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Environmental Degradation of Industrial Composites

Environmental Degradation of Industrial Composites Author Celine A Mahieux
ISBN-10 0080531059
Release 2005-12-14
Pages 288
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Thanks to their low density and tailored properties, polymer matrix composites are attractive candidates for a large number of industrial applications ranging from aerospace to transportation and energy. However, the behaviour of polymer-based materials is strongly affected by a number of environmental factors. Environmental Degradation in Industrial Composites provides vital information on the effects of environmental factors such as temperature, liquid and gas exposure, electrical fields and radiations, and how micro- and micromechanical calculations during design and manufacture must take these effects into account. The book concludes with reviews on standard and specific testing methods for the various environmental factors and their combinations, helping mechanical/materials engineers and specifiers to predict possible changes due to environmental conditions. Each chapter is supplemented by industrial case studies to help in the understanding of degradation of composites in real life situations. This book will help you to... * Understand how environmental factors lead to degradation effects in polymer matrix composite structures * Build these factors into calculations when predicting the part performance and lifetime of structures * Compare real-life situations from case studies with your predicted results * Predict probable composite behaviour with greater accuracy This book will help you to... * Understand how environmental factors lead to degradation effects in polymer matrix composite structures * Build these factors into calculations when predicting the part performance and lifetime of structures * Compare real-life situations from case studies with your predicted results * Predict probable composite behaviour with greater accuracy



Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials Author Myer Kutz
ISBN-10 9780815517498
Release 2005-06-02
Pages 610
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Industry pays an enormous price for material degradation. The Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials outlines these costs, but more importantly, explains how to measure, analyze, and prevent environmental degradation for a wide range of indsutrial materials. Experts from around the world share how a diverse set of industries cope with the degradation of metals, polymers, reinforced concrete, clothing, and wood under adverse environmental conditions such as weather, seawater, and fire. Case studies show how organizations from small consulting firms to corporate giants design and manufacture products that are more resistant to environmental effects. By implementing these standards companies of all sizes should realize savings beneficial to their operations.



Biocomposites for High Performance Applications

Biocomposites for High Performance Applications Author Dipa Ray
ISBN-10 9780081007945
Release 2017-05-15
Pages 336
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Biocomposites for High-Performance Applications: Current Barriers and Future Needs Towards Industrial Development focuses on future research directions that will make biocomposites a successful player in the field of high-strength structural applications. With contributions from eminent academic researchers and industrial experts who have first-hand experience on the advantages/disadvantages of biocomposites in their daily lives, the book examines the industrial development of biocomposite products, identifying the current barriers and their future industrial needs Topics covered include: recent research activities from academia in the biocomposite research field, valuable thoughts and insights from biocomposite manufacturing industries, the strength and weaknesses of biocomposite products, and the practical issues that need to be addressed to reach the next level. Highlights the practical issues involved in biocomposites research Contains contributions from eminent academic researchers and industrial experts Discusses recent research activities from academia in the biocomposite research field, along with valuable thoughts and insights from biocomposite manufacturing industries



Carbon Nanotube Enhanced Aerospace Composite Materials

Carbon Nanotube Enhanced Aerospace Composite Materials Author A. Paipetis
ISBN-10 9789400742468
Release 2012-09-13
Pages 376
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The well documented increase in the use of high performance composites as structural materials in aerospace components is continuously raising the demands in terms of dynamic performance, structural integrity, reliable life monitoring systems and adaptive actuating abilities. Current technologies address the above issues separately; material property tailoring and custom design practices aim to the enhancement of dynamic and damage tolerance characteristics, whereas life monitoring and actuation is performed with embedded sensors that may be detrimental to the structural integrity of the component. This publication explores the unique properties of carbon nanotubes (CNT) as an additive in the matrix of Fibre Reinforced Plastics (FRP), for producing structural composites with improved mechanical performance as well as sensing/actuating capabilities. The successful combination of the CNT properties and existing sensing actuating technologies leads to the realization of a multifunctional FRP structure. The current volume presents the state of the art research in this field. The contributions cover all the aspects of the novel composite systems, i.e. modeling from nano to macro scale, enhancement of structural efficiency, dispersion and manufacturing, integral health monitoring abilities, Raman monitoring, as well as the capabilities that ordered carbon nanotube arrays offer in terms of sensing and/or actuating in aerospace composites.



Multifunctional Polymer Nanocomposites

Multifunctional Polymer Nanocomposites Author Jinsong Leng
ISBN-10 1439816832
Release 2010-12-21
Pages 462
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The novel properties of multifunctional polymer nanocomposites make them useful for a broad range of applications in fields as diverse as space exploration, bioengineering, car manufacturing, and organic solar cell development, just to name a few. Presenting an overview of polymer nanocomposites, how they compare with traditional composites, and their increasing commercial importance, Multifunctional Polymer Nanocomposites conveys the significance and various uses of this new technology for a wide audience with different needs and levels of understanding. Exploring definitions, architectures, applications, and fundamental principles of various functions of multifunctional polymeric smart materials—from bulk to nano—this book covers the use of multifunctional polymer nanocomposites in: Carbon nanotubes Electroactive and shape memory polymers Magnetic polymers Biomedical and bioinformation applications Fire-resistance treatments Coating technologies for aeronautical applications Ocean engineering A practical analysis of functional polymers, nanoscience, and technology, this book integrates coverage of fundamentals, research and development, and the resulting diversity of uses for multifunctional polymers and their nanocomposites. Quite possibly the first reference of its kind to explore the progress of polymer nanocomposites in terms of their multifunctionality, it covers both theory and experimental results regarding the relationships between the effective properties of polymer composites and those of polymer matrices and reinforcements. This book is a powerful informational resource that illustrates the importance of polymer nanomaterials, examining their applications in various sectors to promote new, novel research and development in those areas. It will be a welcome addition to the libraries of not only engineering researchers, but senior and graduate students in relevant fields.



Durability of Composites in a Marine Environment 2

Durability of Composites in a Marine Environment 2 Author Peter Davies
ISBN-10 9783319651453
Release 2017-09-18
Pages 237
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This book presents selected papers from the 2nd Workshop on “Durability of Composites in a Marine Environment”, which was held in Brest, France in August 2016. Providing an overview of the state of the art in predicting the long-term durability of composite marine structures, it addresses modelling water diffusion; damage induced by water accelerated testing, including durability in design; in-service experiences; ocean energy; and offshore applications. Ensuring long-term durability is not only necessary for safety reasons, but also determines the economic viability of future marine structures, and as such, the book is essential reading for all those involved with composites in the marine industry, from initial design and calculation through to manufacture and service exploitation. It also provides information unavailable elsewhere on the mechanisms involved in degradation and how to take account of them.



Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites

Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites Author Paul Robinson
ISBN-10 9780857095329
Release 2012-01-19
Pages 464
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Polymer matrix composites are increasingly replacing traditional materials, such as metals, for applications in the aerospace, automotive and marine industries. Because of the relatively recent development of these composites there is extensive on-going research to improve the understanding and modelling of their behaviour – particularly their failure processes. As a consequence there is a strong demand among design engineers for the latest information on this behaviour in order to fully exploit the potential of these materials for a wide range of weight-sensitive applications. Failure mechanisms in polymer matrix composites explores the main types of composite failure and examines their implications in specific applications. Part one discusses various failure mechanisms, including a consideration of manufacturing defects and addressing a variety of loading forms such as impact and the implications for structural integrity. This part also reviews testing techniques and modelling methods for predicting potential failure in composites. Part two investigates the effects of polymer-matrix composite failure in a range of industries including aerospace, automotive and other transport, defence, marine and off-shore applications. Recycling issues and environmental factors affecting the use of composite materials are also considered. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors Failure mechanisms in polymer matrix composites is a valuable reference for designers, scientists and research and development managers working in the increasing range of industries in which composite materials are extensively used. The book will also be a useful guide for academics studying in the composites field. Discusses various failure mechanisms, including manufacturing defects Reviews testing techniques and modelling methods for predicting potential failure Investigates failure in aerospace, automotive, defence, marine and off-shore applications



Environmental Degradation of Advanced and Traditional Engineering Materials

Environmental Degradation of Advanced and Traditional Engineering Materials Author Lloyd H. Hihara
ISBN-10 9781439819265
Release 2013-10-23
Pages 719
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One of the main, ongoing challenges for any engineering enterprise is that systems are built of materials subject to environmental degradation. Whether working with an airframe, integrated circuit, bridge, prosthetic device, or implantable drug-delivery system, understanding the chemical stability of materials remains a key element in determining their useful life. Environmental Degradation of Advanced and Traditional Engineering Materials is a monumental work for the field, providing comprehensive coverage of the environmental impacts on the full breadth of materials used for engineering infrastructure, buildings, machines, and components. The book discusses fundamental degradation processes and presents examples of degradation under various environmental conditions. Each chapter presents the basic properties of the class of material, followed by detailed characteristics of degradation, guidelines on how to protect against corrosion, and a description of testing procedures. A complete, self-contained industrial reference guide, this valuable resource is designed for students and professionals interested in the development of deterioration-resistant technological systems constructed with metallurgical, polymeric, ceramic, and natural materials.



Green Composites

Green Composites Author Caroline Baillie
ISBN-10 0849325765
Release 2005-03-08
Pages 308
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With an internationally recognized team of contributors, Green Composites examines fibre reinforced polymer composite production and explains how environmental footprints can be diminished at every stage of the life cycle. The introductory chapters examine why green composites should be considered. The book then discusses properties of cellulose and wood. It examines recyclable synthetic fibre-thermoplastic composites as alternatives, then covers polymers derived from natural sources. The text details the factors that influence properties, and considers clean processing, applications, recycling, degradation, and reprocessing. The book is essential for government agricultural departments, automotive companies, and others devoted to eco-friendly materials and production.



Going to Extremes

Going to Extremes Author Committee on Durability and Life Prediction of Polymer Matrix Composites in Extreme Environments
ISBN-10 9780309097154
Release 2005-09-22
Pages 80
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Advanced polymer matrix composites (PMC) have many advantages such as light weight and high specific strength that make them useful for many aerospace applications. Enormous uncertainty exists, however, in predicting long-term changes in properties of PMCs under extreme environmental conditions, which has limited their use. To help address this issue, the Department of Defense requested a study from the NRC to identify the barriers and limitations to the use of PMCs in extreme environments. The study was to focus on issues surrounding methodologies for predicting long-term performance. This report provides a review of the challenges facing application of PMCs in extreme environments, the current understanding of PMC properties and behavior, an analysis of the importance of data in developing effective models, and recommendations for improving long-term predictive methodologies.



Intermetallic Matrix Composites

Intermetallic Matrix Composites Author Rahul Mitra
ISBN-10 9780857093578
Release 2017-05-25
Pages 486
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Intermetallic Matrix Composites: Properties and Applications is a comprehensive guide that studies the types and properties of intermetallic matrix composites, including their processing techniques, characterization and the various testing methods associated with these composites. In addition, it presents modeling techniques, their strengthening mechanisms and the important area of failure and repair. Advanced /complex IMCs are then explained, such as Self-healing IMCs and laminated intermetallic composites. The book concludes by delving into the industries that use these materials, including the automotive industry. Reviews the latest research in intermetallic matrix composites Contains a focus on properties and applications Includes contributions from leading experts in the field



Durability of Composites for Civil Structural Applications

Durability of Composites for Civil Structural Applications Author Vistasp M. Karbhari
ISBN-10 9781845693565
Release 2007-07-25
Pages 384
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Given the increasing use of fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites in structural civil engineering, there is a vital need for critical information related to the overall durability and performance of these new materials under harsh and changing conditions. Durability of composites for civil and structural applications provides a thorough overview of key aspects of the durability of FRP composites for designers and practising engineers. Part one discusses general aspects of composite durability. Chapters examine mechanisms of degradation such as moisture, aqueous solutions, UV radiation, temperature, fatigue and wear. Part two then discusses ways of using FRP composites, including strengthening and rehabilitating existing structures with FRP composites, and monitoring techniques such as structural health monitoring. Durability of composites for civil and structural applications provides practising engineers, decision makers and students with a useful and fundamental guide to the use of FRP composites within civil and structural engineering. Provides a thorough overview of key aspects of the durability of composites Examines mechanisms of degradation such as aqueous solutions, moisture, fatigue and wear Discusses ways of using FRP composites, including strengthening and rehabilitating existing structures



Challenges In Mechanics of Time Dependent Materials and Processes in Conventional and Multifunctional Materials Volume 2

Challenges In Mechanics of Time Dependent Materials and Processes in Conventional and Multifunctional Materials  Volume 2 Author Bonnie Antoun
ISBN-10 9783319008523
Release 2013-08-28
Pages 185
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Challenges in Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials and Processes in Conventional and Multifunctional Materials, Volume 2: Proceedings of the 2013 SEM Annual Conference& Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the second volume of eight from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on fundamental and applied aspects of Experimental Mechanics, including papers in the following general technical research areas: Metallic, Polymeric and Composite Materials Effects of Extreme Environments including Radiation Resistance, Damage, and Aging Challenges in Time-dependent Behavior Modeling of Low, Moderate and High Strain Rates Effects of Frequency and Hysteretic Heating Effects of Inhomogeneities on the Time-Dependent Behavior Composite, Hybrid and Multifunctional Materials Challenges in Time-dependent Behavior Modeling Viscoelastoplasticity and Damage Effects of Interfaces and Interphases on the Time-Dependent Behavior Environmental and Reactive Property Change Effects on Thermomechanical and Multifunctional Behaviors Modeling and Characterization of Fabrication Processes of Conventional and Multifunctional Materials Time-dependent and Small-scale Effects in Micro/Nano-scale Testing Time-dependent Processes in Biomaterials



High Temperature and Environmental Effects on Polymeric Composites

High Temperature and Environmental Effects on Polymeric Composites Author Charles E. Harris
ISBN-10 0803114915
Release 1993-01-01
Pages 221
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High Temperature and Environmental Effects on Polymeric Composites has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from High Temperature and Environmental Effects on Polymeric Composites also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full High Temperature and Environmental Effects on Polymeric Composites book for free.



DEA characterization of cure and environmental degradation of polymer composites

DEA characterization of cure and environmental degradation of polymer composites Author María José Cordovez
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822028261006
Release 2000
Pages 444
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DEA characterization of cure and environmental degradation of polymer composites has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from DEA characterization of cure and environmental degradation of polymer composites also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full DEA characterization of cure and environmental degradation of polymer composites book for free.



Environmental Degradation in Western Rajasthan

Environmental Degradation in Western Rajasthan Author S. M. Mohnot
ISBN-10 CORNELL:31924068959240
Release 1987
Pages 136
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Papers presented at a seminar held in Pali, Rajasthan on July 26, 1986.



Surfactant Biodegradation Second Edition

Surfactant Biodegradation  Second Edition Author Robert Donald Swisher
ISBN-10 0824769384
Release 1986-10-31
Pages 1120
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Surfactant Biodegradation Second Edition has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Surfactant Biodegradation Second Edition also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Surfactant Biodegradation Second Edition book for free.