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Foraging

Foraging Author David W. Stephens
ISBN-10 9780226772653
Release 2008-09-15
Pages 576
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Foraging is fundamental to animal survival and reproduction, yet it is much more than a simple matter of finding food; it is a biological imperative. Animals must find and consume resources to succeed, and they make extraordinary efforts to do so. For instance, pythons rarely eat, but when they do, their meals are large—as much as 60 percent larger than their own bodies. The snake’s digestive system is normally dormant, but during digestion metabolic rates can increase fortyfold. A python digesting quietly on the forest floor has the metabolic rate of thoroughbred in a dead heat. This and related foraging processes have broad applications in ecology, cognitive science, anthropology, and conservation biology—and they can be further extrapolated in economics, neurobiology, and computer science. Foraging is the first comprehensive review of the topic in more than twenty years. A monumental undertaking, this volume brings together twenty-two experts from throughout the field to offer the latest on the mechanics of foraging, modern foraging theory, and foraging ecology. The fourteen essays cover all the relevant issues, including cognition, individual behavior, caching behavior, parental behavior, antipredator behavior, social behavior, population and community ecology, herbivory, and conservation. Considering a wide range of taxa, from birds to mammals to amphibians, Foraging will be the definitive guide to the field.



Foraging behavior

Foraging behavior Author Alan C. Kamil
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822010806552
Release 1981
Pages 534
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Foraging behavior has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Foraging behavior also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Foraging behavior book for free.



Foraging Theory

Foraging Theory Author David W. Stephens
ISBN-10 0691084424
Release 1986
Pages 247
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This account of the current state of foraging theory is also a valuable description of the use of optimality theory in behavioral ecology in general. Organizing and introducing the main research themes in economic analyses of animal feeding behavior, the authors analyze the empirical evidence bearing on foraging models and answer criticisms of optimality modeling. They explain the rationale for applying optimality models to the strategies and mechanics of foraging and present the basic "average-rate maximizing" models and their extensions. The work discusses new directions in foraging research: incorporating incomplete information and risk-sensitive behavior in foraging models; analyzing trade-offs, such as nutrient requirements and the threat of being eaten while foraging; formulating dynamic models; and building constrained optimization models that assume that foragers can use only simple "rules of thumb." As an analysis of these and earlier research developments and as a contribution to debates about the role of theory in evolutionary biology. Foraging Theory will appeal to a wide range of readers, from students to research professionals, in behavioral ecology, population and community ecology, animal behavior, and animal psychology, and especially to those planning empirical tests of foraging models.



Foraging Behavior

Foraging Behavior Author A.C. Kamil
ISBN-10 9781461318392
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 676
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Foraging behavior has always been a central concern of ecology. Understanding what animals eat is clearly an essential component of under standing many ecological issues including energy flow, competition and adaptation. Theoretical and empirical developments in the late 1960's and 1970's led to a new emphasis in the study of foraging behavior, the study of individual animals in both field and laboratory. This development, in turn, led to an explosion of interest in foraging. Part of the reason for this explosion is that when foraging is studied at the individual level, it is relevant to many disciplines. Behaviorists, including ethologists and psychologists, are interested in any attempt to understand behavior. Ecologists know that a better understanding of foraging will contribute to resolving a number of important ecological issues. Anthropologists and others are applying the ideas coming out of the study of foraging behavior to problems within their disciplines. These developments led to a multidisciplinary symposium on foraging behavior, held as part of the 1978 Animal Behavior Society meetings in Seattle, Washington. Many ecologists, ethologists and psychologists participated or attended. The symposium was very successful. generating a high level of excitement. As a result, the participants decided to publish the proceedings of the symposium (Kami1 & Sargent 1981).



Behavioral Ecology and the Transition to Agriculture

Behavioral Ecology and the Transition to Agriculture Author Douglas J. Kennett
ISBN-10 0520246470
Release 2006-01-02
Pages 394
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"For the newcomer to the literature and logic of human behavioral ecology, this book is a flat-out bonanza—entirely accessible, self-critical, largely free of polemic, and, above all, stimulating beyond measure. It's an extraordinary contribution. Our understanding of the foraging-farming dynamic may just have changed forever."—David Hurst Thomas, American Museum of Natural History



Social Foraging Theory

Social Foraging Theory Author Luc-Alain Giraldeau
ISBN-10 0691048770
Release 2000
Pages 362
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Although there is extensive literature in the field of behavioral ecology that attempts to explain foraging of individuals, social foraging--the ways in which animals search and compete for food in groups--has been relatively neglected. This book redresses that situation by providing both a synthesis of the existing literature and a new theory of social foraging. Giraldeau and Caraco develop models informed by game theory that offer a new framework for analysis. Social Foraging Theory contains the most comprehensive theoretical approach to its subject, coupled with quantitative methods that will underpin future work in the field. The new models and approaches that are outlined here will encourage new research directions and applications. To date, the analysis of social foraging has lacked unifying themes, clear recognition of the problems inherent in the study of social foraging, and consistent interaction between theory and experiments. This book identifies social foraging as an economic interaction between the actions of individuals and those of other foragers. This interdependence raises complex questions about the size of foraging groups, the diversity of resources used, and the propensity of group members to exploit each other or forage cooperatively. The models developed in the book will allow researchers to test their own approaches and predictions. Many years in development, Social Foraging Theory will interest researchers and graduate students in such areas as behavioral ecology, population ecology, evolutionary biology, and wildlife management.



Lizard Ecology

Lizard Ecology Author Stephen M. Reilly
ISBN-10 0521833582
Release 2007-07-12
Pages 531
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Originally published in 2006, this book was the first critical review of the effects of lizard foraging modes in 30 years.



The Ecology of Social Behavior

The Ecology of Social Behavior Author C. N. Slobodchikoff
ISBN-10 9781483264998
Release 2013-10-22
Pages 442
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The Ecology of Social Behavior explores the relationships between ecology and the origins and maintenance of social behavior. The chapters in this book suggest that a consideration of ecological factors is necessary to any paradigm that tries to explain the origins and maintenance of social behavior. Most also suggest that there are some trade-offs between ecology, genetics, and phylogeny in the development and persistence of specific social systems. The book is organized into five parts. Part I provides an overview of the main themes covered in the present volume. Part II contains papers on ecological interactions, including variation in group sizes of forest primates, group foraging, and the origin of monogamy in mammals and fishes. Part III examines the ecology of social mammals. These include the ecological conditions for philopatry and the relationship of habitat variability to sociality in yellow-bellied marmots. Part IV focuses on the ecology of social birds while Part V deals with the ecology of social arthropods.



Evolutionary Ecology

Evolutionary Ecology Author Charles W. Fox
ISBN-10 0198030134
Release 2001-10-19
Pages 448
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Evolutionary Ecology simultaneously unifies conceptual and empirical advances in evolutionary ecology and provides a volume that can be used as either a primary textbook or a supplemental reading in an advanced undergraduate or graduate course. The focus of the book is on current concepts in evolutionary ecology, and the empirical study of these concepts. The editors have assembled a group of prominent biologists who have made significant contributions to this field. They both synthesize the current state of knowledge and identity areas for future investigation. Evolutionary Ecology will be of general interest to researchers and students in both ecology and evolutionary biology. Researchers in evolutionary ecology that want an overview of the current state of the field, and graduate students that want an introduction the field, will find this book very valuable. This volume can also be used as a primary textbook or supplemental reading in both upper division and graduate courses/seminars in Evolutionary Ecology.



Model Systems in Behavioral Ecology

Model Systems in Behavioral Ecology Author Lee Alan Dugatkin
ISBN-10 0691006539
Release 2001
Pages 551
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A key way that behavioral ecologists develop general theories of animal behavior is by studying one species or a closely related group of species--''model systems''--over a long period. This book brings together some of the field's most respected researchers to describe why they chose their systems, how they integrate theoretical, conceptual, and empirical work, lessons for the practice of the discipline, and potential avenues of future research. Their model systems encompass a wide range of animals and behavioral issues, from dung flies to sticklebacks, dolphins to African wild dogs, from foraging to aggression, territoriality to reproductive suppression. Model Systems in Behavioral Ecology offers an unprecedented ''systems'' focus and revealing insights into the confluence of personal curiosity and scientific inquiry. It will be an invaluable text for behavioral ecology courses and a helpful overview--and a preview of coming developments--for advanced researchers. The twenty-five chapters are divided into four sections: insects and arachnids, amphibians and reptiles, birds, and mammals. In addition to the editor, the contributors include Geoff A. Parker, Thomas D. Seeley, Naomi Pierce, Kern Reeve, Gerald S. Wilkinson, Bert H�lldobler and Flavio Roces, George W. Uetz, Michael J. Ryan and Gil Rosenthal, Judy Stamps, H. Carl Gerhardt, Barry Sinervo, Robert Warner, Manfred Milinski, David F. Westneat, Alan C. Kamil and Alan B. Bond, Paul Sherman, Jerram L. Brown, Anders Pape M�ller, Marc Bekoff, Richard C. Connor, Joan B. Silk, Christopher Boesch, Scott Creel, A.H. Harcourt, and Tim Caro and M. J. Kelly.



Food Exploitation By Social Insects

Food Exploitation By Social Insects Author Stefan Jarau
ISBN-10 9781420075618
Release 2009-05-21
Pages 360
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Omnipresent in virtually all terrestrial ecosystems and of undisputed ecological and economical importance, the study of social insects is an area that continues to attract a vast number of researchers. As a consequence, a huge amount of information about their biology and ecology has accumulated. Distilling this scattered information into a highly focused reference, Food Exploitation by Social Insects: Ecological, Behavioral, and Theoretical Approaches unites traditional behavioral and ecological studies with theoretical and mathematical models. The book covers foraging ecology and behavior of social insects, their communication mechanisms, and theoretical models of important aspects. It examines two different but inseparably interlaced levels of social insect foraging: the macroscopic or colony level and the microscopic or individual level. The chapters include discussions of foraging decisions, patterns and strategies of social insect colonies, and information use and information transfer between workers. The book provides examples of how this biological knowledge can be used as a basis for the construction of mathematical and neural network models that in return may increase understanding of social insect foraging. The contributors provide a fresh look on their topics, covering a wide range of subjects and recent scientific developments that are unprecedented in breadth and depth. The coverage of ants, bees, and wasps in one resource is a unique feature of the book. This taxonomic content combined with the variety of research approaches, allows the book to provide deeper insight into the subject.



The Ecology Social Structure and Foraging Behavior of Two Closely Related Species of Leopard Lizards Gambelia Silus and Gambelia Wislizenii

The Ecology  Social Structure  and Foraging Behavior of Two Closely Related Species of Leopard Lizards  Gambelia Silus and Gambelia Wislizenii Author Kristine Tollestrup
ISBN-10 OCLC:216451755
Release 1979
Pages 292
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The Ecology Social Structure and Foraging Behavior of Two Closely Related Species of Leopard Lizards Gambelia Silus and Gambelia Wislizenii has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from The Ecology Social Structure and Foraging Behavior of Two Closely Related Species of Leopard Lizards Gambelia Silus and Gambelia Wislizenii also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full The Ecology Social Structure and Foraging Behavior of Two Closely Related Species of Leopard Lizards Gambelia Silus and Gambelia Wislizenii book for free.



Behavioural Ecology of Insect Parasitoids

Behavioural Ecology of Insect Parasitoids Author Eric Wajnberg
ISBN-10 9780470695456
Release 2008-04-30
Pages 464
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Written by a team of leading international specialists, Behavioral Ecology of Insect Parasitoids examines the optimal behaviors that parasitoids exhibit in order to maximize long term offspring production. It is an essential reference for research scientists and students studying these fascinating insects or for anyone involved in using parasitoids in biological control programs. Reviews topical issues, including cutting edge research on parasitoid decision making and the implications for biological control Explores applications in other fields, provides information on the latest research methods, and includes helpful case studies and statistical tools Creates a deeper understanding of the link between behavioural strategies and host mortality, resulting in more efficient selective pest management programs “Overall, this is a fascinating volume that provides a significant contribution to the literature on parasitoid insects. It goes a long way toward providing insights into numerous aspects of parasitoid behavior and will stimulate a diversity of future projects, something that should be the goal of any such text. I highly recommend Wajnberg et al. for all of those working on the biology or evolution of parasitoids.” Palaios 2009



Ecology and Behaviour of the African Buffalo

Ecology and Behaviour of the African Buffalo Author Herbert Prins
ISBN-10 9789400915275
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 293
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Over the past 30 years or so, research effort in behaviour and ecology has progressed from simple documentation of the habits or habitats of differ ent species to asking more searching questions about the adaptiveness of the patterns of behaviour observed; moved from documenting simply what occurs, to trying to understand why. Increasingly, studies of behav iour or ecology explore the function of particular responses or patterns of behaviour in individuals or populations - looking for the adaptiveness that has led to the adoption of such patterns either at a proximate level (what environmental circumstances have favoured the adoption of some particular strategy or response from within the animal's repertoire at that specific time) or at an evolutionary level (speculating upon what pres sures have led to the inclusion of a particular pattern of behaviour within the repertoire in the first place). Many common principles have been established - common to a wide diversity of animal groups, yet showing some precise relationship between a given aspect of behaviour or population dynamics and some particular ecological factor. In particular, tremendous advances have been made in understanding the foraging behaviour of animals - and the 'decision rules' by which they seek and select from the various resources on offer - and patterns of social organization and behaviour: the adap tiveness of different social structures, group sizes or reproductive tactics.



Foraging ecology of male California sea lion Zalophus californianus

Foraging ecology of male California sea lion  Zalophus californianus Author Michael Joseph Weise
ISBN-10 UCSD:31822034339390
Release 2006
Pages 274
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Foraging ecology of male California sea lion Zalophus californianus has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Foraging ecology of male California sea lion Zalophus californianus also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Foraging ecology of male California sea lion Zalophus californianus book for free.



Caterpillars

Caterpillars Author Nancy Elizabeth Stamp
ISBN-10 0412026813
Release 1993
Pages 587
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Caterpillars are excellent model systems for the investigation of insect-plant interactions, predator-prey interactions, and insect physiology. Despite this, however, there is at present only a limited understanding of the constraints on foraging patterns of caterpillars. A major problem is the difficulty of designing and analyzing experiments which account for multiple constraints. Caterpillars: Ecological and Evolutionary Constraints on Foraging reviews the present state of research into caterpillar biology while arguing for a multiple factor approach in studying insect herbivores. Written by leading authorities in entomology and ecology, it provides an explicit framework for carrying out such investigations. The book details the constraints of the foraging patterns of caterpillars, including phylogenetic constraints, the physical environment, nutritional supply and demand, predators, and plant chemical defenses. It also analyzes caterpillar adaptations, such as sociality, mutualism, aposematism, and cryptic morphology, and covers population dynamics and the influence of environmental factors upon tropical, temperate, and arctic caterpillars. The book concludes with a discussion of the implications of this material for pest management, forest systems, and agroecosystems.



Acoustic Ecology of European Bats

Acoustic Ecology of European Bats Author Michel Barataud
ISBN-10 2856537715
Release 2015-07-01
Pages 352
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As nocturnal flying mammals, bats have developed a unique and very efficient means of navigating in the dark: sonar, or echolocation. Although the acoustic signals they emit are inaudible to the human ear, they can be perceived, recorded, and analyzed with appropriate equipment and software. In this book, Michel Barataud synthesizes more than two decades of research on acoustic ecology and bat sonar physics and detection. Highlighting technological advances, Barataud shows how he has developed an ever more efficient identification method using an initial, purely auditory approach (a "bat detector") complemented by computer-assisted analysis of the ultrasonic signals. By following Barataud's method and the data provided, readers will be able to identify about 85% of European bat acoustic records, including all the most widespread species, as well as carry out non-invasive bat inventories and research. Including a DVD of more than 300 audio samples and scatter diagrams of sonar emissions to aid in species identification, and featuring a contribution by bat sonar pioneer Yves Tupinier, Acoustic Ecology of European Bats will be an invaluable resource for all scientists of Chiroptera.