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Ethical and Social Perspectives on Situational Crime Prevention

Ethical and Social Perspectives on Situational Crime Prevention Author Andreas von Hirsch
ISBN-10 9781847313300
Release 2004-10-15
Pages 240
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Situational crime prevention has drawn increasing interest in recent years,yet the debate has looked mainly at whether it 'works' to prevent crime. This volume addresses the ethics of situational crime prevention and also examines the place of situational crime prevention within criminology. The contributors are twelve distinguished criminologists who together advance our understanding of the ethical and societal questions underlying crime prevention. Contributors: Ron Clarke, Adam Crawford, Antony Duff, David Garland, Tim Hope, Richard Jones, John Kleinig, Clifford Shearing, David J. Smith, Richard Sparks, Andrew von Hirsch and Alison Wakefield. "..presents several unique questions regarding the use of crime prevention strategies." Robert Hanser writing in The Literature of Criminal Justice January 2001



Ethical and Social Perspectives on Situational Crime Prevention Studies in Penal Theory and Penal Ethics

Ethical and Social Perspectives on Situational Crime Prevention  Studies in Penal Theory and Penal Ethics Author Andrew Von Hirsch
ISBN-10 OCLC:732280468
Release 2000
Pages
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Situational crime prevention has drawn increasing interest in recent years, yet the debate has looked mainly at whether it 'works' to prevent crime. Little attention has been paid to how it alters conceptions and strategies of crime prevention in modern society, and to the ethical questions concerning its potential impact on freedom and privacy.; This volume aims to address the ethics of situational crime prevention. Are situational crime prevention strategies likely to constrain unduly people's freedom of movement? Do such strategies involve an intrusive scrutiny of people's everyday activities? Can ethical principles be developed that would help distinguish acceptable from unacceptable forms of intervention?; The second issue concerns the place of situational crime prevention within criminology.



Crime Prevention Policies in Comparative Perspective

Crime Prevention Policies in Comparative Perspective Author Adam Crawford
ISBN-10 9781134027514
Release 2013-05-13
Pages 296
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The book brings together a collection of leading international experts to explore, through a comparative analysis, the lessons learnt through implementation and the future directions of crime prevention policies.



The Oxford Handbook of Criminology

The Oxford Handbook of Criminology Author Mike Maguire
ISBN-10 9780199205448
Release 2007
Pages 1185
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teachers and students of criminology and is a sourcebook for professionals.



Rational Choice and Situational Crime Prevention

Rational Choice and Situational Crime Prevention Author Graeme Newman
ISBN-10 9781351906760
Release 2016-12-05
Pages 288
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A collection of original papers examining the theoretical and philosophical bases of the perspective of situational crime prevention. Among issues examined are: the status of situational crime prevention as a theory; the theoretical traditions and context of SCP; the relationship of rational choice to SCP; utilitarianism and SCP; and the ethical./policy implications of SCP.



Living Lawfully

Living Lawfully Author Z. Bankowski
ISBN-10 9789401720991
Release 2013-04-17
Pages 250
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The aim of this book is to explore what it means to live a life under the law. Does a life of law preclude love and does a life of love preclude law? Part of the theme of the book is that social questions also raise individual moral and ethical questions; that to live lawfully implies both a question of how I should live in my relations with my fellows and how society should be organised. These questions must be looked at together. The book explores these questions and in looking at the articulation of law and love touches upon debates in personal morality, aesthetics, epistemology, social and political organisation, institutional design and the form and substance of law. It raises questions that are of interest to students and those working in law, theology, and social and political theory.



Preventive Justice

Preventive Justice Author Andrew Ashworth
ISBN-10 9780191021053
Release 2014-03-27
Pages 310
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This book arises from a three-year study of Preventive Justice directed by Professor Andrew Ashworth and Professor Lucia Zedner at the University of Oxford. The study seeks to develop an account of the principles and values that should guide and limit the state's use of preventive techniques that involve coercion against the individual. States today are increasingly using criminal law or criminal law-like tools to try to prevent or reduce the risk of anticipated future harm. Such measures include criminalizing conduct at an early stage in order to allow authorities to intervene; incapacitating suspected future wrongdoers; and imposing extended sentences or indefinate on past wrongdoers on the basis of their predicted future conduct - all in the name of public protection and security. The chief justification for the state's use of coercion is protecting the public from harm. Although the rationales and justifications of state punishment have been explored extensively, the scope, limits and principles of preventive justice have attracted little doctrinal or conceptual analysis. This book re-assesses the foundations for the range of coercive measures that states now take in the name of prevention and public protection, focussing particularly on coercive measures involving deprivation of liberty. It examines whether these measures are justified, whether they distort the proper boundaries between criminal and civil law, or whether they signal a larger change in the architecture of security. In so doing, it sets out to establish a framework for what we call 'Preventive Justice'.



Criminalization

Criminalization Author R A Duff
ISBN-10 9780191043369
Release 2014-12-04
Pages 340
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The Criminalization series arose from an interdisciplinary investigation into criminalization, focussing on the principles that might guide decisions about what kinds of conduct should be criminalized, and the forms that criminalization should take. Developing a normative theory of criminalization, the series tackles the key questions at the heart of the issue: what principles and goals should guide legislators in deciding what to criminalize? How should criminal wrongs be classified and differentiated? How should law enforcement officials apply the law's specifications of offences? The fourth book in the series examines the political morality of the criminal law, exploring general principles and theories of criminalization. Chapters provide accounts of the criminal law in the light of ambitious theories about moral and political philosophy - republicanism and contractarianism, or reflect upon on the success of important theories of criminalization by viewing them in a novel light. Ideas that are fundamental to any complete theory of the criminal law - liberty, harm, and the effect on victims - are investigated in depth. Sociological investigation of the criminal law grounds a critical investigation into the principles of criminalization, both as a legislative matter, and with respect to criminalization practices, in contemporary and historical contexts. The volume broadens our conceptions of the theory of criminalization, and clarifies the role of the series in the development of this theory. It is essential reading for all interested in legal, political, and social theories of criminalization.



Droits et voix Rights and Voices

Droits et voix   Rights and Voices Author Veronique Strimelle
ISBN-10 9782760319097
Release 2010-12-14
Pages 284
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Cet ouvrage souligne le 40e anniversaire du Département de criminologie de l’Université d’Ottawa, fondé en 1968. On y relate l’histoire du département de ses origines à nos jours en mettant l’accent sur les débats théoriques qui ont influencé son approche critique et autoréflexive de la criminologie. Les articles qui le composent s’inscrivent dans cet ordre d’idée en mettant en question la perspective traditionnelle de la criminologie sur divers sujets, notamment les études policières, la santé mentale, la violence politique, le suicide et la prévention du crime. Droits et voix souligne le rôle primordial que joue l’Université d’Ottawa dans la redéfinition de la criminologie et la promotion du militantisme, de la justice sociale et de la compassion. -- This volume commemorates the 40th anniversary of the University of Ottawa’s Department of Criminology, founded in 1968. It relates the history of the department from its origins to today, focusing on the theoretical debates that have influenced its critical and self reflexive approach to criminology. The contributions to this volume continue in that vein by questioning the traditional perspective of criminology on a variety of topics including police studies, mental health, political violence, suicide, and crime prevention. Rights and Voices reveals the significant role that the University of Ottawa has played in redefining criminology to advocate activism, social justice, and compassion.



Justice gained

Justice gained Author Bill Dixon
ISBN-10 1843920530
Release 2004
Pages 266
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Ten years into South Africa's new democracy, crime and what should be done about it are the subject of endless debate. Arguments rage about everything from the accuracy of the country's crime statistics to the state of its prisons. But why is crime such a persistent problem? How have patterns of offending changed over the course of South Africa's transition to democracy? And how have crime control practices altered in response to the challenges of the post-apartheid era? Justice Gained? Sets out to answer theses questions by providing a critical commentary on some key issues in contemporary South African criminology. Written by authors with extensive experience as teachers, researchers, policy advisers and practitioners, the essays challenge some of the received wisdoms re-emerging in a discipline in danger both of forgetting its own history, and of misunderstanding the role of critical social science in a democratic South Africa. Contributions are written in a deliberately accessible style and from a variety of disciplinary perspectives. They make essential reading for policy-makers and practitioners, as well as for students in criminology, law and across the social sciences. Justice Gained? will also be of interest to comparative criminologists and all those concerned with the study of societies in transition.



Situational Prison Control

Situational Prison Control Author Richard Wortley
ISBN-10 0521009405
Release 2002-03-25
Pages 253
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This book examines the control of problem behaviour in prison from a situational crime prevention perspective. Following the success of situational crime prevention in community settings, Richard Wortley argues that the same principles can be used to help reduce the levels of assault, rape, self-harm, drug use, escape and collective violence in our prison systems. This pioneering new study proposes a two-stage model of situational prevention that moves beyond traditional opportunity-reduction: it attempts to reconcile the contradictory urges to control prison disorder by 'tightening-up' and hardening the prison environment on the one hand, and 'loosening-off' and normalising it on the other. Combining a comprehensive synthesis and evaluation of existing research with original investigation and ground-breaking conclusions, Situational Prison Control will be of great interest to academics and practitioners both in the areas of correction and crime prevention more generally.



Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention

Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention Author Bonnie S. Fisher
ISBN-10 9781412960472
Release 2010-02-02
Pages 1174
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Victimology and crime prevention are growing, interrelated areas cutting across several disciplines. Victimology examines victims of all sorts of criminal activity, from domestic abuse, to street violence, to victims in the workplace who lose jobs and pensions due to malfeasance by corporate executives. Crime prevention is an important companion to victimology because it offers insight and techniques to prevent situations that lead to crime and attempts to offer ideas and means for mitigating or minimizing the potential for victimization. .In many ways, the two fields have developed along parallel yet separate paths, and the literature on both has been scattered across disciplines as varied as sociology, law and criminology, public health and medicine, political science and public policy, economics, psychology and human services, and more. The Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention provides a comprehensive reference work bringing together such dispersed knowledge as it outlines and discusses the status of victims within the criminal justice system and topics of deterring and preventing victimization in the first place and responding to victims' needs. Two volumes containing approximately 375 signed entries provide users with the most authoritative and comprehensive reference resource available on victimology and crime prevention, both in terms of breadth and depth of coverage. In addition to standard entries, leading scholars in the field have contributed Anchor Essays that, in broad strokes, provide starting points for investigating the more salient victimology and crime prevention topics. A representative sampling of general topic areas covered includes: interpersonal and domestic violence, child maltreatment, and elder abuse; street violence; hate crimes and terrorism; treatment of victims by the media, courts, police, and politicians; community response to crime victims; physical design for crime prevention; victims of nonviolent crimes; deterrence and prevention; helping and counseling crime victims; international and comparative perspectives, and more.



Crime Prevention

Crime Prevention Author Stephen Schneider
ISBN-10 142006214X
Release 2009-10-05
Pages 369
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Characterized both by its interdisciplinary and its applied nature, crime prevention is influenced by diverse fields such as psychology, sociology, criminology, health care, urban planning and design, education, economics, community development, and social work, among others. The study of crime prevention is also focused on developing and evaluating interventions for applications in real-world settings. In addition to exploring basic concepts and theories, Crime Prevention: Theory and Practice reflects the predominantly applied nature of the field, offering readers the knowledge and skills necessary to plan, implement, evaluate, and sustain effective crime prevention interventions. The book examines dominant approaches (situational, social development, community crime prevention, and community policing), as well as process-oriented issues essential to its application (planning, implementing, and evaluating a crime prevention project), balancing a scholarly analysis of the subject while imparting useful skills. Emphasizing an experiential learning approach, this text: Presents an introduction to and overview of the theory and practice of crime prevention Explains how etiological theories of crime and criminal behavior inform each of the dominant crime prevention approaches Encourages the development of knowledge, expertise, and practical skills among students and crime prevention practitioners that can be applied in the real world Provides a detailed, step-by-step approach to the planning, implementation, evaluation, and maintenance of successful crime prevention interventions Enhances the development of critical analytical thinking, communication, and writing skills of the reader The text includes learning objectives, discussion questions, case studies, interactive exercises, and field research assignments which ground the theoretical concepts in a practical framework, providing an optimal learning experience for students and practitioners alike.



The new technology of crime law and social control

The new technology of crime  law and social control Author James Michael Byrne
ISBN-10 1881798720
Release 2007-08-30
Pages 379
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The new technology of crime law and social control has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The new technology of crime law and social control also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The new technology of crime law and social control book for free.



Understanding social control

Understanding social control Author Martin Innes
ISBN-10 UCSC:32106017087898
Release 2003
Pages 176
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*Provides a clear, yet panoramic analysis of how the concept of social control has been used by different theoretical traditions in the social sciences. *Connects contemporary changes in areas such as policing, penal systems and surveillance, with wider and deeper changes in the constitution of society. *Employs empirical examples to illustrate key conceptual points. *Develops an innovative argument about the nature and scope of social control in late-modern societies. Understanding Social Control investigates how the concept of social control has been used to capture the ways in which individuals, communities and societies respond to a variety of forms of deviant behaviour. In so doing, the book demonstrates how an appreciation of the meanings of the concept of social control is vital to understanding the dynamics and trajectories of social order in contemporary late-modern societies. Through an analysis of a range of different modes of social control including: policing, imprisonment, surveillance, risk management, audit and architecture, this book explores how and why the mechanisms and processes of social control are changing. The book will be of interest to those studying courses in criminology and the social sciences, researchers with interests in the sociology of deviance and social control, and readers who want to understand the social forces that are shaping the world they live in.



Crime Justice International

Crime   Justice International Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015078414409
Release 2002
Pages
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Crime Justice International has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Crime Justice International also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Crime Justice International book for free.



Handbook of Crime Prevention and Community Safety

Handbook of Crime Prevention and Community Safety Author Nick Tilley
ISBN-10 9781317530824
Release 2017-03-27
Pages 600
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This second edition of the Handbook of Crime Prevention and Community Safety provides a completely revised and updated collection of essays focusing on the theory and practice of crime prevention and the creation of safer communities. This book is divided into five comprehensive parts: Part I, brand new to this edition, is concerned with theoretical perspectives on crime prevention and community safety. Part II considers general approaches to preventing crime, including a new chapter on the theory and practice of deterrence. Part III focuses on specific crime prevention strategies, including a new chapter on regulation for crime prevention. Part IV focuses on the prevention of specific categories of crime and the fear they generate, including new chapters on organised crime and cybercrime. Part V considers the preventative process: the methods through which presenting problems can be analysed, responses formulated and implemented, and their effectiveness evaluated. Bringing together leading academics and practitioners from the UK, US, Australia and the Netherlands, this volume will be an invaluable reference for researchers and practitioners whose work relates to crime prevention and community safety, as well as for undergraduate and postgraduate courses in crime prevention.