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Ethics in Public Health and Health Policy

Ethics in Public Health and Health Policy Author Daniel Strech
ISBN-10 9789400763746
Release 2013-05-15
Pages 229
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Ethical issues associated with public health and health policy--related, for example, to pandemic plans and vaccination policies (c.f. SARS or pandemic influenza), preventive measures like screening (e.g. for breast cancer or dementia) or health information campaigns, social inequalities or health care rationing--are increasing in worldwide importance. Evidence-based information for valid benefit-harm assessment is often rare and hard to get for participants in public health interventions. Program implementation often disregards requirements of fair decision-making processes (like public participation, transparency, etc.). Originating from an international conference (based on a call for abstracts and external review), this volume contains contributions from a group of experts from multiple disciplines and countries. It covers (i) conceptual foundations of public health ethics, (ii) methodological approaches and (iii) normative analyses of specific issues and cases. Bridging theoretical foundations with practical applications, this volume provides a valuable resource for researchers, practitioners and students concerned with public health practice and policy.



Public Health Ethics Cases Spanning the Globe

Public Health Ethics  Cases Spanning the Globe Author Drue H. Barrett
ISBN-10 9783319238470
Release 2016-04-12
Pages 329
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This Open Access book highlights the ethical issues and dilemmas that arise in the practice of public health. It is also a tool to support instruction, debate, and dialogue regarding public health ethics. Although the practice of public health has always included consideration of ethical issues, the field of public health ethics as a discipline is a relatively new and emerging area. There are few practical training resources for public health practitioners, especially resources which include discussion of realistic cases which are likely to arise in the practice of public health. This work discusses these issues on a case to case basis and helps create awareness and understanding of the ethics of public health care. The main audience for the casebook is public health practitioners, including front-line workers, field epidemiology trainers and trainees, managers, planners, and decision makers who have an interest in learning about how to integrate ethical analysis into their day to day public health practice. The casebook is also useful to schools of public health and public health students as well as to academic ethicists who can use the book to teach public health ethics and distinguish it from clinical and research ethics.



Social Justice

Social Justice Author Madison Powers
ISBN-10 0199705194
Release 2008-09-25
Pages 248
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In bioethics, discussions of justice have tended to focus on questions of fairness in access to health care: is there a right to medical treatment, and how should priorities be set when medical resources are scarce. But health care is only one of many factors that determine the extent to which people live healthy lives, and fairness is not the only consideration in determining whether a health policy is just. In this pathbreaking book, senior bioethicists Powers and Faden confront foundational issues about health and justice.



Health and Citizenship

Health and Citizenship Author Frank Huisman
ISBN-10 9781317319030
Release 2015-10-06
Pages 304
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This collection of essays looks at issues of health and citizenship in Europe across two centuries. Contributors examine the extent to which the state can interfere with the private lives of its citizens, the role of individual responsibility and if any boundary occurs in terms of what the state can realistically provide.



Healthcare Policy and Reform Concepts Methodologies Tools and Applications

Healthcare Policy and Reform  Concepts  Methodologies  Tools  and Applications Author Management Association, Information Resources
ISBN-10 9781522569169
Release 2018-08-03
Pages 1594
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Industry professionals, government officials, and the general public often agree that the modern healthcare system is in need of an overhaul. With many organizations concerned with the long-term care of patients, new strategies, practices, and organizational tools must be developed to optimize the current healthcare system. Healthcare Policy and Reform: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a comprehensive source of academic material on the importance of policy and policy reform initiatives in modern healthcare systems. Highlighting a range of topics such as public health, effective care delivery, and health information systems, this multi-volume book is designed for medical practitioners, medical administrators, professionals, academicians, and researchers interested in all aspects of healthcare policy and reform.



The Ethics of Screening in Health Care and Medicine

The Ethics of Screening in Health Care and Medicine Author Niklas Juth
ISBN-10 9400720459
Release 2011-09-20
Pages 182
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Medical or health-oriented screening programs are amongst the most debated aspects of health care and public health practices in health care and public health ethics, as well as health policy discussions. In spite of this, most treatments of screening in the research literature restrict themselves to isolated scientific aspects, sometimes complemented by economic analyses or loose speculations regarding policy aspects. At the same time, recent advances in medical genetics and technology, as well as a rapidly growing societal focus on public health concerns, inspires an increase in suggested or recently started screening programs. This book involves an in-depth analysis of the ethical, political and philosophical issues related to health-oriented screening programs. It explores the considerations that arise when heath care interacts with other societal institutions on a large scale, as is the case with screening: What values may be promoted or compromised by screening programs? What conflicts of values do typically arise – both internally and in relation to the goals of health care, on the one hand, and the goals of public health and the general society, on the other? What aspects of screening are relevant for determining whether it should be undertaken or not and how it should be organised in order to remain defensible? What implications does the ethics of screening have for health care ethics as a whole? These questions are addressed by applying philosophical methods of conceptual analysis, as well as models and theories from moral and political philosophy, medical ethics, and public health ethics, to a large number of ongoing and proposed screening programs which makes this book the first comprehensive work on the ethics of screening. Analyses and suggestions are made that are of potential interest to health care staff, medical researchers, policy makers and the general public.



Healthcare Ethics and Training Concepts Methodologies Tools and Applications

Healthcare Ethics and Training  Concepts  Methodologies  Tools  and Applications Author Management Association, Information Resources
ISBN-10 9781522522386
Release 2017-03-28
Pages 1512
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The application of proper ethical systems and education programs is a vital concern in the medical industry. When healthcare professionals are held to the highest moral and training standards, patient care is improved. Healthcare Ethics and Training: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a comprehensive source of academic research material on methods and techniques for implementing ethical standards and effective education initiatives in clinical settings. Highlighting pivotal perspectives on topics such as e-health, organizational behavior, and patient rights, this multi-volume work is ideally designed for practitioners, upper-level students, professionals, researchers, and academics interested in the latest developments within the healthcare industry.



Public Health Law

Public Health Law Author John Coggon
ISBN-10 9781317653042
Release 2016-12-08
Pages 196
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Public health activity, and the state’s public health responsibilities to assure the conditions in which people can be healthy, can only be achieved through different means of social coordination. This places law and regulation at the heart of public health. They are fundamental both to methods of achieving public health goals and to constraints that may be put on public health activity. As such, trainees, practitioners, and leaders in public health need to understand the breadth and nature of wide-ranging legal and regulatory approaches and the place of ethics in public health. Public Health Law, written by three leading scholars in the field, defines and examines this crucial area of study and practice. It advances an agenda whose scope extends far beyond that covered in traditional medical law and health care law texts. The authors provide an account of the scale of contemporary public health policy and practice and explain its philosophical depths and implications and its long legislative and regulatory history. They advance a definition of the field and explore how different legal approaches may serve and advance or constrain and delimit public health agendas. This ground-breaking book presents the field of public health ethics and law and goes on to examine the impact within the UK of private law, criminal law, public law, EU and international law, and ‘softer’ regulatory approaches. It is a primary point of reference for scholars, practitioners, and leaders working in public health, particularly those with an interest in law, policy, and ethics.



New Ethics for the Public s Health

New Ethics for the Public s Health Author Dan E. Beauchamp
ISBN-10 0199759707
Release 1999-07-29
Pages 400
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Most books about ethics and health focus on issues arising from individual patients and their relationships with doctors and other health professionals. More and more, however, ethical issues are challenges that face entire communities, not just individual patients. This book is an edited collection of readings that addresses these public health challenges. Many of the issues considered, such as policy for alcohol and other drugs, newly emergent epidemics, and violence prevention, are public health concerns beyond the purview of traditional bioethics. Others, such as access to health care, managed care, reproductive technologies, and genetic testing, are covered in bioethics texts, but here they are approached from the distinct viewpoint of public health. The book makes explicit the community perspective of public health, as well as the field's emphasis on prevention. It examines the conceptual issues raised by the public health perspective (i.e., what is meant by community, the common good, and individual autonomy) as well as the policies that can be developed when health problems are approached in population-based, preventive terms.



Social Determinants Approaches to Public Health

Social Determinants Approaches to Public Health Author Erik Blas
ISBN-10 924156413X
Release 2011
Pages 209
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The thirteen case studies contained in this publication were commissioned by the research node of the Knowledge Network on Priority Public Health Conditions (PPHC-KN), a WHO-based interdepartmental working group associated with the WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health. The publication is a joint product of the Department of Ethics, Equity, Trade and Human Rights (ETH), Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR), Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP), and Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research (AHPSR). The case studies describe a wealth of experiences with implementing public health programmes that intend to address social determinants and to have a great impact on health equity. They also document the real-life challenges in implementing such programmes, including the challenges in scaling up, managing policy changes, managing intersectoral processes, adjusting design and ensuring sustainability. This publication complements the previous publication by the Department of Ethics, Equity, Trade and Human Rights entitled Equity, social determinants and public health programmes, which analysed social determinants and health equity issues in 13 public health programmes, and identified possible entry points for interventions to address those social determinants and inequities at the levels of socioeconomic context, exposure, vulnerability, health outcomes and health consequences.



Essential Case Studies in Public Health

Essential Case Studies in Public Health Author Katherine Hunting
ISBN-10 9781449648756
Release 2011-07-22
Pages 208
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Essential Case Studies in Public Health: Putting Public Health into Practice is a unique compilation of twenty-one cases based on real life events and problems. Written by over forty public health faculty members and practitioners, these cases vividly illustrate how professionals across various disciplines tackle public health challenges. Covering a wide range of topics and issues from HPV vaccines as school entry requirements to implementing community-based water systems in rural Honduran communities to a mumps epidemic in Iowa, this text helps students apply a wide range of knowledge and skills relevant to public health outbreak investigation, policy analysis, regulatory decision-making and more. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.



An Ethic for Health Promotion

An Ethic for Health Promotion Author David R. Buchanan
ISBN-10 9780195130577
Release 2000-01-20
Pages 214
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What is the goal of public health promotion today? If the leading causes of mortality nowadays are primarily attributable to lifestyle behaviors, is the purpose of research to develop the power to change those behaviors, in the same way that science has been able to control infectious diseases? Or is the quest for effective behavior modification techniques antithetical to the idea of promoting well-being defined in terms of individual autonomy, dignity, and integrity. An Ethic for Health Promotion explores these questions.



Developing Practice for Public Health and Health Promotion E Book

Developing Practice for Public Health and Health Promotion E Book Author Jennie Naidoo
ISBN-10 9780702044359
Release 2010-06-01
Pages 288
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This title is now out of print. A new edition with e-book is available under ISBN 9780702044540. This package provides you with the book plus the eBook – giving you the printed book and also giving access to the complete book content electronically. Evolve eBooks allows you to quickly search the entire book, make notes, add highlights, and study more efficiently. Buying other Evolve eBooks titles makes your learning experience even better: all of the eBooks will work together on your electronic 'bookshelf', so that you can search across your entire library of Nursing eBooks. Developing Practice for Public Health and Health Promotion is the second title in the ‘Public Health and Health Promotion Practice’ series, expanding on the best-selling introductory textbook, Foundations for Health Promotion. Developing Practice is an essential text for the many different practitioners, professionals and specialists who contribute to public health and health promotion, enabling them to develop their knowledge, skills and confidence. Fully updated to reflect the many changes in health promotion theory, practice and policy New chapter on empowerment as a key health promotion strategy Case studies, activities and discussion points encourage interaction and reflection, and stimulate learning Unique, user-friendly approach makes learning easy Examines the forces that drive practice Focuses on the core strategies of: Tackling health inequalities User and public participation and involvement Working in partnerships Empowerment. Identifies current public health priorities and how to address these in practice. Fully updated to reflect the many changes in health promotion theory, practice and policy New chapter on empowerment as a key health promotion strategy



A Dictionary of Epidemiology

A Dictionary of Epidemiology Author Miquel Porta
ISBN-10 9780199390052
Release 2014-05-23
Pages 352
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This sixth edition of A Dictionary of Epidemiology -- the most updated since its inception -- reflects the profound substantive and methodological changes that have come to characterize epidemiology and its associated disciplines. Sponsored by the International Epidemiological Association, this book remains the essential reference for anyone studying or working in epidemiology, biostatistics, public health, medicine, or the growing number health sciences in which epidemiologic competency is now required. More than just a dictionary, this text is an essential guidebook to the state of the science. It offers the most current, authoritative definitions of terms central to biomedical and public health literature -- everything from confounding and incidence rate to epigenetic inheritance and Number Needed to Treat. As epidemiology continues to change and grow, A Dictionary of Epidemiology will remain its book of record.



Public Health Research Methods

Public Health Research Methods Author Greg Guest
ISBN-10 9781483322223
Release 2014-02-16
Pages 832
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Public Health Research Methods, edited by Greg Guest and Emily Namey, provides a comprehensive foundation for planning, executing, and monitoring public health research of all types. The book goes beyond traditional epidemiologic research designs to cover state-of-the-art, technology-based approaches emerging in the new public health landscape. Written by experts in the field, each chapter includes a description of the research method covered, examples of its application in public health, clear instructions on how to execute the method, and a discussion of emerging issues and future directions. In addition, each chapter addresses the topic in the context of global health and health disparities. Such breadth provides readers with practical tools they can use in the field, as well as a current understanding of conceptual discussions. Illustrated with engaging case studies that enhance understanding of the concepts presented, Public Health Research Methods is a comprehensive, must-have reference ideal for researchers in all sectors—government, academia, and non-profit.



Autonomy Paternalism

Autonomy   Paternalism Author Thomas Nys
ISBN-10 9042918802
Release 2007
Pages 183
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In recent years, the triumph of autonomy has made paternalist interventions increasingly problematic. The value of a patient's right to self-determination and the practice of informed consent are considered supremely important in present-day health care ethics. In general, the idea of 'doctor knows best' has become more and more suspicious. This has left us with a situation in which paternalist medicine seems difficult to reconcile with respect for patient autonomy. This book offers a thorough reflection on the relationship between autonomy and paternalism, and argues that, from both theoretical and practical angles, the tension between these concepts is not as acute as it might seem. In long-term care, psychiatry, and care for the severely handicapped, the principle of respect for autonomy is particularly ill-suited. This, however, does not mean that such respect is totally irrelevant, but that it should take a different shape. Good care in those cases requires us to transcend the sharp dichotomy between autonomy and paternalism. In Autonomy and Paternalism: Reflections on the Theory and Practice of Health Care various acclaimed authors present their views on this interesting and extremely relevant debate.



Ethics Moments in Government

Ethics Moments in Government Author Donald C. Menzel
ISBN-10 9781351567848
Release 2017-09-25
Pages 264
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Ethical concerns are among the most common problems public administrators face, yet the issues are often complex, and the correct choices are not always clear. Living up to the public trust is much more than just an act of compliance. It also involves perceiving, preventing, avoiding, and resolving accusations of illegal or unethical behavior, including appearances of inappropriate behavior. Ethics Moments in Government: Cases and Controversies examines how to identify, assess, and resolve the ethical issues and dilemmas that often confront those who govern the cities, counties, states, and federal agencies throughout America. Real Situations, Real Advice Providing a one-stop resource for all those who must contend with thorny ethical issues, this volume presents case studies that vary in complexity and context and are based on real situations. Each case scenario is followed by discussion questions and case assessments by expert practitioners who describe how they would handle the situation. Using a "total immersion" technique, the book encourages readers to be reflexive and analytical in addressing the problems presented and arriving at appropriate solutions. A supplemental CD is included which contains PowerPoint® slide presentations, articles, workshop programs, tests, and links to organizations. For many of the scenarios presented in this volume, there are no easy answers. Practical guidance on reasoning through difficult decision-making situations enables public administrators to acquire the ethical knowledge, skills, abilities, and instincts that will ultimately help them gain the trust of their citizens and advance in their careers.