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Flora Of Eastern Saudi Arabia

Flora Of Eastern Saudi Arabia Author Mandaville
ISBN-10 9781136151620
Release 2013-08-06
Pages 560
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First published in 1990. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.



Lothagam

Lothagam Author Meave G.
ISBN-10 9780231507608
Release 2012-09-18
Pages 688
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Located at the southwest corner of Lake Turkana in northern Kenya, Lothagam represents one of the most important intervals in African prehistory. Early human remains are restricted in distribution to Africa and the acquisition of an upright bipedal striding gait, the hallmark of humanity, appears to be at least circumstantially linked to the reduction of equatorial forests and the spread of grasslands on that continent. The diverse Lothagam fauna documents the end-Miocene transition from forested to more open habitats that were exploited by grazing horses and antelopes, hippos, giant pigs, and true elephants. It also includes spectacularly complete fossil carnivore skeletons and some of the oldest human remains. Enlisting a team of highly qualified specialists, this book provides the geologic context and dating framework for the Lothagam fossiliferous sequences, describes the immense diversity of vertebrate fossils recovered from the Late Miocene and Early Pliocene sediments, and synthesizes the results to interpret the changing paleoenvironments that prevailed at this site. The book will interest anthropologists, paleontologists, geologists, and anyone interested in human origins.



Oil and Insurgency in the Niger Delta

Oil and Insurgency in the Niger Delta Author Cyril Obi
ISBN-10 9781848138100
Release 2011-02-10
Pages 272
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The recent escalation in the violent conflict in the Niger Delta has brought the region to the forefront of international energy and security concerns. This book analyses the causes, dynamics and politics underpinning oil-related violence in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. It focuses on the drivers of the conflict, as well as the ways the crises spawned by the political economy of oil and contradictions within Nigeria's ethnic politics have contributed to the morphing of initially poorly coordinated, largely non-violent protests into a pan-Delta insurgency. Approaching the issue from a number of perspectives, the book offers the most up-to-date and comprehensive analysis available of the varied dimensions of the conflict. Combining empirically-based and analytic chapters, it attempts to explain the causes of the escalation in violence, the various actors, levels and dynamics involved, and the policy challenges faced with regard to conflict management/resolution and the options for peace. It also examines the role of oil as a commodity of global strategic significance, addressing the relationship between oil, energy security and development in the Niger Delta.



Vegetation of the Arabian Peninsula

Vegetation of the Arabian Peninsula Author S.A. Ghazanfar
ISBN-10 9789401736374
Release 2013-04-17
Pages 363
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The inspiration for this book came from our ten years of journeys and wanderings through the varied landscapes of Arabia, and in particular through those of its hospitable southeastern corner, Oman. We owe a particular debt to Sultan Qaboos University, which during this time has provided us with both a stimulating working environment and a home. Transliteration of Arabic place and other names into English script is a task fraught with difficulties. We have followed 'accepted' spellings wherever these were not contrary to our common sense, and in other cases we have rendered names into Roman English script using phonetic spellings. Our main task in this respect was to ensure conformity between the fIfteen contributing authors. Diacritical signs have mostly been avoided, since their use is neither widely followed nor readily understood. Arabic words which have been commonly taken into the English language, such as 'sabkha' for a salt flat and 'wadi' for a valley with a seasonal watercourse, are not italicised in usage. However, other Arabic terms which are occasionally used in English but not as widely known, such as harrah for a basaltic lava fIeld and hima for a traditional grazing reserve, are italicised throughout the text.



Mobile Phones The New Talking Drums of Everyday Africa

Mobile Phones  The New Talking Drums of Everyday Africa Author Mirjam de Bruijn
ISBN-10 9789956558537
Release 2009
Pages 173
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'We cannot imagine life now without a mobile phone' is a frequent comment when Africans are asked about mobile phones. They have become part and parcel of the communication landscape in many urban and rural areas of Africa and the growth of mobile telephony is amazing: from 1 in 50 people being users in 2000 to 1 in 3 in 2008. Such growth is impressive but it does not even begin to tell us about the many ways in which mobile phones are being appropriated by Africans and how they are transforming or are being transformed by society in Africa. This volume ventures into such appropriation and mutual shaping. Rich in theoretical innovation and empirical substantiation, it brings together reflections on developments around the mobile phone by scholars of six African countries (Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ghana, Mali, Sudan and Tanzania) who explore the economic, social and cultural contexts in which the mobile phone is being adopted, adapted and harnessed by mobile Africa.



East of the Jordan

East of the Jordan Author Burton MacDonald
ISBN-10 0897570316
Release 2000
Pages 287
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Annotation Archaeologist McDonald presents the history of the identification of an array of biblical sites and offers his own suggestions for site locations based of information from the biblical texts, extra-biblical literary information, toponymic considerations, and archaeology. Some of the specific sites examined in this book include the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah; the Exodus itineraries; the territories and sites of the Israelite tribes, such as Reuben and Gad; as well as Ammon, Moab, Edom, and Gilead. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com).



The Exploitation of Plant Resources in Ancient Africa

The Exploitation of Plant Resources in Ancient Africa Author Marijke van der Veen
ISBN-10 9781475767308
Release 2013-06-29
Pages 284
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This volume presents a completely new and very substantial body of information about the origin of agriculture and plant use in Africa. All the evidence is very recent and for the first time all this archaeobotanical evidence is brought together in one volume (at present the information is unpublished or published in many disparate journals, confer ence reports, monographs, site reports, etc. ). Early publications concerned with the origins of African plant domestication relied almost exclusively on inferences made from the modem distribution of the wild progenitors of African cultivars; there existed virtually no archaeobotanical data at that time. Even as recently as the early 1990s direct evidence for the transition to farming and the relative roles of indigenous versus Near Eastern crops was lacking for most of Africa. This volume changes that and presents a wide range of ex citing new evidence, including case studies from Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Uganda, Egypt, and Sudan, which range in date from 8000 BP to the present day. The volume ad dresses topics such as the role of wild plant resources in hunter-gatherer and farming com munities, the origins of agriculture, the agricultural foundation of complex societies, long-distance trade, the exchange of foods and crops, and the human impact on local vege tation-all key issues of current research in archaeology, anthropology, agronomy, ecol ogy, and economic history.



Yearbook of International Organizations

Yearbook of International Organizations Author Union of International Associations
ISBN-10 MINN:31951D012546629
Release 1997
Pages 1788
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Yearbook of International Organizations has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Yearbook of International Organizations also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Yearbook of International Organizations book for free.



Mapping the Chinese and Islamic Worlds

Mapping the Chinese and Islamic Worlds Author Hyunhee Park
ISBN-10 9781107018686
Release 2012-08-27
Pages 276
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This book documents the relationship and wisdom of Asian cartographers in the Islamic and Chinese worlds before the Europeans arrived.



The Migration Experience in Africa

The Migration Experience in Africa Author Jonathan Baker
ISBN-10 9171063668
Release 1995
Pages 353
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Area, Tanzania, by Vesa-Matti Loiske



WHO Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants

WHO Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants Author World Health Organization
ISBN-10 9789241545174
Release 1999-05
Pages 289
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Volume 2 of the WHO Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants provides an additional collection of 30 monographs covering the quality control and traditional and clinical uses of selected medicinal plants approved by 120 experts in more than 50 countries. The monographs are intended to promote international harmonization in the quality control and use of herbal medicines and to serve as models for the development of national formularies. They are a comprehensive scientific reference for drug regulatory authorities, physicians, traditional practitioners, pharmacists, manufacturers and research sci.



Handbook of the birds of the world

Handbook of the birds of the world Author Josep del Hoyo
ISBN-10 8487334105
Release 2009
Pages
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Handbook of the birds of the world has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Handbook of the birds of the world also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Handbook of the birds of the world book for free.



Localising Salafism

Localising Salafism Author Terje Østebø
ISBN-10 9789004184787
Release 2011-09-30
Pages 380
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With a particular focus on the role of situated actors, this book sheds light on the emergence and expansion of Salafism in Bale, Ethiopia from the late 1960s, through the Marxist period (1974-1991) before discussing the rapid expansion and fragmentation of the movement in the 1990s until 2006.



Transforming Innovations in Africa

Transforming Innovations in Africa Author Jan-Bart Gewald
ISBN-10 9789004245235
Release 2012-11-21
Pages 301
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In Transforming Innovations in Africa the authors explore how external innovations (products, technologies, services, institutions and processes) that were envisaged, developed and designed elsewhere, came to be innovatively and sometimes unexpectedly appropriated and transformed within Africa.



Arabia and the Arabs

Arabia and the Arabs Author Robert G. Hoyland
ISBN-10 9781134646340
Release 2002-09-11
Pages 336
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Long before Muhammed preached the religion of Islam, the inhabitants of his native Arabia had played an important role in world history as both merchants and warriors Arabia and the Arabs provides the only up-to-date, one-volume survey of the region and its peoples, from prehistory to the coming of Islam Using a wide range of sources - inscriptions, poetry, histories, and archaeological evidence - Robert Hoyland explores the main cultural areas of Arabia, from ancient Sheba in the south, to the deserts and oases of the north. He then examines the major themes of *the economy *society *religion *art, architecture and artefacts *language and literature *Arabhood and Arabisation The volume is illustrated with more than 50 photographs, drawings and maps.



Sabkha Ecosystems

Sabkha Ecosystems Author M. Ajmal Khan
ISBN-10 9789400774117
Release 2014-05-12
Pages 339
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Sustainable development is the key for the survival in 21st century. The natural resources are finite and cannot be used with impunity because we are the custodian of these resources and have responsibility to pass these to the next generation. This monumental task requires several major commitments and most important of them is to arrest population explosion which has already reached seven billion. Natural resources like air to breath, food to eat, and water to drink, and fossil fuel to maintain this life style are being overexploited. Unrestrained consuming culture will accelerate undesired situation. This situation will have more dire consequences in resource limited ecosystems like dry lands. Given the severe scarcity of water, ever increasing population and soil salinization out of the box solutions for the provision of food and clean energy is required to spare meager fresh water resources for conventional agriculture. This volume contains a number of articles dealing with halophyte ecology, bio-geography, ecophysiology, hyper-saline soils, biofuels, biosaline agriculture, biosaline landscaping, climate change mitigation, and biodiversity. It also contains the communication of innovative ideas, such as the research into floating mangroves, seagrass terraces, as well as a World Halophyte Garden containing all known salt-tolerant plant species. It is hoped that the information provided will not only advance vegetation science, but that it will truly generate more interdisciplinarity, networking, awareness, and inspire farmers, and agricultural and landscaping stakeholders to seriously engage in halophyte cash crop production in coastal hyper-saline areas.



Jihad in Saudi Arabia

Jihad in Saudi Arabia Author Thomas Hegghammer
ISBN-10 9781139486392
Release 2010-04-01
Pages
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Saudi Arabia, homeland of Osama bin Laden and many 9/11 hijackers, is widely considered to be the heartland of radical Islamism. For decades, the conservative and oil-rich kingdom contributed recruits, ideologues and money to jihadi groups worldwide. Yet Islamism within Saudi Arabia itself remains poorly understood. Why has Saudi Arabia produced so many militants? Has the Saudi government supported violent groups? How strong is al-Qaida's foothold in the kingdom and does it threaten the regime? Why did Bin Laden not launch a campaign there until 2003? This 2010 book presents the first ever history of Saudi jihadism based on extensive fieldwork in the kingdom and primary sources in Arabic. It offers a powerful explanation for the rise of Islamist militancy in Saudi Arabia and sheds crucial new light on the history of the global jihadist movement.