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Generalized Linear Models Second Edition

Generalized Linear Models  Second Edition Author P. McCullagh
ISBN-10 0412317605
Release 1989-08-01
Pages 532
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The success of the first edition of Generalized Linear Models led to the updated Second Edition, which continues to provide a definitive unified, treatment of methods for the analysis of diverse types of data. Today, it remains popular for its clarity, richness of content and direct relevance to agricultural, biological, health, engineering, and other applications. The authors focus on examining the way a response variable depends on a combination of explanatory variables, treatment, and classification variables. They give particular emphasis to the important case where the dependence occurs through some unknown, linear combination of the explanatory variables. The Second Edition includes topics added to the core of the first edition, including conditional and marginal likelihood methods, estimating equations, and models for dispersion effects and components of dispersion. The discussion of other topics-log-linear and related models, log odds-ratio regression models, multinomial response models, inverse linear and related models, quasi-likelihood functions, and model checking-was expanded and incorporates significant revisions. Comprehension of the material requires simply a knowledge of matrix theory and the basic ideas of probability theory, but for the most part, the book is self-contained. Therefore, with its worked examples, plentiful exercises, and topics of direct use to researchers in many disciplines, Generalized Linear Models serves as ideal text, self-study guide, and reference.



Nonparametric Regression and Generalized Linear Models

Nonparametric Regression and Generalized Linear Models Author P.J. Green
ISBN-10 0412300400
Release 1993-05-01
Pages 184
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In recent years, there has been a great deal of interest and activity in the general area of nonparametric smoothing in statistics. This monograph concentrates on the roughness penalty method and shows how this technique provides a unifying approach to a wide range of smoothing problems. The method allows parametric assumptions to be realized in regression problems, in those approached by generalized linear modelling, and in many other contexts. The emphasis throughout is methodological rather than theoretical, and it concentrates on statistical and computation issues. Real data examples are used to illustrate the various methods and to compare them with standard parametric approaches. Some publicly available software is also discussed. The mathematical treatment is self-contained and depends mainly on simple linear algebra and calculus. This monograph will be useful both as a reference work for research and applied statisticians and as a text for graduate students and other encountering the material for the first time.



Generalized Linear Models with Random Effects

Generalized Linear Models with Random Effects Author Youngjo Lee
ISBN-10 1420011340
Release 2006-07-13
Pages 416
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Since their introduction in 1972, generalized linear models (GLMs) have proven useful in the generalization of classical normal models. Presenting methods for fitting GLMs with random effects to data, Generalized Linear Models with Random Effects: Unified Analysis via H-likelihood explores a wide range of applications, including combining information over trials (meta-analysis), analysis of frailty models for survival data, genetic epidemiology, and analysis of spatial and temporal models with correlated errors. Written by pioneering authorities in the field, this reference provides an introduction to various theories and examines likelihood inference and GLMs. The authors show how to extend the class of GLMs while retaining as much simplicity as possible. By maximizing and deriving other quantities from h-likelihood, they also demonstrate how to use a single algorithm for all members of the class, resulting in a faster algorithm as compared to existing alternatives. Complementing theory with examples, many of which can be run by using the code supplied on the accompanying CD, this book is beneficial to statisticians and researchers involved in the above applications as well as quality-improvement experiments and missing-data analysis.



Generalized Additive Models

Generalized Additive Models Author T.J. Hastie
ISBN-10 0412343908
Release 1990-06-01
Pages 352
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This book describes an array of power tools for data analysis that are based on nonparametric regression and smoothing techniques. These methods relax the linear assumption of many standard models and allow analysts to uncover structure in the data that might otherwise have been missed. While McCullagh and Nelder's Generalized Linear Models shows how to extend the usual linear methodology to cover analysis of a range of data types, Generalized Additive Models enhances this methodology even further by incorporating the flexibility of nonparametric regression. Clear prose, exercises in each chapter, and case studies enhance this popular text.



Linear Models with R Second Edition

Linear Models with R  Second Edition Author Julian J. Faraway
ISBN-10 9781439887332
Release 2014-07-01
Pages 286
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A Hands-On Way to Learning Data Analysis Part of the core of statistics, linear models are used to make predictions and explain the relationship between the response and the predictors. Understanding linear models is crucial to a broader competence in the practice of statistics. Linear Models with R, Second Edition explains how to use linear models in physical science, engineering, social science, and business applications. The book incorporates several improvements that reflect how the world of R has greatly expanded since the publication of the first edition. New to the Second Edition Reorganized material on interpreting linear models, which distinguishes the main applications of prediction and explanation and introduces elementary notions of causality Additional topics, including QR decomposition, splines, additive models, Lasso, multiple imputation, and false discovery rates Extensive use of the ggplot2 graphics package in addition to base graphics Like its widely praised, best-selling predecessor, this edition combines statistics and R to seamlessly give a coherent exposition of the practice of linear modeling. The text offers up-to-date insight on essential data analysis topics, from estimation, inference, and prediction to missing data, factorial models, and block designs. Numerous examples illustrate how to apply the different methods using R.



Generalized Additive Models

Generalized Additive Models Author Simon N. Wood
ISBN-10 9781498728379
Release 2017-05-18
Pages 496
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The first edition of this book has established itself as one of the leading references on generalized additive models (GAMs), and the only book on the topic to be introductory in nature with a wealth of practical examples and software implementation. It is self-contained, providing the necessary background in linear models, linear mixed models, and generalized linear models (GLMs), before presenting a balanced treatment of the theory and applications of GAMs and related models. The author bases his approach on a framework of penalized regression splines, and while firmly focused on the practical aspects of GAMs, discussions include fairly full explanations of the theory underlying the methods. Use of R software helps explain the theory and illustrates the practical application of the methodology. Each chapter contains an extensive set of exercises, with solutions in an appendix or in the book’s R data package gamair, to enable use as a course text or for self-study. Simon N. Wood is a professor of Statistical Science at the University of Bristol, UK, and author of the R package mgcv.



Variance Components

Variance Components Author Poduri S.R.S. Rao
ISBN-10 0412728605
Release 1997-06-01
Pages 350
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Variance Components Estimation deals with the evaluation of the variation between observable data or classes of data. This is an up-to-date, comprehensive work that is both theoretical and applied. Topics include ML and REML methods of estimation; Steepest-Acent, Newton-Raphson, scoring, and EM algorithms; MINQUE and MIVQUE, confidence intervals for variance components and their ratios; Bayesian approaches and hierarchical models; mixed models for longitudinal data; repeated measures and multivariate observations; as well as non-linear and generalized linear models with random effects.



Analysis of Binary Data Second Edition

Analysis of Binary Data  Second Edition Author D.R. Cox
ISBN-10 0412306204
Release 1989-05-15
Pages 240
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The first edition of this book (1970) set out a systematic basis for the analysis of binary data and in particular for the study of how the probability of 'success' depends on explanatory variables. The first edition has been widely used and the general level and style have been preserved in the second edition, which contains a substantial amount of new material. This amplifies matters dealt with only cryptically in the first edition and includes many more recent developments. In addition the whole material has been reorganized, in particular to put more emphasis on m.aximum likelihood methods. There are nearly 60 further results and exercises. The main points are illustrated by practical examples, many of them not in the first edition, and some general essential background material is set out in new Appendices.



Statistical Learning with Sparsity

Statistical Learning with Sparsity Author Trevor Hastie
ISBN-10 9781498712170
Release 2015-05-07
Pages 367
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Discover New Methods for Dealing with High-Dimensional Data A sparse statistical model has only a small number of nonzero parameters or weights; therefore, it is much easier to estimate and interpret than a dense model. Statistical Learning with Sparsity: The Lasso and Generalizations presents methods that exploit sparsity to help recover the underlying signal in a set of data. Top experts in this rapidly evolving field, the authors describe the lasso for linear regression and a simple coordinate descent algorithm for its computation. They discuss the application of l1 penalties to generalized linear models and support vector machines, cover generalized penalties such as the elastic net and group lasso, and review numerical methods for optimization. They also present statistical inference methods for fitted (lasso) models, including the bootstrap, Bayesian methods, and recently developed approaches. In addition, the book examines matrix decomposition, sparse multivariate analysis, graphical models, and compressed sensing. It concludes with a survey of theoretical results for the lasso. In this age of big data, the number of features measured on a person or object can be large and might be larger than the number of observations. This book shows how the sparsity assumption allows us to tackle these problems and extract useful and reproducible patterns from big datasets. Data analysts, computer scientists, and theorists will appreciate this thorough and up-to-date treatment of sparse statistical modeling.



Applying Generalized Linear Models

Applying Generalized Linear Models Author James K. Lindsey
ISBN-10 9780387227306
Release 2008-01-15
Pages 256
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This book describes how generalised linear modelling procedures can be used in many different fields, without becoming entangled in problems of statistical inference. The author shows the unity of many of the commonly used models and provides readers with a taste of many different areas, such as survival models, time series, and spatial analysis, and of their unity. As such, this book will appeal to applied statisticians and to scientists having a basic grounding in modern statistics. With many exercises at the end of each chapter, it will equally constitute an excellent text for teaching applied statistics students and non- statistics majors. The reader is assumed to have knowledge of basic statistical principles, whether from a Bayesian, frequentist, or direct likelihood point of view, being familiar at least with the analysis of the simpler normal linear models, regression and ANOVA.



Tensor Methods in Statistics

Tensor Methods in Statistics Author P. McCullagh
ISBN-10 9781351094016
Release 2018-01-18
Pages 301
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This book provides a systematic development of tensor methods in statistics, beginning with the study of multivariate moments and cumulants. The effect on moment arrays and on cumulant arrays of making linear or affine transformations of the variables is studied. Because of their importance in statistical theory, invariant functions of the cumulants are studied in some detail. This is followed by an examination of the effect of making a polynomial transformation of the original variables. The fundamental operation of summing over complementary set partitions is introduced at this stage. This operation shapes the notation and pervades much of the remainder of the book. The necessary lattice-theory is discussed and suitable tables of complementary set partitions are provided. Subsequent chapters deal with asymptotic approximations based on Edgeworth expansion and saddlepoint expansion. The saddlepoint expansion is introduced via the Legendre transformation of the cumulant generating function, also known as the conjugate function of the cumulant generating function. A recurring them is that, with suitably chosen notation, multivariate calculations are often simpler and more transparent than the corresponding univariate calculations. The final two chapters deal with likelihood ratio statistics, maximum likelihood estimation and the effect on inferences of conditioning on ancillary or approximately ancillary statistics. The Bartlett adjustment factor is derived in the general case and simplified for certain types of generalized linear models. Finally, Barndorff-Nielsen's formula for the conditional distribution of the maximum liklelihood estimator is derived and discussed. More than 200 Exercises are provided to illustrate the uses of tensor methodology.



An Introduction to Generalized Linear Models

An Introduction to Generalized Linear Models Author George H. Dunteman
ISBN-10 0761920846
Release 2006
Pages 72
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Do you have data that is not normally distributed and don't know how to analyze it using generalized linear models (GLM)? Beginning with a discussion of fundamental statistical modeling concepts in a multiple regression framework, the authors extend these concepts to GLM and demonstrate the similarity of various regression models to GLM. Each procedure is illustrated using real life data sets. The book provides an accessible but thorough introduction to GLM, exponential family distribution, and maximum likelihood estimation; includes discussion on checking model adequacy and description on how to use SAS to fit GLM; and describes the connection between survival analysis and GLM. It is an ideal text for social science researchers who do not have a strong statistical background, but would like to learn more advanced techniques having taken an introductory course covering regression analysis.



Measurement Error in Nonlinear Models

Measurement Error in Nonlinear Models Author Raymond J. Carroll
ISBN-10 1420010131
Release 2006-06-21
Pages 488
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It’s been over a decade since the first edition of Measurement Error in Nonlinear Models splashed onto the scene, and research in the field has certainly not cooled in the interim. In fact, quite the opposite has occurred. As a result, Measurement Error in Nonlinear Models: A Modern Perspective, Second Edition has been revamped and extensively updated to offer the most comprehensive and up-to-date survey of measurement error models currently available. What’s new in the Second Edition? · Greatly expanded discussion and applications of Bayesian computation via Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques · A new chapter on longitudinal data and mixed models · A thoroughly revised chapter on nonparametric regression and density estimation · A totally new chapter on semiparametric regression · Survival analysis expanded into its own separate chapter · Completely rewritten chapter on score functions · Many more examples and illustrative graphs · Unique data sets compiled and made available online In addition, the authors expanded the background material in Appendix A and integrated the technical material from chapter appendices into a new Appendix B for convenient navigation. Regardless of your field, if you’re looking for the most extensive discussion and review of measurement error models, then Measurement Error in Nonlinear Models: A Modern Perspective, Second Edition is your ideal source.



Local Polynomial Modelling and Its Applications

Local Polynomial Modelling and Its Applications Author Jianqing Fan
ISBN-10 0412983214
Release 1996-03-01
Pages 360
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Data-analytic approaches to regression problems, arising from many scientific disciplines are described in this book. The aim of these nonparametric methods is to relax assumptions on the form of a regression function and to let data search for a suitable function that describes the data well. The use of these nonparametric functions with parametric techniques can yield very powerful data analysis tools. Local polynomial modeling and its applications provides an up-to-date picture on state-of-the-art nonparametric regression techniques. The emphasis of the book is on methodologies rather than on theory, with a particular focus on applications of nonparametric techniques to various statistical problems. High-dimensional data-analytic tools are presented, and the book includes a variety of examples. This will be a valuable reference for research and applied statisticians, and will serve as a textbook for graduate students and others interested in nonparametric regression.



Practical Risk Theory for Actuaries

Practical Risk Theory for Actuaries Author C.D. Daykin
ISBN-10 0412428504
Release 1993-12-01
Pages 576
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This classic textbook covers all aspects of risk theory in a practical way. It builds on from the late R.E. Beard's extremely popular book Risk Theory, but features more emphasis on simulation and modeling and on the use of risk theory as a practical tool. Practical Risk Theory is a textbook for practicing and student actuaries on the practical aspects of stochastic modeling of the insurance business. It has its roots in the classical theory of risk but introduces many new elements that are important in managing the insurance business but are usually ignored in the classical theory. The authors avoid overcomplicated mathematics and provide an abundance of diagrams.



Generalized Linear Models

Generalized Linear Models Author John Patrick Hoffmann
ISBN-10 UCSC:32106016643154
Release 2004
Pages 204
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This brief and economical text shows students with relatively little mathematical background how to understand and apply sophisticated linear regression models in their research areas within the social, behavioral, and medical sciences, as well as marketing, and business. Less theoretical than competing texts, Hoffman includes numerous exercises and worked-out examples and sample programs and data sets for three popular statistical software programs: SPSS, SAS, and Stata.



Introduction to Time Series Modeling

Introduction to Time Series Modeling Author Genshiro Kitagawa
ISBN-10 1584889225
Release 2010-04-21
Pages 296
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In time series modeling, the behavior of a certain phenomenon is expressed in relation to the past values of itself and other covariates. Since many important phenomena in statistical analysis are actually time series and the identification of conditional distribution of the phenomenon is an essential part of the statistical modeling, it is very important and useful to learn fundamental methods of time series modeling. Illustrating how to build models for time series using basic methods, Introduction to Time Series Modeling covers numerous time series models and the various tools for handling them. The book employs the state-space model as a generic tool for time series modeling and presents convenient recursive filtering and smoothing methods, including the Kalman filter, the non-Gaussian filter, and the sequential Monte Carlo filter, for the state-space models. Taking a unified approach to model evaluation based on the entropy maximization principle advocated by Dr. Akaike, the author derives various methods of parameter estimation, such as the least squares method, the maximum likelihood method, recursive estimation for state-space models, and model selection by the Akaike information criterion (AIC). Along with simulation methods, he also covers standard stationary time series models, such as AR and ARMA models, as well as nonstationary time series models, including the locally stationary AR model, the trend model, the seasonal adjustment model, and the time-varying coefficient AR model. With a focus on the description, modeling, prediction, and signal extraction of times series, this book provides basic tools for analyzing time series that arise in real-world problems. It encourages readers to build models for their own real-life problems.