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Estimating Species Trees

Estimating Species Trees Author L. Lacey Knowles
ISBN-10 9781118211403
Release 2011-09-20
Pages 232
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Recent computational and modeling advances have produced methods for estimating species trees directly, avoiding the problems and limitations of the traditional phylogenetic paradigm where an estimated gene tree is equated with the history of species divergence. The overarching goal of the volume is to increase the visibility and use of these new methods by the entire phylogenetic community by specifically addressing several challenges: (i) firm understanding of the theoretical underpinnings of the methodology, (ii) empirical examples demonstrating the utility of the methodology as well as its limitations, and (iii) attention to technical aspects involved in the actual software implementation of the methodology. As such, this volume will not only be poised to become the quintessential guide to training the next generation of researchers, but it will also be instrumental in ushering in a new phylogenetic paradigm for the 21st century.



Phylogenomics

Phylogenomics Author Christoph Bleidorn
ISBN-10 9783319540641
Release 2017-07-05
Pages 222
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This unique textbook provides a clear and concise overview of the key principles of the complex field of phylogenomics, with a particular focus on sequencing technologies that are crucial to studying and understanding interrelations in evolutionary genomics. It includes chapters dedicated to the analysis of nucleotide sequences using assembling and alignment methods and also discusses the main strategies for phylogenetic studies, systematic errors and their correction. This highly readable textbook is intended for graduate students and young researchers with an interest in phylogenetics and evolutionary developmental biology.



Object Lessons and the Formation of Knowledge

Object Lessons and the Formation of Knowledge Author Kerstin Barndt
ISBN-10 9780472122646
Release 2017-09-19
Pages 376
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Object Lessons and the Formation of Knowledge explores the museums, libraries, and special collections of the University of Michigan on its bicentennial. Since its inception, U-M has collected and preserved objects: biological and geological specimens; ethnographic and archaeological artifacts; photographs and artistic works; encyclopedia, textbooks, rare books, and documents; and many other items. These vast collections and libraries testify to an ambitious vision of the research university as a place where knowledge is accumulated, shared, and disseminated through teaching, exhibition, and publication. Today, two hundred years after the university’s founding, museums, libraries, and archives continue to be an important part of U-M, which maintains more than twenty distinct museums, libraries, and collections. Viewed from a historic perspective, they provide a window through which we can explore the transformation of the academy, its public role, and the development of scholarly disciplines over the last two centuries. Even as they speak to important facets of Michigan’s history, many of these collections also remain essential to academic research, knowledge production, and object-based pedagogy. Moreover, the university’s exhibitions and displays attract hundreds of thousands of visitors per year from the campus, regional, and global communities. Beautifully illustrated with color photographs of these world-renowned collections, this book will appeal to readers interested in the history of museums and collections, the formation of academic disciplines, and of course the University of Michigan.



Bayesian Evolutionary Analysis with BEAST

Bayesian Evolutionary Analysis with BEAST Author Alexei J. Drummond
ISBN-10 9781316298343
Release 2015-08-06
Pages
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What are the models used in phylogenetic analysis and what exactly is involved in Bayesian evolutionary analysis using Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods? How can you choose and apply these models, which parameterisations and priors make sense, and how can you diagnose Bayesian MCMC when things go wrong? These are just a few of the questions answered in this comprehensive overview of Bayesian approaches to phylogenetics. This practical guide: • Addresses the theoretical aspects of the field • Advises on how to prepare and perform phylogenetic analysis • Helps with interpreting analyses and visualisation of phylogenies • Describes the software architecture • Helps developing BEAST 2.2 extensions to allow these models to be extended further. With an accompanying website providing example files and tutorials (http://beast2.org/), this one-stop reference to applying the latest phylogenetic models in BEAST 2 will provide essential guidance for all users – from those using phylogenetic tools, to computational biologists and Bayesian statisticians.



Molecular Phylogeny of Microorganisms

Molecular Phylogeny of Microorganisms Author Aharon Oren
ISBN-10 9781904455677
Release 2010
Pages 220
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An introduction to molecular phylogeny, this text provides an overview of the diversity, systematics and nomenclature of microbes in many branches of biological science.



Biodiversity

Biodiversity Author David L. Hawksworth
ISBN-10 0412752204
Release 1995-11-30
Pages 140
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Leading experts on the field of biodiversity examine examples from a wide range of organism groups. Their approaches include the latest molecular and phylogenetic techniques through to the selection of indicator data and aspects of sampling. This paperback edition has been published for students on 'biodiversity' related courses.



Understanding Machine Learning

Understanding Machine Learning Author Shai Shalev-Shwartz
ISBN-10 9781107057135
Release 2014-05-19
Pages 409
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Introduces machine learning and its algorithmic paradigms, explaining the principles behind automated learning approaches and the considerations underlying their usage.



The Theory of Island Biogeography

The Theory of Island Biogeography Author Robert H. MacArthur
ISBN-10 9781400881376
Release 2016-01-28
Pages 224
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Biogeography was stuck in a "natural history phase" dominated by the collection of data, the young Princeton biologists Robert H. MacArthur and Edward O. Wilson argued in 1967. In this book, the authors developed a general theory to explain the facts of island biogeography. The theory builds on the first principles of population ecology and genetics to explain how distance and area combine to regulate the balance between immigration and extinction in island populations. The authors then test the theory against data. The Theory of Island Biogeography was never intended as the last word on the subject. Instead, MacArthur and Wilson sought to stimulate new forms of theoretical and empirical studies, which will lead in turn to a stronger general theory. Even a third of a century since its publication, the book continues to serve that purpose well. From popular books like David Quammen's Song of the Dodo to arguments in the professional literature, The Theory of Island Biogeography remains at the center of discussions about the geographic distribution of species. In a new preface, Edward O. Wilson reviews the origins and consequences of this classic book.



Occupancy Estimation and Modeling

Occupancy Estimation and Modeling Author Darryl I. MacKenzie
ISBN-10 9780124072459
Release 2017-11-17
Pages 648
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Occupancy Estimation and Modeling: Inferring Patterns and Dynamics of Species Occurrence, Second Edition, provides a synthesis of model-based approaches for analyzing presence-absence data, allowing for imperfect detection. Beginning from the relatively simple case of estimating the proportion of area or sampling units occupied at the time of surveying, the authors describe a wide variety of extensions that have been developed since the early 2000s. This provides an improved insight about species and community ecology, including, detection heterogeneity; correlated detections; spatial autocorrelation; multiple states or classes of occupancy; changes in occupancy over time; species co-occurrence; community-level modeling, and more. Occupancy Estimation and Modeling: Inferring Patterns and Dynamics of Species Occurrence, Second Edition has been greatly expanded and detail is provided regarding the estimation methods and examples of their application are given. Important study design recommendations are also covered to give a well rounded view of modeling. Provides authoritative insights into the latest in occupancy modeling Examines the latest methods in analyzing detection/no detection data surveys Addresses critical issues of imperfect detectability and its effects on species occurrence estimation Discusses important study design considerations such as defining sample units, sample size determination and optimal effort allocation



A Dictionary Practical Theoretical and Historical of Commerce and Commercial Navigation

A Dictionary  Practical  Theoretical  and Historical  of Commerce and Commercial Navigation Author John Ramsay McCulloch
ISBN-10 GENT:900000141857
Release 1852
Pages 1510
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A Dictionary Practical Theoretical and Historical of Commerce and Commercial Navigation has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from A Dictionary Practical Theoretical and Historical of Commerce and Commercial Navigation also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full A Dictionary Practical Theoretical and Historical of Commerce and Commercial Navigation book for free.



Tree Diversity Analysis

Tree Diversity Analysis Author R. Kindt
ISBN-10 9789290591795
Release 2005-01-01
Pages 196
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Tree Diversity Analysis has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Tree Diversity Analysis also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Tree Diversity Analysis book for free.



Computer Vision

Computer Vision Author Richard Szeliski
ISBN-10 1848829469
Release 2010-11-05
Pages 812
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Humans perceive the three-dimensional structure of the world with apparent ease. However, despite all of the recent advances in computer vision research, the dream of having a computer interpret an image at the same level as a two-year old remains elusive. Why is computer vision such a challenging problem and what is the current state of the art? Computer Vision: Algorithms and Applications explores the variety of techniques commonly used to analyze and interpret images. It also describes challenging real-world applications where vision is being successfully used, both for specialized applications such as medical imaging, and for fun, consumer-level tasks such as image editing and stitching, which students can apply to their own personal photos and videos. More than just a source of “recipes,” this exceptionally authoritative and comprehensive textbook/reference also takes a scientific approach to basic vision problems, formulating physical models of the imaging process before inverting them to produce descriptions of a scene. These problems are also analyzed using statistical models and solved using rigorous engineering techniques Topics and features: structured to support active curricula and project-oriented courses, with tips in the Introduction for using the book in a variety of customized courses; presents exercises at the end of each chapter with a heavy emphasis on testing algorithms and containing numerous suggestions for small mid-term projects; provides additional material and more detailed mathematical topics in the Appendices, which cover linear algebra, numerical techniques, and Bayesian estimation theory; suggests additional reading at the end of each chapter, including the latest research in each sub-field, in addition to a full Bibliography at the end of the book; supplies supplementary course material for students at the associated website, http://szeliski.org/Book/. Suitable for an upper-level undergraduate or graduate-level course in computer science or engineering, this textbook focuses on basic techniques that work under real-world conditions and encourages students to push their creative boundaries. Its design and exposition also make it eminently suitable as a unique reference to the fundamental techniques and current research literature in computer vision.



Amstat News

Amstat News Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015053347798
Release 2001
Pages
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Amstat News has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Amstat News also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Amstat News book for free.



Sequence Evolution Function

Sequence     Evolution     Function Author Eugene Koonin
ISBN-10 9781475737837
Release 2013-06-29
Pages 462
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Sequence - Evolution - Function is an introduction to the computational approaches that play a critical role in the emerging new branch of biology known as functional genomics. The book provides the reader with an understanding of the principles and approaches of functional genomics and of the potential and limitations of computational and experimental approaches to genome analysis. Sequence - Evolution - Function should help bridge the "digital divide" between biologists and computer scientists, allowing biologists to better grasp the peculiarities of the emerging field of Genome Biology and to learn how to benefit from the enormous amount of sequence data available in the public databases. The book is non-technical with respect to the computer methods for genome analysis and discusses these methods from the user's viewpoint, without addressing mathematical and algorithmic details. Prior practical familiarity with the basic methods for sequence analysis is a major advantage, but a reader without such experience will be able to use the book as an introduction to these methods. This book is perfect for introductory level courses in computational methods for comparative and functional genomics.



Computer Age Statistical Inference

Computer Age Statistical Inference Author Bradley Efron
ISBN-10 9781108107952
Release 2016-07-20
Pages
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The twenty-first century has seen a breathtaking expansion of statistical methodology, both in scope and in influence. 'Big data', 'data science', and 'machine learning' have become familiar terms in the news, as statistical methods are brought to bear upon the enormous data sets of modern science and commerce. How did we get here? And where are we going? This book takes us on an exhilarating journey through the revolution in data analysis following the introduction of electronic computation in the 1950s. Beginning with classical inferential theories - Bayesian, frequentist, Fisherian - individual chapters take up a series of influential topics: survival analysis, logistic regression, empirical Bayes, the jackknife and bootstrap, random forests, neural networks, Markov chain Monte Carlo, inference after model selection, and dozens more. The distinctly modern approach integrates methodology and algorithms with statistical inference. The book ends with speculation on the future direction of statistics and data science.



Journal of Statistical Research

Journal of Statistical Research Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015046522457
Release 1992
Pages
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Journal of Statistical Research has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Journal of Statistical Research also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Journal of Statistical Research book for free.



Bibliography of Agriculture

Bibliography of Agriculture Author
ISBN-10 PSU:000057553887
Release 1992
Pages
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Bibliography of Agriculture has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Bibliography of Agriculture also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Bibliography of Agriculture book for free.