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Explorations in Learning and the Brain

Explorations in Learning and the Brain Author Ton de de Jong
ISBN-10 0387895124
Release 2009-04-21
Pages 80
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This volume presents a short review study of the potential relationships between cognitive neuroscience and educational science. Conducted by order of the Dutch Programme Council for Educational Research of the Netherlands Organization for Scienti c Research (NWO; cf. the American NSF), the review aims to identify: (1) how educational principles, mechanisms, and theories could be extended or re ned based on ndings from cognitive neuroscience, and (2) which neuroscience prin- ples, mechanisms, or theories may have implications for educational research and could lead to new interdisciplinary research ventures. The contents should be seen as the outcome of the ‘Explorations in Learning and the Brain’ project. In this project, we started with a ‘quick scan’ of the lite- ture that formed the input for an expert workshop that was held in Amsterdam on March 10–11,2008. This expert workshopidenti ed additional relevant themesand issues that helped us to update the ‘quick scan’ into this nal document. In this way the input from the participants of the expert workshop (listed in Appendix A) has greatly in uenced the present text. We are therefore grateful to the participants for their scholarly and enthusiastic contributions. The content of the current volume, however, is the full responsibility of the authors.

Philosophical Reflections on Neuroscience and Education

Philosophical Reflections on Neuroscience and Education Author William H. Kitchen
ISBN-10 9781474283724
Release 2017-11-16
Pages 264
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Philosophical Reflections on Neuroscience and Education explores conceptual and normative questions about the recent programme which aims to underpin education with neuroscientific principles. By invoking philosophical ideas such as Bennett and Hacker's mereological fallacy, Wittgenstein's the first-person/third-person asymmetry principle and the notion of irreducible/constitutive uncertainty, William H. Kitchen offers a critique of the whole-sale adoption of neuroscience to education. He explores and reviews the role that neuroscience has started to play in educational policy and practice, and whether or not such a role is founded in coherent conceptual reasoning. Kitchen critically analyses the role which neuroscience can possibly play within educational discussions, and offers paradigmatic examples of how neuroscientific approaches have already found their way into educational practice and policy documents. By invoking the philosophical work primarily of Wittgenstein, he argues against the surge of neuroscientism within educational discourse and offers to clarify and elucidate core concepts in this area which are often misunderstood.

Implementing Sustainability in Higher Education

Implementing Sustainability in Higher Education Author Matthias Barth
ISBN-10 9781135052027
Release 2014-10-17
Pages 222
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In a time of unprecedented transformation as society seeks to build a more sustainable future, education plays an increasingly central role in training key agents of change. This book asks how we can equip students and scholars with the capabilities to promote sustainability and how the higher education curriculum can be changed to facilitate the paradigm shift needed. Across the globe, a rising number of higher education institutions and academics are responding to these questions by transforming their own teaching and learning and their institutions’ curricula. This book contributes to that development by examining in-depth case studies of innovative approaches and curriculum changes at multiple levels of the education sector. Elaborating key principles of higher education for sustainable development and identifying drivers and barriers to implementing sustainability in the curriculum, the book provides a comprehensive overview of what makes higher education for sustainable development a unique field of research and practice, as well as offering a coherent narrative of how change can be effected in it. This much-needed book is a valuable resource to inform, guide and inspire students, academics, administrators and community partners, whether experienced or new to the field, whether already committed or not to higher education for sustainable development in an age of transformation.

Metacognition Fundaments Applications and Trends

Metacognition  Fundaments  Applications  and Trends Author Alejandro Peña-Ayala
ISBN-10 9783319110622
Release 2014-10-30
Pages 367
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This book is devoted to the Metacognition arena. It highlights works that show relevant analysis, reviews, theoretical, and methodological proposals, as well as studies, approaches, applications, and tools that shape current state, define trends and inspire future research. As a result of the revision process fourteen manuscripts were accepted and organized into five parts as follows: · Conceptual: contains conceptual works oriented to: (1) review models of strategy instruction and tailor a hybrid strategy; (2) unveil second-order judgments and define a method to assess metacognitive judgments; (3) introduces a conceptual model to describe the metacognitive activity as an autopoietic system. · Framework: offers three works concerned with: (4) stimulate metacognitive skills and self-regulatory functions; (5) evaluate metacognitive skills and self-regulated learning at problem solving; (6) deal with executive management metacognition and strategic knowledge metacognition. · Studies: reports research related to: (7) uncover how metacognitive awareness of listening strategies bias listening proficiency; (8) unveil how metacognitive skills and motivation are achieved in science informal learning; (9) tackle stress at learning by means of coping strategies. · Approaches: focus on the following targets: (10) social metacognition to support collaborative problem solving; (11) metacognitive skills to be stimulated in computer supported collaborative learning; (12) metacognitive knowledge and metacognitive experiences are essential for teaching practices. · Tools: promotes the use of intelligent tutoring systems such as: (13) BioWorld allows learners to practice medical diagnostic by providing virtual patient cases; (14) MetaHistoReasoning provides examples to learners and inquiries about the causes of historical events. This volume will be a source of interest for researchers, practitioners, professors, and postgraduate students aimed at updating their knowledge and finding targets for future work in the metacognition arena.

Spaces of Teaching and Learning

Spaces of Teaching and Learning Author Robert A. Ellis
ISBN-10 9789811071553
Release 2018-03-26
Pages 243
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This integrated collection of perspectives on the spaces of teaching and learning uses ‘learning space’ to place educational practice in context. It considers the complex relationships involved in the design, management and use of contemporary learning spaces. It sheds light on some of the problems of connecting the characteristics of spaces to the practices and outcomes of teaching and learning. The contributions show how research into learning spaces can inform broader educational practices and how the practices of teaching, learning and design can inform research. The selection of chapters demonstrates the value of gathering together multiple sources of evidence, viewed through different epistemological lenses in order to push the field forward in a timely fashion. The book provides both a broad review of current practices as well as a deep-dive into particular educational and epistemological challenges that the various approaches adopted entail. Contrasts and commonalities between the different approaches emphasise the importance of developing a broad, robust evidence-base for practice in context. This is the inaugural book in the series Understanding Teaching-Learning Practice.

Epistemic Fluency and Professional Education

Epistemic Fluency and Professional Education Author Lina Markauskaite
ISBN-10 9789400743694
Release 2016-10-23
Pages 636
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This book, by combining sociocultural, material, cognitive and embodied perspectives on human knowing, offers a new and powerful conceptualisation of epistemic fluency – a capacity that underpins knowledgeable professional action and innovation. Using results from empirical studies of professional education programs, the book sheds light on practical ways in which the development of epistemic fluency can be recognised and supported - in higher education and in the transition to work. The book provides a broader and deeper conception of epistemic fluency than previously available in the literature. Epistemic fluency involves a set of capabilities that allow people to recognize and participate in different ways of knowing. Such people are adept at combining different kinds of specialised and context-dependent knowledge and at reconfiguring their work environment to see problems and solutions anew. In practical terms, the book addresses the following kinds of questions. What does it take to be a productive member of a multidisciplinary team working on a complex problem? What enables a person to integrate different types and fields of knowledge, indeed different ways of knowing, in order to make some well-founded decisions and take actions in the world? What personal knowledge resources are entailed in analysing a problem and describing an innovative solution, such that the innovation can be shared in an organization or professional community? How do people get better at these things; and how can teachers in higher education help students develop these valued capacities? The answers to these questions are central to a thorough understanding of what it means to become an effective knowledge worker and resourceful professional.

Recent Advances in Science and Technology Education Ranging from Modern Pedagogies to Neuroeducation and Assessment

Recent Advances in Science and Technology Education  Ranging from Modern Pedagogies to Neuroeducation and Assessment Author Zacharoula Smyrnaiou
ISBN-10 9781443890083
Release 2016-03-08
Pages 390
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Science and technology education research, influenced by inquiry-based thinking, not only concentrates on the teaching of scientific concepts and addressing any misconceptions that learners may hold, but also emphasizes the ways in which students learn and tries to find out avenues to achieve better learning through creativity. New developments in science and technology education rely on a wide variety of methods, borrowed from various fields of science, such as computer science, cognitive science, sociology and neurosciences. This book presents papers from the first international conference on “New Developments in Science and Technology Education” (1st NDSTE) that was structured around seven main thematic axes as follows: Modern Pedagogies in Science and Technology Education; New Technologies in Science and Technology Education; Assessment in Science and Technology Education; Teaching and Learning in the Light of Inquiry Learning Methods; Neuroscience and Science Education; Conceptual Understanding and Conceptual Change in Science; and Interest, Attitude and Motivation in Science. This book explores the beneficial impact of pedagogically updated practices and approaches in the teaching of science concepts, and elaborates on future challenges and emerging issues that concern science and technology education. By pointing out new research directions, this book will inform educational practices and bridge the gap between research and practice, providing new information, ideas and perspectives. It will also inform, as well as promote, discussions and networking among scientists and stakeholders from worldwide scientific fields, such as researchers, professors, students, and companies developing educational software.

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Educational Technology

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Educational Technology Author J. Michael Spector
ISBN-10 9781506311289
Release 2015-01-15
Pages 968
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The SAGE Encyclopedia of Educational Technology examines information on leveraging the power of technology to support teaching and learning. While using innovative technology to educate individuals is certainly not a new topic, how it is approached, adapted, and used toward the services of achieving real gains in student performance is extremely pertinent. This two-volume encyclopedia explores such issues, focusing on core topics and issues that will retain relevance in the face of perpetually evolving devices, services, and specific techniques. As technology evolves and becomes even more low-cost, easy-to-use, and more accessible, the education sector will evolve alongside it. For instance, issues surrounding reasoning behind how one study has shown students retain information better in traditional print formats are a topic explored within the pages of this new encyclopedia. Features: A collection of 300-350 entries are organized in A-to-Z fashion in 2 volumes available in a choice of print or electronic formats. Entries, authored by key figures in the field, conclude with cross references and further readings. A detailed index, the Reader’s Guide themes, and cross references combine for search-and-browse in the electronic version. This reference encyclopedia is a reliable and precise source on educational technology and a must-have reference for all academic libraries.

Wiley Handbook of Learning Technology

Wiley Handbook of Learning Technology Author Nick Rushby
ISBN-10 9781118736432
Release 2016-04-25
Pages 616
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The Wiley Handbook of Learning Technology is an authoritative and up-to-date survey of the fast-growing field of learning technology, from its foundational theories and practices to its challenges, trends, and future developments. Offers an examination of learning technology that is equal parts theoretical and practical, covering both the technology of learning and the use of technology in learning Individual chapters tackle timely and controversial subjects, such as gaming and simulation, security, lifelong learning, distance education, learning across educational settings, and the research agenda Designed to serve as a point of entry for learning technology novices, a comprehensive reference for scholars and researchers, and a practical guide for education and training practitioners Includes 29 original and comprehensively referenced essays written by leading experts in instructional and educational technology from around the world

Assessing for Learning

Assessing for Learning Author Peggy L. Maki
ISBN-10 1579224962
Release 2012-02-27
Pages 356
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While there is consensus that institutions need to represent their educational effectiveness through documentation of student learning, the higher education community is divided between those who support national standardized tests to compare institutions’ educational effectiveness, and those who believe that valid assessment of student achievement is based on assessing the work that students produce along and at the end of their educational journeys. This book espouses the latter philosophy—what Peggy Maki sees as an integrated and authentic approach to providing evidence of student learning based on the work that students produce along the chronology of their learning. She believes that assessment needs to be humanized, as opposed to standardized, to take into account the demographics of institutions, as students do not all start at the same place in their learning. Students also need the tools to assess their own progress. In addition to updating and expanding the contents of her first edition to reflect changes in assessment practices and developments over the last seven years, such as the development of technology-enabled assessment methods and the national need for institutions to demonstrate that they are using results to improve student learning, Maki focuses on ways to deepen program and institution-level assessment within the context of collective inquiry about student learning. Recognizing that assessment is not initially a linear start-up process or even necessarily sequential, and recognizing that institutions develop processes appropriate for their mission and culture, this book does not take a prescriptive or formulaic approach to building this commitment. What it does present is a framework, with examples of processes and strategies, to assist faculty, staff, administrators, and campus leaders to develop a sustainable and shared core institutional process that deepens inquiry into what and how students learn to identify and improve patterns of weakness that inhibit learning. This book is designed to assist colleges and universities build a sustainable commitment to assessing student learning at both the institution and program levels. It provides the tools for collective inquiry among faculty, staff, administrators and students to develop evidence of students’ abilities to integrate, apply and transfer learning, as well as to construct their own meaning. Each chapter also concludes with (1) an Additional Resources section that includes references to meta-sites with further resources, so users can pursue particular issues in greater depth and detail and (2) worksheets, guides, and exercises designed to build collaborative ownership of assessment. The second edition now covers: * Strategies to connect students to an institution’s or a program’s assessment commitment * Description of the components of a comprehensive institutional commitment that engages the institution, educators, and students--all as learners * Expanded coverage of direct and indirect assessment methods, including technology-enabled methods that engage students in the process * New case studies and campus examples covering undergraduate, graduate education, and the co-curriculum * New chapter with case studies that presents a framework for a backward designed problem-based assessment process, anchored in answering open-ended research or study questions that lead to improving pedagogy and educational practices * Integration of developments across professional, scholarly, and accrediting bodies, and disciplinary organizations * Descriptions and illustrations of assessment management systems * Additional examples, exercises, guides and worksheets that align with new content

Learning Experiences to Promote Mathematics Learning

Learning Experiences to Promote Mathematics Learning Author Pee Choon Toh
ISBN-10 9789814612937
Release 2014-05-27
Pages 308
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This sixth volume, in the series of yearbooks by the Association of Mathematics Educators in Singapore, entitled Learning Experiences to Promote Mathematics Learning is unique in that it focuses on a single theme in mathematics education. The objective is for teachers and researchers to advance the learning of mathematics through meaningful experiences. Several renowned international and Singapore scholars have published their work in this volume. The fourteen chapters of the book illustrate evidence-based practices that school teachers and researchers can experiment with in their own classrooms to bring about meaningful learning outcomes. Three broad themes, namely fundamentals for active and motivated learning, learning experiences for developing mathematical processes, and use of ICT tools for learning through visualizations, simulations and representations, shape the ideas in these chapters. The book makes a significant contribution towards the learning of mathematics. It is a good resource for mathematics teachers, educators and research students. Contents:It Matters How Students Learn Mathematics (Berinderjeet KAUR)M_Crest: A Framework of Motivation to Learn Mathematics (WONG Khoon Yoong)Designing Learning Experiences for Effective Instruction in Secondary Mathematics (TOH Tin Lam)Providing Students' Authentic Learning Experience Through 3D Printing Technology (Oh Nam KWON, Jee Hyun PARK and Jung Sook PARK)What Do Teachers Need to Know to Teach Secondary Mathematics (Kim BESWICK)Defining, Extending, and Creating: Key Experiences in Mathematics (Yoshinori SHIMIZU)Teaching for Abstraction through Mathematical Learning Experiences (CHENG Lu Pien)Making Sense of Number Sense: Creating Learning Experiences for Primary Pupils to Develop Their Number Sense (YEO Kai Kow Joseph)Learning Experiences Designed to Develop Algebraic Thinking: Lessons From the ICCAMS Project in England (Jeremy HODGEN, Dietmar KÜCHEMANN and Margaret BROWN)Learning Experiences Designed to Develop Multiplicative Reasoning; Using Models to Foster Learners' Understanding (Margaret BROWN, Jeremy HODGEN and Dietmar KÜCHEMANN)Learning Mathematical Induction Through Experiencing Authentic Problem Solving (TAY Eng Guan and TOH Pee Choon)Scaffolding and Constructing New Problems for Teaching Mathematical Proofs in the A-Levels (ZHAO Dongsheng)Learning Number in the Primary School Through ICT (Barry KISSANE)Learning Algebra and Geometry Through ICT (Marian KEMP) Readership: Graduate students, researchers, practitioners and teachers in mathematics. Key Features:Firstly it has a focused theme: Learning Experiences that Promote Mathematics Learning, which is of prime concern of mathematics educators in the 21st centurySecondly it is written by university scholars who work closely with classroom mathematics teachers thereby drawing on their research knowledge and classroom experiencesLastly, the book is rich resource, of tried and tested practical know-how of approaches that promote mathematics learning, for mathematics educators in Singapore schools and elsewhereKeywords:Mathematics;Pedagogy;Learning Experiences;Singapore;Teachers;Instruction

Handbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology

Handbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology Author J. Michael Spector
ISBN-10 9781461431855
Release 2013-07-03
Pages 1005
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The 4th edition of the Handbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology expands upon the previous 3 versions, providing a comprehensive update on research pertaining to new and emerging educational technologies. Chapters that are no longer pertinent have been eliminated in this edition, with most chapters being completely rewritten, expanded, and updated Additionally, new chapters pertaining to research methodologies in educational technology have been added due to expressed reader interest. Each chapter now contains an extensive literature review, documenting and explaining the most recent, outstanding research, including major findings and methodologies employed. The Handbook authors continue to be international leaders in their respective fields; the list is cross disciplinary by design and great effort was taken to invite authors outside of the traditional instructional design and technology community.

Preparing Teachers in Times of Change

Preparing Teachers in Times of Change Author David Lynch
ISBN-10 9781471611025
Release 2012
Pages 264
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"This book is about teacher education reform. The book aims to stimulate renewed debate in teacher education in Australia and elsewhere."--Introd.

Computational Explorations in Cognitive Neuroscience

Computational Explorations in Cognitive Neuroscience Author Randall C. O'Reilly
ISBN-10 0262650541
Release 2000
Pages 504
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This text, based on a course taught by Randall O'Reilly and Yuko Munakata over thepast several years, provides an in-depth introduction to the main ideas in the computationalcognitive neuroscience.

Understanding the Brain The Birth of a Learning Science

Understanding the Brain  The Birth of a Learning Science Author OECD
ISBN-10 9789264029132
Release 2007-06-12
Pages 264
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This book provides new insights about learning by synthesising existing and emerging findings from cognitive and brain science.

The British National Bibliography

The British National Bibliography Author Arthur James Wells
ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105211722686
Release 2009
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The British National Bibliography has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The British National Bibliography also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The British National Bibliography book for free.

How People Learn

How People Learn Author National Research Council
ISBN-10 9780309131971
Release 2000-08-11
Pages 384
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First released in the Spring of 1999, How People Learn has been expanded to show how the theories and insights from the original book can translate into actions and practice, now making a real connection between classroom activities and learning behavior. This edition includes far-reaching suggestions for research that could increase the impact that classroom teaching has on actual learning. Like the original edition, this book offers exciting new research about the mind and the brain that provides answers to a number of compelling questions. When do infants begin to learn? How do experts learn and how is this different from non-experts? What can teachers and schools do-with curricula, classroom settings, and teaching methods--to help children learn most effectively? New evidence from many branches of science has significantly added to our understanding of what it means to know, from the neural processes that occur during learning to the influence of culture on what people see and absorb. How People Learn examines these findings and their implications for what we teach, how we teach it, and how we assess what our children learn. The book uses exemplary teaching to illustrate how approaches based on what we now know result in in-depth learning. This new knowledge calls into question concepts and practices firmly entrenched in our current education system. Topics include: How learning actually changes the physical structure of the brain. How existing knowledge affects what people notice and how they learn. What the thought processes of experts tell us about how to teach. The amazing learning potential of infants. The relationship of classroom learning and everyday settings of community and workplace. Learning needs and opportunities for teachers. A realistic look at the role of technology in education.