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Elements of Quantum Computing

Elements of Quantum Computing Author Seiki Akama
ISBN-10 9783319082844
Release 2014-07-14
Pages 126
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A quantum computer is a computer based on a computational model which uses quantum mechanics, which is a subfield of physics to study phenomena at the micro level. There has been a growing interest on quantum computing in the 1990's and some quantum computers at the experimental level were recently implemented. Quantum computers enable super-speed computation and can solve some important problems whose solutions were regarded impossible or intractable with traditional computers. This book provides a quick introduction to quantum computing for readers who have no backgrounds of both theory of computation and quantum mechanics. “Elements of Quantum Computing” presents the history, theories and engineering applications of quantum computing. The book is suitable to computer scientists, physicists and software engineers.



Elements of Quantum Computation and Quantum Communication

Elements of Quantum Computation and Quantum Communication Author Anirban Pathak
ISBN-10 9781466517929
Release 2013-06-20
Pages 340
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While there are many available textbooks on quantum information theory, most are either too technical for beginners or not complete enough. Filling this gap, Elements of Quantum Computation and Quantum Communication gives a clear, self-contained introduction to quantum computation and communication. Written primarily for undergraduate students in physics, mathematics, computer science, and related disciplines, this introductory text is also suitable for researchers interested in quantum computation and communication. Developed from the author’s lecture notes, the text begins with developing a perception of classical and quantum information and chronicling the history of quantum computation and communication. It then covers classical and quantum Turing machines, error correction, the quantum circuit model of computation, and complexity classes relevant to quantum computing and cryptography. After presenting mathematical techniques frequently used in quantum information theory and some basic ideas from quantum mechanics, the author describes quantum gates, circuits, algorithms, and error-correcting codes. He also explores the significance and applications of two unique quantum communication schemes: quantum teleportation and superdense coding. The book concludes with various aspects of quantum cryptography. Exploring recent developments and open questions in the field, this text prepares readers for further study and helps them understand more advanced texts and journal papers. Along with thought-provoking cartoons and brief biographies of key players in the field, each chapter includes examples, references, exercises, and problems with detailed solutions.



An Introduction to Quantum Computing

An Introduction to Quantum Computing Author Phillip Kaye
ISBN-10 9780198570004
Release 2007
Pages 274
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The authors provide an introduction to quantum computing. Aimed at advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in these disciplines, this text is illustrated with diagrams and exercises.



Quantum Computing

Quantum Computing Author Eleanor G. Rieffel
ISBN-10 9780262015066
Release 2011-03-04
Pages 372
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A thorough exposition of quantum computing and the underlying concepts of quantum physics, with explanations of the relevant mathematics and numerous examples.



Elements of Quantum Information

Elements of Quantum Information Author Wolfgang P. Schleich
ISBN-10 9783527611072
Release 2007-06-27
Pages 528
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'Elements of Quantum Information' introduces the reader to the fascinating field of quantum information processing, which lives on the interface between computer science, physics, mathematics, and engineering. This interdisciplinary branch of science thrives on the use of quantum mechanics as a resource for high potential modern applications. With its wide coverage of experiments, applications, and specialized topics - all written by renowned experts - 'Elements of Quantum Information' provides an indispensable up-to-date account of the state of the art of this rapidly advancing field and takes the reader straight up to the frontiers of current research. The articles have first appeared as a special issue of the journal 'Fortschritte der Physik/Progress of Physics'. Since then, they have been carefully updated. The book will be an inspiring source of information and insight for anyone researching and specializing in experiments and theory of quantum information.



Quantum Computer Science

Quantum Computer Science Author N. David Mermin
ISBN-10 1139466801
Release 2007-08-30
Pages
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In the 1990's it was realized that quantum physics has some spectacular applications in computer science. This book is a concise introduction to quantum computation, developing the basic elements of this new branch of computational theory without assuming any background in physics. It begins with an introduction to the quantum theory from a computer-science perspective. It illustrates the quantum-computational approach with several elementary examples of quantum speed-up, before moving to the major applications: Shor's factoring algorithm, Grover's search algorithm, and quantum error correction. The book is intended primarily for computer scientists who know nothing about quantum theory, but will also be of interest to physicists who want to learn the theory of quantum computation, and philosophers of science interested in quantum foundational issues. It evolved during six years of teaching the subject to undergraduates and graduate students in computer science, mathematics, engineering, and physics, at Cornell University.



Elements of Quantum Optics

Elements of Quantum Optics Author Pierre Meystre
ISBN-10 9783540742111
Release 2007-09-04
Pages 507
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With a new chapter on quantum entanglement and quantum information, as well as added discussions of the quantum beam splitter, electromagnetically induced transparency, slow light and the input-output formalism, this fourth edition of the brilliant work on quantum optics has been much updated. It still gives a self-contained and broad coverage of the basic elements necessary to understand and carry out research in laser physics and quantum optics, including a review of basic quantum mechanics and pedagogical introductions to system-reservoir interactions and to second quantization. The text reveals the close connection between many seemingly unrelated topics, such as probe absorption, four-wave mixing, optical instabilities, resonance fluorescence and squeezing.



Quantum Computing for Computer Architects

Quantum Computing for Computer Architects Author Tzvetan S. Metodi
ISBN-10 9781608456192
Release 2011
Pages 189
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Quantum computation may seem to be a topic for science fiction, but small quantum computers have existed for several years and larger machines are on the drawing table. These efforts have been fueled by a tantalizing property: while conventional computers employ a binary representation that allows computational power to scale linearly with resources at best, quantum computations employ quantum phenomena that can interact to allow computational power that is exponential in the number of quantum bits in the system. Quantum devices rely on the ability to control and manipulate binary data stored in the phase information of quantum wave functions that describe the electronic states of individual atoms or the polarization states of photons. While existing quantum technologies are in their infancy, we shall see that it is not too early to consider scalability and reliability. In fact, such considerations are a critical link in the development chain of viable device technologies capable of orchestrating reliable control of tens of millions quantum bits in a large-scale system. The goal of this lecture is to provide architectural abstractions common to potential technologies and explore the systems-level challenges in achieving scalable, fault-tolerant quantum computation.



Quantum Computation and Quantum Communication

Quantum Computation and Quantum Communication Author Mladen Pavicic
ISBN-10 0387244123
Release 2006
Pages 221
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Presents the key elements of quantum computation and communication theories and their implementation. This book explains why particular mathematical methods, physical models and realistic implementations might provide critical steps towards achieving the final goal - constructing quantum computers and quantum networks.



Quantum Computing from the Ground Up

Quantum Computing from the Ground Up Author Riley Tipton Perry
ISBN-10 9789814412131
Release 2012-07-11
Pages 256
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Quantum computing — the application of quantum mechanics to information — represents a fundamental break from classical information and promises to dramatically increase a computer's power. Many difficult problems, such as the factorization of large numbers, have so far resisted attack by classical computers yet are easily solved with quantum computers. If they become feasible, quantum computers will end standard practices such as RSA encryption. Most of the books or papers on quantum computing require (or assume) prior knowledge of certain areas such as linear algebra or quantum mechanics. The majority of the currently-available literature is hard to understand for the average computer enthusiast or interested layman. This text attempts to teach quantum computing from the ground up in an easily readable way, providing a comprehensive tutorial that includes all the necessary mathematics, computer science and physics. Errata(s) Errata



Classical and Quantum Computation

Classical and Quantum Computation Author Alexei Yu. Kitaev
ISBN-10 9780821832295
Release 2002
Pages 257
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This book presents a concise introduction to an emerging and increasingly important topic, the theory of quantum computing. The development of quantum computing exploded in 1994 with the discovery of its use in factoring large numbers--an extremely difficult and time-consuming problem when using a conventional computer. In less than 300 pages, the authors set forth a solid foundation to the theory, including results that have not appeared elsewhere and improvements on existing works. The book starts with the basics of classical theory of computation, including NP-complete problems and the idea of complexity of an algorithm. Then the authors introduce general principles of quantum computing and pass to the study of main quantum computation algorithms: Grover's algorithm, Shor's factoring algorithm, and the Abelian hidden subgroup problem. In concluding sections, several related topics are discussed (parallel quantum computation, a quantum analog of NP-completeness, and quantum error-correcting codes). This is a suitable textbook for a graduate course in quantum computing. Prerequisites are very modest and include linear algebra, elements of group theory and probability, and the notion of an algorithm (on a formal or an intuitive level). The book is complete with problems, solutions, and an appendix summarizing the necessary results from number theory.



Quantum Computing

Quantum Computing Author Jozef Gruska
ISBN-10 UOM:39015047730125
Release 1999
Pages 439
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In quantum computing, we witness an exciting and very promising merge of two of the deepest and most successful scientific and technological developments of this century: quantum physics and computer science. The book takes a very broad view of quantum computing and information processing in general. It deals with such areas as quantum algorithms, automata, complexity theory, information and communication, cryptography and theoretical results. These include such topics as quantum error correcting codes and methods of quantum fault tolerance computing, which have made the vision of a real quantum computer come closer. No previous knowledge of quantum mechanics is required. The book is written as a self-study introduction to quantum computing and can be used for a one-semester course on quantum computing, especially for computer scientists. To meet this aim the book contains numerous examples, figures and exercises.



Quantum Computing

Quantum Computing Author Joachim Stolze
ISBN-10 9783527617777
Release 2008-09-26
Pages 255
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The result of a lecture series, this textbook is oriented towards students and newcomers to the field and discusses theoretical foundations as well as experimental realizations in detail. The authors are experienced teachers and have tailored this book to the needs of students. They present the basics of quantum communication and quantum information processing, leading readers to modern technical implementations. In addition, they discuss errors and decoherence as well as methods of avoiding and correcting them.



Introduction to Quantum Computation and Information

Introduction to Quantum Computation and Information Author Hoi-Kwong Lo
ISBN-10 981024410X
Release 1998
Pages 348
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"The book fills a gap between the turgid prose of the burgeoning research literature and the superficial accounts in the popular press." Nature, 1999 "The concepts introduced in this book and the forecast of future directions provided should continue to provide a good primer for the exciting breakthrough anticipated in this field." Mathematics Abstracts, 2001 "Despite its age, this book remains an excellent way to learn the basics of quantum information." Quantum Information and Computation, 2002



Quantum Computation and Quantum Information

Quantum Computation and Quantum Information Author Michael A. Nielsen
ISBN-10 9781139495486
Release 2010-12-09
Pages
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One of the most cited books in physics of all time, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information remains the best textbook in this exciting field of science. This 10th anniversary edition includes an introduction from the authors setting the work in context. This comprehensive textbook describes such remarkable effects as fast quantum algorithms, quantum teleportation, quantum cryptography and quantum error-correction. Quantum mechanics and computer science are introduced before moving on to describe what a quantum computer is, how it can be used to solve problems faster than 'classical' computers and its real-world implementation. It concludes with an in-depth treatment of quantum information. Containing a wealth of figures and exercises, this well-known textbook is ideal for courses on the subject, and will interest beginning graduate students and researchers in physics, computer science, mathematics, and electrical engineering.



Quantum Computing for Computer Architects

Quantum Computing for Computer Architects Author Tzvetan S. Metodi
ISBN-10 9781598291186
Release 2006
Pages 147
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Quantum computationmay seem to be a topic for science fiction, but small quantum computers have existed for several years and larger machines are on the drawing table. These efforts have been fueled by a tantalizing property: while conventional computers employ a binary representation that allows computational power to scale linearly with resources at best, quantum computations employ quantum phenomena that can interact to allow computational power that is exponential in the number of “quantum bits†in the system. Quantum devices rely on the ability to control and manipulate binary data stored in the phase information of quantum wave functions that describe the electronic states of individual atoms or the polarization states of photons. While existing quantum technologies are in their infancy, we shall see that it is not too early to consider scalability and reliability. In fact, such considerations are a critical link in the development chain of viable device technologies capable of orchestrating reliable control of tens of millions quantum bits in a large-scale system. The goal of this lecture is to provide architectural abstractions common to potential technologies and explore the systemslevel challenges in achieving scalable, fault-tolerant quantum computation.The central premise of the lecture is directed at quantum computation (QC) architectural issues. We stress the fact that the basic tenet of large-scale quantum computing is reliability through system balance: the need to protect and control the quantum information just long enough for the algorithm to complete execution. To architectQCsystems, onemust understand what it takes to design and model a balanced, fault-tolerant quantum architecture just as the concept of balance drives conventional architectural design. For example, the register file depth in classical computers is matched to the number of functional units, the memory bandwidth to the cache miss rate, or the interconnect bandwidth matched to the compute power of each element of a multiprocessor. We provide an engineering-oriented introduction to quantum computation and provide an architectural case study based upon experimental data and future projection for ion-trap technology.We apply the concept of balance to the design of a quantum computer, creating an architecture model that balances both quantum and classical resources in terms of exploitable parallelism in quantum applications. From this framework, we also discuss the many open issues remaining in designing systems to perform quantum computation.



Quantum Computing Since Democritus

Quantum Computing Since Democritus Author Scott Aaronson
ISBN-10 9780521199568
Release 2013-03-14
Pages 370
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Takes students and researchers on a tour through some of the deepest ideas of maths, computer science and physics.