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Fibrous and Textile Materials for Composite Applications

Fibrous and Textile Materials for Composite Applications Author Sohel Rana
ISBN-10 9789811002342
Release 2016-01-22
Pages 394
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This book focuses on the fibers and textiles used in composite materials. It presents both existing technologies currently used in commercial applications and the latest advanced research and developments. It also discusses the different fiber forms and architectures, such as short fibers, unidirectional tows, directionally oriented structures or advanced 2D- and 3D-textile structures that are used in composite materials. In addition, it examines various synthetic, natural and metallic fibers that are used to reinforce polymeric, cementitious and metallic matrices, as well as fiber properties, special functionalities, manufacturing processes, and composite processing and properties. Two entire chapters are dedicated to advanced nanofiber and nanotube reinforced composite materials. The book goes on to highlight different surface treatments and finishes that are applied to improve fiber/matrix interfaces and other essential composite properties. Although a great deal of information about fibers and textile structures used for composite applications is already available, this is the only book currently available that discusses all types of fibers and structures used to reinforce polymers, cement, metal or soil to improve their general performance and multi-functional behaviors. As such, it fills an important gap in the available literature and provides a valuable resource for a wide range of students and researchers from academia and industry.



Smart Fibres Fabrics and Clothing

Smart Fibres  Fabrics and Clothing Author Xiaoming Tao
ISBN-10 9781855737600
Release 2001-10-04
Pages 336
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This important book provides a guide to the fundamentals and latest developments in smart technology for textiles and clothing. The contributors represent a distinguished international panel of experts and the book covers many aspects of cutting edge research and development. Smart fibres, fabrics and clothing starts with a review of the background to smart technology and goes on to cover a wide range of the material science and fibre science aspects of the technology including: Electrically active polymeric materials and the applications of nonionic polymer gel and elastomers for artificial muscles; Thermally sensitive fibres and fabrics; Cross-linked polyol fibrous substrates stimuli-responsive interpenetrating polymer network hydrogel; Permeation control through stimuli-responsive polymer membranes; optical fibre sensors, hollow fibre membranes for gas separation; integrating fibre-formed components into textile structures; Wearable electronic and photonic technologies; Adaptive and responsive textile structures (ARTS); Biomedical applications including the applications of scaffolds in tissue engineering It is essential reading for academics in textile and materials science departments, researchers, designers and engineers in the textiles and clothing product design field. Product managers and senior executives within textile and clothing manufacturing will also find the latest insights into technological developments in the field valuable and fascinating.



Textile Fibre Composites in Civil Engineering

Textile Fibre Composites in Civil Engineering Author Thanasis Triantafillou
ISBN-10 9781782424697
Release 2016-02-08
Pages 470
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Textile Fibre Composites in Civil Engineering provides a state-of-the-art review from leading experts on recent developments, the use of textile fiber composites in civil engineering, and a focus on both new and existing structures. Textile-based composites are new materials for civil engineers. Recent developments have demonstrated their potential in the prefabrication of concrete structures and as a tool for both strengthening and seismic retrofitting of existing concrete and masonry structures, including those of a historical value. The book reviews materials, production technologies, fundamental properties, testing, design aspects, applications, and directions for future research and developments. Following the opening introductory chapter, Part One covers materials, production technologies, and the manufacturing of textile fiber composites for structural and civil engineering. Part Two moves on to review testing, mechanical behavior, and durability aspects of textile fiber composites used in structural and civil engineering. Chapters here cover topics such as the durability of structural elements and bond aspects in textile fiber composites. Part Three analyzes the structural behavior and design of textile reinforced concrete. This section includes a number of case studies providing thorough coverage of the topic. The final section of the volume details the strengthening and seismic retrofitting of existing structures. Chapters investigate concrete and masonry structures, in addition to providing information and insights on future directions in the field. The book is a key volume for researchers, academics, practitioners, and students working in civil and structural engineering and those working with advanced construction materials. Details the range of materials and production technologies used in textile fiber composites Analyzes the durability of textile fiber composites, including case studies into the structural behavior of textile reinforced concrete Reviews the processes involved in strengthening existing concrete structures



Biologically Inspired Textiles

Biologically Inspired Textiles Author A Abbott
ISBN-10 9781845695088
Release 2008-09-30
Pages 244
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Biomimetic materials are those inspired from nature and implemented into new fibre and fabric technologies. Biologically inspired textiles explores the current state of the art in this research arena and examines how biomimetics are increasingly applied to new textile technologies. Part one discusses the principles, production and properties of biomimetics. Chapters include recombinant DNA technologies and their application for protein production, spinning of fibres from protein solutions and structure/function relationships in spider silk. The second part of the book provides a review of the application of biomimetics to a range of textile applications, including the design of clothing and self cleaning textiles. Written by a distinguished team of international authors, Biologically inspired textiles is a valuable reference for textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile manufacturers and others in academia. Discusses the principles, production and properties of biomimetics Reviews the application of biomimetics to a range of textile disciplines Chapters explore recombinant DNA technologies, spinning of fibres and structure/function relationships in spider silk



Nanofiber Composites for Biomedical Applications

Nanofiber Composites for Biomedical Applications Author Murugan Ramalingam
ISBN-10 9780081002087
Release 2017-01-10
Pages 564
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Nanofiber Composite Materials for Biomedical Applications presents new developments and recent advances in nanofiber-reinforced composite materials and their use in biomedical applications, including biomaterial developments, drug delivery, tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine. Unlike more conventional titles on composite materials, this book covers the most innovative new developments in nanofiber-based composites, including polymers, ceramics, and metals, with particular emphasis on their preparation and characterization methodology. Selected case studies illustrate new developments in clinical and preclinical use, making the information critical for the development of new medical materials and systems for use in human health care, and for the exploration of new design spaces based on these nanofibers. This book is essential reading for those working in biomedical science and engineering, materials science, nanoscience, biomedical nanotechnology, and biotechnology. Covers innovative new developments in nanofiber composites, including polymers, ceramics, and metals with particular emphasis on their preparation and characterization methodology Deals with biomedical applications, including biomaterials developments, drug delivery, tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine Presents selected case studies on nanofiber composite materials in both clinical and preclinical use



3 D Fibrous Assemblies

3 D Fibrous Assemblies Author Jinlian Hu
ISBN-10 9781845694982
Release 2008-09-09
Pages 280
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There have been important recent developments in the production and application of three dimensional fabrics. These 3D textile structures have great potential for new fabrics and textile applications. 3D fibrous assemblies summarises some key developments and their applications in the textile industry. The book begins with an introductory chapter which defines the concepts and types of 3D fibrous assemblies. The book then discusses how 3D fabrics can be applied in textile products. These range from composites and protective clothing to medical textiles. The remainder of the book reviews the two main 3D fabrics; multi-axial warp knitted fabrics and multi-layer woven fabrics. Themes such as structure, manufacture, properties and modelling are considered for both fabrics. Written by a distinguished author, 3D fibrous assemblies is a pioneering guide for a broad spectrum of readers, ranging from fibre scientists and designers through to those involved in research and development of new generation textile products. Presents exciting opportunities for the creation of new textiles through the use of three dimensional textile fibre assemblies A comprehensive account of the different types of 3D fabrics and their associated structure, properties, manufacture and modelling Examples of how three dimensional fibres can be applied in textile products



High Performance Textiles and Their Applications

High Performance Textiles and Their Applications Author C. Lawrence
ISBN-10 9780857099075
Release 2014-08-21
Pages 460
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High performance textiles represent one of the most dynamic sectors of the international textile and clothing industry. With contributions from leading experts in the field, this book provides an important overview of key developments in the field. Chapters cover the use of high performance textiles in such areas as protective clothing, heat and fire protection, medicine, civil engineering and the energy sector. Reviews various approaches to modelling the geometry, structure and mechanical and physical properties of advanced textile materials Evaluates novel surface treatments involving plasma and laser technologies for a range of high performance textiles Focuses on textiles for specific purposes, with chapters devoted to textiles for heat and fire protection, wound care, industrial filtration, geotextiles, civil engineering and sustainable energy applications



Atlas of Fibre Fracture and Damage to Textiles

Atlas of Fibre Fracture and Damage to Textiles Author J. W. S. Hearle
ISBN-10 9781855733190
Release 1998
Pages 468
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Based on over 25 years of research at the University of Manchester Institute of Science & Technology, this book contains more than 1,500 scanning electron micrographs and other pictures, offering a unique collection of documentary information. The explanatory text presents fiber and polymer scientists an explanation of fracture mechanisms and outlines way to maximize textile life span, enabling textile technologists and design engineers to manufacture improved textile products, and helping forensic scientists to identify cause of failure.



Wearable Electronics and Photonics

Wearable Electronics and Photonics Author Xiaoming Tao
ISBN-10 9781845690441
Release 2005-03-29
Pages 256
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Integrating electronics into clothing is a major new concept, which opens up a whole array of multi-functional, wearable electro-textiles for sensing/monitoring body functions, delivering communication facilities, data transfer, individual environment control, and many other applications. With revolutionary advancements occurring at an unprecedented rate in many fields of science and electronics the possibilities offered by wearable technologies are tremendous and widespread. These advancements will transform the world and will soon begin to permeate into commercial products. The first section of the book discusses the materials and devices used in the field, including electro-statically generated nanofibres, electroceramic fibres and composites and electroactive fabrics. It summarizes recent developments in electrically conductive fabric structures and puts together a few theoretical treatments of the electro-mechanical properties of various fabric structures. The next section reviews topics related to wearable photonics such as fibre optic sensors and integrated smart textile structures, the developments in various flexible photonic display technologies as well as looking at current communication apparel and optical fibre fabric displays. Next the book focuses on integrated structures and system architectures. Finally the issues facing a fashion designer working with wearables are explored. Wearable electronics and photonics covers many aspects of the cutting-edge research and development into this exciting field and provides a window through which only a small portion of the exciting emerging technology can be seen. With contributions from a panel of international experts in the field this is an essential guide for all electrical, textile and biomedical engineers as well as academics and fashion designers. Stay one step ahead of the industry on this hot topic Evaluates the major new concept of integrating electronics into clothing Explores future trends for fashion and specialist clothing



3D Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites

3D Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites Author L. Tong
ISBN-10 0080525822
Release 2002-11-20
Pages 254
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Fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) composites are used in almost every type of advanced engineering structure, with their usage ranging from aircraft, helicopters and spacecraft through to boats, ships and offshore platforms and to automobiles, sports goods, chemical processing equipment and civil infrastructure such as bridges and buildlings. The usage of FRP composites continues to grow at an impessive rate as these materials are used more in their existing markets and become established in relatively new markets such as biomedical devices and civil structures. A key factor driving the increased applications of composites over the recent years is the development of new advanced forms of FRP materials. This includes developments in high performance resin systems and new styles of reinforcement, such as carbon nanotubes and nanoparticles. This book provides an up-to-date account of the fabrication, mechanical properties, delamination resistance, impact tolerance and applications of 3D FRP composites. The book focuses on 3D composites made using the textile technologies of weaving, braiding, knitting and stiching as well as by z-pinning.



High Performance Apparel

High Performance Apparel Author John McLoughlin
ISBN-10 9780081009345
Release 2017-09-18
Pages 504
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High-Performance Apparel: Materials, Development, and Applications covers the materials and techniques used in creating high-performance apparel, the technical aspects of developing high-performance garments, and an array of applications for high-performance clothing and wearable technology. Part One covers fabric construction for high-performance garments, from fiber types and spinning methods, to weaving, knitting, finishing, and joining techniques. Development of high-performance apparel is covered in Part Two, with particular emphasis on design and product development for function and wearer comfort. Part Three covers a range of applications and wearable technology that make use of high-performance apparel, including chapters on sportswear, protective clothing, and medical, military, and intelligent textiles. The book provides an excellent resource for all those engaged in garment development and production, and for academics engaged in research into apparel technology and textile science. Offers a range of perspectives on high-performance apparel from an international team of authors with diverse expertise Provides systematic and comprehensive coverage of the topic from fabric construction, through apparel design and development, to the range of current and potential applications Presents an excellent resource for all those engaged in garment development and production, and for academics engaged in research



Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres

Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres Author A. R. Bunsell
ISBN-10 9781845696801
Release 2009-10-19
Pages 696
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Fibres usually experience tensile loads whether they are used for apparel or technical structures. Their form, which is long and fine, makes them some of the strongest materials available as well as very flexible. This book provides a concise and authoritative overview of tensile behaviour of a wide range of both natural and synthetic fibres used both in textiles and high performance materials. After preliminary chapters that introduce the reader to tensile properties, failure and testing of fibres, the book is split into two parts. Part one examines tensile properties and failure of natural fibres, such as cotton, hemp, wool and silk. Part two discusses the tensile properties and failure of synthetic fibres ranging from polyamide, polyester and polyethylene fibres to carbon fibres. Many chapters also provide a general background to the fibre, including the manufacture, microstructure, factors that affect tensile properties as well as methods to improve tensile failure. With its distinguished editor and array of international contributors, Handbook of tensile properties of textile and technical fibres is an important reference for fibre scientists, textile technologists and engineers, as well as those in academia. Provides an overview of tensile behaviour of a wide range of both natural and synthetic fibres Examines tensile characterisitics, tensile failure of textiles fibres and factors that affect tensile properties Discusses mircostructures and each type of fibre from manufacture to finished product



The Global Textile and Clothing Industry

The Global Textile and Clothing Industry Author Roshan Shishoo
ISBN-10 9780857095626
Release 2012-07-18
Pages 224
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Advances in technology, combined with the ever-evolving needs of the global market, are having a strong impact on the textile and clothing sector. The global textile and clothing industry: Technological advances and future challenges provides an essential review of these changes, and considers their implications for future strategies concerning production and marketing of textile products. Beginning with a review of trends in the global textile industry, the book goes on to consider the impact of environmental regulation on future textile products and processes. Following this, the importance of innovation-driven textile research and development, and the role of strategic technology roadmapping are highlighted. Both the present structure and future adaptation of higher education courses in textile science are reviewed, before recent advances in textile manufacturing technology, including joining techniques, 3D body scanning and garment design and explored in depth. Finally, The global textile and clothing industry concludes by considering automating textile preforming technology for the mass production of fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, The global textile and clothing industry: Technological advances and future challenges is an essential guide to key challenges and developments in this industrial sector. Comprehensively examines the implications of technological advancements and the evolving needs of the global market on the textile and clothing industry and considers their role on the future of textile manufacturing The importance of innovation-driven textile research and development and the role of strategic technology roadmapping are thoroughly investigated Recent advances in textile manufacturing technology, including joining techniques, 3D body scanning and garment design and explored in depth



Advances in 3D Textiles

Advances in 3D Textiles Author Xiaogang Chen
ISBN-10 9781782422198
Release 2015-05-28
Pages 404
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Advances in 3D Textiles presents the most recent advances in the production of three-dimensional fibrous structures and how their use has resulted in the creation of novel fabrics and applications. The text covers a wide range of fabric types, including their structures, properties, and uses in the textiles industry. Beginning with the various types of woven three-dimensional fabrics, the text then examines 3-D knitted, braided, and non-woven textiles, and the main applications and uses of three-dimensional textiles. Presents the most recent advances in the production of three-dimensional fibrous structures and how their use has resulted in the creation of novel fabrics and applications Examines many types of 3-D textiles, including knitted, braided, and non-woven textiles, and the main uses of three-dimensional textiles Covers their structures, properties, and uses within the textiles industry



Ecotextiles

Ecotextiles Author M Miraftab
ISBN-10 9781845693039
Release 2007-01-30
Pages 208
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This book includes a carefully-chosen and edited selection of 23 papers from the Ecotextile 2004 Conference held at the University of Bolton. Ecotextiles is divided into five main parts. Part one deals with recycling and use of waste as raw materials in such areas as clothing and carpet manufacture. Part two discusses sustainability and eco-design with papers on improved design, use of sustainable fibres and manufacturing techniques. Part three reviews sustainable development and renewables, including discussion of topics such as composites made from textile waste. Part four considers waste management in such areas as dyeing and effluent treatment. The final part of the book assesses novel technologies, including new fibres and finishing techniques. As pressure from governments and consumers continues to grow, Ecotextiles is a valuable reference for the textile industry on best practice in sustainable production. A key guide to best practice in sustainable production Includes expert reviews of current developments in recycling, sustainable production and process optimisation Assesses novel technologies, including new fibres and finishing techniques



Braided Structures and Composites

Braided Structures and Composites Author Sohel Rana
ISBN-10 9781482245011
Release 2015-08-05
Pages 324
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Braiding is a very old textile manufacturing technology that traditionally has been used to produce items like ropes, shoe laces, and cables. Recently, braiding has gained attention in the medical, aerospace, transportation, and civil engineering communities, among others, due to its ability to produce structures that can fulfill the explicit demands imposed by these technical sectors. Braided Structures and Composites: Production, Properties, Mechanics, and Technical Applications provides a single source of cutting-edge information on braiding and its applications. Featuring chapters authored by leading experts in their respective fields, this first-of-its-kind book: Explains the basic principles of braiding technology for industrial textiles, composites, and products Identifies the key parameters that influence the braiding process and its produced structures Shows how to control these parameters to achieve the desired material characteristics Discusses braided structure modeling and analysis techniques and software tools Describes various application requirements and their design solutions Braided Structures and Composites: Production, Properties, Mechanics, and Technical Applications supplies a critical understanding of braiding from concept to product design and application. This book is vital to the development of multifunctional products with highly specific features using braiding technology.



Soft Computing in Textile Engineering

Soft Computing in Textile Engineering Author Abhijit Majumdar
ISBN-10 9780857090812
Release 2010-11-29
Pages 560
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Soft computing refers to a collection of computational techniques which study, model and analyse complex phenomena. As many textile engineering problems are inherently complex in nature, soft computing techniques have often provided optimum solutions to these cases. Although soft computing has several facets, it mainly revolves around three techniques; artificial neural networks, fuzzy logic and genetic algorithms. The book is divided into five parts, covering the entire process of textile production, from fibre manufacture to garment engineering. These include soft computing techniques in yarn manufacture and modelling, fabric and garment manufacture, textile properties and applications and textile quality evaluation. Covers the entire process of textile production, from fibre manufacture to garment engineering including artificial neural networks, fuzzy logic and genetic algorithms Examines soft computing techniques in yarn manufacture and modelling, fabric and garment manufacture Specifically reviews soft computing in relation to textile properties and applications featuring garment modelling and sewing machines