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Elements of Logic via Numbers and Sets

Elements of Logic via Numbers and Sets Author D.L. Johnson
ISBN-10 9781447106036
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 188
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In mathematics we are interested in why a particular formula is true. Intuition and statistical evidence are insufficient, so we need to construct a formal logical proof. The purpose of this book is to describe why such proofs are important, what they are made of, how to recognize valid ones, how to distinguish different kinds, and how to construct them. This book is written for 1st year students with no previous experience of formulating proofs. Dave Johnson has drawn from his considerable experience to provide a text that concentrates on the most important elements of the subject using clear, simple explanations that require no background knowledge of logic. It gives many useful examples and problems, many with fully-worked solutions at the end of the book. In addition to a comprehensive index, there is also a useful `Dramatis Personae` an index to the many symbols introduced in the text, most of which will be new to students and which will be used throughout their degree programme.



Sets Logic and Categories

Sets  Logic and Categories Author Peter J. Cameron
ISBN-10 9781447105893
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 182
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Set theory, logic and category theory lie at the foundations of mathematics, and have a dramatic effect on the mathematics that we do, through the Axiom of Choice, Gödel's Theorem, and the Skolem Paradox. But they are also rich mathematical theories in their own right, contributing techniques and results to working mathematicians such as the Compactness Theorem and module categories. The book is aimed at those who know some mathematics and want to know more about its building blocks. Set theory is first treated naively an axiomatic treatment is given after the basics of first-order logic have been introduced. The discussion is su pported by a wide range of exercises. The final chapter touches on philosophical issues. The book is supported by a World Wibe Web site containing a variety of supplementary material.



Metric Spaces

Metric Spaces Author Mícheál O'Searcoid
ISBN-10 1846286271
Release 2006-12-26
Pages 304
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The abstract concepts of metric spaces are often perceived as difficult. This book offers a unique approach to the subject which gives readers the advantage of a new perspective on ideas familiar from the analysis of a real line. Rather than passing quickly from the definition of a metric to the more abstract concepts of convergence and continuity, the author takes the concrete notion of distance as far as possible, illustrating the text with examples and naturally arising questions. Attention to detail at this stage is designed to prepare the reader to understand the more abstract ideas with relative ease.



Elements of Abstract Analysis

Elements of Abstract Analysis Author Mícheál O'Searcoid
ISBN-10 9781447101796
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 300
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While there are many books on functional analysis, Elements of Abstract Analysis takes a very different approach. Unlike other books, it provides a comprehensive overview of the elementary concepts of analysis while preparing students to cross the threshold of functional analysis. The book is written specifically for final-year undergraduate students who should already be familiar with most of the mathematical structures discussed. It reviews the concepts at a slightly greater level of abstraction and enables students to understand their place within the broad framework of set-based mathematics. The book has been clearly written and contains numerous exercises and examples, making it an a rigorous and self-contained introductory text on functional analysis.



Groups Rings and Fields

Groups  Rings and Fields Author David A.R. Wallace
ISBN-10 9781447104254
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 248
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This is a basic introduction to modern algebra, providing a solid understanding of the axiomatic treatment of groups and then rings, aiming to promote a feeling for the evolutionary and historical development of the subject. It includes problems and fully worked solutions, enabling readers to master the subject rather than simply observing it.



Fields and Galois Theory

Fields and Galois Theory Author John M. Howie
ISBN-10 1852339861
Release 2006
Pages 225
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This gentle introduction aimed at advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students takes a modern, more "natural" approach to its subject, developing the theory at a gentle pace. Topics covered include rings and fields, integral domains and polynomials, field extensions and splitting fields, finite fields, and the Galois group. The book contains plenty of worked examples and exercises complete with full solutions.



Elements of Set Theory

Elements of Set Theory Author Herbert B. Enderton
ISBN-10 9780080570426
Release 1977-05-23
Pages 279
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This is an introductory undergraduate textbook in set theory. In mathematics these days, essentially everything is a set. Some knowledge of set theory is necessary part of the background everyone needs for further study of mathematics. It is also possible to study set theory for its own interest--it is a subject with intruiging results anout simple objects. This book starts with material that nobody can do without. There is no end to what can be learned of set theory, but here is a beginning.



Naive Set Theory

Naive Set Theory Author Paul R. Halmos
ISBN-10 9780486814872
Release 2017-04-19
Pages 112
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Classic by prominent mathematician offers a concise introduction to set theory using language and notation of informal mathematics. Topics include the basic concepts of set theory, cardinal numbers, transfinite methods, more. 1960 edition.



Sets Logic and Categories

Sets  Logic and Categories Author Peter J. Cameron
ISBN-10 9781447105893
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 182
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Set theory, logic and category theory lie at the foundations of mathematics, and have a dramatic effect on the mathematics that we do, through the Axiom of Choice, Gödel's Theorem, and the Skolem Paradox. But they are also rich mathematical theories in their own right, contributing techniques and results to working mathematicians such as the Compactness Theorem and module categories. The book is aimed at those who know some mathematics and want to know more about its building blocks. Set theory is first treated naively an axiomatic treatment is given after the basics of first-order logic have been introduced. The discussion is su pported by a wide range of exercises. The final chapter touches on philosophical issues. The book is supported by a World Wibe Web site containing a variety of supplementary material.



General Relativity

General Relativity Author N.M.J. Woodhouse
ISBN-10 1846284872
Release 2007-03-06
Pages 220
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Based on a course taught for years at Oxford, this book offers a concise exposition of the central ideas of general relativity. The focus is on the chain of reasoning that leads to the relativistic theory from the analysis of distance and time measurements in the presence of gravity, rather than on the underlying mathematical structure. Includes links to recent developments, including theoretical work and observational evidence, to encourage further study.



Basic Linear Algebra

Basic Linear Algebra Author Thomas S. Blyth
ISBN-10 9781447134961
Release 2013-03-14
Pages 201
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Basic Linear Algebra is a text for first year students, working from concrete examples towards abstract theorems, via tutorial-type exercises. The book explains the algebra of matrices with applications to analytic geometry, systems of linear equations, difference equations, and complex numbers. Linear equations are treated via Hermite normal forms, which provides a successful and concrete explanation of the notion of linear independence. Another highlight is the connection between linear mappings and matrices, leading to the change of basis theorem which opens the door to the notion of similarity. The authors are well known algebraists with considerable experience of teaching introductory courses on linear algebra to students at St Andrews. This book is based on one previously published by Chapman and Hall, but it has been extensively updated to include further explanatory text and fully worked solutions to the exercises that all 1st year students should be able to answer.



Mathematical Logic

Mathematical Logic Author H.-D. Ebbinghaus
ISBN-10 9781475723557
Release 2013-03-14
Pages 291
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This introduction to first-order logic clearly works out the role of first-order logic in the foundations of mathematics, particularly the two basic questions of the range of the axiomatic method and of theorem-proving by machines. It covers several advanced topics not commonly treated in introductory texts, such as Fraïssé's characterization of elementary equivalence, Lindström's theorem on the maximality of first-order logic, and the fundamentals of logic programming.



The Whole Truth About Whole Numbers

The Whole Truth About Whole Numbers Author Sylvia Forman
ISBN-10 9783319110356
Release 2015-01-02
Pages 282
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The Whole Truth About Whole Numbers is an introduction to the field of Number Theory for students in non-math and non-science majors who have studied at least two years of high school algebra. Rather than giving brief introductions to a wide variety of topics, this book provides an in-depth introduction to the field of Number Theory. The topics covered are many of those included in an introductory Number Theory course for mathematics majors, but the presentation is carefully tailored to meet the needs of elementary education, liberal arts, and other non-mathematical majors. The text covers logic and proofs, as well as major concepts in Number Theory, and contains an abundance of worked examples and exercises to both clearly illustrate concepts and evaluate the students’ mastery of the material.



The Art of Proof

The Art of Proof Author Matthias Beck
ISBN-10 1441970231
Release 2010-08-17
Pages 182
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The Art of Proof is designed for a one-semester or two-quarter course. A typical student will have studied calculus (perhaps also linear algebra) with reasonable success. With an artful mixture of chatty style and interesting examples, the student's previous intuitive knowledge is placed on solid intellectual ground. The topics covered include: integers, induction, algorithms, real numbers, rational numbers, modular arithmetic, limits, and uncountable sets. Methods, such as axiom, theorem and proof, are taught while discussing the mathematics rather than in abstract isolation. The book ends with short essays on further topics suitable for seminar-style presentation by small teams of students, either in class or in a mathematics club setting. These include: continuity, cryptography, groups, complex numbers, ordinal number, and generating functions.



Elementary Analysis

Elementary Analysis Author Kenneth A. Ross
ISBN-10 9781461462712
Release 2013-04-16
Pages 412
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For over three decades, this best-selling classic has been used by thousands of students in the United States and abroad as a must-have textbook for a transitional course from calculus to analysis. It has proven to be very useful for mathematics majors who have no previous experience with rigorous proofs. Its friendly style unlocks the mystery of writing proofs, while carefully examining the theoretical basis for calculus. Proofs are given in full, and the large number of well-chosen examples and exercises range from routine to challenging. The second edition preserves the book’s clear and concise style, illuminating discussions, and simple, well-motivated proofs. New topics include material on the irrationality of pi, the Baire category theorem, Newton's method and the secant method, and continuous nowhere-differentiable functions.



Probability Models

Probability Models Author John Haigh
ISBN-10 9781447153436
Release 2013-07-04
Pages 287
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The purpose of this book is to provide a sound introduction to the study of real-world phenomena that possess random variation. It describes how to set up and analyse models of real-life phenomena that involve elements of chance. Motivation comes from everyday experiences of probability, such as that of a dice or cards, the idea of fairness in games of chance, and the random ways in which, say, birthdays are shared or particular events arise. Applications include branching processes, random walks, Markov chains, queues, renewal theory, and Brownian motion. This textbook contains many worked examples and several chapters have been updated and expanded for the second edition. Some mathematical knowledge is assumed. The reader should have the ability to work with unions, intersections and complements of sets; a good facility with calculus, including integration, sequences and series; and appreciation of the logical development of an argument. Probability Models is designed to aid students studying probability as part of an undergraduate course on mathematics or mathematics and statistics.



Sets for Mathematics

Sets for Mathematics Author F. William Lawvere
ISBN-10 0521010608
Release 2003-01-27
Pages 261
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In this book, first published in 2003, categorical algebra is used to build a foundation for the study of geometry, analysis, and algebra.