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Dynamic Thinking

Dynamic Thinking Author Gregor Schöner
ISBN-10 9780199300563
Release 2015-12-10
Pages 416
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"This book describes a new theoretical approach--Dynamic Field Theory (DFT)--that explains how people think and act"--



Minnesota Symposia on Child Psychology Volume 37

Minnesota Symposia on Child Psychology  Volume 37 Author Philip David Zelazo
ISBN-10 9781118415177
Release 2013-09-24
Pages 288
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The collected papers from the most prestigious symposia in the field of child development provide scholars, students, and practitioners with access to the work of key researchers in human development. This volume focuses on changes in our understanding of cogisnitive control processes—constructs important to the field since Wundt and Freud. Our understanding of these constructs has advanced dramatically in recent years—both empirically and conceptually. This collection brings generalists and specialists alike up-to-date on this central process of human development and the implications for this new knowledge on school success and other areas.



Executive Function

Executive Function Author Sandra A. Wiebe
ISBN-10 9781351663236
Release 2017-07-28
Pages 286
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Executive Function: Development Across the Life Span presents perspectives from leading researchers and theorists on the development of executive function from infancy to late adulthood and the factors that shape its growth and decline. Executive function is the set of higher-order cognitive processes involved in regulating attention, thoughts, and actions. Relative to other cognitive domains, its development is slow and decline begins early in late adulthood. As such, it is particularly sensitive to variations in environments and experiences, and there is growing evidence that it is susceptible to intervention – important because of its link to a wide range of important life outcomes. The volume is made up of four sections. It begins with an overview of executive function’s typical development across the lifespan, providing a foundation for the remainder of the volume. The second section presents insights into mechanisms of executive function, as provided by a variety of methodological approaches. The third and fourth sections review the current research evidence on specific factors that shape executive function’s development, focusing on normative (e.g., bilingualism, physical activity, cognitive training) and clinically relevant (e.g., substance use, neurodegenerative disease) developmental pathways.



Advances in Child Development and Behavior

Advances in Child Development and Behavior Author
ISBN-10 9780128121733
Release 2017-02-18
Pages 312
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Advances in Child Development and Behavior, Volume 52, includes chapters that highlight some of the most recent research in the field of developmental psychology. Each chapter provides in-depth discussions, with this volume serving as an invaluable resource for developmental or educational psychology researchers, scholars, and students. Contains chapters that highlight some of the most recent research in the area of child development and behavior Presents a wide array of topics that are discussed in detail



Theoretical and Computational Models of Word Learning Trends in Psychology and Artificial Intelligence

Theoretical and Computational Models of Word Learning  Trends in Psychology and Artificial Intelligence Author Gogate, Lakshmi
ISBN-10 9781466629745
Release 2013-02-28
Pages 451
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The process of learning words and languages may seem like an instinctual trait, inherent to nearly all humans from a young age. However, a vast range of complex research and information exists in detailing the complexities of the process of word learning. Theoretical and Computational Models of Word Learning: Trends in Psychology and Artificial Intelligence strives to combine cross-disciplinary research into one comprehensive volume to help readers gain a fuller understanding of the developmental processes and influences that makeup the progression of word learning. Blending together developmental psychology and artificial intelligence, this publication is intended for researchers, practitioners, and educators who are interested in language learning and its development as well as computational models formed from these specific areas of research.



Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging

Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging Author Roberto Cabeza
ISBN-10 9780190660239
Release 2016-10-31
Pages 352
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This second edition of the popular Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging provides up-to-date coverage of the most fundamental topics in this discipline. Like the first edition, this volume accessibly and comprehensively reviews the neural mechanisms of cognitive aging appropriate to both professionals and students in a variety of domains, including psychology, neuroscience, neuropsychology, neurology, and psychiatry. The chapters are organized into three sections. The first section focuses on major questions regarding methodological approaches and experimental design. It includes chapters on structural imaging (MRI, DTI), functional imaging (fMRI), and molecular imaging (dopamine PET, etc), and covers multimodal imaging, longitudinal studies, and the interpretation of imaging findings. The second section concentrates on specific cognitive abilities, including attention and inhibitory control, executive functions, memory, and emotion. The third section turns to domains with health and clinical implications, such as the emergence of cognitive deficits in middle age, the role of genetics, the effects of modulatory variables (hypertension, exercise, cognitive engagement), and the distinction between healthy aging and the effects of dementia and depression. Taken together, the chapters in this volume, written by many of the most eminent scientists as well as young stars in this discipline, provide a unified and comprehensive overview of cognitive neuroscience of aging.



Handbook of Cognitive Science

Handbook of Cognitive Science Author Paco Calvo
ISBN-10 008091487X
Release 2008-11-05
Pages 498
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The Handbook of Cognitive Science provides an overview of recent developments in cognition research, relying upon non-classical approaches. Cognition is explained as the continuous interplay between brain, body, and environment, without relying on classical notions of computations and representation to explain cognition. The handbook serves as a valuable companion for readers interested in foundational aspects of cognitive science, and neuroscience and the philosophy of mind. The handbook begins with an introduction to embodied cognitive science, and then breaks up the chapters into separate sections on conceptual issues, formal approaches, embodiment in perception and action, embodiment from an artificial perspective, embodied meaning, and emotion and consciousness. Contributors to the book represent research overviews from around the globe including the US, UK, Spain, Germany, Switzerland, France, Sweden, and the Netherlands.



The Continuity of Mind

The Continuity of Mind Author Michael Spivey Professor of Psychology Cornell University
ISBN-10 9780198038153
Release 2008-06-30
Pages 448
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The cognitive and neural sciences have been on the brink of a paradigm shift for over a decade. The traditional information-processing framework in psychology, with its computer metaphor of the mind, is still considered to be the mainstream approach, but dynamical-systems accounts of mental activity are now receiving a more rigorous treatment, allowing them to more beyond merely brandishing trendy buzzwords. The Continuity of the Mind will help to galvanize the forces of dynamical systems theory, cognitive and computational neuroscience, connectionism, and ecological psychology that are needed to complete this paradigm shift. In The Continuity of the Mind Michael Spivey lays bare the fact that comprehending a spoken sentence, understanding a visual scene, or just thinking about the days events involves the serial coalescing of different neuronal activation patterns, i.e., a state-space trajectory that flirts with a series of point attractors. As a result, the brain cannot help but spend most of its time instantiating patterns of activity that are in between identifiable mental states rather than in them. When this scenario is combined with the fact that most cognitive processes are richly embedded in their environmental context in real time, the state space (in which brief visitations of attractor basins are your thoughts) suddenly encompasses not just neuronal dimensions, but extends to biomechanical and environmental dimensions as well. As a result, your moment-by-moment experience of the world around you, even right now, can be described as a continuous trajectory through a high-dimensional state space that is comprised of diverse mental states. Spivey has arranged The Continuity of the Mind to present a systematic overview of how perception, cognition, and action are partially overlapping segments of one continuous mental flow, rather than three distinct mental systems. The initial chapters provide empirical demonstrations of the gray areas in mental activity that happen in between discretely labeled mental events, as well as geometric visualizations of attractors in state space that make the dynamical-systems framework seem less mathematically abstract. The middle chapters present scores of behavioral and neurophysiological studies that portray the continuous temporal dynamics inherent in categorization, language comprehension, visual perception, as well as attention, action, and reasoning. The final chapters conclude with discussions of what the mind itself must look like if its activity is continuous in time and its contents are distributed in state space.



The Developing Genome

The Developing Genome Author David S. Moore
ISBN-10 9780199922345
Release 2015
Pages 308
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Includes bibliographical references (pages 275-300) and index



Elastic

Elastic Author Leonard Mlodinow
ISBN-10 9781101870938
Release 2018-03-20
Pages 272
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From the best-selling author of Subliminal and The Drunkard’s Walk comes a groundbreaking look at the psychology and neuroscience of change, and at how tapping into elastic thinking will help us thrive in the modern world. Drawing on cutting-edge research, Leonard Mlodinow takes us on an illuminating journey through the mechanics of our minds as we navigate the rapidly changing landscapes around us. Out of the exploratory instincts that allowed our ancestors to prosper hundreds of thousands of years ago, humans developed a cognitive style that Mlodinow terms elastic thinking, a unique set of talents that include neophilia (an affinity for novelty), schizotypy (a tendency toward unusual perception), imagination and idea generation, and divergent and integrative thinking. These are the qualities that enabled innovators from MaryShelley to Miles Davis, from the inventor of jumbo-sized popcorn to the creators of Pokémon Go, to effect paradigm shifts in our culture and society. In our age of unprecedented technological innovation and social change, it is more important than ever to encourage these abilities and traits. How can we train our brains to be more comfortable when confronting change and more adept at innovation? How do our brains generate new ideas, and how can we nurture that process? Why can diversity and even discord be beneficial to our thought process? With his keen acumen and quick wit, Leonard Mlodinow gives us the essential tools to harness the power of elastic thinking in an endlessly dynamic world.



40 Days of Dating

40 Days of Dating Author Jessica Walsh
ISBN-10 9781613127155
Release 2015-01-20
Pages 304
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When New York–based graphic designers and long-time friends Timothy Goodman and Jessica Walsh found themselves single at the same time, they decided to try an experiment. The old adage says that it takes 40 days to change a habit—could the same be said for love? So they agreed to date each other for 40 days, record their experiences in questionnaires, photographs, videos, texts, and artworks, and post the material on a website they would create for this purpose. What began as a small experiment between two friends became an Internet sensation, drawing 5 million unique (and obsessed) visitors from around the globe to their site and their story since it was launched in July 2013. 40 Days of Dating: An Experiment is a beautifully designed, expanded look at the experiment and the results, including a great deal of material that never made it onto the site, such as who they were as friends and individuals before the 40 days and who they have become since. Note: 40 Days of Dating has a special binding that allows it to open very flat by attaching the endpapers to the inside covers.



Attention and Time

Attention and Time Author Kia Nobre
ISBN-10 9780199563456
Release 2010
Pages 450
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Attention and Time is the first book to explore this fascinating topic. It brings together leading scientists from the brain sciences to consider the nature of the relationship between attention and time, looking at its neural substrates, and considering how different sensory modalities deal with, and are affected by, time. The book will be important for all those withing cognitive neuroscience and neurophysiology, seeking to understandattention.



Cognitive Neuroscience of Attention

Cognitive Neuroscience of Attention Author Michael I. Posner
ISBN-10 1593850484
Release 2004
Pages 466
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This volume presents the latest advances in understanding attention: its anatomy, circuitry, functions, and deficits. Outstanding investigators have written brief yet substantive chapters in which they not only summarize key findings but also illuminate their goals and the directions their research is taking. Coverage includes different cognitive models of attention; knowledge emerging from functional imaging and genetic studies; and neurophysiological, developmental, and neuropsychological approaches. Emerging knowledge is presented on processes that impair or alter attention, and clinical implications are discussed. Linking many levels of analysis, and featuring over one hundred illustrations, the book moves us closer to a coherent view of the attentional system and the key role it plays in everyday life.



Developmental Robotics

Developmental Robotics Author Angelo Cangelosi
ISBN-10 9780262028011
Release 2015-01-09
Pages 432
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A comprehensive overview of an interdisciplinary approach to robotics that takes direct inspiration from the developmental and learning phenomena observed in children's cognitive development.



The Cambridge Handbook of Situated Cognition

The Cambridge Handbook of Situated Cognition Author Philip Robbins
ISBN-10 9780521848329
Release 2009
Pages 520
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This book is a guide to a movement in cognitive science showing how environmental and bodily structure shapes cognition.



Advanced Social Psychology

Advanced Social Psychology Author Roy F. Baumeister
ISBN-10 0199701008
Release 2010-06-28
Pages 832
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Social psychology is a flourishing discipline. It explores the most essential questions of the human psyche (e.g., Why do people help or harm others? How do influence professionals get us to do what they want, and how can we inoculate ourselves against their sometimes-insidious persuasion tactics? Why do social relationships exert such powerful effects on people's physical health?), and it does so with clever, ingenuitive research methods. This edited volume is a textbook for advanced social psychology courses. Its primary target audience is first-year graduate students (MA or PhD) in social psychlogy, although it is also appropriate for upper-level undergraduate courses in social psychology and for doctoral students in disciplines connecting to social psychology (e.g., marketing, organizational behavior). The authors of the chapters are world-renowned leaders on their topic, and they have written these chapters to be engaging and accessible to students who are just learning the discipline. After reading this book, you will be able to understand almost any journal article or conference presentation in any field of social psychology. You will be able to converse competently with most social psychologists in their primary research domain, a use skill that is relevant not only in daily life but also when interviewing for a faculty position. And, most importantly, you will be equipped with the background knowledge to forge ahead more confidently with your own research.



Life and Narrative

Life and Narrative Author Chair of the Department of Psychology Associate Professor of Psychology Brian Schiff
ISBN-10 9780190256654
Release 2017-02-14
Pages 376
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The challenge of life and literary narrative is the central and perennial mystery of how people encounter, manage, and inhabit a self and a world of their own - and others' - creations. With a nod to the eminent scholar and psychologist Jerome Bruner, Life and Narrative: The Risks and Responsibilities of Storying Experience explores the circulation of meaning between experience and the recounting of that experience to others. A variety of arguments center around the kind of relationship life and narrative share with one another. In this volume, rather than choosing to argue that this relationship is either continuous or discontinuous, editors Brian Schiff, A. Elizabeth McKim, and Sylvie Patron and their contributing authors reject the simple binary and masterfully incorporate a more nuanced approach that has more descriptive appeal and theoretical traction for readers. Exploring such diverse and fascinating topics as 'Narrative and the Law,' 'Narrative Fiction, the Short Story, and Life,' 'The Body as Biography,' and 'The Politics of Memory,' Life and Narrative features important research and perspectives from both up-and-coming researchers and prominent scholars in the field - many of which who are widely acknowledged for moving the needle forward on the study of narrative in their respective disciplines and beyond.