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Evolutionary Psychology

Evolutionary Psychology Author Viren Swami
ISBN-10 9781118555088
Release 2014-09-23
Pages 256
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The last decade has witnessed a dramatic change in our understanding of the way in which the mind operates and the reasons behind a myriad of human behaviours. The traditional idea that nurture trumps nature in explanations of human behaviour has been supplanted by evolutionary psychological explanations, which posit that human beings share evolved mental architectures that govern their behaviour. Evolutionary Psychology brings together seminal work from key scholars in the field and explores the ways in which evolutionary psychological research can illuminate our understanding of human behaviours and nature. Evolutionary Psychology provides a thorough introduction to evolutionary approaches to psychology, covering topics on: Applications of evolutionary theory to psychology The evolution of cognition and how it interacts with culture Cooperation Physical attraction, mate choice and sexual selection Life history theory Parenting and families Personality and individual differences Social cognition and psychoses The future of evolutionary psychology Written to support undergraduates and masters students studying Evolutionary Psychology and Biological Psychology, this book critically evaluates the extant literature while maintaining the need for evolutionary psychologies.



The Literate Mind

The Literate Mind Author Andrew Wells
ISBN-10 9780230368781
Release 2012-02-13
Pages 288
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Literacy is about 5,000 years old. Since it was invented it has transformed human societies and knowledge fundamentally. Indeed, civilisation is built on literacy. What is it about the process of making marks on paper or other surfaces that gives literacy this remarkable power? 'The Literate Mind: A Study of Its Scope and Limitations' proposes that the evolved, pre-literate qualities of the human mind combined with the representational capacities of alphabets and other symbol systems provide uniquely powerful means for the generation and storage of knowledge. The creation, storage and sharing of texts augment the social and cognitive capacities of human minds and allow us to develop social institutions within which further new knowledge can be deployed and used. Taking an approach that is equally applicable to print and digital media, the book draws on evolutionary theory and the theory of computation to explain the remarkable power of literacy and its transformational effects on human society and knowledge. It demonstrates that the universe of possible texts is infinite in extent, and proposes that the combination of a reader and a text can be treated as an ecosystem of unlimited scope.



Applied Evolutionary Anthropology

Applied Evolutionary Anthropology Author Mhairi A. Gibson
ISBN-10 9781493902804
Release 2014-03-10
Pages 299
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As a species, we are currently experiencing dramatic shifts in our lifestyle, family structure, health, and global contact. Evolutionary Anthropology provides a powerful theoretical framework to study such changes, revealing how current environments and legacies of past selection shape human diversity. This book is the first major review of the emerging field of Applied Evolutionary Anthropology bringing together the work of an international group of evolutionary scientists, addressing many of the major public health and social issues of this century. Through a series of case studies that span both rural and urban situations in Africa, Asia, Europe and South America, each chapter addresses topics such as natural resource management, health service delivery, population growth and the emergence of new family structures, dietary, and co-operative behaviours. The research presented identifies the great, largely untapped, potential that Applied Evolutionary Anthropology holds to guide the design, implementation and evaluation of effective social and public health policy. This book will be of interest to policy-makers and applied researchers, along with academics and students across the biological and social sciences.



On Desire

On Desire Author William B. Irvine
ISBN-10 9780199839087
Release 2005-11-01
Pages 336
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A married person falls deeply in love with someone else. A man of average income feels he cannot be truly happy unless he owns an expensive luxury car. A dieter has an irresistible craving for ice cream. Desires often come to us unbidden and unwanted, and they can have a dramatic impact, sometimes changing the course of our lives. In On Desire, William B. Irvine takes us on a wide-ranging tour of our impulses, wants, and needs, showing us where these feelings come from and how we can try to rein them in. Spicing his account with engaging observations by writers like Seneca, Tolstoy, and Freud, Irvine considers the teachings of Buddhists, Hindus, the Amish, Shakers, and Catholic saints, as well as those of ancient Greek and Roman and modern European philosophers. Irvine also looks at what modern science can tell us about desire--such as what happens in the brain when we desire something and how animals evolved particular desires--and he advances a new theory about how desire itself evolved. Irvine also suggests that at the same time that we gained the ability to desire, we were "programmed" to find some things more desirable than others. Irvine concludes that the best way to attain lasting happiness is not to change the world around us or our place in it, but to change ourselves. If we can convince ourselves to want what we already have, we can dramatically enhance our happiness. Brimming with wisdom and practical advice, On Desire offers a thoughtful approach to controlling unwanted passions and attaining a more meaningful life.



Judgment and Decision Making

Judgment and Decision Making Author David K. Hardman
ISBN-10 9781405123983
Release 2009-02-09
Pages 221
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Judgment and Decision Making is a refreshingly accessibletext that explores the wide variety of ways people make judgments. An accessible examination of the wide variety of ways peoplemake judgments Features up-to-date theoretical coverage, includingperspectives from evolutionary psychology and neuroscience Covers dynamic decision making, everyday decision making,individual differences, group decision making, and the nature ofmind and brain in relation to judgment and decision making Illustrates key concepts with boxed case studies andcartoons



Putting Psychology in its Place 3rd Edition

Putting Psychology in its Place  3rd Edition Author Graham Richards
ISBN-10 9781136991721
Release 2009-12-16
Pages 448
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The third edition of Putting Psychology In Its Place builds on the previous two editions, introducing the history of Psychology and placing the discipline within a historical context. It aims both to answer and raise questions about the role of Psychology in modern society, by critically examining issues such as how Psychology developed, why psychoanalysis had such an impact and how the discipline has changed to deal with contemporary social issues such as religion, race and gender. This new third edition contains two completely new chapters: "Emotion: The Problem or the Whole Point?" and "Funding and Institutional Factors." An expanded epilogue has also been added which incorporates a discussion of the conceptual issues raised in the book and the volume now corresponds with the new BPS requirements for undergraduate courses. Other chapters, including those on Psychology and the Brain, Social Psychology and the Psychology of Madness, as well as those on gender, religion and race, have been substantially revised. Putting Psychology In Its Place is imaginatively written and accessible to all. It is an invaluable introductory text for undergraduate students of the history of Psychology and will also appeal to postgraduates, academics and anyone interested in Psychology or the history of science.



Gender and Culture in Psychology

Gender and Culture in Psychology Author Eva Magnusson
ISBN-10 9781107018037
Release 2012-02-02
Pages 225
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Introduction to psychology of gender that anchors psychological life and personal meaning in social interchanges, language, societal structures and culture.



Critical Thinking For Psychology

Critical Thinking For Psychology Author Mark Forshaw
ISBN-10 9781405191173
Release 2012-05-14
Pages 136
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"This book is about critical thinking applied to psychology. In order to do just that, I have to take you on a journey somewhat, into other areas first"--



Cross Cultural Psychology

Cross Cultural Psychology Author John W. Berry
ISBN-10 9780521745208
Release 2011-02-17
Pages 626
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Third edition of leading textbook offering an advanced overview of all major perspectives of research in cross-cultural psychology.



Sport and Exercise Psychology

Sport and Exercise Psychology Author Aidan P. Moran
ISBN-10 0415168082
Release 2004
Pages 347
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Sport and exercise psychology is a rapidly expanding field both academically and professionally. Aidan Moran provides the first textbook to combine an explanation of the theoretical foundations of sport and exercise psychology with critical reviews of contemporary research and practical suggestions for relevant independent research projects. Arranged in four complementary parts, the book moves from a general discussion of the nature and role of sport psychology to explorations of individual, group and health factors affecting performance. Designed to encourage students to apply their psychological knowledge and critical thinking abilities, each chapter features a summary and boxed highlights containing questions to help students gain maximum understanding of the material.



An Introduction to Developmental Psychology

An Introduction to Developmental Psychology Author J. Gavin Bremner
ISBN-10 9781118767207
Release 2017-05-08
Pages 848
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A representative and authoritative 'state of the art' account of human development from conception to adolescence. Written at an easy-to-comprehend level by an international team of respected researchers, conveying their knowledge with enthusiasm and skill. Full supporting materials - chapter overviews, discussion questions, suggestions for further reading, and glossary. Chapters covering applied issues in developmental psychology



Environmental Psychology

Environmental Psychology Author Linda Steg
ISBN-10 9781119942191
Release 2012-04-09
Pages 256
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Environmental Psychology: An Introduction offers a research-based introduction to the psychological relationship between humans and their built and natural environments and discusses how sustainable environments can be created to the benefit of both people and nature Explores the environment's effects on human wellbeing and behaviour, factors influencing environmental behaviour and ways of encouraging pro-environmental action Provides a state-of-the-art overview of recent developments in environmental psychology, with an emphasis on sustainability as a unifying principle for theory, research and interventions While focusing primarily on Europe and North America, also discusses environmental psychology in non-Western and developing countries Responds to a growing interest in the contribution of environmental psychologists to understanding and solving environmental problems and promoting the effects of environmental conditions on health and wellbeing



Essential Psychology

Essential Psychology Author Philip Banyard
ISBN-10 9781473917187
Release 2015-02-28
Pages 600
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Essential Psychology returns for a second edition with a vivid narrative writing style for undergraduates, features designed to stimulate critical thinking and inspire students to learn independently, and an expanded companion website full of useful resources for lecturers and students. This comprehensive introductory text is relevant for both the specialist and non-specialist psychology student, challenging those who studied psychology before university while remaining accessible to those who did not. The 2nd edition: Gives students a firm foundation in all areas covered on accredited British Psychological Society degree courses Includes new chapters on psychopathology, research methods, language, motivation and emotion, lifespan development, health psychology, forensic psychology and critical social psychology Relates theory to the real world to help students think about where they will employ their degree after undergraduate study Comes with a SAGE edge companion website with a suite of resources to enhance the learning experience (https://edge.sagepub.com/banyard2e)



Historical and Conceptual Issues in Psychology

Historical and Conceptual Issues in Psychology Author Marc Brysbaert
ISBN-10 0273743678
Release 2012-09-01
Pages 605
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The 2nd edition of Historical and Conceptual issues in Psychology offers a lively and engaging introduction to the main issues underlying the emergence and continuing evolution of psychology.



Evolutionary Social Psychology

Evolutionary Social Psychology Author Jeffry A. Simpson
ISBN-10 9781317779476
Release 2014-02-25
Pages 448
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What a pity it would have been if biologists had refused to accept Darwin's theory of natural selection, which has been essential in helping biologists understand a wide range of phenomena in many animal species. These days, to study any animal species while refusing to consider the evolved adaptive significance of their behavior would be considered pure folly--unless, of course, the species is homo sapiens. Graduate students training to study this particular primate species may never take a single course in evolutionary theory, although they may take two undergraduate and up to four graduate courses in statistics. These methodologically sophisticated students then embark on a career studying human aggression, cooperation, mating behavior, family relationships, or altruism with little or no understanding of the general evolutionary forces and principles that shaped the behaviors they are investigating. This book hopes to redress that wrong. It is one of the first to apply evolutionary theories to mainstream problems in personality and social psychology that are relevant to a wide range of important social phenomena, many of which have been shaped and molded by natural selection during the course of human evolution. These phenomena include selective biases that people have concerning how and why a variety of activities occur. For example: * information exchanged during social encounters is initially perceived and interpreted; * people are romantically attracted to some potential mates but not others; * people often guard, protect, and work hard at maintaining their closest relationships; * people form shifting and highly complicated coalitions with kin and close friends; and * people terminate close, long-standing relationships. Evolutionary Social Psychology begins to disentangle the complex, interwoven patterns of interaction that define our social lives and relationships.



Forensic Psychology

Forensic Psychology Author Graham M. Davies
ISBN-10 9781119106654
Release 2017-08-30
Pages 744
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Introduces forensic psychology to students and professionals who want to better understand psychology’s expanding influence on the study of law, crime and criminality Forensic psychology is a constantly growing discipline, both in terms of student interest and as a profession for graduates. This book highlights the often sizeable gap between media myths surrounding forensic practice and reality. Editors Graham Davies and Anthony Beech present an exciting and broad range of topics within the field, including detailed treatments of the causes of crime, investigative methods, the trial process, and interventions with different types of offenders and offences. Forensic Psychology: Crime, Justice, Law, Interventions, Third Edition covers every aspect of forensic psychology—from understanding criminal behaviour, to applying psychological theory to criminal investigation, analysing the legal process and the treatment of witnesses and offenders. Each chapter has been thoroughly revised and updated with the latest findings. The book also includes two entirely new chapters—one on psychopathy and crime, the other on female offenders. Drawing on a wealth of experience from leading researchers and practitioners, this new edition will interest and enthuse today’s generation of students. All chapters thoroughly revised and updated Features two brand new chapters Supplemented by additional online resource materials, including related links, multiple choice questions, and PowerPoint slides Authored by a wide-range of experienced forensic psychology professionals Forensic Psychology, Third Edition is essential reading for undergraduates’ first encounter with the subject area and is an excellent introduction for more specialised postgraduate courses.



The Psychology of Visual Art

The Psychology of Visual Art Author George Mather
ISBN-10 9781107469853
Release 2013-10-24
Pages 250
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What can art tell us about how the brain works? And what can the brain tell us about how we perceive and create art? Humans have created visual art throughout history and its significance has been an endless source of fascination and debate. Visual art is a product of the human brain, but is art so complex and sophisticated that brain function and evolution are not relevant to our understanding? This book explores the links between visual art and the brain by examining a broad range of issues including: the impact of eye and brain disorders on artistic output; the relevance of Darwinian principles to aesthetics; and the constraints imposed by brain processes on the perception of space, motion and colour in art. Arguments and theories are presented in an accessible manner and general principles are illustrated with specific art examples, helping students to apply their knowledge to new artworks.