

Drinking Water Treatment Author Chittaranjan Ray
ISBN-10 9400711042
Release 2011-06-16
Pages 264
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Sustainable technologies for water supply are urgently needed if water has to be supplied to billions of less fortunate people with inadequate access to water. These technologies must be simple, less expensive, less energy intensive, and easy to maintain for their adaptation among the poor masses. Four appropriate technologies are discussed here: solar pasteurization, membrane desalination, natural filtration (riverbank filtration), and solar distillation. Solar pasteurization can be a useful means of producing water at remote, but sunny locations where fuel may not be easily available for boiling water. Membrane desalination will remain as a viable means of drinking water production for individual households to large communities. Various membrane filtration techniques as well as the means to “democratize” membrane filtration have been presented. Riverbank filtration is a “natural” filtration technique where drinking water is produced by placing wells on the banks of rivers. The riverbed/bank material and the underlying aquifer act as natural filters to remove pollutants from river water. Solar distillation can be a viable method of drinking water production for individual households to small communities without the input of external energy. Sustainability framework and technology transfer are discussed through transdisciplinary analysis.



Global Strategies of Clean Environment Safe Earth Disaster Management Sustainable Development and Quality Life

Global Strategies of Clean Environment  Safe Earth  Disaster Management  Sustainable Development and Quality Life Author N. P. Rao
ISBN-10 8171567401
Release 1998-01-01
Pages 320
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The Efforts Made At The International Level By The United Nations Agencies On Environ¬Mental Destination Problems And Saving The Earth From The Natural And Man-Made Disasters Are Well-Known. Besides, The Proclamation Of The International Decade For Natural Disaster Reduction And Appoint¬Ing Inter-Governmental Panels On Climatic Change, Etc., Show That All Are Concerned With The Safety Of Environment And Earth And Are Seized With The Attendant Problems Discussed Herein And Incorporated In Agenda-21 As Action Programme For Implementation By All Concerned.At The National Level Agencies Such As The Central And The State Pollution Control Boards And Other Ngos Are Involved In Pollution Abatement Programmes. Already The Global Warming Has Led To Rise In Atmospheric Temperatures. So, The Battle Is Already On At The National And International Level To Ensure Clean Environment And Safe Earth For Sustained Development And Better And Healthier Quality Of Life. At A Time When We Are Fighting Against These Problems At A Global Level, We Are Confronted At The Domestic Level With Such Calamities As The Latur Earthquake, And The East Coastal Cyclones, Typhoons, Hurricanes, Blizzards Causing Loss Of Life And Property Resulting In Untold Sufferings Mentioned In This Book.The Object Of This Book Is To Focus Attention Of All Governmental And Non-Governmental Agencies Both At The National And Inter¬National Level (Including Un, World Bank, Undp, Uncef Etc.), And At The Local Level (The Pollution Control Boards, Urban Plan¬Ning Authorities, Municipal, Industries, Health, Welfare And Safety Departments), On The Importance Of The Problems Discussed In This Book, Which Is Intended For Them. The Book Is Timely And Topical.



Sustainable Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment

Sustainable Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment Author Alberto Figoli
ISBN-10 9789811056239
Release 2017-09-19
Pages 380
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This book analyses the sustainability of membrane operations applied on an industrial scale, as well as that of those under investigation on lab/pilot scales, covering also the preparation of both polymeric and inorganic membranes. It presents reverse osmosis in desalination, membrane bioreactors for municipal wastewater treatment and pressure-driven industrial wastewater treatment in agrofood and textile fields as examples of industrial membrane operations. Regarding the membrane processes still on a lab/pilot scale, the analysis includes membrane operations for the recovery of valuable products from wastewater streams, for the removal of toxic compounds from water/wastewater, and for zero liquid discharge approaches in desalination. The book offers a useful guide for scientists and engineers working in various fields, including membrane technology, separation, desalination, and wastewater treatment. Alberto Figoli and Alessandra Criscuoli are both Senior Researchers at the Institute on Membrane Technology (ITM-CNR), Italy.



The Architecture Annual 2007 2008 Delft University of Technology

The Architecture Annual 2007 2008  Delft University of Technology Author
ISBN-10 9789064506925
Release 2009
Pages 232
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The Faculty of Architecture at Delft University of Technology is recognized as one of the most dynamic and innovative research and design schools in Europe and its graduation projects never fail to provide a new angle on design. The Architecture Annual offers a selection of articles charting the school's progress in research and education. This is the second year that The Architecture Annual is themebased: 'Realize' can be regarded in two ways, firstly in the sense of to make real or to accomplish, secondly in the sense of to comprehend or to become aware of. The themes of this and the previous edition ('Architectural Footprints') introduce a duality with regard to the event of 13 May 2008. The physical footprint of the faculty building has vanished: there is now a void where the building once stood in the TU campus. And though this disappearance of the tangible is inevitable, the faculty and the thinking on education there live on. The articles in the present The Architecture Annual make this clear, but sometimes also underline the impact of the fire and the organization of the new permanent accommodation for the faculty. 'Realize' is therefore incorporated in the fairly literal essence of the theme, but also included in a number of papers that bridge the gap between theory and practice and are therefore able to illustrate the research done at the faculty.



Encyclopedia of Sustainable Technologies

Encyclopedia of Sustainable Technologies Author Martin Abraham
ISBN-10 9780128047927
Release 2017-07-04
Pages 2262
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Encyclopedia of Sustainable Technologies provides an authoritative assessment of the sustainable technologies that are currently available or in development. Sustainable technology includes the scientific understanding, development and application of a wide range of technologies and processes and their environmental implications. Systems and lifecycle analyses of energy systems, environmental management, agriculture, manufacturing and digital technologies provide a comprehensive method for understanding the full sustainability of processes. In addition, the development of clean processes through green chemistry and engineering techniques are also described. The book is the first multi-volume reference work to employ both Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) and Triple Bottom Line (TBL) approaches to assessing the wide range of technologies available and their impact upon the world. Both approaches are long established and widely recognized, playing a key role in the organizing principles of this valuable work. Provides readers with a one-stop guide to the most current research in the field Presents a grounding of the fundamentals of the field of sustainable technologies Written by international leaders in the field, offering comprehensive coverage of the field and a consistent, high-quality scientific standard Includes the Life Cycle Analysis and Triple Bottom Line approaches to help users understand and assess sustainable technologies



Water Reclamation Technologies for Safe Managed Aquifer Recharge

Water Reclamation Technologies for Safe Managed Aquifer Recharge Author Christian Kazner
ISBN-10 9781843393443
Release 2012
Pages 429
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Different treatment applications in terms of behaviour of key microbial and chemical contaminants are assessed. Engineered as well as natural treatment trains are investigated to provide guidance for sustainable MAR schemes using alternative sources such as recycled water and stormwater. The technologies considered are also well suited to the needs of developing countries, which have a growing need of supplementation of freshwater resources. A broad range of international full-scale case studies enables insights into long-term system behaviour, operational aspects, and fate of a comprehensive number of compounds and contaminants, especially microbiological hazards, organic micropollutants and bulk organics.



Evolutions in Sustainable Investing

Evolutions in Sustainable Investing Author Cary Krosinsky
ISBN-10 9781118157923
Release 2011-10-14
Pages 544
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Sustainable Investing is fast becoming an essential method of generating long-term returns, moving beyond the negative approaches to socially responsible investing that have dominated the field. This book, our second on the subject, provides over 15 case studies of leading global investors and companies demonstrating how they successfully apply sustainability aspects to their core strategies. Learn from prominent thought leaders Dan Esty and Paul Hawken among others who have contributed key chapters. Our chapter on performance shows clearly how these strategies have been working once negative approaches are parsed out by those examining fund returns. This book also examines in great depth what data exists, and what's on the horizon, to best measure & capture sustainability successfully. Regional perspectives, including 3 chapters on Asia, and focuses on Canada, Australia, Africa & India are also included, as is a look across asset classes. Sustainable Investing, when performed with a positive perspective, has been outperforming the mainstream, unlike negative approaches designed to match benchmark returns. From eco-efficiency to sustainability-driven innovation and beyond, investors of all shapes & sizes need to know how best to position themselves for the radical market shifts underway.



Sustainable Treatment and Reuse of Municipal Wastewater

Sustainable Treatment and Reuse of Municipal Wastewater Author Menahem Libhaber
ISBN-10 9781780400167
Release 2012
Pages 557
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In many countries, especially developing countries, many people are lacking access to water and sanitation services and this inadequate service is the main cause of diseases in these countries. Application of appropriate wastewater treatment technologies, which are effective, low cost (in investment, operation, and maintenance), simple to operate, proven technologies, is a key component in any strategy aimed at increaseing the coverage of wastewater treatment.



Sustainable Development Science Ethics and Public Policy

Sustainable Development  Science  Ethics  and Public Policy Author J. Lemons
ISBN-10 9789401584920
Release 2013-06-29
Pages 284
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Of all the books written about the problems of sustainable development and environmental protection, Sustainable Development: Science, Ethics, and Public Policy is one of the first to examine the role of science, economics and law, and ethics as generally applied to decision making on sustainable development, particularly in respect to the recommendations contained in Agenda 21. Specifically, the book examines the role, capabilities, and certain strengths and weaknesses of these disciplines and their ethical implications in the context of sustainable development problems. Such an analysis is necessary to determine whether sustainable development problems create important new challenges and problems for government so that, where appropriate, new tools or approaches may be designed to overcome limitations or take advantage of the strengths of current scientific, economic and legal capabilities. Audience: Environmental professionals, whether academic, governmental or industrial, or in the private consultancy sector. Also suitable as an upper level text or reference.



Technologies for Sustainable Development

Technologies for Sustainable Development Author Jean-Claude Bolay
ISBN-10 9783319006390
Release 2013-08-04
Pages 303
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Whilst scientific research can be crucial in guiding innovation and development throughout the world, it can be too detached from real world applications, particularly in developing and emerging countries. Technologies for Sustainable Development brings together the best 20 papers from the 2012 Conference of the EPFL-UNESCO Chair in Technologies for Development with the aim to explore and discuss ways to link scientific research with development practices to assist practitioners and reply directly to social needs. In order for technologies to be adopted it is not sufficient that they are low cost and affordable but also socially, culturally and environmentally accepted by the intended users. Technologies for Sustainable Development aims to explore and answer the following three questions: • What is an appropriate technology? • How can we ensure a sustainable, integrated development? • What are the conditions for co-creation and transfer of such technologies? Focusing on the importance of improving working relationships between stakeholders; researchers and decision-makers; between scientists and industrial sectors; between academics and the population; Technologies for Sustainable Development opens a dialogue necessary to create and implement the best solutions adapted to social demands.



Strategies toward sustainable development

Strategies toward sustainable development Author Nicholas A. Robinson
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105063669431
Release 2004-06-01
Pages 938
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This unparalleled resource sets forth the international community's blueprint for worldwide development. Here is one reference source for all of the action plans negotiated since the United Nations' historic "Earth Summit" in 1992 in Rio de Janeiro that established the global and regional priorities necessary to sustain environmentally sound economic and social development. Expert commentary and annotations on the implications - both opportunities for investment and concerns about changes in regulatory regimes - of these international legal policy decisions is featured here. This is the only resource integrating implementation strategies with the Agenda 21 directives, complete with analytical commentary and annotations. This comprehensive work provides expert guidance to the legal instruments framing the strategic objectives for sustainable development. It includes full coverage of the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation, adopted at the UN World Summit for Sustainable Development (2002), which set the priorities for implementing Agenda 21, the action plan that was adopted at the U.N. Summit for Environment and Development a decade earlier. Here also are the strategic measures for financing these strategic objectives, negotiated at the summit meeting in Monterrey, Mexico. Taken together, these legal instruments comprise the current international action plan that guides the multilateral, bilateral, and national economic development agendas around the world. This invaluable reference is essential for those involved in international trade law, since free trade agreements now contain provisions that mandate negotiations to harmonize environmental and social regulations. Similarly, these agreed policies guide the international programs of the World Bank, regional development banks, and regional integration pacts such as the European Union or the Association of South East Asian Nations. Coverage includes: Evolving Delivery Mechanisms for a Clear & Urgent Mission (Commentary by Nicholas A. Robinson) Agenda 21 - Annotated Action Plan Johannesburg Plan of Implementation Monterrey Financing Plan Policy Resolutions and Implementing Measures Valuable references to Internet sources for national reports submitted to the U.N. Commission on Sustainable Development.



Review of the Desalination and Water Purification Technology Roadmap

Review of the Desalination and Water Purification Technology Roadmap Author National Research Council
ISBN-10 9780309133432
Release 2004-04-20
Pages 84
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The Bureau of Reclamation and Sandia National Laboratories jointly developed the Roadmap to serve as a strategic research pathway for desalination and water purification technologies to meet future water needs. The book recommends that the Roadmap include a sharper focus on the research and technological advancements needed to reach the long-term objectives. The book also suggests that the environmental, economic, and social costs of energy required by increased dependence on desalination be examined. Strategies for implementing the Roadmap initiative are provided.



World in Transition 4

World in Transition 4 Author German Advisory Council On Global Change (Wbgu)
ISBN-10 9781134207572
Release 2013-09-13
Pages 314
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At the start of the 21st century, fighting poverty and protecting the environment are two of the most urgent challenges facing the international community. Environmental changes will jeopardize people's survival to an even greater extent in the future, and will hit the poor hardest. To meet these challenges, it will be essential to breathe new life into the partnership between industrialized and developing countries. It will be equally essential to combine poverty reduction with environmental protection in an integrated policy structure spanning all levels from local to global. In this report, the German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU) shows that global environmental policy is a prerequisite for global poverty reduction. WBGU analyses the relevant policy processes and delivers recommendations charting the way forward. 'With its interdisciplinary approach, providing a complex and systematic analysis of the poverty-environment nexus, WBGU's latest report breaks new ground. Indira Gandhi's old, convenient maxim was 'Poverty is the biggest polluter'. Put forward at the 1972 UN Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm, it has been sorely misused ever since to override environmental precaution and prioritize economic development strategies instead. The new WBGU report maps out a way to shape a coherent environment and development policy. This report revitalizes the Rio spirit and gives it a robust scientific base'. Prof Dr Ernst Ulrich von Weizscker, Member of the German Bundestag (MdB)



The Water Food Energy Nexus

The Water Food Energy Nexus Author I. M. Mujtaba
ISBN-10 9781351649247
Release 2017-09-11
Pages 768
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Exponential growth of the worldwide population requires increasing amounts of water, food, and energy. However, as the quantity of available fresh water and energy sources directly affecting cost of food production and transportation diminishes, technological solutions are necessary to secure sustainable supplies. In direct response to this reality, this book focuses on the water-energy-food nexus and describes in depth the challenges and processes involved in efficient water and energy production and management, wastewater treatment, and impact upon food and essential commodities. The book is organized into 4 sections on water, food, energy, and the future of sustainability, highlighting the interplay among these topics. The first section emphasizes water desalination, water management, and wastewater treatment. The second section discusses cereal processing, sustainable food security, bioenergy in food production, water and energy consumption in food processing, and mathematical modeling for food undergoing phase changes. The third section discusses fossil fuels, biofuels, synthetic fuels, renewable energy, and carbon capture. Finally, the book concludes with a discussion of the future of sustainability, including coverage of the role of molecular thermodynamics in developing processes and products, green engineering in process systems, petrochemical water splitting, petrochemical approaches to solar hydrogen generation, design and operation strategy of energy-efficient processes, and the sustainability of process, supply chain, and enterprise.



Groundwater for Sustainable Development

Groundwater for Sustainable Development Author Prosun Bhattacharya
ISBN-10 UCSC:32106019804878
Release 2008
Pages 460
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Groundwater is the most important source of domestic, industrial, and agricultural water and also a finite resource. Population growth has created an unprecedented demand for water, with the situation most critical in the developing world, where several million people depend on contaminated groundwater for drinking purposes. Geogenic contaminants, such as arsenic and fluoride at toxic levels, pose major environmental risks and endanger public health. This book is a collection of papers providing a multi-disciplinary overview for scientists and professionals involved in the sustainable development of groundwater resources.



Environmental Quality Innovative Technologies and Sustainable Economic Development

Environmental Quality  Innovative Technologies  and Sustainable Economic Development Author Emir José Macari
ISBN-10 UOM:39015040690920
Release 1997-01-01
Pages 143
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Presents reports from the February 1996 meeting by environmental experts from the US, Canada, and Mexico, discussing environmentally and economically efficient technologies within their cultural and social contexts and looking at their role in enhancing environmental quality in international marketp



World in Transition

World in Transition Author
ISBN-10 1853838837
Release 2005
Pages 289
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In this report, the German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU) shows that global environmental policy is a prerequisite for global poverty reduction. WBGU analyses the relevant policy processes and delivers recommendations charting the way forward.