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Extreme Conflict and Tropical Forests

Extreme Conflict and Tropical Forests Author Wil De Jong
ISBN-10 9781402054624
Release 2007-04-08
Pages 184
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This book provides a timely insight into the relationships between extreme conflict, the international trade in forest products, and the social, economic and environmental condition of tropical forests and their human communities. It explores the underlying causes and the social and environmental consequences of conflict in tropical forest areas. The book includes case studies from Africa, Asia, and Latin America.

War and Tropical Forests

War and Tropical Forests Author Steven Price
ISBN-10 1560220996
Release 2003-03-13
Pages 219
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Explore the conservation implications of recent armed conflicts in the tropical forest regions of Asia, Africa, and Latin America! From the lowland rainforests of the Colombian Amazon to the rugged habitat of Rwanda's mountain gorillas, civil, ethnic, and international wars have had severe impacts on tropical forests and the communities they sustain. The reemergence of war and the persistence of its impacts have led many conservationists to reassess their efforts and adapt their strategies to a new set of responsibilities and urgent challenges. War and Tropical Forests: Conservation in Areas of Armed Conflict explores these challenges and the lessons learned by conservationists working in conflict zones around the world. It combines case studies and comparative analyses by leading experts in ecological research, environmental policy, and conservation field programs to provide insight into the environmental dimensions of recent social, political, and humanitarian crises. War and Tropical Forests reviews lessons learned from conflict zones around the world and explores: the potential of conservation to reduce the frequency, duration, and impact of war preparation of conservation programs and local communities for crises strategies for maintaining conservation capacity during times of conflict the underlying political and economic factors that fuel war legal mechanisms for addressing wartime damage to tropical forests building partnerships amidst civil strife and political upheaval This essential book also examines: the Indonesian military's role in illegal logging and deforestation violent conflict and gorilla poaching in the Democratic Republic of Congo armed movements and forest conservation in Nicaragua's largest protected area and much more! War and Tropical Forests also addresses the role of militaries in the inequitable control and illicit use of forest resources, the environmental impact of refugees, the growing social and environmental costs of efforts to eradicate drug crops, and the impact of conflict on protected area management in the habitat of Africa's endangered great apes. War and Tropical Forests is an essential resource for conservation practitioners and policymakers, as well as anyone involved with human rights, conflict resolution, rural development, international law, or foreign relations.

CIFOR annual report 2007 pathways to impact

CIFOR annual report 2007  pathways to impact Author Cifor
ISBN-10 9789791412162
Release 2007
Pages 60
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Forests and governance. Forests and environment. Forests and livelihood. How we work.

Private or Socialistic Forestry

Private or Socialistic Forestry Author Matti Palo
ISBN-10 9789048138951
Release 2012-02-15
Pages 464
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While deforestation continues at an alarming rate around the world, discussions on the range of underlying causes continue. The premise is that studying successful transitions from deforestation to sustainable forestry ex post in Finland can provide novel insights into how deforestation in the tropics might be reduced in the future. Our fundamental question here is why Finland succeeded to stop deforestation for a century ago and why not the same is feasible in the contemporary tropical countries? This book presents a novel integrated theory within which this case study on Finland and contemporary modeling of underlying causes of tropical deforestation are developed. Finland remains the world’s second largest net exporter of forest products, while maintaining the highest forest cover in Europe. A transition from deforestation to sustainable industrial forestry took place in Finland during the first part of the 20th century. The underlying causes of this transition are compared via our theory with deforestation in 74 contemporary tropical countries. Both appear similar and support our theory. The interaction of public policies and market institutions has appeared to be critical during this transition. The study’s findings suggest that private forest ownership with a continuous increase in the real value of forests and alleviation of poverty under non-corruptive conditions has been a necessary, but not a sufficient, condition for this transition. In a parallel way public policies have also proved to be a necessary, but not sufficient, condition in this transition. The conclusion is that socialistic forestry along with corruption is artificially maintaining too low values in the tropical forests. The opportunity cost of sustainable forestry remains too high and deforestation by extensification of agriculture therefore continues. The prevailing socialistic forestry with dominating public forest ownership is by purpose maintaining administratively set low stumpage prices leading to low value of forests, wide corruption and continuous forest degradation and deforestation. An effective remedy – to raise the value of forests - is found to be within forestry.

Tropical Rain Forests

Tropical Rain Forests Author Richard T. Corlett
ISBN-10 144439228X
Release 2011-03-03
Pages 336
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The first edition of Tropical Rain Forests: an Ecological and Biogeographical Comparison exploded the myth of ‘the rain forest’ as a single, uniform entity. In reality, the major tropical rain forest regions, in tropical America, Africa, Southeast Asia, Madagascar, and New Guinea, have as many differences as similarities, as a result of their isolation from each other during the evolution of their floras and faunas. This new edition reinforces this message with new examples from recent and on-going research. After an introduction to the environments and geological histories of the major rain forest regions, subsequent chapters focus on plants, primates, carnivores and plant-eaters, birds, fruit bats and gliding animals, and insects, with an emphasis on the ecological and biogeographical differences between regions. This is followed by a new chapter on the unique tropical rain forests of oceanic islands. The final chapter, which has been completely rewritten, deals with the impacts of people on tropical rain forests and discusses possible conservation strategies that take into account the differences highlighted in the previous chapters. This exciting and very readable book, illustrated throughout with color photographs, will be invaluable reading for undergraduate students in a wide range of courses as well as an authoritative reference for graduate and professional ecologists, conservationists, and interested amateurs.


Unasylva Author
ISBN-10 MINN:31951P01094328Z
Release 2006
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Unasylva has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Unasylva also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Unasylva book for free.

Annual Report

Annual Report Author Center for International Forestry Research
ISBN-10 MINN:31951D028355472
Release 2007
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Annual Report has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Annual Report also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Annual Report book for free.

State of the Wild 2010 2011

State of the Wild 2010 2011 Author Eva Fearn
ISBN-10 1597266779
Release 2010-02-02
Pages 264
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State of the Wild is a biennial series that brings together international conservation experts and writers to discuss emerging issues in the conservation of wildlife and wild places. Each volume in the series combines evocative writings with a fascinating tour of conservation news highlights and vital statistics from around the world. One-third of each volume focuses on a topic of particular concern to conservationists. This 2010–2011 edition considers how destabilization and war affect wildlife and wild places. Only recently has the international community begun to appreciate the cost of conflict—simmering tension, war, and reconstruction—on the natural world. This special section examines the role that conservation plays in the context of human conflict considering issues such as, Can the work of saving wildlife and wild places help ameliorate tensions? Can conservation deepen political understanding? Can conservation help in post-conflict situations? The book’s twenty essays are intermixed with poetry and beautiful photos that capture our connection to the wild. State of the Wild’s accessible approach educates a wide range of audiences while at the same time presenting leading-edge scientific overviews of hot topics in conservation. Uniquely structured with magazine-like features up front, conservation news in the middle, and essays from eminent authors and experienced scientists throughout, this landmark series is an essential addition to any environmental bookshelf.

Saving Forests Protecting People

Saving Forests  Protecting People Author John Schelhas
ISBN-10 075910946X
Release 2008
Pages 310
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This book reflects upon international environmental concerns, especially environmentalism as it relates to larger, cultural processes, in the context of South American forests.

At Loggerheads

At Loggerheads Author Piet Buys
ISBN-10 9780821367360
Release 2007
Pages 284
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The report offers a simple framework for policy analysis by identifying three forest types: frontiers and disputed lands; lands beyond the agricultural frontier; and, mosaic lands where forests and agriculture coexist. It collates geographic and economic information for each type that will help formulate poverty-reducing forest policy.

Forests and Human Health

Forests and Human Health Author Carol J. Pierce Colfer
ISBN-10 9789792446487
Release 2006
Pages 111
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This study has two central concerns: the state of human health in forests, and the causal links between forests and human health. Within this framework, we consider four issues related to tropical forests and human health. First, we discuss forest foods, emphasizing the forest as a food-producing habitat, human dependence on forest foods, the nutritional contributions of such foods, and nutrition-related problems that affect forest peoples. Our second topic is disease and other health problems. In addition to the major problems—HIV/AIDS, malaria, Ebola and mercury poisoning—we address some 20 other tropical diseases and health problems related to forests. The third topic is medicinal products. We review the biophysical properties of medicinal species and consider related indigenous knowledge, human uses of medicinal forest products, the serious threats to forest sustainability, and the roles of traditional healers, with a discussion of the benefits of forest medicines and conflicts over their distribution. Our fourth and final topic is the cultural interpretations of human health found among forest peoples, including holistic world views that impinge on health and indigenous knowledge. The Occasional Paper concludes with some observations about the current state of our knowledge, its utility and shortcomings, and our suggestions for future research.

Democracy in the Woods

Democracy in the Woods Author Prakash Kashwan
ISBN-10 9780190637385
Release 2017
Pages 311
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How do societies negotiate the apparently competing agendas of environmental protection and social justice? Why do some countries perform much better than others? Democracy in the Woods answers these questions by explaining the trajectories of forest and land rights - and the fate offorest-dependent peasants - in the forested regions of India, Tanzania, and Mexico. To organize a comparative inquiry that straddles the fields of comparative politics, historical institutionalism, and policy studies, this book develops a political economy of institutions framework. It shows thatdifferences in structures of political intermediation - venues that help peasant groups and social movements engage in political and policy processes - explain the varying levels of success in combining the pursuits of social justice and environmental conservation. The book challenges the age-oldnotion that populist policies produce uniformly deleterious environmental consequences that must be mitigated via centralized systems of environmental regulation. It shows instead that the national leaders and dominant political parties that must compete for popular support in the political arenaare more likely to fashion interventions that pursue conservation of forested landscapes without violating the rights of forest-dependent people. Mexico demonstrates the potential for win-win outcomes, India continues to stumble on both environmental and social questions despite longstandingtraditions of popular mobilization for forestland rights, and Tanzania's government has failed its forest-dependent people despite a lucrative wildlife tourism sector. This book's political analysis of the control over and use of nature opens up new avenues for reflecting on nature in theAnthropocene.

Forests Fragility and Conflict

Forests  Fragility and Conflict Author Emily Harwell
ISBN-10 0985519584
Release 2011-06-01
Pages 175
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This paper provides a critical review and synthesis of some of the key issues and post-conflict policies associated with forests, fragile states and conflict, and includes guidance about how these issues might be addressed in future policy and development lending discussions.

Transborder Environmental and Natural Resource Management

Transborder Environmental and Natural Resource Management Author
ISBN-10 MINN:31951D027674116
Release 2008
Pages 223
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Transborder marine and river resources management. Borderlands, transborder resource management and conservation. Tools and policies for transborder environmental and natural resource management.

World Agroforestry Centre annual report 2005 Agroforestry science to support the millennium development goals

World Agroforestry Centre annual report 2005  Agroforestry science to support the millennium development goals Author
ISBN-10 9789290591993
Release 2005
Pages 55
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World Agroforestry Centre annual report 2005 Agroforestry science to support the millennium development goals has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from World Agroforestry Centre annual report 2005 Agroforestry science to support the millennium development goals also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full World Agroforestry Centre annual report 2005 Agroforestry science to support the millennium development goals book for free.

ISBN-10 STANFORD:36105129930439
Release 2007
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has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full book for free.

Alchemy in the Rain Forest

Alchemy in the Rain Forest Author Jerry K. Jacka
ISBN-10 9780822375012
Release 2015-10-19
Pages 296
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In Alchemy in the Rain Forest Jerry K. Jacka explores how the indigenous population of Papua New Guinea's highlands struggle to create meaningful lives in the midst of extreme social conflict and environmental degradation. Drawing on theories of political ecology, place, and ontology and using ethnographic, environmental, and historical data, Jacka presents a multilayered examination of the impacts large-scale commercial gold mining in the region has had on ecology and social relations. Despite the deadly interclan violence and widespread pollution brought on by mining, the uneven distribution of its financial benefits has led many Porgerans to call for further development. This desire for increased mining, Jacka points out, counters popular portrayals of indigenous people as innate conservationists who defend the environment from international neoliberal development. Jacka's examination of the ways Porgerans search for common ground between capitalist and indigenous ways of knowing and being points to the complexity and interconnectedness of land, indigenous knowledge, and the global economy in Porgera and beyond.