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Enzymology of Disturbed Soils

Enzymology of Disturbed Soils Author S. Kiss
ISBN-10 0080531148
Release 1998-10-21
Pages 333
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The disturbance of soils, like other phenomena of environmental pollution, encountered in so many areas all over the world, has become a subject of extensive concern and has led to a vast amount of literature in the field of enzymology, too. The book is the first comprehensive and updated review of the enzymological literature on three great categories of disturbed soils, including their remediation. The volume consists of three sections: I. Enzymology of oil-contaminated soils; II. Enzymology of soils affected by industrial emissions; and III, enzymology of technogenic soils. Within each section the reviewed studies are grouped by country. The volume will be of great value to soil scientists, environmental scientists, conservationists, and many other scientists in these and related fields.

Soil Enzymology in the Recycling of Organic Wastes and Environmental Restoration

Soil Enzymology in the Recycling of Organic Wastes and Environmental Restoration Author Carmen Trasar-Cepeda
ISBN-10 3642211623
Release 2011-09-30
Pages 352
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Soil enzymes play a fundamental role in many soil processes such as the mineralization of organic matter, the synthesis of humic substances, the degradation of xenobiotics or the mechanisms involved in the biocontrol of plant pathogens. Their direct link with soil microorganisms gives them a key role as biomonitors of the evolution of soil quality or in the monitoring of the application of organic amendments to degraded soils. As a consequence of the importance of soil enzymes on soil processes, there is an increasing interest in their study, as well as in the application of molecular techniques as diagnostic tools.

Handbook of Soil Sciences

Handbook of Soil Sciences Author Pan Ming Huang
ISBN-10 9781439803059
Release 2011-11-17
Pages 1442
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An evolving, living organic/inorganic covering, soil is in dynamic equilibrium with the atmosphere above, the biosphere within, and the geology below. It acts as an anchor for roots, a purveyor of water and nutrients, a residence for a vast community of microorganisms and animals, a sanitizer of the environment, and a source of raw materials for construction and manufacturing. To develop lasting solutions to the challenges of balanced use and stewardship of the Earth, we require a fundamental understanding of soil—from its elastic, porous three-phase system to its components, processes, and reactions. Handbook of Soil Sciences: Properties and Processes, Second Edition is the first of two volumes that form a comprehensive reference on the discipline of soil science. Completely revised and updated to reflect the current state of knowledge, this volume covers the traditional areas of soil science: soil physics, soil chemistry, soil mineralogy, soil biology and biochemistry, and pedology. Contributors discuss the application of physical principles to characterize the soil system and mass and energy transport processes within the critical zone. They present significant advances in soil chemistry; describe how minerals are formed and transformed; and provide an introduction to the soil biota. They also examine geomorphology, land use, hydropedology, and subaqueous soils as well as the classification and digital mapping of soil. Critical elements addressed in each section include: Descriptions of concepts and theories Definitions, approaches, methodologies, and procedures Data in tabular and figure format Extensive references This cohesive handbook provides a thorough understanding of soil science principles and practices based on a rigorous, complete, and up-to-date treatment of the subject matter compiled by leading scientists. It is a resource rich in data, offering professional soil scientists, agronomists, engineers, ecologists, biologists, naturalists, and students their first point of entry into a particular aspect of the soil sciences.

Enzymes in the Environment

Enzymes in the Environment Author Richard G. Burns
ISBN-10 0203904036
Release 2002-01-29
Pages 640
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The need to understand the biological processes that are important for essential aquatic and terrestrial ecosystem function has prompted much research into the field of ecological enzymology. This book presents the two broad areas of application in a compilation of reviews by 21 international experts in their respective fields. The first explores enzymatic activities to assess the processes or mechanisms that operate in a given system, such as the rhizosphere, plant leaves and shoots, soil surfaces, and biofilms. The second considers enzymes or microbial cells as sensors to detect microbial activity and stresses due to pollution, management, or climatic change in both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems.


Bulletin Author International Society of Soil Science
ISBN-10 CHI:82639014
Release 1999
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Bulletin has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Bulletin also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Bulletin book for free.

Soil Organic Matter

Soil Organic Matter Author M. Schnitzer
ISBN-10 0080869750
Release 1975-01-01
Pages 318
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Soil Organic Matter

Manual of environmental microbiology

Manual of environmental microbiology Author Christon J. Hurst
ISBN-10 UOM:39076002328842
Release 2002
Pages 1138
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The new second edition of this essential manual summarizes the information and knowledge of environmental microbiology in a single source. It details the natural fate of microorganisms in the environment as well as the intentional attempts to eliminate from the environment microorganisms that are pathogenic to humans or to plants and animals. The basic principles of environmental microbiology and general analytical methodologies, common across the range of the environments covered, are presented first. The core sections are structured with regard to the type of environmental medium being discussed. This landmark effort defines the study of environmental microbiology as we know it today and serve as an essential contribution to the literature.

Revue roumaine de biochimie

Revue roumaine de biochimie Author
ISBN-10 CORNELL:31924089493716
Release 1996
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Revue roumaine de biochimie has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Revue roumaine de biochimie also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Revue roumaine de biochimie book for free.

Soil Quality for Crop Production and Ecosystem Health

Soil Quality for Crop Production and Ecosystem Health Author E.G. Gregorich
ISBN-10 0080541402
Release 1997-11-10
Pages 447
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Soil is a complex body that exists as many types, each with diverse properties that may vary widely across time and space as a function of many factors. This complexity makes the evaluation of soil quality much more challenging than that of water or air quality. Evaluation of soil quality now considers environmental implications as well as economic productivity, seeking to be more holistic in its approach. Thus, soil quality research draws from a wide range of disciplines, blending the approaches of biologists, physicists, chemists, ecologists, economists and agronomists, among others. This book presents a broad perspective of soil quality that includes these various perspectives and gives a strong theoretical basis for the assessment of soil quality. A short glossary provides definitions for terms used throughout the book.

Revue Roumaine de Biologie

Revue Roumaine de Biologie Author
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822009419615
Release 2000
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Revue Roumaine de Biologie has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Revue Roumaine de Biologie also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Revue Roumaine de Biologie book for free.

Encyclopedia of Soil Science

Encyclopedia of Soil Science Author R. Lal
ISBN-10 0849350549
Release 2006
Pages 1600
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Presents the research and practices with sections on ISTIC-World Soil Information, root growth and agricultural management, nitrate leaching management, podzols, paramos soils, water repellant soils, and rare earth elements. This book includes entries that cover tillage, irrigation, erosion control, and ground water, and soil degradation.

Soil Mineral Microbe Organic Interactions

Soil Mineral    Microbe Organic Interactions Author Qiaoyun Huang
ISBN-10 3540776869
Release 2008-05-10
Pages 354
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The book presents the latest research findings and prospects on soil mineral-organic matter-microorganism interactions. It includes topics covering mechanisms of transformations, dynamics and bioavailability of heavy metals, radionuclides, biomolecules and nutrients immobilized on soil minerals, humic substances, mineral-humic complexes and microorganisms and their impact on plant, animal and human health. The book is organized into six parts.

Trace Elements in Soils

Trace Elements in Soils Author Peter Hooda
ISBN-10 9781444319484
Release 2010-04-13
Pages 616
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Trace elements occur naturally in soils and some are essential nutrients for plant growth as well as human and animal health. However, at elevated levels, all trace elements become potentially toxic. Anthropogenic input of trace elements into the natural environment therefore poses a range of ecological and health problems. As a result of their persistence and potential toxicity, trace elements continue to receive widespread scientific and legislative attention. Trace Elements in Soils reviews the latest research in the field, providing a comprehensive overview of the chemistry, analysis, fate and regulation of trace elements in soils, as well as remediation strategies for contaminated soil. The book is divided into four sections: • Basic principles, processes, sampling and analytical aspects: presents an overview including general soil chemistry, soil sampling, analysis, fractionation and speciation. • Long-term issues, impacts and predictive modelling: reviews major sources of metal inputs, the impact on soil ecology, trace element deficient soils and chemical speciation modelling. • Bioavailability, risk assessment and remediation: discusses bioavailability, regulatory limits and cleanup technology for contaminated soils including phytoremediation and trace element immobilization. • Characteristics and behaviour of individual elements Written as an authoritative guide for scientists working in soil science, geochemistry, environmental science and analytical chemistry, the book is also a valuable resource for professionals involved in land management, environmental planning, protection and regulation.

Reclamation of drastically disturbed lands

Reclamation of drastically disturbed lands Author American Society of Agronomy
ISBN-10 WISC:89070938204
Release 2000-01-01
Pages 1082
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"Land reclamation, particularly of land disturbed by mining, is a major environmental issue throughout the world. Thirty-eight chapters explore the vast complexities involved in reclamation after large-scale disturbances and provide a broad range of perspectives and examples of reclamation efforts. Readers will find specifics, from mapping minesoil to policy-making, from geochemistry to large-scale topography, from the papermill to oil shale, and emerge with an overall understanding of reclamation strategies and challenges. "

Soil enzymes

Soil enzymes Author Roger George Burns
ISBN-10 0121458504
Release 1978
Pages 380
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Soil enzymes has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Soil enzymes also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Soil enzymes book for free.

Biological Indicators of Soil Health

Biological Indicators of Soil Health Author Clive Pankhurst
ISBN-10 UOM:39015040542006
Release 1997-01-01
Pages 451
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1. Defining and assessing soil health and sustainable productivity 2. The relationship of soil health to ecosystem health 3. Rationale for developing bioindicators of soil health 4. Bioindicators: perspectives and potential for land users, researchers and policy makers 5. Soil microbial biomass, activity and nutrient cycling as indicators of soil health 6. Soil enzyme activities as integrative indicators of soil health 7. Soil microflora as bioindicators of soil health 8. Potential use of plant root pathogens as bioindicators of soil health 9. Soil microfauna as bioindicators of soil health 10. Community structure of soil arthropods as a bioindicator of soil health 11. Can the abundance or activity of soil macrofauna be used to indicate the biological health of soils? 12. Biodiversity of soil organisms as indicators of soil health 13. Biomonitoring of soil health by plants 14. Bioindicators to detect contamination of soils with special reference to heavy metals 15. Chemical and molecular approaches for rapid assessment of the biological status of soils 16. Use of genetically modified microbial biosensors for soil ecotoxicity testing 17. Biological indicators of soil health: synthesis.

Agricultural and Environmental Applications of Biochar

Agricultural and Environmental Applications of Biochar Author Sophie Minori Uchimiya
ISBN-10 0891189645
Release 2016
Pages 504
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Discover the mechanisms and processes of biochar amendment for achieving stunning agricultural and environmental benefits. Agricultural and environmental communities are looking to biochar for enhancing soil carbon sequestration and crop productivity, but practical applications are elusive. Accomplished international researchers present a whole picture of biochar in improving soil quality, reducing soil greenhouse gas emissions, and decontaminating stormwater and mine sites. Composition and characteristics of biochar, its interactions with contaminants and soil constituents, and its transformation in the environment are addressed. Readers will appreciate the comprehensive review of the latest biochar research and applications and gain critical guidance in best biochar generation and use.