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Electrostatics

Electrostatics Author Niels Jonassen
ISBN-10 9781461510734
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 188
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Designed for non-specialists, this easy-to-read new edition provides a comprehensive and coherent account of static electric phenomena and concepts based on a mathematical-physical approach. It has been updated to include new and expanded material ranging from charge decay to electrostatic measurements.



Modeling of Electrical Overstress in Integrated Circuits

Modeling of Electrical Overstress in Integrated Circuits Author Carlos H. Diaz
ISBN-10 9781461527886
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 148
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Electrical overstress (EOS) and Electrostatic discharge (ESD) pose one of the most dominant threats to integrated circuits (ICs). These reliability concerns are becoming more serious with the downward scaling of device feature sizes. Modeling of Electrical Overstress in Integrated Circuits presents a comprehensive analysis of EOS/ESD-related failures in I/O protection devices in integrated circuits. The design of I/O protection circuits has been done in a hit-or-miss way due to the lack of systematic analysis tools and concrete design guidelines. In general, the development of on-chip protection structures is a lengthy expensive iterative process that involves tester design, fabrication, testing and redesign. When the technology is changed, the same process has to be repeated almost entirely. This can be attributed to the lack of efficient CAD tools capable of simulating the device behavior up to the onset of failure which is a 3-D electrothermal problem. For these reasons, it is important to develop and use an adequate measure of the EOS robustness of integrated circuits in order to address the on-chip EOS protection issue. Fundamental understanding of the physical phenomena leading to device failures under ESD/EOS events is needed for the development of device models and CAD tools that can efficiently describe the device behavior up to the onset of thermal failure. Modeling of Electrical Overstress in Integrated Circuits is for VLSI designers and reliability engineers, particularly those who are working on the development of EOS/ESD analysis tools. CAD engineers working on development of circuit level and device level electrothermal simulators will also benefit from the material covered. This book will also be of interest to researchers and first and second year graduate students working in semiconductor devices and IC reliability fields.



Research and Education in Robotics EUROBOT 2010

Research and Education in Robotics   EUROBOT 2010 Author David Obdrzalek
ISBN-10 9783642272721
Release 2011-11-24
Pages 201
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This book constitutes the proceedings of the International Conference on Research and Education in Robotics held in Rapperswil-Jona, Switzerland, in May 2010. The 17 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 24 submissions. They are organized in topical sections on mechanical design and system architecture, flexible robot strategy design, and autonomous mobile robot development.



Fundamentals of Applied Electrostatics

Fundamentals of Applied Electrostatics Author Joseph M. Crowley
ISBN-10 1885540116
Release 1999
Pages 255
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The book explains, in engineering rather than mathematical terms, the application of electrostatic principles for designing practical devices. Each chapter concentrates on a single electrostatic concept with applications to a particular device. Now in its third printing, the text is organized by the scale of electrostatic effect. Part One deals with the electrostatic fields in a uniform linear medium. Part Two introduces particles moving in the field. Part Three allows for a complex continuum. Part Four describes interactions between electrostatic devices and external circuits using terminal relations. In addition to providing a unified and comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals and applications of electrostatics, the author offers numerous examples, including copy machines, smoke detectors, high-speed printers, and the electrofusion of living cells. The epilogue provides more applications in various industries, plus bibliographies and review articles.



Finite Fields for Computer Scientists and Engineers

Finite Fields for Computer Scientists and Engineers Author Robert J. McEliece
ISBN-10 9781461319832
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 208
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This book developed from a course on finite fields I gave at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in the Spring semester of 1979. The course was taught at the request of an exceptional group of graduate students (includ ing Anselm Blumer, Fred Garber, Evaggelos Geraniotis, Jim Lehnert, Wayne Stark, and Mark Wallace) who had just taken a course on coding theory from me. The theory of finite fields is the mathematical foundation of algebraic coding theory, but in coding theory courses there is never much time to give more than a "Volkswagen" treatment of them. But my 1979 students wanted a "Cadillac" treatment, and this book differs very little from the course I gave in response. Since 1979 I have used a subset of my course notes (correspond ing roughly to Chapters 1-6) as the text for my "Volkswagen" treatment of finite fields whenever I teach coding theory. There is, ironically, no coding theory anywhere in the book! If this book had a longer title it would be "Finite fields, mostly of char acteristic 2, for engineering and computer science applications. " It certainly does not pretend to cover the general theory of finite fields in the profound depth that the recent book of Lidl and Neidereitter (see the Bibliography) does.



Chemical Electrostatics

Chemical Electrostatics Author Fernando Galembeck
ISBN-10 9783319523743
Release 2017-03-09
Pages 230
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This book provides new clues for understanding electrostatic charging in solids and liquids, resulting from the surge of research in this active area of science that is taking place since the 1990's but is still largely unknown to most researchers, lecturers and engineers. Written by a leading researcher in this field, this book describes the formation and properties of the Earth capacitor, the production of environmental electricity and its effect on natural and anthropic systems and examines many situations in which water may play a decisive role in electrostatic behavior. The authors present an informed critique of the long-held assumption that pure substances should be electroneutral. In this regard, the authors show that charge partition and accumulation is expected considering the electrochemical potential under non-zero electrostatic potential, which prevails at Earth surface. This book provides conceptual tools to guide the reader through the complexities and consequences of electrostatic phenomena while covering exciting current topics such as energy scavenging from the environment, electrostatic based green production, energy-saving processes, electrochemistry at the solid-gas interface, therapeutic electrostatic treatments, applications in sanitation and pest control and control of atmospheric electricity and its use in climate engineering.



Applied Electrostatic Precipitation

Applied Electrostatic Precipitation Author K.R. Parker
ISBN-10 9789400915534
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 522
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Many industrial, power generation and chemical processes produce unwanted fine particulate material as a consequence of their operation. Electrostatic precipitation is a highly efficient method of removing entrained particulate contaminants from exhaust gases and is extensively used in these industries to limit particulate emissions. New legislation aimed at improving the environment by further limiting these discharges has resulted in the technique undergoing considerable development over the past decade, to the point where it has become the method of choice, over a wide range of applications, for limiting particulate discharges. In this new book, the editor has brought together an international team of contributors, mainly industrialists and consultants, to produce an authorative and practical guide to electrostatic precipitation. This book is of interest to all those in process industries or power generation and to academics concerned with gas cleaning and environmental issues.



System on Chip for Real Time Applications

System on Chip for Real Time Applications Author Wael Badawy
ISBN-10 9781461503514
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 456
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System-on-Chip for Real-Time Applications will be of interest to engineers, both in industry and academia, working in the area of SoC VLSI design and application. It will also be useful to graduate and undergraduate students in electrical and computer engineering and computer science. A selected set of papers from the 2nd International Workshop on Real-Time Applications were used to form the basis of this book. It is organized into the following chapters: -Introduction; -Design Reuse; -Modeling; -Architecture; -Design Techniques; -Memory; -Circuits; -Low Power; -Interconnect and Technology; -MEMS. System-on-Chip for Real-Time Applications contains many signal processing applications and will be of particular interest to those working in that community.



Physics of Semiconductor Devices

Physics of Semiconductor Devices Author Massimo Rudan
ISBN-10 9783319631547
Release 2017-09-27
Pages 920
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This textbook describes the basic physics of semiconductors, including the hierarchy of transport models, and connects the theory with the functioning of actual semiconductor devices. Details are worked out carefully and derived from the basic physical concepts, while keeping the internal coherence of the analysis and explaining the different levels of approximation. Coverage includes the main steps used in the fabrication process of integrated circuits: diffusion, thermal oxidation, epitaxy, and ion implantation. Examples are based on silicon due to its industrial importance. Several chapters are included that provide the reader with the quantum-mechanical concepts necessary for understanding the transport properties of crystals. The behavior of crystals incorporating a position-dependent impurity distribution is described, and the different hierarchical transport models for semiconductor devices are derived (from the Boltzmann transport equation to the hydrodynamic and drift-diffusion models). The transport models are then applied to a detailed description of the main semiconductor-device architectures (bipolar, MOS, CMOS), including a number of solid-state sensors. The final chapters are devoted to the measuring methods for semiconductor-device parameters, and to a brief illustration of the scaling rules and numerical methods applied to the design of semiconductor devices.



Electrostatic Precipitation

Electrostatic Precipitation Author Keping Yan
ISBN-10 3540892516
Release 2010-07-19
Pages 1000
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"Electrostatic Precipitation" includes selected papers presented at the 11th International Conference on Electrostatic Precipitation. It presents the newest developments in electrostatic precipitation, flue gas desulphurization (FGD), selective catalytic reduction (SCR), and non-thermal plasma techniques for multi-pollutants emission control. Almost all outstanding scientists and engineers world-wide in the field will report their on-going researches. The book will be a useful reference for scientists and engineers to keep abreast of the latest developments in environmental science and engineering.



Artificial Intelligence Methods and Applications

Artificial Intelligence  Methods and Applications Author Aristidis Likas
ISBN-10 9783319070643
Release 2014-04-18
Pages 642
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This book constitutes the proceedings of the 8th Hellenic Conference on Artificial Intelligence, SETN 2014, held in Ioannina, Greece, in May 2014. There are 34 regular papers out of 60 submissions, in addition 5 submissions were accepted as short papers and 15 papers were accepted for four special sessions. They deal with emergent topics of artificial intelligence and come from the SETN main conference as well as from the following special sessions on action languages: theory and practice; computational intelligence techniques for bio signal Analysis and evaluation; game artificial intelligence; multimodal recommendation systems and their applications to tourism.



Advanced Research on Computer Science and Information Engineering

Advanced Research on Computer Science and Information Engineering Author Gang Shen
ISBN-10 9783642214011
Release 2011-05-09
Pages 504
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This two-volume set (CCIS 152 and CCIS 153) constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Science and Information Engineering, CSIE 2011, held in Zhengzhou, China, in May 2011. The 159 revised full papers presented in both volumes were carefully reviewed and selected from a large number of submissions. The papers present original research results that are broadly relevant to the theory and applications of Computer Science and Information Engineering and address a wide variety of topics such as algorithms, automation, artificial intelligence, bioinformatics, computer networks, computer security, computer vision, modeling and simulation, databases, data mining, e-learning, e-commerce, e-business, image processing, knowledge management, multimedia, mobile computing, natural computing, open and innovative education, pattern recognition, parallel computing, robotics, wireless networks, and Web applications.



Electrodynamics The Field Free Approach

Electrodynamics  The Field Free Approach Author Kjell Prytz
ISBN-10 9783319131719
Release 2015-03-19
Pages 361
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This book is intended as an undergraduate textbook in electrodynamics at basic or advanced level. The objective is to attain a general understanding of the electrodynamic theory and its basic experiments and phenomena in order to form a foundation for further studies in the engineering sciences as well as in modern quantum physics. The outline of the book is obtained from the following principles: • Base the theory on the concept of force and mutual interaction • Connect the theory to experiments and observations accessible to the student • Treat the electric, magnetic and inductive phenomena cohesively with respect to force, energy, dipoles and material • Present electrodynamics using the same principles as in the preceding mechanics course • Aim at explaining that theory of relativity is based on the magnetic effect • Introduce field theory after the basic phenomena have been explored in terms of force Although electrodynamics is described in this book from its 1st principles, prior knowledge of about one semester of university studies in mathematics and physics is required, including vector algebra, integral and differential calculus as well as a course in mechanics, treating Newton’s laws and the energy principle. The target groups are physics and engineering students, as well as professionals in the field, such as high school teachers and employees in the telecom industry. Chemistry and computer science students may also benefit from the book.



Background Processes in the Electrostatic Spectrometers of the KATRIN Experiment

Background Processes in the Electrostatic Spectrometers of the KATRIN Experiment Author Susanne Mertens
ISBN-10 9783319011776
Release 2013-11-05
Pages 196
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Neutrinos continue to be the most mysterious and, arguably, the most fascinating particles of the Standard Model as their intrinsic properties such as absolute mass scale and CP properties are unknown. The open question of the absolute neutrino mass scale will be addressed with unprecedented accuracy by the Karlsruhe Tritium Neutrino (KATRIN) experiment, currently under construction. This thesis focusses on the spectrometer part of KATRIN and background processes therein. Various background sources such as small Penning traps, as well as nuclear decays from single radon atoms are fully characterized here for the first time. Most importantly, however, it was possible to reduce the background in the spectrometer by more than five orders of magnitude by eliminating Penning traps and by developing a completely new background reduction method by stochastically heating trapped electrons using electron cyclotron resonance (ECR). The work beautifully demonstrates that the obstacles and challenges in measuring the absolute mass scale of neutrinos can be met successfully if novel experimental tools (ECR) and novel computing methods (KASSIOPEIA) are combined to allow almost background-free tritium ß-spectroscopy.



AsiaSim 2013

AsiaSim 2013 Author Gary Tan
ISBN-10 9783642450372
Release 2013-10-29
Pages 601
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Systems Simulation, Asia Simulation 2013, held in Singapore, in November 2013. The 45 revised full papers presented together with 18 short papers were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers address issues such as agent based simulation, scheduling algorithms, simulation methods and tools, simulation and visualization, modeling methodology, simulation in science and engineering, high performance computing and simulation and parallel and distributed simulation.



Wavelet Theory and Its Applications

Wavelet Theory and Its Applications Author Randy K. Young
ISBN-10 9781461535843
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 223
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The continuous wavelet transform has deep mathematical roots in the work of Alberto P. Calderon. His seminal paper on complex method of interpolation and intermediate spaces provided the main tool for describing function spaces and their approximation properties. The Calderon identities allow one to give integral representations of many natural operators by using simple pieces of such operators, which are more suited for analysis. These pieces, which are essentially spectral projections, can be chosen in clever ways and have proved to be of tremendous utility in various problems of numerical analysis, multidimensional signal processing, video data compression, and reconstruction of high resolution images and high quality speech. A proliferation of research papers and a couple of books, written in English (there is an earlier book written in French), have emerged on the subject. These books, so far, are written by specialists for specialists, with a heavy mathematical flavor, which is characteristic of the Calderon-Zygmund theory and related research of Duffin-Schaeffer, Daubechies, Grossman, Meyer, Morlet, Chui, and others. Randy Young's monograph is geared more towards practitioners and even non-specialists, who want and, probably, should be cognizant of the exciting proven as well as potential benefits which have either already emerged or are likely to emerge from wavelet theory.



Computer Science for Environmental Engineering and EcoInformatics

Computer Science for Environmental Engineering and EcoInformatics Author Yuanxu Yu
ISBN-10 9783642226939
Release 2011-07-18
Pages 473
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This two-volume set (CCIS 158 and CCIS 159) constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Workshop on Computer Science for Environmental Engineering and EcoInformatics, CSEEE 2011, held in Kunming, China, in July 2011. The 150 revised full papers presented in both volumes were carefully reviewed and selected from a large number of submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on computational intelligence; computer simulation; computing practices and applications; ecoinformatics; image processing information retrieval; pattern recognition; wireless communication and mobile computing; artificial intelligence and pattern classification; computer networks and Web; computer software, data handling and applications; data communications; data mining; data processing and simulation; information systems; knowledge data engineering; multimedia applications.