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Dynamics and Control of Mechanical Systems in Offshore Engineering

Dynamics and Control of Mechanical Systems in Offshore Engineering Author Wei He
ISBN-10 9781447153375
Release 2013-10-02
Pages 230
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Dynamics and Control of Mechanical Systems in Offshore Engineering is a comprehensive treatment of marine mechanical systems (MMS) involved in processes of great importance such as oil drilling and mineral recovery. Ranging from nonlinear dynamic modeling and stability analysis of flexible riser systems, through advanced control design for an installation system with a single rigid payload attached by thrusters, to robust adaptive control for mooring systems, it is an authoritative reference on the dynamics and control of MMS. Readers will gain not only a complete picture of MMS at the system level, but also a better understanding of the technical considerations involved and solutions to problems that commonly arise from dealing with them. The text provides: · a complete framework of dynamical analysis and control design for marine mechanical systems; · new results on the dynamical analysis of riser, mooring and installation systems together with a general modeling method for a class of MMS; · a general method and strategy for realizing the control objectives of marine systems with guaranteed stability the effectiveness of which is illustrated by extensive numerical simulation; and · approximation-based control schemes using neural networks for installation of subsea structures with attached thrusters in the presence of time-varying environmental disturbances and parametric uncertainties. Most of the results presented are analytical with repeatable design algorithms with proven closed-loop stability and performance analysis of the proposed controllers is rigorous and detailed. Dynamics and Control of Mechanical Systems in Offshore Engineering is primarily intended for researchers and engineers in the system and control community, but graduate students studying control and marine engineering will also find it a useful resource as will practitioners working on the design, running or maintenance of offshore platforms.

Analysis and Control of Oilwell Drilling Vibrations

Analysis and Control of Oilwell Drilling Vibrations Author Martha Belem Saldivar Marquez
ISBN-10 9783319157474
Release 2015-03-09
Pages 282
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This book reports the results of exhaustive research work on modeling and control of vertical oil well drilling systems. It is focused on the analysis of the system-dynamic response and the elimination of the most damaging drill string vibration modes affecting overall perforation performance: stick-slip (torsional vibration) and bit-bounce (axial vibration). The text is organized in three parts. The first part, Modeling, presents lumped- and distributed-parameter models that allow the dynamic behavior of the drill string to be characterized; a comprehensive mathematical model taking into account mechanical and electric components of the overall drilling system is also provided. The distributed nature of the system is accommodated by considering a system of wave equations subject to nonlinear boundary conditions; this model is transformed into a pair of neutral-type time-delay equations which can overcome the complexity involved in the analysis and simulation of the partial differential equation model. The second part, Analysis, is devoted to the study of the response of the system described by the time-delay model; important properties useful for analyzing system stability are investigated and frequency- and time-domain techniques are reviewed. Part III, Control, concerns the design of stabilizing control laws aimed at eliminating undesirable drilling vibrations; diverse control techniques based on infinite--dimensional system representations are designed and evaluated. The control proposals are shown to be effective in suppressing stick-slip and bit-bounce so that a considerable improvement of the overall drilling performance can be achieved. This self-contained book provides operational guidelines to avoid drilling vibrations. Furthermore, since the modeling and control techniques presented here can be generalized to treat diverse engineering problems, it constitutes a useful resource to researchers working on control and its engineering application in oil well drilling.

Control of Ships and Underwater Vehicles

Control of Ships and Underwater Vehicles Author Khac Duc Do
ISBN-10 9781848827301
Release 2009-08-09
Pages 401
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Most ocean vessels are underactuated but control of their motion in the real ocean environment is essential. Starting with a review of the background on ocean-vessel dynamics and nonlinear control theory, the authors’ systematic approach is based on various nontrivial coordinate transformations coupled with advanced nonlinear control design methods. This strategy is then used for the development and analysis of a number of ocean-vessel control systems with the aim of achieving advanced motion control tasks including stabilization, trajectory-tracking, path-tracking and path-following. Control of Ships and Underwater Vehicles offers the reader: - new results in the nonlinear control of underactuated ocean vessels; - efficient designs for the implementation of controllers on underactuated ocean vessels; - numerical simulations and real-time implementations of the control systems designed on a scale-model ship for each controller developed to illustrate their effectiveness and afford practical guidance.

Nonlinear Control of Vehicles and Robots

Nonlinear Control of Vehicles and Robots Author Béla Lantos
ISBN-10 1849961220
Release 2010-12-01
Pages 464
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Nonlinear Control of Vehicles and Robots develops a unified approach to the dynamic modeling of robots in terrestrial, aerial and marine environments. The main classes of nonlinear systems and stability methods are summarized and basic nonlinear control methods, useful in manipulator and vehicle control, are presented. Formation control of ground robots and ships is discussed. The book also deals with the modeling and control of robotic systems in the presence of non-smooth nonlinearities. Robust adaptive tracking control of robotic systems with unknown payload and friction in the presence of uncertainties is treated. Theoretical and practical aspects of the control algorithms under discussion are detailed. Examples are included throughout the book allowing the reader to apply the control and modeling techniques in their own research and development work. Some of these examples demonstrate state estimation based on the use of advanced sensors as part of the control system.

Advanced Control Engineering

Advanced Control Engineering Author Roland S. Burns
ISBN-10 0750651008
Release 2001
Pages 450
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Advanced Control Engineering provides a complete course in control engineering for undergraduates of all technical disciplines. Starting with a basic overview of elementary control theory this text quickly moves on to a rigorous examination of more advanced and cutting edge date aspects such as robust and intelligent control, including neural networks and genetic algorithms. With examples from aeronautical, marine and many other types of engineering, Roland Burns draws on his extensive teaching and practical experience presents the subject in an easily understood and applied manner. Control Engineering is a core subject in most technical areas. Problems in each chapter, numerous illustrations and free Matlab files on the accompanying website are brought together to provide a valuable resource for the engineering student and lecturer alike. Complete Course in Control Engineering Real life case studies Numerous problems

Developments in Offshore Engineering

Developments in Offshore Engineering Author John B. Herbich
ISBN-10 0884153800
Release 1999
Pages 570
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Drawing from experts and top researchers from around the world, 'Developments in offshore engineering' presents current developments in a variety of areas that impact offshore and ocean engineering.

Handbook of Marine Craft Hydrodynamics and Motion Control

Handbook of Marine Craft Hydrodynamics and Motion Control Author Thor I. Fossen
ISBN-10 1119998689
Release 2011-05-23
Pages 596
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The technology of hydrodynamic modeling and marine craft motion control systems has progressed greatly in recent years. This timely survey includes the latest tools for analysis and design of advanced guidance, navigation and control systems and presents new material on underwater vehicles and surface vessels. Each section presents numerous case studies and applications, providing a practical understanding of how model-based motion control systems are designed. Key features include: a three-part structure covering Modeling of Marine Craft; Guidance, Navigation and Control Systems; and Appendices, providing all the supporting theory in a single resource kinematics, kinetics, hydrostatics, seakeeping and maneuvering theory, and simulation models for marine craft and environmental forces guidance systems, sensor fusion and integrated navigation systems, inertial measurement units, Kalman filtering and nonlinear observer design for marine craft state-of-the-art methods for feedback control more advanced methods using nonlinear theory, enabling the user to compare linear design techniques before a final implementation is made. linear and nonlinear stability theory, and numerical methods companion website that hosts links to lecture notes and download information for the Marine Systems Simulator (MSS) which is an open source Matlab/Simulink® toolbox for marine systems. The MSS toolbox includes hydrodynamic models and motion control systems for ships, underwater vehicles and floating structures With an appropriate balance between mathematical theory and practical applications, academic and industrial researchers working in marine and control engineering aspects of manned and unmanned maritime vehicles will benefit from this comprehensive handbook. It is also suitable for final year undergraduates and postgraduates, lecturers, development officers, and practitioners in the areas of rigid-body modeling, hydrodynamics, simulation of marine craft, control and estimation theory, decision-support systems and sensor fusion.

Ship Motion Control

Ship Motion Control Author Tristan Perez
ISBN-10 9781846281570
Release 2006-03-30
Pages 300
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engineers into a single volume whilst concentrating on two important research control design problems: autopilots with rudder-roll stabilization and fin and combined rudder-fin stabilization. He has been guided by some of the leading marine control academics, in particular Mogens Blanke and Thor Fossen; indeed Chapters 3 and 4 on kinematics and kinetics of ship motion are jointly authored with Professor Fossen. There are some 240 cited references – an invaluable resource for interested readers. The volume is likely to appeal to a wide range of readers who will each be able to extract something different from the various parts of the monograph. Part I has some four chapters on the modelling fundamentals including kinematics, dynamics and actuators. Part II is a very useful survey of the ship roll stabilization problem and how ship roll performance is measured and assessed. This clearly motivates the human necessity for roll-reduction and roll stabilization. Parts III and IV move on to the control systems aspects of the various stabilization designs. Valuable material here includes a study of system performance limitations as caused by the presence of non-minimum phase characteristics and actuator saturation. Chapter 10 has an interesting historical review of these marine control problems stretching back some thirty-years into the 1970s.

Industrial Control Systems Design

Industrial Control Systems Design Author Michael J. Grimble
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105110238073
Release 2001-03-30
Pages 621
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Bridging the gap between research and industry, this volume systematically and comprehensively presents the latest advances in control and estimation. With emphasis on applications, industrial problems illustrate the use of transfer function and state space methods for modelling and design. Combining theroy with practice, Industrial Control Systems Design will appeal to practising engineers and academic researchers in control engineering. This unique reference: * spans fundamental state space and polynomial systems theory and introduces quantitative feedback theory. * Includes design case studies with illustrative problem descriptions and analysis from the steel, marine, process control, aerospace and power generation sectors. * Focuses on the challenges in predictive optimal control, now an indispensable method in advanced control applications. * Provides an introduction to safety-critical control systems design and combined fault monitoring and control techniques. * Discusses the design of LQG and H-controllers with several degrees of freedom, including feedback, tracking and feedforward functions.

Industrial Process Control Advances and Applications

Industrial Process Control  Advances and Applications Author Ghodrat Kalani
ISBN-10 0080491529
Release 2002-10-22
Pages 182
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Industrial Process Control: Advances and Applications is a comprehensive, practical, easy-to-read book on process control, covering some of the most important topics in the petrochemical process industry, including Fieldbus, Multiphase Flow Metering, and other recently developed control systems. Drawing from his own experience and successes at such high-profile companies as Brown and Root and Honeywell spanning more than 20 years, the author explains the practical applications of some of the most intricate and complicated control systems that have ever been developed. Compilation of all the best instrumentation and control techniques used in industry today Interesting theoretical content as well as practical topics on planning, integration and application Includes the latest on Fieldbus, Profibus and Multiphase Flow Metering

Robust Control of Diesel Ship Propulsion

Robust Control of Diesel Ship Propulsion Author Nikolaos Xiros
ISBN-10 9781447101918
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 214
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Based on the author’s research and practical projects, he presents a broad view of the needs and problems of the shipping industry in this area. The book covers several models and control types, developing an integrated nonlinear state-space model of the marine propulsion system.

Autonomous Underwater Vehicles

Autonomous Underwater Vehicles Author Sabiha Wadoo
ISBN-10 9781351833929
Release 2017-12-21
Pages 165
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Underwater vehicles present some difficult and very particular control system design problems. These are often the result of nonlinear dynamics and uncertain models, as well as the presence of sometimes unforeseeable environmental disturbances that are difficult to measure or estimate. Autonomous Underwater Vehicles: Modeling, Control Design, and Simulation outlines a novel approach to help readers develop models to simulate feedback controllers for motion planning and design. The book combines useful information on both kinematic and dynamic nonlinear feedback control models, providing simulation results and other essential information, giving readers a truly unique and all-encompassing new perspective on design. Includes MATLAB® Simulations to Illustrate Concepts and Enhance Understanding Starting with an introductory overview, the book offers examples of underwater vehicle construction, exploring kinematic fundamentals, problem formulation, and controllability, among other key topics. Particularly valuable to researchers is the book’s detailed coverage of mathematical analysis as it applies to controllability, motion planning, feedback, modeling, and other concepts involved in nonlinear control design. Throughout, the authors reinforce the implicit goal in underwater vehicle design—to stabilize and make the vehicle follow a trajectory precisely. Fundamentally nonlinear in nature, the dynamics of AUVs present a difficult control system design problem which cannot be easily accommodated by traditional linear design methodologies. The results presented here can be extended to obtain advanced control strategies and design schemes not only for autonomous underwater vehicles but also for other similar problems in the area of nonlinear control.

Flight Dynamics and System Identification for Modern Feedback Control

Flight Dynamics and System Identification for Modern Feedback Control Author Jared A Grauer
ISBN-10 9780857094674
Release 2013-08-31
Pages 160
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Unmanned air vehicles are becoming increasingly popular alternatives for private applications which include, but are not limited to, fire fighting, search and rescue, atmospheric data collection, and crop surveys, to name a few. Among these vehicles are avian-inspired, flapping-wing designs, which are safe to operate near humans and are required to carry payloads while achieving manoeuverability and agility in low speed flight. Conventional methods and tools fall short of achieving the desired performance metrics and requirements of such craft. Flight dynamics and system identification for modern feedback control provides an in-depth study of the difficulties associated with achieving controlled performance in flapping-wing, avian-inspired flight, and a new model paradigm is derived using analytical and experimental methods, with which a controls designer may then apply familiar tools. This title consists of eight chapters and covers flapping-wing aircraft and flight dynamics, before looking at nonlinear, multibody modelling as well as flight testing and instrumentation. Later chapters examine system identification from flight test data, feedback control and linearization. Presents experimental flight data for validation and verification of modelled dynamics, thus illustrating the deficiencies and difficulties associated with modelling flapping-wing flight Derives a new flight dynamics model needed to model avian-inspired vehicles, based on nonlinear multibody dynamics Extracts aerodynamic models of flapping flight from experimental flight data and system identification techniques

Control Science and Technology for the Progress of Society a Mechanical systems and robots b Aerospace and transportation

Control Science and Technology for the Progress of Society  a  Mechanical systems and robots  b  Aerospace and transportation Author Hajime Akashi
ISBN-10 0080287166
Release 1982
Pages 3924
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Provides a link between the theory & applications of automatic control, emphasizing the latest developments & practical applications. Of interest to control & industrial engineers, operations researchers, & systems scientists.

Wind Turbine Control and Monitoring

Wind Turbine Control and Monitoring Author Ningsu Luo
ISBN-10 9783319084138
Release 2014-08-30
Pages 466
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Maximizing reader insights into the latest technical developments and trends involving wind turbine control and monitoring, fault diagnosis, and wind power systems, ‘Wind Turbine Control and Monitoring’ presents an accessible and straightforward introduction to wind turbines, but also includes an in-depth analysis incorporating illustrations, tables and examples on how to use wind turbine modeling and simulation software. Featuring analysis from leading experts and researchers in the field, the book provides new understanding, methodologies and algorithms of control and monitoring, computer tools for modeling and simulation, and advances the current state-of-the-art on wind turbine monitoring and fault diagnosis; power converter systems; and cooperative & fault-tolerant control systems for maximizing the wind power generation and reducing the maintenance cost. This book is primarily intended for researchers in the field of wind turbines, control, mechatronics and energy; postgraduates in the field of mechanical and electrical engineering; and graduate and senior undergraduate students in engineering wishing to expand their knowledge of wind energy systems. The book will also interest practicing engineers dealing with wind technology who will benefit from the comprehensive coverage of the theoretic control topics, the simplicity of the models and the use of commonly available control algorithms and monitoring techniques.

Computer Aided Design of Control Systems

Computer Aided Design of Control Systems Author M. A. Cuenod
ISBN-10 9781483146911
Release 2014-05-19
Pages 702
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Computer Aided Design of Control Systems focuses on the use of computers to analyze and design the control of various processes, as well as the development of program packages with different algorithms for digital computers. The selection first takes a look at the computer aided design of minimal order controllers, including design of interacting and noninteracting dynamic controllers of minimal order and basic algorithm. The book then discusses an accelerated Newton process to solve Riccati equation through matrix sign function; suboptimal direct digital control of a trickle-bed absorption column; and structural design of large systems employing a geometric approach. The text underscores the computer as an aid for the implementation of advanced control algorithms on physical processes and analysis of direct control algorithms and their parallel realization. Topics include hardware influences on the control, process influence, and interactive structure design of direct control systems. The book also takes a look at the optimal control of randomly sampled linear stochastic systems; computer aided design of suboptimal test signals for system identification; and computer aided design of multi-level systems with prescribed structure and control constraints. The selection is a dependable source of data for readers interested in the uses of computers.

Mechanical Vibration

Mechanical Vibration Author Haym Benaroya
ISBN-10 9781498752992
Release 2017-08-29
Pages 579
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Mechanical Vibration: Analysis, Uncertainties, and Control, Fourth Edition addresses the principles and application of vibration theory. Equations for modeling vibrating systems are explained, and MATLAB® is referenced as an analysis tool. The Fourth Edition adds more coverage of damping, new case studies, and development of the control aspects in vibration analysis. A MATLAB appendix has also been added to help students with computational analysis. This work includes example problems and explanatory figures, biographies of renowned contributors, and access to a website providing supplementary resources.