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Ecology in Agriculture

Ecology in Agriculture Author Louise E. Jackson
ISBN-10 0080530680
Release 1997-09-14
Pages 472
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Agricultural crops are prominent features of an increasing number of variously perturbed ecosystems and the landscapes occupied by these ecosystems. Yet the ecology of agricultural-dominated landscapes is only now receiving the scientific attention it has long deserved. This attention has been stimulated by the realization that all agriculture must become sustainable year after year while leaving nearby ecosystems unaffected. Ecology in Agriculture focuses exclusively on the ecology of agricultural ecosystems. The book is divided into four major sections. An introduction establishes the unique ties between agricultural and ecological sciences. The second section describes the community ecology of these sorts of ecosystems, while the final section focuses on the processes that operate throughout these agricultural landscapes. Contains an ecological perspective on agricultural production and resource utilization Includes in-depth reviews of major issues in crop ecology by active researchers Covers a range of topics in agricultural ecophysiology, community ecology, and ecosystems ecology Provides examples of ecological approaches to solving problems in crop management and environmental quality

Plant Physiological Ecology

Plant Physiological Ecology Author Hans Lambers
ISBN-10 9781475728552
Release 2013-04-17
Pages 540
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This textbook is remarkable for emphasising that the mechanisms underlying plant physiological ecology can be found at the levels of biochemistry, biophysics, molecular biology and whole-plant physiology. The authors begin with the primary processes of carbon metabolism and transport, plant-water relations, and energy balance. After considering individual leaves and whole plants, these physiological processes are then scaled up to the level of the canopy. Subsequent chapters discuss mineral nutrition and the ways in which plants cope with nutrient-deficient or toxic soils. The book then looks at patterns of growth and allocation, life-history traits, and interactions between plants and other organisms. Later chapters deal with traits that affect decomposition of plant material and with plant physiological ecology at the level of ecosystems and global environmental processes.

Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Insects

Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Insects Author Jon F. Harrison
ISBN-10 9780191625350
Release 2012-01-26
Pages 392
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Insects are the most ecologically important multicellular heterotrophs in terrestrial systems. They play critical roles in ecological food webs, remain devastating agricultural and medical pests, and represent the most diverse group of eukaryotes in terms of species numbers. Their dominant role among terrestrial heterotrophs arises from a number of key physiological traits, and in particular by the developmental and evolutionary plasticity of these traits. Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Insects presents a current and comprehensive overview of how the key physiological traits of insects respond to environmental variation. It forges conceptual links from molecular biology through organismal function to population and community ecology. As with other books in the Series, the emphasis is on the unique physiological characteristics of the insects, but with applications to questions of broad relevance in physiological ecology. As an aid to new researchers on insects, it also includes introductory chapters on the basics and techniques of insect physiology ecology.

Applications of Physiological Ecology to Forest Management

Applications of Physiological Ecology to Forest Management Author J. J. Landsberg
ISBN-10 0080527388
Release 1997-01-08
Pages 354
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Forest management is a complex process that now incorporates information obtained from many sources. It is increasingly obvious that the physiological status of the trees in a forest has a dramatic impact on the likely success of any particular management strategy. Indeed, models described in this book that deal with forest productivity and sustainability require physiological information. This information can only be obtained from an understanding of the basic biological mechanisms and processes that contribute to individual tree growth. This valuable book illustrates that physiological ecology is a fundamental element of proficient forest management. Provides essential information relevant to the continuing debate over sustainable forest management Outlines how modern tools for physiological ecology can be used in planning and managing forest ecosystems Reviews the most commonly used forest models and assesses their value and future

Physiological Ecology of North American Plant Communities

Physiological Ecology of North American Plant Communities Author Brian Chabot
ISBN-10 9789400948303
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 351
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Although, as W.D. Billings notes in his chapter in this book. the development of physiological ecology can be traced back to the very beginnings of the study of ecology it is clear that the modern development of this field in North America is due in the large part to the efforts of Billings alone. The foundation that Billings laid in the late 1950s came from his own studies on deserts and subsequently arctic and alpine plants, and also from his enormous success in instilling enthusiasm for the field in the numerous students attracted to the plant ecology program at Duke University. Billings' own studies provided the model for subsequent work in this field. Physiological techniques. normally confined to the laboratory. were brought into the field to examine processes under natural environmental conditions. These field studies were accompanied by experiments under controlled conditions where the relative impact of various factors could be assessed and further where genetic as opposed to environmental influences could be separated. This blending of field and laboratory approaches promoted the design of experiments which were of direct relevance to understanding the distribution and abundance of plants in nature. Physiological mechanisms were studied and assessed in the context of the functioning of plants under natural conditions rather than as an end in itself.

Physiological Ecology of Tropical Plants

Physiological Ecology of Tropical Plants Author Ulrich Lüttge
ISBN-10 3540717935
Release 2007-12-14
Pages 458
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Since the publication of the first edition of this book ten years ago, international research into the physiological ecology of plants in the tropics has increased enormously in quantity and quality. This brand new edition brings the story right up to date. New approaches have been developed in remote sensing while at the other end of the scale molecular biology has come on in leaps and bounds, particularly regarding ecological performance of tropical plants, e.g. in understanding the adaptation of resurrection plants to the extreme habitat of inselbergs. In this fully revised and updated second edition the wealth of new information has made it necessary to break large chapters down into smaller ones.

Insect Physiological Ecology

Insect Physiological Ecology Author Steven L. Chown
ISBN-10 0198515480
Release 2004-07-15
Pages 243
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Insects exhibit incredible physiological diversity, making them ideal model organisms for the purpose of this book. The authors draw together the central issues in physiology (nutrition, water balance, temperature, etc.) treating each in sufficient detail to give researchers a broad update in summary form.

Physiological Ecology of Forest Production

Physiological Ecology of Forest Production Author J. J. Landsberg
ISBN-10 0080922546
Release 2010-11-26
Pages 352
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Process-based models open the way to useful predictions of the future growth rate of forests and provide a means of assessing the probable effects of variations in climate and management on forest productivity. As such they have the potential to overcome the limitations of conventional forest growth and yield models, which are based on mensuration data and assume that climate and atmospheric CO2 concentrations will be the same in the future as they are now. This book discusses the basic physiological processes that determine the growth of plants, the way they are affected by environmental factors and how we can improve processes that are well-understood such as growth from leaf to stand level and productivity. A theme that runs through the book is integration to show a clear relationship between photosynthesis, respiration, plant nutrient requirements, transpiration, water relations and other factors affecting plant growth that are often looked at separately. This integrated approach will provide the most comprehensive source for process-based modelling, which is valuable to ecologists, plant physiologists, forest planners and environmental scientists. Includes explanations of inherently mathematical models, aided by the use of graphs and diagrams illustrating causal interactions and by examples implemented as Excel spreadsheets Uses a process-based model as a framework for explaining the mechanisms underlying plant growth Integrated approach provides a clear and relatively simple treatment

Ecology and Control of Perennial Weeds in Latin America

Ecology and Control of Perennial Weeds in Latin America Author
ISBN-10 9251024464
Release 1986-01-01
Pages 339
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Importance biology and basic control of Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers; Biology and ecology of Cynodon dactylon L. Pers; Ecology, biology, physiology, morphology and importance of Cyperus esculentus L.; Ecology, biology, physiology, morphology and importance of Cyperus rotundus L.; Control of Cyperus esculentus L and Cyperus rotundus L.; Eco-physiology and control of Convolvulus arvensis L.; Biology and control of Bidens aurea (Ait.) Sherff.; New herbicides to control perennial grasses; Soil management and perennial weeds; Perennial weeds in Argentina: Diplotaxis tenuifolia, Senecio madagascariensis, Senecio grisebachhi -- three perennial weeds now expanding in Argentina; Perennial weeds in Brazil; Perennial weeds in Colombia; Perennial weeds in Chile; Perennial weeds in Ecuador; Perennial weeds in Paraguay; Perennial weeds in Peru; Perennial weeds in Uruguay; Perennial weeds in USA.

Physiological ecology of some spring ephemerals

Physiological ecology of some spring ephemerals Author Paul G. Risser
ISBN-10 WISC:89011224771
Release 1967
Pages 228
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Physiological ecology of some spring ephemerals has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Physiological ecology of some spring ephemerals also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Physiological ecology of some spring ephemerals book for free.

Individual Based Models and Approaches In Ecology

Individual Based Models and Approaches In Ecology Author D. L. DeAngelis
ISBN-10 9781351090360
Release 2018-01-18
Pages 545
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Until fairly recently, populations were handled as homogenized averages, which made modeling feasible but which ignored the essential fact that in any population there is a great variety of individuals of different ages, sizes, and degrees of fitness. Recently, because of the increased availability of affordable computer power, approaches have been developed which are able to recognize individual differences. Individual-based models are of great use in the areas of aquatic ecology, terrestrial ecology, landscape or physiological ecology, terrestrial ecology, landscape or physiological ecology, and agriculture. This book discusses which biological problems individual-based models can solve, as well as the models' inherent limitations. It explores likely future directions of theoretical development in these models, as well as currently feasible management applications and the best mathematical approaches and computer languages to use. The book also details specific applications to theory and management.


Allelopathy Author Manuel Joaquín Reigosa Roger
ISBN-10 1402042795
Release 2006
Pages 637
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There are many good books in the market dealing with the subject of allelopathy. When we designed the outline of this new book, we thought that it should include as many different points of view as possible, although in an integrated general scheme. Allelopathy can be viewed from different of perspectives, ranging from the molecular to the ecosystem level, and including molecular biology, plant biochemistry, plant physiology, plant ecophysiology and ecology, with information coming also from the organic chemistry, soil sciences, microbiology and many other scientific disciplines. This book was designed to include a complete perspective of allelopathic process. The book is divided into seven major sections. The first chapter explores the international development of allelopathy as a science and next section deals with methodological aspects and it explores potential limitations of actual research. Third section is devoted to physiological aspects of allelopathy. Different specialists wrote about photosynthesis, cell cycle, detoxification processes, abiotic and biotic stress, plant secondary metabolites and respiration related to allelopathy. Chapters 13 through 16 are collectively devoted to various aspects of plant ecophysiology on a variety of levels: microorganisms, soil system and weed germination. Fundamental ecology approaches using both experimental observations and theoretical analysis of allelopathy are described in chapters 16 and 17. Those chapters deal with the possible evolutionary forces that have shaped particular strategies. In the section named “allelopathy in different environments”, authors primarily center on marine, aquatic, forest and agro ecosystems. Last section includes chapters addressing application of the knowledge of allelopathy.

The Physiology of Plants Under Stress

The Physiology of Plants Under Stress Author David M. Orcutt
ISBN-10 0471170089
Release 2000-06-27
Pages 683
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This second of a two-part treatise describes the phenomena of plants under stress, describing the relationship between plant structure, development, and growth and such environmental stresses as too much or too little water, light, heat, or cold.

Plant Stems

Plant Stems Author
ISBN-10 0080539084
Release 1995-07-19
Pages 440
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Stems, of various sizes and shapes, are involved in most of the organic processes and interactions of plants, ranging from support, transport, and storage to development and protection. The stem itself is a crucially important intermediary: it links above- and below ground organs-connecting roots to leaves. An international team of leading researchers vividly illustrate that stems are more than pipes, more than simple connecting and supporting structures; rather stems are critical, anatomically distinct structures of enormous variability. It is, to an unappreciated extent, this variability that underpins both the diversity and the success of plants in myriad ecosystems. Plant Stems will be a valuable resource on form/function relationships for researchers and graduate-level students in ecology, evolutionary biology, physiology, development, genetics, agricultural sciences, and horticulture as they unravel the mechanisms and processes that allow organisms and ecosystems to function. Syntheses of structural, physiological, and ecological functions of stems Multiple viewpoints on how stem structure relates to performance Highlights of major areas of plant biology long neglected

Weed Biology and Management

Weed Biology and Management Author Inderjit
ISBN-10 1402017618
Release 2004-02-29
Pages 553
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This book offers a global perspective on weed science by presenting contributions from an outstanding group of researchers in 12 countries, reviewed by over 50 experts. It discusses technologies, which could relieve the negative impacts of weeds on crop production in a way that allows growers to optimise profits and preserve human health and the environment. These technologies represent the science of weed management. The aim of the book is to provide insight and recent progress in the science of weed research. Articles presenting the novel and critical appraisals of specific topics are included.

Plant Ecology

Plant Ecology Author Ernst-Detlef Schulze
ISBN-10 354020833X
Release 2005-02-18
Pages 702
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This textbook covers Plant Ecology from the molecular to the global level. It covers the following areas in unprecedented breadth and depth: - Molecular ecophysiology (stress physiology: light, temperature, oxygen deficiency, drought, salt, heavy metals, xenobiotica and biotic stress factors) - Autecology (whole plant ecology: thermal balance, water, nutrient, carbon relations) - Ecosystem ecology (plants as part of ecosystems, element cycles, biodiversity) - Synecology (development of vegetation in time and space, interactions between vegetation and the abiotic and biotic environment) - Global aspects of plant ecology (global change, global biogeochemical cycles, land use, international conventions, socio-economic interactions) The book is carefully structured and well written: complex issues are elegantly presented and easily understandable. It contains more than 500 photographs and drawings, mostly in colour, illustrating the fascinating subject. The book is primarily aimed at graduate students of biology but will also be of interest to post-graduate students and researchers in botany, geosciences and landscape ecology. Further, it provides a sound basis for those dealing with agriculture, forestry, land use, and landscape management.

Oaks Physiological Ecology Exploring the Functional Diversity of Genus Quercus L

Oaks Physiological Ecology  Exploring the Functional Diversity of Genus Quercus L Author Eustaquio Gil-Pelegrín
ISBN-10 9783319690995
Release 2018-01-10
Pages 547
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With more than 500 species distributed all around the Northern Hemisphere, the genus Quercus L. is a dominant element of a wide variety of habitats including temperate, tropical, subtropical and mediterranean forests and woodlands. As the fossil record reflects, oaks were usual from the Oligocene onwards, showing the high ability of the genus to colonize new and different habitats. Such diversity and ecological amplitude makes genus Quercus an excellent framework for comparative ecophysiological studies, allowing the analysis of many mechanisms that are found in different oaks at different level (leaf or stem). The combination of several morphological and physiological attributes defines the existence of different functional types within the genus, which are characteristic of specific phytoclimates. From a landscape perspective, oak forests and woodlands are threatened by many factors that can compromise their future: a limited regeneration, massive decline processes, mostly triggered by adverse climatic events or the competence with other broad-leaved trees and conifer species. The knowledge of all these facts can allow for a better management of the oak forests in the future.