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Elements of Applied Bifurcation Theory

Elements of Applied Bifurcation Theory Author Yuri A. Kuznetsov
ISBN-10 9781475724219
Release 2013-03-09
Pages 518
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A solid basis for anyone studying the dynamical systems theory, providing the necessary understanding of the approaches, methods, results and terminology used in the modern applied-mathematics literature. Covering the basic topics in the field, the text can be used in a course on nonlinear dynamical systems or system theory. Special attention is given to efficient numerical implementations of the developed techniques, illustrated by several examples from recent research papers. A moderate mathematical background is assumed, and, whenever possible, only elementary mathematical tools are used, making this book suitable for advanced undergraduate or graduate students in applied mathematics, as well as for researchers in other disciplines who use dynamical systems as model tools in their studies.

Bifurcation Theory

Bifurcation Theory Author Hansjörg Kielhöfer
ISBN-10 9781461405023
Release 2011-11-13
Pages 400
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In the past three decades, bifurcation theory has matured into a well-established and vibrant branch of mathematics. This book gives a unified presentation in an abstract setting of the main theorems in bifurcation theory, as well as more recent and lesser known results. It covers both the local and global theory of one-parameter bifurcations for operators acting in infinite-dimensional Banach spaces, and shows how to apply the theory to problems involving partial differential equations. In addition to existence, qualitative properties such as stability and nodal structure of bifurcating solutions are treated in depth. This volume will serve as an important reference for mathematicians, physicists, and theoretically-inclined engineers working in bifurcation theory and its applications to partial differential equations. The second edition is substantially and formally revised and new material is added. Among this is bifurcation with a two-dimensional kernel with applications, the buckling of the Euler rod, the appearance of Taylor vortices, the singular limit process of the Cahn-Hilliard model, and an application of this method to more complicated nonconvex variational problems.

Nonlinear Oscillations Dynamical Systems and Bifurcations of Vector Fields

Nonlinear Oscillations  Dynamical Systems  and Bifurcations of Vector Fields Author John Guckenheimer
ISBN-10 9781461211402
Release 2013-11-21
Pages 462
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An application of the techniques of dynamical systems and bifurcation theories to the study of nonlinear oscillations. Taking their cue from Poincare, the authors stress the geometrical and topological properties of solutions of differential equations and iterated maps. Numerous exercises, some of which require nontrivial algebraic manipulations and computer work, convey the important analytical underpinnings of problems in dynamical systems and help readers develop an intuitive feel for the properties involved.

Chaos Near Resonance

Chaos Near Resonance Author G. Haller
ISBN-10 9781461215080
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 430
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A unified treatment of resonant problems with special emphasis on the recently discovered phenomenon of homoclinic jumping. After a survey of the necessary background, the book develops a general finite dimensional theory of homoclinic jumping, illustrating it with examples. The main mechanism of chaos near resonances is discussed in both the dissipative and the Hamiltonian context, incorporating previously unpublished new results on universal homoclinic bifurcations near resonances, as well as on multi-pulse Silnikov manifolds. The results are applied to a variety of different problems, which include applications from beam oscillations, surface wave dynamics, nonlinear optics, atmospheric science and fluid mechanics.

Applications of Centre Manifold Theory

Applications of Centre Manifold Theory Author J. Carr
ISBN-10 9781461259299
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 142
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These notes are based on a series of lectures given in the Lefschetz Center for Dynamical Systems in the Division of Applied Mathematics at Brown University during the academic year 1978-79. The purpose of the lectures was to give an introduction to the applications of centre manifold theory to differential equations. Most of the material is presented in an informal fashion, by means of worked examples in the hope that this clarifies the use of centre manifold theory. The main application of centre manifold theory given in these notes is to dynamic bifurcation theory. Dynamic bifurcation theory is concerned with topological changes in the nature of the solutions of differential equations as para meters are varied. Such an example is the creation of periodic orbits from an equilibrium point as a parameter crosses a critical value. In certain circumstances, the application of centre manifold theory reduces the dimension of the system under investigation. In this respect the centre manifold theory plays the same role for dynamic problems as the Liapunov-Schmitt procedure plays for the analysis of static solutions. Our use of centre manifold theory in bifurcation problems follows that of Ruelle and Takens [57) and of Marsden and McCracken [51).

Global Bifurcations and Chaos

Global Bifurcations and Chaos Author Stephen Wiggins
ISBN-10 9781461210429
Release 2013-11-27
Pages 495
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Global Bifurcations and Chaos: Analytical Methods is unique in the literature of chaos in that it not only defines the concept of chaos in deterministic systems, but it describes the mechanisms which give rise to chaos (i.e., homoclinic and heteroclinic motions) and derives explicit techniques whereby these mechanisms can be detected in specific systems. These techniques can be viewed as generalizations of Melnikov's method to multi-degree of freedom systems subject to slowly varying parameters and quasiperiodic excitations. A unique feature of the book is that each theorem is illustrated with drawings that enable the reader to build visual pictures of global dynamcis of the systems being described. This approach leads to an enhanced intuitive understanding of the theory.

An Invitation to Applied Mathematics

An Invitation to Applied Mathematics Author Carmen Chicone
ISBN-10 9780128041543
Release 2016-09-24
Pages 878
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An Invitation to Applied Mathematics: Differential Equations, Modeling, and Computation introduces the reader to the methodology of modern applied mathematics in modeling, analysis, and scientific computing with emphasis on the use of ordinary and partial differential equations. Each topic is introduced with an attractive physical problem, where a mathematical model is constructed using physical and constitutive laws arising from the conservation of mass, conservation of momentum, or Maxwell's electrodynamics. Relevant mathematical analysis (which might employ vector calculus, Fourier series, nonlinear ODEs, bifurcation theory, perturbation theory, potential theory, control theory, or probability theory) or scientific computing (which might include Newton's method, the method of lines, finite differences, finite elements, finite volumes, boundary elements, projection methods, smoothed particle hydrodynamics, or Lagrangian methods) is developed in context and used to make physically significant predictions. The target audience is advanced undergraduates (who have at least a working knowledge of vector calculus and linear ordinary differential equations) or beginning graduate students. Readers will gain a solid and exciting introduction to modeling, mathematical analysis, and computation that provides the key ideas and skills needed to enter the wider world of modern applied mathematics. Presents an integrated wealth of modeling, analysis, and numerical methods in one volume Provides practical and comprehensible introductions to complex subjects, for example, conservation laws, CFD, SPH, BEM, and FEM Includes a rich set of applications, with more appealing problems and projects suggested

Bifurcation Theory of Functional Differential Equations

Bifurcation Theory of Functional Differential Equations Author Shangjiang Guo
ISBN-10 9781461469926
Release 2013-07-30
Pages 289
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This book provides a crash course on various methods from the bifurcation theory of Functional Differential Equations (FDEs). FDEs arise very naturally in economics, life sciences and engineering and the study of FDEs has been a major source of inspiration for advancement in nonlinear analysis and infinite dimensional dynamical systems. The book summarizes some practical and general approaches and frameworks for the investigation of bifurcation phenomena of FDEs depending on parameters with chap. This well illustrated book aims to be self contained so the readers will find in this book all relevant materials in bifurcation, dynamical systems with symmetry, functional differential equations, normal forms and center manifold reduction. This material was used in graduate courses on functional differential equations at Hunan University (China) and York University (Canada).

Nonlinear Problems of Elasticity

Nonlinear Problems of Elasticity Author S.S Antman
ISBN-10 9781475741476
Release 2013-03-14
Pages 752
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The scientists of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, led by Jas. Bernoulli and Euler, created a coherent theory of the mechanics of strings and rods undergoing planar deformations. They introduced the basic con cepts of strain, both extensional and flexural, of contact force with its com ponents of tension and shear force, and of contact couple. They extended Newton's Law of Motion for a mass point to a law valid for any deformable body. Euler formulated its independent and much subtler complement, the Angular Momentum Principle. (Euler also gave effective variational characterizations of the governing equations. ) These scientists breathed life into the theory by proposing, formulating, and solving the problems of the suspension bridge, the catenary, the velaria, the elastica, and the small transverse vibrations of an elastic string. (The level of difficulty of some of these problems is such that even today their descriptions are sel dom vouchsafed to undergraduates. The realization that such profound and beautiful results could be deduced by mathematical reasoning from fundamental physical principles furnished a significant contribution to the intellectual climate of the Age of Reason. ) At first, those who solved these problems did not distinguish between linear and nonlinear equations, and so were not intimidated by the latter. By the middle of the nineteenth century, Cauchy had constructed the basic framework of three-dimensional continuum mechanics on the founda tions built by his eighteenth-century predecessors.

Piecewise smooth Dynamical Systems

Piecewise smooth Dynamical Systems Author Mario Bernardo
ISBN-10 1846287081
Release 2008-01-01
Pages 482
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This book presents a coherent framework for understanding the dynamics of piecewise-smooth and hybrid systems. An informal introduction expounds the ubiquity of such models via numerous. The results are presented in an informal style, and illustrated with many examples. The book is aimed at a wide audience of applied mathematicians, engineers and scientists at the beginning postgraduate level. Almost no mathematical background is assumed other than basic calculus and algebra.

Introduction to Applied Nonlinear Dynamical Systems and Chaos

Introduction to Applied Nonlinear Dynamical Systems and Chaos Author Stephen Wiggins
ISBN-10 9781475740677
Release 2013-03-09
Pages 672
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This volume is an introduction to applied nonlinear dynamics and chaos. The emphasis is on teaching the techniques and ideas that will enable students to take specific dynamical systems and obtain some quantitative information about their behavior. The new edition has been updated and extended throughout, and contains an extensive bibliography and a detailed glossary of terms.

Inverse Acoustic and Electromagnetic Scattering Theory

Inverse Acoustic and Electromagnetic Scattering Theory Author David Colton
ISBN-10 354062838X
Release 1997-12-11
Pages 334
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This book is devoted to the mathematical and numerical analysis of the inverse scattering problem for acoustic and electromagnetic waves. The second edition includes material on Newton’s method for the inverse obstacle problem, an elegant proof of uniqueness for the inverse medium problem, a discussion of the spectral theory of the far field operator and a method for determining the support of an inhomogeneous medium from far field data.

Singularities and Groups in Bifurcation Theory

Singularities and Groups in Bifurcation Theory Author Martin Golubitsky
ISBN-10 9781461250340
Release 2013-11-27
Pages 466
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This book has been written in a frankly partisian spirit-we believe that singularity theory offers an extremely useful approach to bifurcation prob lems and we hope to convert the reader to this view. In this preface we will discuss what we feel are the strengths of the singularity theory approach. This discussion then Ieads naturally into a discussion of the contents of the book and the prerequisites for reading it. Let us emphasize that our principal contribution in this area has been to apply pre-existing techniques from singularity theory, especially unfolding theory and classification theory, to bifurcation problems. Many ofthe ideas in this part of singularity theory were originally proposed by Rene Thom; the subject was then developed rigorously by John Matherand extended by V. I. Arnold. In applying this material to bifurcation problems, we were greatly encouraged by how weil the mathematical ideas of singularity theory meshed with the questions addressed by bifurcation theory. Concerning our title, Singularities and Groups in Bifurcation Theory, it should be mentioned that the present text is the first volume in a two-volume sequence. In this volume our emphasis is on singularity theory, with group theory playing a subordinate role. In Volume II the emphasis will be more balanced. Having made these remarks, Iet us set the context for the discussion of the strengths of the singularity theory approach to bifurcation. As we use the term, bifurcation theory is the study of equations with multiple solutions.

Transient Chaos

Transient Chaos Author Ying-Cheng Lai
ISBN-10 144196987X
Release 2011-02-26
Pages 496
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The aim of this Book is to give an overview, based on the results of nearly three decades of intensive research, of transient chaos. One belief that motivates us to write this book is that, transient chaos may not have been appreciated even within the nonlinear-science community, let alone other scientific disciplines.

Theory and Practice of Finite Elements

Theory and Practice of Finite Elements Author Alexandre Ern
ISBN-10 9781475743555
Release 2013-03-09
Pages 526
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This text presenting the mathematical theory of finite elements is organized into three main sections. The first part develops the theoretical basis for the finite element methods, emphasizing inf-sup conditions over the more conventional Lax-Milgrim paradigm. The second and third parts address various applications and practical implementations of the method, respectively. It contains numerous examples and exercises.

Introduction to Perturbation Methods

Introduction to Perturbation Methods Author Mark H. Holmes
ISBN-10 9781461454779
Release 2012-12-05
Pages 438
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This introductory graduate text is based on a graduate course the author has taught repeatedly over the last ten years to students in applied mathematics, engineering sciences, and physics. Each chapter begins with an introductory development involving ordinary differential equations, and goes on to cover such traditional topics as boundary layers and multiple scales. However, it also contains material arising from current research interest, including homogenisation, slender body theory, symbolic computing, and discrete equations. Many of the excellent exercises are derived from problems of up-to-date research and are drawn from a wide range of application areas. One hundred new pages added including new material on transcedentally small terms, Kummer's function, weakly coupled oscillators and wave interactions.

Mathematical Tools for Physicists

Mathematical Tools for Physicists Author Michael Grinfeld
ISBN-10 9783527411887
Release 2015-01-12
Pages 632
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The new edition is significantly updated and expanded. This unique collection of review articles, ranging from fundamental concepts up to latest applications, contains individual contributions written by renowned experts in the relevant fields. Much attention is paid to ensuring fast access to the information, with each carefully reviewed article featuring cross-referencing, references to the most relevant publications in the field, and suggestions for further reading, both introductory as well as more specialized. While the chapters on group theory, integral transforms, Monte Carlo methods, numerical analysis, perturbation theory, and special functions are thoroughly rewritten, completely new content includes sections on commutative algebra, computational algebraic topology, differential geometry, dynamical systems, functional analysis, graph and network theory, PDEs of mathematical physics, probability theory, stochastic differential equations, and variational methods.