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Energy Resources through Photochemistry and Catalysis

Energy Resources through Photochemistry and Catalysis Author Michael Gratzel
ISBN-10 9780323145145
Release 2012-12-02
Pages 588
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Energy Resources through Photochemistry and Catalysis reviews the state of the art in the development of energy conversion devices based on catalytic and photochemical reactions. The focus is on catalysis of redox reactions and their application to the photocleavage of water, reduction of carbon dioxide, and fixation of nitrogen. Some fundamental aspects of catalysis as it relates to processes of light energy harvesting and charge separation in photochemical or photoelectrochemical conversion systems are also discussed. This monograph is comprised of 16 chapters covering light-induced redox reactions and reaction dynamics in organized assemblies such as micelles, colloidal metals, or semiconductors, together with strategies for molecular engineering of artificial photosynthetic devices. The principles of electrochemical conversion of light energy via semiconductor electrodes or semiconducting particles are also considered. Furthermore, thermodynamic characteristics for some reactions that can be utilized for storage of solar energy in the form of chemical energy are examined. The remaining chapters look at the role of porphyrins in natural and artificial photosynthesis; the use of semiconductor powders and particulate systems for photocatalysis and photosynthesis; and hydrogen-generating solar cells based on platinum-group metal activated photocathodes. This text will be a useful resource for scientists and policymakers concerned with finding alternative sources of energy.



Energy Resources through Photochemistry and Catalysis

Energy Resources through Photochemistry and Catalysis Author Gratzel M Ed
ISBN-10 OCLC:985852899
Release 1983
Pages
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Energy Resources through Photochemistry and Catalysis has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Energy Resources through Photochemistry and Catalysis also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Energy Resources through Photochemistry and Catalysis book for free.



Proceedings of the 1986 International Congress on Renewable Energy Sources Madrid Spain 18 23 May 1986

Proceedings of the 1986 International Congress on Renewable Energy Sources  Madrid  Spain  18 23 May 1986 Author
ISBN-10 8400066723
Release 1987
Pages 1875
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Proceedings of the 1986 International Congress on Renewable Energy Sources Madrid Spain 18 23 May 1986 has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Proceedings of the 1986 International Congress on Renewable Energy Sources Madrid Spain 18 23 May 1986 also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Proceedings of the 1986 International Congress on Renewable Energy Sources Madrid Spain 18 23 May 1986 book for free.



Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Photocatalysis

Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Photocatalysis Author E. PELIZZETTI
ISBN-10 9789400946422
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 722
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Ever since the oil crisis of 1973, researchers in various fields of chemistry have proposed various schemes to conserve energy, as well to convert the sun's abundant and limitless supply of energy to produce chemical fuels (e. g. , hydrogen from water, . •. ). The enthusiasm had no previous parallel in the mid-1970's. Unfortunately, despite the several good proposals, the results have proven - in retrospect - somewhat disappointing from an economic viable point of view. The reasons for the meagre results are manyfold not the least of which are the experimental difficulties encountered in storage systems. Moreover, the lack of a concerted, well orchestrated interdisciplinary approach has been significant. By contrast, the chemical advances made in the understanding of the processes involved in such schemes have been phenomenal. A recent book on this issue ( M. Gratzel, Energy Resources through Photochemistry and Catalysis, 1983) is witness to the various efforts and approaches taken by researchers. In the recent years, many more groups have joined in these efforts, and the number of papers in the lit~rature is staggering ! One of the motives for organizing this NATO Advanced Research Workshop stemmed from our view that it was time to take stock of the accomplishments and rather than propose new schemes, it was time to consider seriously avenues that are most promising.



Photochemical Conversion and Storage of Solar Energy

Photochemical Conversion and Storage of Solar Energy Author E. PELIZZETTI
ISBN-10 9789401133968
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 660
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The book collects the lectures and the status reports delivered during the "Eighth International Conference on Photochemical Conversion and Storage of Solar Energy", IPS-8, held in Palermo (Italy) from 15th to 20th of July 1990. As usual, the main theme of the Conference was that of making the point about the trends and the developments of the studies related to the photochemical exploitation of solar energy and also to report the main lines of potential applications. Therefore the contributions reflect this point; they vary from those reporting basic and fundamental theories to those reporting cases of possible applications. For the sake of following the logical line which links each other the various contributions, we report the six areas in which the main theme of the conference was devided: (a) Electron and energy transfer in homogeneous and heterogeneous systems; (b) Photosynthesis: organized assemblies and biomimetic systems; (c) Photoelectrochemistry; (d) Photocatalysis: homogeneous and heterogeneous regime; (e) Environment: photochemical and photocatalytic processes; (f) Solar energy materials and photochemical engineering. It remains now to thank persons and institutions which made possible the organization of the Conference. The persons to thank are all the members of the International and National Organizing Committees and in particular Prof. A.Sclafani and Dr. L.Palmisano whose efforts were essential for the success of the Conference.



Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Homogeneous Catalysis Leningrad USSR September 24 28 1984

Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Homogeneous Catalysis  Leningrad  USSR  September 24 28  1984 Author Aleksandr Evgenʹevich Shilov
ISBN-10 288124050X
Release 1986
Pages
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Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Homogeneous Catalysis Leningrad USSR September 24 28 1984 has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Homogeneous Catalysis Leningrad USSR September 24 28 1984 also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Homogeneous Catalysis Leningrad USSR September 24 28 1984 book for free.



Principles and Practice of Heterogeneous Catalysis

Principles and Practice of Heterogeneous Catalysis Author John Meurig Thomas
ISBN-10 9783527683789
Release 2014-11-19
Pages 768
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This long-awaited second edition of the successful introduction to the fundamentals of heterogeneous catalysis is now completely revised and updated. Written by internationally acclaimed experts, this textbook includes fundamentals of adsorption, characterizing catalysts and their surfaces, the significance of pore structure and surface area, solid-state and surface chemistry, poisoning, promotion, deactivation and selectivity of catalysts, as well as catalytic process engineering. A final section provides a number of examples and case histories. With its color and numerous graphics plus references to help readers to easily find further reading, this is a pivotal work for an understanding of the principles involved.



Advanced materials in catalysis

Advanced materials in catalysis Author James Joseph Burton
ISBN-10 UOM:39015009789523
Release 1977
Pages 329
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Advanced materials in catalysis has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Advanced materials in catalysis also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Advanced materials in catalysis book for free.



The Role of Catalysis for the Sustainable Production of Bio fuels and Bio chemicals

The Role of Catalysis for the Sustainable Production of Bio fuels and Bio chemicals Author Kostas Triantafyllidis
ISBN-10 9780444563323
Release 2013-03-19
Pages 608
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The Role of Catalysis for the Sustainable Production of Bio-fuels and Bio-chemicals describes the importance of catalysis for the sustainable production of biofuels and biochemicals, focused primarily on the state-of-the-art catalysts and catalytic processes expected to play a decisive role in the "green" production of fuels and chemicals from biomass. In addition, the book includes general elements regarding the entire chain of biomass production, conversion, environment, economy, and life-cycle assessment. Very few books are available on catalysis in production schemes using biomass or its primary conversion products, such as bio-oil and lignin. This book fills that gap with detailed discussions of: Catalytic pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass Hybrid biogasoline by co-processing in FCC units Fischer-Tropsch synthesis to biofuels (biomass-to-liquid process) Steam reforming of bio-oils to hydrogen With energy prices rapidly rising, environmental concerns growing, and regulatory apparatus evolving, this book is a resource with tutorial, research, and technological value for chemists, chemical engineers, policymakers, and students. Includes catalytic reaction mechanism schemes and gives a clear understanding of catalytic processes Includes flow diagrams of bench-, pilot- and industrial-scale catalytic processing units and demonstrates the various process technologies involved, enabling easy selection of the best process Incorporates many tables, enabling easy comparison of data based on a critical review of the available literature



Sustainable Catalysis

Sustainable Catalysis Author Rafael Luque
ISBN-10 9783527338672
Release 2018-03-12
Pages 292
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Highlighting sustainable catalytic processes in synthetic organic chemistry, this useful guide places special emphasis on catalytic reactions carried out at room temperature. It describes the fundamentals, summarizes key advances, and covers applications in the field of organic synthesis, biomass conversion, and pollution control. Throughout, the latest research from various disciplines is combined, such as homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis, biocatalysis, and photocatalysis. The book concludes with a chapter on future trends and energy challenges for the latter half of the 21st century and two case studies. With its multidisciplinary approach this is an essential reference for academic and industrial researchers in catalysis science aiming to design more sustainable and energy-efficient processes.



Energy Sources

Energy Sources Author Balasubramanian Viswanathan
ISBN-10 9780444563606
Release 2016-08-24
Pages 408
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Energy Sources: Fundamentals of Chemical Conversion Processes and Applications provides the latest information on energy and the environment, the two main concerns of any progressive society that hopes to be sustainable in the future. Continuous efforts have to be exercised in both these areas by any of the developing communities, as concern over energy conversion continues to evolve due to various ecological imbalances, including climate change. This book provides the fundamentals behind all energy conversion processes, identifies future research needs, and discusses the potential application of each process in a clear-and-concise manner. It is a valuable source for both chemists and chemical engineers who are working to improve current and developing future energy sources, and is a single reference that deals with almost all energy sources for these purposes, reviewing the fundamentals, comparing the various processes, and suggesting future research directions. Compiles, in a single source, all energy conversion processes, enabling easy evaluation and selection Explains the science behind each conversion process and facilitates understanding Contains many illustrations, diagrams, and tables, enabling a clear and comprehensible understanding of the pros and cons of the various processes Includes an exhaustive glossary of all terms used in the conversion processes Presents current status and new direction, thus enabling the planning process for future research needs Provides a concise and comprehensive overview of all energy sources



Multicatalyst System in Asymmetric Catalysis

Multicatalyst System in Asymmetric Catalysis Author Jian Zhou
ISBN-10 9781118846933
Release 2014-10-03
Pages 712
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This book introduces multi-catalyst systems by describing their mechanism and advantages in asymmetric catalysis. • Helps organic chemists perform more efficient catalysis with step-by-step methods • Overviews new concepts and progress for greener and economic catalytic reactions • Covers topics of interest in asymmetric catalysis including bifunctional catalysis, cooperative catalysis, multimetallic catalysis, and novel tandem reactions • Has applications for pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, materials, and flavour and fragrance



Photochemical Key Steps in Organic Synthesis

Photochemical Key Steps in Organic Synthesis Author Jochen Mattay
ISBN-10 9783527615780
Release 2008-07-11
Pages 361
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Basic laboratory technique in organic chemistry plays a vital part in the education of chemistry students. This textbook contains a collection of multistep experiments that all feature one or two photochemical key steps. More than 40 researchers active in the field of organic photochemistry have contributed their favorite experiments for this unusual and modern textbook. In addition, a general section discusses reaction control, the interpretation of UV spectra, quantum yields and chemical yields, and gives information on solvents, lamps, filters, and vessels. The experiments chosen fulfil the following criteria: * starting materials are cheap and readily available * the necessary photochemical equipment is available in (most) institutes * products prepared are useful for further syntheses * the light reaction is efficient. 'Photochemical Key Steps' is a source book of new ideas for supervisors of lab courses and gives students the opportunity to learn about modern techniques in the laboratory and about the important role photochemistry plays in organic synthesis.



Conservation and solar energy programs of the Department of Energy a critique

Conservation and solar energy programs of the Department of Energy   a critique Author
ISBN-10 9781428924659
Release
Pages
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Conservation and solar energy programs of the Department of Energy a critique has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Conservation and solar energy programs of the Department of Energy a critique also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Conservation and solar energy programs of the Department of Energy a critique book for free.



Photocatalysis

Photocatalysis Author Jenny Schneider
ISBN-10 9781782622338
Release 2016-03-17
Pages 452
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Combining the basic concepts of photocatalysis with the synthesis of new catalysts, reactor and reaction engineering, this book provides a comprehensive resource on the topic. The book introduces the fundamental aspects of photocatalysis including the role of surface chemistry and understanding the chemistry of photocatalytic processes before exploring the theory and experimental studies of charge carrier dynamics. Specific chapters then cover new materials for the degradation of organics; water splitting and CO2 reduction; as well as reactor and reaction engineering. Researchers new to this discipline can learn the first principles, whilst experienced researchers can gain further information about aspects in photocatalysis beyond their area of expertise. Together with Photocatalysis: Applications, these volumes provide a complete overview to photocatalysis.



Photochemical Processes In Continuous flow Reactors From Engineering Principles To Chemical Applications

Photochemical Processes In Continuous flow Reactors  From Engineering Principles To Chemical Applications Author Noel Timothy
ISBN-10 9781786342201
Release 2017-02-27
Pages 284
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Continuous-flow photochemistry is an expanding field within chemistry. It unites the mass transfer enhancement of flow chemistry with the high energy field density of microscale geometries. Moreover, it provides means to scale photochemical reactions efficiently. This book gives an overview of both technological and chemical aspects associated with photochemical processes in microreactors. It provides analysis, the first of its kind, of these new technologies developed within the field of photochemical processes, with a description and case studies of practical implementation. It specifically looks at: Design considerations of continuous-flow photoreactors;Detailed descriptions of photon and mass-transfer phenomena;Modeling approaches for photochemical transformations;Scale up strategies for photochemical transformations;Examples of continuous-flow photochemistry in organic synthetic chemistry and material science;Industrial examples of photochemical transformations. By providing a deeper understanding of underlying concepts, coupled with numerous examples, this book is an essential reference for chemistry students, researchers and professionals working on photochemistry, photoredox catalysis, flow chemistry, process chemistry and reactor engineering.



Surface Photochemistry

Surface Photochemistry Author Masakazu Anpo
ISBN-10 0471950319
Release 1996-10-21
Pages 186
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This first volume in the series brings together the latest developments in solid surface photochemistry, providing insights into the most up to date research activities on light-initiated chemical reactions. The book offers a comprehensive study of the photochemical and photophysical properties of molecules on various surfaces like zeolites, metals and metal oxides. Chapter 1 discusses the nature of the photochemical and photophysical reactions occurring on solid surfaces. Subsequent chapters deal with a description of the dynamical aspects of surface photohemistry, a study of the specific nature of photochemistry of molecules included within zeolite cavities and a comprehensive study of the reactivities of photo-generated electron-hole pair states involved in photo-induced and photocatalytic reactions. The book also investigates many possible and actual key applications of solid surface photochemistry, such as molecular photo-devices, photo-chemical vapour deposition of thin layered semiconductors, sensitive optical media and control of photochemical reaction paths as well as efficient photocatalytic reaction processes which will be indispensable for ecologically clean and safe chemical systems. Surface Photochemistry will be of interest to researchers in surface science and also to graduate students interested in catalysis or photo-chemistry. It will be valuable as a reference book for academics in many aspects of materials science.