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Embedded Linux Systems with the Yocto Project

Embedded Linux Systems with the Yocto Project Author Rudolf J. Streif
ISBN-10 9780133443288
Release 2016-04-18
Pages 480
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Build Complete Embedded Linux Systems Quickly and Reliably Developers are increasingly integrating Linux into their embedded systems: It supports virtually all hardware architectures and many peripherals, scales well, offers full source code, and requires no royalties. The Yocto Project makes it much easier to customize Linux for embedded systems. If you’re a developer with working knowledge of Linux, Embedded Linux Systems with the Yocto Project™ will help you make the most of it. An indispensable companion to the official documentation, this guide starts by offering a solid grounding in the embedded Linux landscape and the challenges of creating custom distributions for embedded systems. You’ll master the Yocto Project’s toolbox hands-on, by working through the entire development lifecycle with a variety of real-life examples that you can incorporate into your own projects. Author Rudolf Streif offers deep insight into Yocto Project’s build system and engine, and addresses advanced topics ranging from board support to compliance management. You’ll learn how to Overcome key challenges of creating custom embedded distributions Jumpstart and iterate OS stack builds with the OpenEmbedded Build System Master build workflow, architecture, and the BitBake Build Engine Quickly troubleshoot build problems Customize new distros with built-in blueprints or from scratch Use BitBake recipes to create new software packages Build kernels, set configurations, and apply patches Support diverse CPU architectures and systems Create Board Support Packages (BSP) for hardware-specific adaptations Provide Application Development Toolkits (ADT) for round-trip development Remotely run and debug applications on actual hardware targets Ensure open-source license compliance Scale team-based projects with Toaster, Build History, Source Mirrors, and Autobuilder

Embedded Linux Primer

Embedded Linux Primer Author Christopher Hallinan
ISBN-10 0137061102
Release 2010-10-26
Pages 576
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Up-to-the-Minute, Complete Guidance for Developing Embedded Solutions with Linux Linux has emerged as today’s #1 operating system for embedded products. Christopher Hallinan’s Embedded Linux Primer has proven itself as the definitive real-world guide to building efficient, high-value, embedded systems with Linux. Now, Hallinan has thoroughly updated this highly praised book for the newest Linux kernels, capabilities, tools, and hardware support, including advanced multicore processors. Drawing on more than a decade of embedded Linux experience, Hallinan helps you rapidly climb the learning curve, whether you’re moving from legacy environments or you’re new to embedded programming. Hallinan addresses today’s most important development challenges and demonstrates how to solve the problems you’re most likely to encounter. You’ll learn how to build a modern, efficient embedded Linux development environment, and then utilize it as productively as possible. Hallinan offers up-to-date guidance on everything from kernel configuration and initialization to bootloaders, device drivers to file systems, and BusyBox utilities to real-time configuration and system analysis. This edition adds entirely new chapters on UDEV, USB, and open source build systems. Tour the typical embedded system and development environment and understand its concepts and components. Understand the Linux kernel and userspace initialization processes. Preview bootloaders, with specific emphasis on U-Boot. Configure the Memory Technology Devices (MTD) subsystem to interface with flash (and other) memory devices. Make the most of BusyBox and latest open source development tools. Learn from expanded and updated coverage of kernel debugging. Build and analyze real-time systems with Linux. Learn to configure device files and driver loading with UDEV. Walk through detailed coverage of the USB subsystem. Introduces the latest open source embedded Linux build systems. Reference appendices include U-Boot and BusyBox commands.

Embedded Linux Development with Yocto Project

Embedded Linux Development with Yocto Project Author Otavio Salvador
ISBN-10 9781783282340
Release 2014-07-09
Pages 142
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A practical tutorial guide which introduces you to the basics of Yocto Project, and also helps you with its real hardware use to boost your Embedded Linux-based project. If you are an embedded systems enthusiast and willing to learn about compelling features offered by the Yocto Project, then this book is for you. With prior experience in the embedded Linux domain, you can make the most of this book to efficiently create custom Linux-based systems.

Mastering Embedded Linux Programming

Mastering Embedded Linux Programming Author Chris Simmonds
ISBN-10 9781787288850
Release 2017-06-30
Pages 478
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Master the techniques needed to build great, efficient embedded devices on Linux About This Book Discover how to build and configure reliable embedded Linux devices This book has been updated to include Linux 4.9 and Yocto Project 2.2 (Morty) This comprehensive guide covers the remote update of devices in the field and power management Who This Book Is For If you are an engineer who wishes to understand and use Linux in embedded devices, this book is for you. It is also for Linux developers and system programmers who are familiar with embedded systems and want to learn and program the best in class devices. It is appropriate for students studying embedded techniques, for developers implementing embedded Linux devices, and engineers supporting existing Linux devices. What You Will Learn Evaluate the Board Support Packages offered by most manufacturers of a system on chip or embedded module Use Buildroot and the Yocto Project to create embedded Linux systems quickly and efficiently Update IoT devices in the field without compromising security Reduce the power budget of devices to make batteries last longer Interact with the hardware without having to write kernel device drivers Debug devices remotely using GDB, and see how to measure the performance of the systems using powerful tools such as perk, ftrace, and valgrind Find out how to configure Linux as a real-time operating system In Detail Embedded Linux runs many of the devices we use every day, from smart TVs to WiFi routers, test equipment to industrial controllers - all of them have Linux at their heart. Linux is a core technology in the implementation of the inter-connected world of the Internet of Things. The comprehensive guide shows you the technologies and techniques required to build Linux into embedded systems. You will begin by learning about the fundamental elements that underpin all embedded Linux projects: the toolchain, the bootloader, the kernel, and the root filesystem. You'll see how to create each of these elements from scratch, and how to automate the process using Buildroot and the Yocto Project. Moving on, you'll find out how to implement an effective storage strategy for flash memory chips, and how to install updates to the device remotely once it is deployed. You'll also get to know the key aspects of writing code for embedded Linux, such as how to access hardware from applications, the implications of writing multi-threaded code, and techniques to manage memory in an efficient way. The final chapters show you how to debug your code, both in applications and in the Linux kernel, and how to profile the system so that you can look out for performance bottlenecks. By the end of the book, you will have a complete overview of the steps required to create a successful embedded Linux system. Style and approach This book is an easy-to-follow and pragmatic guide with in-depth analysis of the implementation of embedded devices. It follows the life cycle of a project from inception through to completion, at each stage giving both the theory that underlies the topic and practical step-by-step walkthroughs of an example implementation.

Embedded Linux Development Using Yocto Project Cookbook

Embedded Linux Development Using Yocto Project Cookbook Author Alex González
ISBN-10 9781788392921
Release 2018-01-25
Pages 456
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Over 79 hands-on recipes for professional embedded Linux developers to optimize and boost their Yocto Project know-how Key Features Optimize your Yocto setup to speed up development and debug build issues Use what is quickly becoming the standard embedded Linux product builder framework—the Yocto Project Recipe-based implementation of best practices to optimize your Linux system Book Description The Yocto Project has become the de facto distribution build framework for reliable and robust embedded systems with a reduced time to market. You'll get started by working on a build system where you set up Yocto, create a build directory, and learn how to debug it. Then, you'll explore everything about the BSP layer, from creating a custom layer to debugging device tree issues. In addition to this, you’ll learn how to add a new software layer, packages, data, scripts, and configuration files to your system. You will then cover topics based on application development, such as using the Software Development Kit and how to use the Yocto project in various development environments. Toward the end, you will learn how to debug, trace, and profile a running system. This second edition has been updated to include new content based on the latest Yocto release. What you will learn Optimize your Yocto Project setup to speed up development and debug build issues Use Docker containers to build Yocto Project-based systems Take advantage of the user-friendly Toaster web interface to the Yocto Project build system Build and debug the Linux kernel and its device trees Customize your root filesystem with already-supported and new Yocto packages Optimize your production systems by reducing the size of both the Linux kernel and root filesystems Explore the mechanisms to increase the root filesystem security Understand the open source licensing requirements and how to comply with them when cohabiting with proprietary programs Create recipes, and build and run applications in C, C++, Python, Node.js, and Java Who this book is for If you are an embedded Linux developer with the basic knowledge of Yocto Project, this book is an ideal way to broaden your knowledge with recipes for embedded development.

Learning Embedded Linux Using the Yocto Project

Learning Embedded Linux Using the Yocto Project Author Alexandru Vaduva
ISBN-10 9781784395193
Release 2015-06-30
Pages 334
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This book offers readers an idea of what embedded Linux software and hardware architecture looks like, cross-compiling, and also presents information about the bootloader and how it can be built for a specific board. This book will go through Linux kernel features and source code, present information on how to build a kernel source, modules, and the Linux root filesystem. You'll be given an overview of the available Yocto Project components, how to set up Yocto Project Eclipse IDE, and how to use tools such as Wic and Swabber that are still under development. It will present the meta-realtime layer and the newly created meta-cgl layer, its purpose, and how it can add value to poky.

Building Embedded Linux Systems

Building Embedded Linux Systems Author Karim Yaghmour
ISBN-10 9780596555054
Release 2008-08-15
Pages 464
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There's a great deal of excitement surrounding the use of Linux in embedded systems -- for everything from cell phones to car ABS systems and water-filtration plants -- but not a lot of practical information. Building Embedded Linux Systems offers an in-depth, hard-core guide to putting together embedded systems based on Linux. Updated for the latest version of the Linux kernel, this new edition gives you the basics of building embedded Linux systems, along with the configuration, setup, and use of more than 40 different open source and free software packages in common use. The book also looks at the strengths and weaknesses of using Linux in an embedded system, plus a discussion of licensing issues, and an introduction to real-time, with a discussion of real-time options for Linux. This indispensable book features arcane and previously undocumented procedures for: Building your own GNU development toolchain Using an efficient embedded development framework Selecting, configuring, building, and installing a target-specific kernel Creating a complete target root filesystem Setting up, manipulating, and using solid-state storage devices Installing and configuring a bootloader for the target Cross-compiling a slew of utilities and packages Debugging your embedded system using a plethora of tools and techniques Using the uClibc, BusyBox, U-Boot, OpenSSH, thttpd, tftp, strace, and gdb packages By presenting how to build the operating system components from pristine sources and how to find more documentation or help, Building Embedded Linux Systems greatly simplifies the task of keeping complete control over your embedded operating system.

Linux Device Drivers Development

Linux Device Drivers Development Author John Madieu
ISBN-10 9781782174752
Release 2017-10-20
Pages 586
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Learn to develop customized device drivers for your embedded Linux system About This Book Learn to develop customized Linux device drivers Learn the core concepts of device drivers such as memory management, kernel caching, advanced IRQ management, and so on. Practical experience on the embedded side of Linux Who This Book Is For This book will help anyone who wants to get started with developing their own Linux device drivers for embedded systems. Embedded Linux users will benefit highly from this book. This book covers all about device driver development, from char drivers to network device drivers to memory management. What You Will Learn Use kernel facilities to develop powerful drivers Develop drivers for widely used I2C and SPI devices and use the regmap API Write and support devicetree from within your drivers Program advanced drivers for network and frame buffer devices Delve into the Linux irqdomain API and write interrupt controller drivers Enhance your skills with regulator and PWM frameworks Develop measurement system drivers with IIO framework Get the best from memory management and the DMA subsystem Access and manage GPIO subsystems and develop GPIO controller drivers In Detail Linux kernel is a complex, portable, modular and widely used piece of software, running on around 80% of servers and embedded systems in more than half of devices throughout the World. Device drivers play a critical role in how well a Linux system performs. As Linux has turned out to be one of the most popular operating systems used, the interest in developing proprietary device drivers is also increasing steadily. This book will initially help you understand the basics of drivers as well as prepare for the long journey through the Linux Kernel. This book then covers drivers development based on various Linux subsystems such as memory management, PWM, RTC, IIO, IRQ management, and so on. The book also offers a practical approach on direct memory access and network device drivers. By the end of this book, you will be comfortable with the concept of device driver development and will be in a position to write any device driver from scratch using the latest kernel version (v4.13 at the time of writing this book). Style and approach A set of engaging examples to develop Linux device drivers

Yocto for Raspberry Pi

Yocto for Raspberry Pi Author Pierre-Jean Texier
ISBN-10 9781785288050
Release 2016-06-29
Pages 214
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Create unique and amazing projects by using the powerful combination of Yocto and Raspberry Pi About This Book Set up and configure the Yocto Project efficiently with Raspberry Pi Deploy multimedia applications from existing Yocto/OE layers An easy-to-follow guide to utilize your custom recipes on your Raspberry Pi Who This Book Is For If you are a student or a developer of embedded software, embedded Linux engineer or embedded systems in competence with Raspberry Pi and want to discover the Yocto Project, then this book is for you. Experience with Yocto is not needed. What You Will Learn Explore the basic concept of Yocto's build system and how it is organized in order to use it efficiently with Raspberry Pi Generate your first image with Yocto for the Raspberry Pi Understand how to customize your Linux kernel within the Yocto Project Customize your image in order to integrate your own applications Write your own recipes for your graphical applications Integrate a custom layer for the Raspberry Pi In Detail The Yocto Project is a Linux Foundation workgroup, which produces tools (SDK) and processes (configuration, compilation, installation) that will enable the creation of Linux distributions for embedded software, independent of the architecture of embedded software (Raspberry Pi, i.MX6, and so on). It is a powerful build system that allows you to master your personal or professional development. This book presents you with the configuration of the Yocto Framework for the Raspberry Pi, allowing you to create amazing and innovative projects using the Yocto/OpenEmbedded eco-system. It starts with the basic introduction of Yocto's build system, and takes you through the setup and deployment steps for Yocto. It then helps you to develop an understanding of Bitbake (the task scheduler), and learn how to create a basic recipe through a GPIO application example. You can then explore the different types of Yocto recipe elements (LICENSE, FILES, SRC_URI, and so on). Next, you will learn how to customize existing recipes in Yocto/OE layers and add layers to your custom environment (qt5 for example). Style and approach A step by step guide covering the fundamentals to create amazing new projects with Raspberry Pi and Yocto.

Mastering Embedded Linux Programming

Mastering Embedded Linux Programming Author Chris Simmonds
ISBN-10 9781784399023
Release 2015-12-29
Pages 418
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Harness the power of Linux to create versatile and robust embedded solutions About This Book Create efficient and secure embedded devices using Linux Minimize project costs by using open source tools and programs Explore each component technology in depth, using sample implementations as a guide Who This Book Is For This book is ideal for Linux developers and system programmers who are already familiar with embedded systems and who want to know how to create best-in-class devices. A basic understanding of C programming and experience with systems programming is needed. What You Will Learn Understand the role of the Linux kernel and select an appropriate role for your application Use Buildroot and Yocto to create embedded Linux systems quickly and efficiently Create customized bootloaders using U-Boot Employ perf and ftrace to identify performance bottlenecks Understand device trees and make changes to accommodate new hardware on your device Write applications that interact with Linux device drivers Design and write multi-threaded applications using POSIX threads Measure real-time latencies and tune the Linux kernel to minimize them In Detail Mastering Embedded Linux Programming takes you through the product cycle and gives you an in-depth description of the components and options that are available at each stage. You will begin by learning about toolchains, bootloaders, the Linux kernel, and how to configure a root filesystem to create a basic working device. You will then learn how to use the two most commonly used build systems, Buildroot and Yocto, to speed up and simplify the development process. Building on this solid base, the next section considers how to make best use of raw NAND/NOR flash memory and managed flash eMMC chips, including mechanisms for increasing the lifetime of the devices and to perform reliable in-field updates. Next, you need to consider what techniques are best suited to writing applications for your device. We will then see how functions are split between processes and the usage of POSIX threads, which have a big impact on the responsiveness and performance of the final device The closing sections look at the techniques available to developers for profiling and tracing applications and kernel code using perf and ftrace. Style and approach This book is an easy-to-follow and pragmatic guide consisting of an in-depth analysis of the implementation of embedded devices. Each topic has a logical approach to it; this coupled with hints and best practices helps you understand embedded Linux better.

Samsung ARTIK Reference

Samsung ARTIK Reference Author Cliff Wootton
ISBN-10 9781484223222
Release 2016-11-08
Pages 409
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Provides a professional-level reference to the Samsung ARTIK API, as well as to other aspects of interest to developers such as the file systems, the operating system internals, various available interfaces, input/output, and the hardware itself. This is the perfect book for experienced programmers and developers who want to jump in and work with Samsung's new ARTIK product line to create Internet of Things devices and applications. It is also a perfect follow-up resource for new-to-the-field developers who are just getting past the beginning stages of learning the ARTIK. Samsung ARTIK Reference begins with a concise overview of the hardware and the various developer reference boards that are available. Attention then shifts to operating system internals, modes such as sleep and startup, and the various file systems and their parameters that are available for developers to adjust. Also included is a reference of API calls, guidance on input and output, documentation of serial, audio, graphic, and other interfaces. There is extensive reference to online resources with annotation and commentary guiding the learning process in many directions for further study. What You Will Learn Install the ARTIK toolkit and prepare to develop Manipulate the inner workings of the ARTIK operating system Look up and refer to details of the ARTIK API specification Perform input and output over the peripheral interface buses Build embeddable applications in support of IoT devices Embed the ARTIK modules into your own hardware products Who This Book Is For Samsung ARTIK Reference is for experienced developers wanting to understand and begin working with ARTIK. The book is especially of interest to those wishing to interact with ARTIK modules from within their own applications and web services.

Essential Linux Device Drivers

Essential Linux Device Drivers Author Sreekrishnan Venkateswaran
ISBN-10 0132715813
Release 2008-03-27
Pages 744
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“Probably the most wide ranging and complete Linux device driver book I’ve read.” --Alan Cox, Linux Guru and Key Kernel Developer “Very comprehensive and detailed, covering almost every single Linux device driver type.” --Theodore Ts’o, First Linux Kernel Developer in North America and Chief Platform Strategist of the Linux Foundation The Most Practical Guide to Writing Linux Device Drivers Linux now offers an exceptionally robust environment for driver development: with today’s kernels, what once required years of development time can be accomplished in days. In this practical, example-driven book, one of the world’s most experienced Linux driver developers systematically demonstrates how to develop reliable Linux drivers for virtually any device. Essential Linux Device Drivers is for any programmer with a working knowledge of operating systems and C, including programmers who have never written drivers before. Sreekrishnan Venkateswaran focuses on the essentials, bringing together all the concepts and techniques you need, while avoiding topics that only matter in highly specialized situations. Venkateswaran begins by reviewing the Linux 2.6 kernel capabilities that are most relevant to driver developers. He introduces simple device classes; then turns to serial buses such as I2C and SPI; external buses such as PCMCIA, PCI, and USB; video, audio, block, network, and wireless device drivers; user-space drivers; and drivers for embedded Linux–one of today’s fastest growing areas of Linux development. For each, Venkateswaran explains the technology, inspects relevant kernel source files, and walks through developing a complete example. • Addresses drivers discussed in no other book, including drivers for I2C, video, sound, PCMCIA, and different types of flash memory • Demystifies essential kernel services and facilities, including kernel threads and helper interfaces • Teaches polling, asynchronous notification, and I/O control • Introduces the Inter-Integrated Circuit Protocol for embedded Linux drivers • Covers multimedia device drivers using the Linux-Video subsystem and Linux-Audio framework • Shows how Linux implements support for wireless technologies such as Bluetooth, Infrared, WiFi, and cellular networking • Describes the entire driver development lifecycle, through debugging and maintenance • Includes reference appendixes covering Linux assembly, BIOS calls, and Seq files

Pro Linux Embedded Systems

Pro Linux Embedded Systems Author Gene Sally
ISBN-10 1430272260
Release 2010-04-30
Pages 550
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Today, Linux is included with nearly every embedded platform. Embedded developers can take a more modern route and spend more time tuning Linux and taking advantage of open source code to build more robust, feature-rich applications. While Gene Sally does not neglect porting Linux to new hardware, modern embedded hardware is more sophisticated than ever: most systems include the capabilities found on desktop systems. This book is written from the perspective of a user employing technologies and techniques typically reserved for desktop systems. Modern guide for developing embedded Linux systems Shows you how to work with existing Linux embedded system, while still teaching how to port Linux Explains best practices from somebody who has done it before


PoC or GTFO Author Manul Laphroaig
ISBN-10 9781593278984
Release 2017-10-31
Pages 768
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This highly anticipated print collection gathers articles published in the much-loved International Journal of Proof-of-Concept or Get The Fuck Out. PoC||GTFO follows in the tradition of Phrack and Uninformed by publishing on the subjects of offensive security research, reverse engineering, and file format internals. Until now, the journal has only been available online or printed and distributed for free at hacker conferences worldwide. Consistent with the journal's quirky, biblical style, this book comes with all the trimmings: a leatherette cover, ribbon bookmark, bible paper, and gilt-edged pages. The book features more than 80 technical essays from numerous famous hackers, authors of classics like "Reliable Code Execution on a Tamagotchi," "ELFs are Dorky, Elves are Cool," "Burning a Phone," "Forget Not the Humble Timing Attack," and "A Sermon on Hacker Privilege." Twenty-four full-color pages by Ange Albertini illustrate many of the clever tricks described in the text.

Handbook of Research on Open Source Software Technological Economic and Social Perspectives

Handbook of Research on Open Source Software  Technological  Economic  and Social Perspectives Author St.Amant, Kirk
ISBN-10 9781591408925
Release 2007-04-30
Pages 766
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This handbook of research is one of the few texts to combine Open Source Software (OSS) in public and private sector activities into a single reference source. It examines how the use of OSS affects practices in society, business, government, education, and law.

Linux for Embedded and Real time Applications

Linux for Embedded and Real time Applications Author Doug Abbott
ISBN-10 9780128112786
Release 2017-11-17
Pages 304
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Linux for Embedded and Real-Time Applications, Fourth Edition, provides a practical introduction to the basics, covering the latest developments in this rapidly evolving technology. Ideal for those new to the use of Linux in an embedded environment, the book takes a hands-on approach that covers key concepts of building applications in a cross-development environment. Hands-on exercises focus on the popular open source BeagleBone Black board. New content includes graphical programming with QT as well as expanded and updated material on projects such as Eclipse, BusyBox – configuring and building, the U-Boot bootloader – what it is, how it works, configuring and building, and new coverage of the Root file system and the latest updates on the Linux kernel.. Provides a hands-on introduction for engineers and software developers who need to get up to speed quickly on embedded Linux, its operation and capabilities Covers the popular open source target boards, the BeagleBone and BeagleBone Black Includes new and updated material that focuses on BusyBox, U-Boot bootloader and graphical programming with QT

Introduction to Visual Computing

Introduction to Visual Computing Author Aditi Majumder
ISBN-10 9781482244922
Release 2018-01-31
Pages 376
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Introduction to Visual Computing: Core Concepts in Computer Vision, Graphics, and Image Processing covers the fundamental concepts of visual computing. Whereas past books have treated these concepts within the context of specific fields such as computer graphics, computer vision or image processing, this book offers a unified view of these core concepts, thereby providing a unified treatment of computational and mathematical methods for creating, capturing, analyzing and manipulating visual data (e.g. 2D images, 3D models). Fundamentals covered in the book include convolution, Fourier transform, filters, geometric transformations, epipolar geometry, 3D reconstruction, color and the image synthesis pipeline. The book is organized in four parts. The first part provides an exposure to different kinds of visual data (e.g. 2D images, videos and 3D geometry) and the core mathematical techniques that are required for their processing (e.g. interpolation and linear regression.) The second part of the book on Image Based Visual Computing deals with several fundamental techniques to process 2D images (e.g. convolution, spectral analysis and feature detection) and corresponds to the low level retinal image processing that happens in the eye in the human visual system pathway. The next part of the book on Geometric Visual Computing deals with the fundamental techniques used to combine the geometric information from multiple eyes creating a 3D interpretation of the object and world around us (e.g. transformations, projective and epipolar geometry, and 3D reconstruction). This corresponds to the higher level processing that happens in the brain combining information from both the eyes thereby helping us to navigate through the 3D world around us. The last two parts of the book cover Radiometric Visual Computing and Visual Content Synthesis. These parts focus on the fundamental techniques for processing information arising from the interaction of light with objects around us, as well as the fundamentals of creating virtual computer generated worlds that mimic all the processing presented in the prior sections. The book is written for a 16 week long semester course and can be used for both undergraduate and graduate teaching, as well as a reference for professionals.