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Forward Time Population Genetics Simulations

Forward Time Population Genetics Simulations Author Bo Peng
ISBN-10 9781118180341
Release 2012-01-25
Pages 220
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The only book available in the area of forward-time population genetics simulations—applicable to both biomedical and evolutionary studies The rapid increase of the power of personal computers has led to the use of serious forward-time simulation programs in genetic studies. Forward-Time Population Genetics Simulations presents both new and commonly used methods, and introduces simuPOP, a powerful and flexible new program that can be used to simulate arbitrary evolutionary processes with unique features like customized chromosome types, arbitrary nonrandom mating schemes, virtual subpopulations, information fields, and Python operators. The book begins with an overview of important concepts and models, then goes on to show how simuPOP can simulate a number of standard population genetics models—with the goal of demonstrating the impact of genetic factors such as mutation, selection, and recombination on standard Wright-Fisher models. The rest of the book is devoted to applications of forward-time simulations in various research topics. Forward-Time Population Genetics Simulations includes: An overview of currently available forward-time simulation methods, their advantages, and shortcomings An overview and evaluation of currently available software A simuPOP tutorial Applications in population genetics Applications in genetic epidemiology, statistical genetics, and mapping complex human diseases The only book of its kind in the field today, Forward-Time Population Genetics Simulations will appeal to researchers and students of population and statistical genetics.



Recent Advances in the Theory and Application of Fitness Landscapes

Recent Advances in the Theory and Application of Fitness Landscapes Author Hendrik Richter
ISBN-10 9783642418884
Release 2013-11-19
Pages 553
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This book is concerned with recent advances in fitness landscapes. The concept of fitness landscapes originates from theoretical biology and refers to a framework for analysing and visualizing the relationships between genotypes, phenotypes and fitness. These relationships lay at the centre of attempts to mathematically describe evolutionary processes and evolutionary dynamics. The book addresses recent advances in the understanding of fitness landscapes in evolutionary biology and evolutionary computation. In the volume, experts in the field of fitness landscapes present these findings in an integrated way to make it accessible to a number of audiences: senior undergraduate and graduate students in computer science, theoretical biology, physics, applied mathematics and engineering, but also researcher looking for a reference or/and entry point into using fitness landscapes for analysing algorithms. Also practitioners wanting to employ fitness landscape techniques for evaluating bio- and nature-inspired computing algorithms can find valuable material in the book. For teaching proposes, the book could also be used as a reference handbook.



Foundations of Risk Analysis

Foundations of Risk Analysis Author Terje Aven
ISBN-10 9781119945789
Release 2012-02-02
Pages 224
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Foundations of Risk Analysis presents the issues core to risk analysis – understanding what risk means, expressing risk, building risk models, addressing uncertainty, and applying probability models to real problems. The author provides the readers with the knowledge and basic thinking they require to successfully manage risk and uncertainty to support decision making. This updated edition reflects recent developments on risk and uncertainty concepts, representations and treatment. New material in Foundations of Risk Analysis includes: An up to date presentation of how to understand, define and describe risk based on research carried out in recent years. A new definition of the concept of vulnerability consistent with the understanding of risk. Reflections on the need for seeing beyond probabilities to measure/describe uncertainties. A presentation and discussion of a method for assessing the importance of assumptions (uncertainty factors) in the background knowledge that the subjective probabilities are based on A brief introduction to approaches that produce interval (imprecise) probabilities instead of exact probabilities. In addition the new version provides a number of other improvements, for example, concerning the use of cost-benefit analyses and the As Low As Reasonably Practicable (ALARP) principle. Foundations of Risk Analysis provides a framework for understanding, conducting and using risk analysis suitable for advanced undergraduates, graduates, analysts and researchers from statistics, engineering, finance, medicine and the physical sciences, as well as for managers facing decision making problems involving risk and uncertainty.



Forest Pathology and Plant Health

Forest Pathology and Plant Health Author Matteo Garbelotto
ISBN-10 9783038426714
Release 2018-04-13
Pages 242
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Forest Pathology and Plant Health" that was published in Forests



Population Genetics

Population Genetics Author Matthew Hamilton
ISBN-10 9781444362459
Release 2011-09-23
Pages 424
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This book aims to make population genetics approachable, logical and easily understood. To achieve these goals, the book’s design emphasizes well explained introductions to key principles and predictions. These are augmented with case studies as well as illustrations along with introductions to classical hypotheses and debates. Pedagogical features in the text include: Interact boxes that guide readers step-by-step through computer simulations using public domain software. Math boxes that fully explain mathematical derivations. Methods boxes that give insight into the use of actual genetic data. Numerous Problem boxes are integrated into the text to reinforce concepts as they are encountered. Dedicated website at www.wiley.com/go/hamiltongenetics This text also offers a highly accessible introduction to coalescent theory, the major conceptual advance in population genetics of the last two decades.



Issues in Bioengineering and Bioinformatics 2011 Edition

Issues in Bioengineering and Bioinformatics  2011 Edition Author
ISBN-10 9781464964176
Release 2012-01-09
Pages 1822
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Issues in Bioengineering and Bioinformatics: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Bioengineering and Bioinformatics. The editors have built Issues in Bioengineering and Bioinformatics: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Bioengineering and Bioinformatics in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Bioengineering and Bioinformatics: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.



Codon Evolution

Codon Evolution Author Gina M. Cannarozzi
ISBN-10 9780199601165
Release 2012-02-23
Pages 280
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The the first authoritative and up-to-date review of evolution at the codon level, investigating the mechanisms and particularities of coding regions using the latest statistical analyses and codon-based models of evolution.



Bioinformatics with Python Cookbook

Bioinformatics with Python Cookbook Author Tiago Antao
ISBN-10 9781783558650
Release 2015-06-25
Pages 306
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If you are either a computational biologist or a Python programmer, you will probably relate to the expression "explosive growth, exciting times". Python is arguably the main programming language for big data, and the deluge of data in biology, mostly from genomics and proteomics, makes bioinformatics one of the most exciting fields in data science. Using the hands-on recipes in this book, you'll be able to do practical research and analysis in computational biology with Python. We cover modern, next-generation sequencing libraries and explore real-world examples on how to handle real data. The main focus of the book is the practical application of bioinformatics, but we also cover modern programming techniques and frameworks to deal with the ever increasing deluge of bioinformatics data.



Statistical Shape and Deformation Analysis

Statistical Shape and Deformation Analysis Author Guoyan Zheng
ISBN-10 9780128104941
Release 2017-03-23
Pages 508
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Statistical Shape and Deformation Analysis: Methods, Implementation and Applications contributes enormously to solving different problems in patient care and physical anthropology, ranging from improved automatic registration and segmentation in medical image computing to the study of genetics, evolution and comparative form in physical anthropology and biology. This book gives a clear description of the concepts, methods, algorithms and techniques developed over the last three decades that is followed by examples of their implementation using open source software. Applications of statistical shape and deformation analysis are given for a wide variety of fields, including biometry, anthropology, medical image analysis and clinical practice. Presents an accessible introduction to the basic concepts, methods, algorithms and techniques in statistical shape and deformation analysis Includes implementation examples using open source software Covers real-life applications of statistical shape and deformation analysis methods



Simulation For The Social Scientist

Simulation For The Social Scientist Author Gilbert, Nigel
ISBN-10 0335216005
Release 2005-02-01
Pages 295
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Social sciences -- Simulation methods. Social interaction -- Computer simulation. Social sciences -- Mathematical models. (publisher)



Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing

Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing Author Russ Altman
ISBN-10 9812564632
Release 2006
Pages 607
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The Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing (PSB) 2006 is an international, multidisciplinary conference for the presentation and discussion of current research in the theory and application of computational methods in problems of biological significance. Presentations are rigorously peer reviewed and are published in an archival proceedings volume. PSB 2006 will be held January 3?7, 2006 at the Grand Wailea, Maui. Tutorials will be offered prior to the start of the conference. PSB 2006 will bring together top researchers from the US, the Asian Pacific nations, and around the world to exchange research results and address open issues in all aspects of computational biology. It is a forum for the presentation of work in databases, algorithms, interfaces, visualization, modeling, and other computational methods, as applied to biological problems, with emphasis on applications in data-rich areas of molecular biology. The PSB has been designed to be responsive to the need for critical mass in



Probability Models for DNA Sequence Evolution

Probability Models for DNA Sequence Evolution Author Richard Durrett
ISBN-10 0387781692
Release 2008-12-15
Pages 431
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"What underlying forces are responsible for the observed patterns of variability, given a collection of DNA sequences?" In approaching this question a number of probability models are introduced and anyalyzed.Throughout the book, the theory is developed in close connection with data from more than 60 experimental studies that illustrate the use of these results.



Coalescent Theory

Coalescent Theory Author John Wakeley
ISBN-10 0974707759
Release 2009
Pages 326
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"An introduction to coalescent theory, which provides the foundation for molecular population genetics and genomics. Coalescent theory is the conceptual framework for studies of DNA sequence variation within species, and is the source of essential tools for making inferences about mutation, recombination, population structure and natural selection from DNA sequence data"--Provided by publisher.



An Introduction to Genetic Algorithms

An Introduction to Genetic Algorithms Author Melanie Mitchell
ISBN-10 0262631857
Release 1998
Pages 209
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Genetic algorithms are used in science and engineering for problem solving and as computational models. This brief introduction enables readers to implement and experiment with genetic algorithms on their own. The descriptions of applications and modeling projects stretch beyond the boundaries of computer science to include systems theory, game theory, biology, ecology, and population genetics. 20 illustrations.



Probability and Statistics for Computer Scientists Second Edition

Probability and Statistics for Computer Scientists  Second Edition Author Michael Baron
ISBN-10 9781498760607
Release 2015-09-15
Pages 449
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Student-Friendly Coverage of Probability, Statistical Methods, Simulation, and Modeling Tools Incorporating feedback from instructors and researchers who used the previous edition, Probability and Statistics for Computer Scientists, Second Edition helps students understand general methods of stochastic modeling, simulation, and data analysis; make optimal decisions under uncertainty; model and evaluate computer systems and networks; and prepare for advanced probability-based courses. Written in a lively style with simple language, this classroom-tested book can now be used in both one- and two-semester courses. New to the Second Edition Axiomatic introduction of probability Expanded coverage of statistical inference, including standard errors of estimates and their estimation, inference about variances, chi-square tests for independence and goodness of fit, nonparametric statistics, and bootstrap More exercises at the end of each chapter Additional MATLAB® codes, particularly new commands of the Statistics Toolbox In-Depth yet Accessible Treatment of Computer Science-Related Topics Starting with the fundamentals of probability, the text takes students through topics heavily featured in modern computer science, computer engineering, software engineering, and associated fields, such as computer simulations, Monte Carlo methods, stochastic processes, Markov chains, queuing theory, statistical inference, and regression. It also meets the requirements of the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET). Encourages Practical Implementation of Skills Using simple MATLAB commands (easily translatable to other computer languages), the book provides short programs for implementing the methods of probability and statistics as well as for visualizing randomness, the behavior of random variables and stochastic processes, convergence results, and Monte Carlo simulations. Preliminary knowledge of MATLAB is not required. Along with numerous computer science applications and worked examples, the text presents interesting facts and paradoxical statements. Each chapter concludes with a short summary and many exercises.



Computational Mechanics in Structural Engineering

Computational Mechanics in Structural Engineering Author F.Y. Cheng
ISBN-10 0080529496
Release 1999-02-16
Pages 392
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The Second Sino-US Symposium Workshop on Recent Advancement of Computational Mechanics in Structural Engineering was held between May 25-28, 1998, in Dalian, China. The objectives were: to share the insights and experiences gained from recent developments in theory and practice; to assess the current state of knowledge in various topic areas of mechanics and computational methods and to identify joint research opportunities; to stimulate future cooperative research and to develop joint efforts in subjects of common needs and interests; to build and to strengthen the long-term bilateral scientific relationship between academic and professional practicing communities. Topics discussed covered the entire field of computational structural mechanics. These topics have advanced broad applications in the engineering practice of modern structural analysis, design and construction of buildings and other structures, and in natural hazard mitigation.



Quantum Inspired Computational Intelligence

Quantum Inspired Computational Intelligence Author Siddhartha Bhattacharyya
ISBN-10 9780128044377
Release 2016-09-20
Pages 506
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Quantum Inspired Computational Intelligence: Research and Applications explores the latest quantum computational intelligence approaches, initiatives, and applications in computing, engineering, science, and business. The book explores this emerging field of research that applies principles of quantum mechanics to develop more efficient and robust intelligent systems. Conventional computational intelligence—or soft computing—is conjoined with quantum computing to achieve this objective. The models covered can be applied to any endeavor which handles complex and meaningful information. Brings together quantum computing with computational intelligence to achieve enhanced performance and robust solutions Includes numerous case studies, tools, and technologies to apply the concepts to real world practice Provides the missing link between the research and practice