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Geometric Modelling Numerical Simulation and Optimization

Geometric Modelling  Numerical Simulation  and Optimization Author Geir Hasle
ISBN-10 9783540687832
Release 2007-06-10
Pages 558
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This edited volume addresses the importance of mathematics for industry and society by presenting highlights from contract research at the Department of Applied Mathematics at SINTEF, the largest independent research organization in Scandinavia. Examples range from computer-aided geometric design, via general purpose computing on graphics cards, to reservoir simulation for enhanced oil recovery. Contributions are written in a tutorial style.



Splitting Methods for Partial Differential Equations with Rough Solutions

Splitting Methods for Partial Differential Equations with Rough Solutions Author Helge Holden
ISBN-10 3037190787
Release 2010
Pages 226
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Operator splitting (or the fractional steps method) is a very common tool to analyze nonlinear partial differential equations both numerically and analytically. By applying operator splitting to a complicated model one can often split it into simpler problems that can be analyzed separately. In this book one studies operator splitting for a family of nonlinear evolution equations, including hyperbolic conservation laws and degenerate convection-diffusion equations. Common for these equations is the prevalence of rough, or non-smooth, solutions, e.g., shocks. Rigorous analysis is presented, showing that both semi-discrete and fully discrete splitting methods converge. For conservation laws, sharp error estimates are provided and for convection-diffusion equations one discusses a priori and a posteriori correction of entropy errors introduced by the splitting. Numerical methods include finite difference and finite volume methods as well as front tacking. The theory is illustrated by numerous examples. There is a dedicated web page that provides MATLAB codes for many of the examples. The book is suitable for graduate students and researchers in pure and applied mathematics, physics, and engineering.



Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics Part I

Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics  Part I Author Roman Wyrzykowski
ISBN-10 9783642143908
Release 2010-07-07
Pages 628
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Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics Part I has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics Part I also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics Part I book for free.



Energy Natural Resources and Environmental Economics

Energy  Natural Resources and Environmental Economics Author Endre Bjørndal
ISBN-10 3642120679
Release 2010-09-14
Pages 522
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This book consists of a collection of articles describing the emergingand integrated area of Energy,Natural Resourcesand EnvironmentalEconomics.A majority of the authors are researchers doing applied work in economics, nance, and management science and are based in the Nordic countries. These countries have a long tradition of managing natural resources. Many of the applications are therefore founded on such examples. The book contents are based on a workshop that took place during May 15–16, 2008 in Bergen, Norway. The aim of the workshop was to create a meeting place for researchers who are active in the area of Energy, Natural Resource, and En- ronmentalEconomics,andat the same time celebrate ProfessorKurtJorns ̈ ten’s60th birthday. Thebookis dividedintofourparts. The rst part considerspetroleumandnatural gas applications, taking up topics ranging from the management of incomes and reserves to market modeling and value chain optimization. The second and most extensive part studies applications from electricity markets, including analyses of market prices, risk management, various optimization problems, electricity market design, and regulation. The third part describes different applications in logistics and management of natural resources. Finally, the fourth part covers more general problems and methods arising within the area.



Electrokinetics for Petroleum and Environmental Engineers

Electrokinetics for Petroleum and Environmental Engineers Author George V. Chilingar
ISBN-10 9781118842836
Release 2014-10-08
Pages 264
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Electrokinetics is a term applied to a group of physicochemical phenomena involving the transport of charges, action of charged particles, effects of applied electric potential and fluid transport in various porous media to allow for a desired migration or flow to be achieved. These phenomena include electrokinetics, electroosmosis, ion migration, electrophoresis, streaming potential and electroviscosity. These phenomena are closely related and all contribute to the transport and migration of different ionic species and chemicals in porous media. The physicochemical and electrochemical properties of a porous medium and the pore fluid, and the magnitudes of the applied electrical potential all impact the direction and velocity of the fluid flow. Also, an electrical potential is generated upon the forced passage of fluid carrying charged particles through a porous medium. The use of electrokinetics in the field of petroleum and environmental engineering was groundbreaking when George Chilingar pioneered its use decades ago, but it has only been in recent years that its full potential has been studied. This is the first volume of its kind ever written, offering the petroleum or environmental engineer a practical “how to” book on using electrokinetics for more efficient and better oil recovery and recovery from difficult reservoirs. This groundbreaking volume is a must-have for any petroleum engineer working in the field, and for students and faculty in petroleum engineering departments worldwide.



Mathematical Reviews

Mathematical Reviews Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015082440887
Release 2008
Pages
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Mathematical Reviews has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Mathematical Reviews also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Mathematical Reviews book for free.



Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems

Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems Author Luca Podofillini
ISBN-10 9781315648415
Release 2015-09-03
Pages 730
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Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems contains the Proceedings of the 25th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2015, held 7-10 September 2015 in Zurich, Switzerland. It includes about 570 papers accepted for presentation at the conference. These contributions focus on theories and methods in the area of risk, safety and reliability, and their applications to a wide range of industrial, civil and social sectors. The main goal of this book is to showcase the advancements in understanding, modeling and management of complex engineered systems. The book offers a multidisciplinary platform to address technological, societal and financial aspects of system safety and reliability. Emphasis is given to the intra- and interdependencies of functions and the cascading failures that characterize complex engineered systems. Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems (abstracts book 730 pages + full paper CD-ROM 4634 pages) will be of interest to academics and professionals involved or interested in aspect of risk, safety and reliability in various engineering areas.



Multiscale Modeling and Simulation in Science

Multiscale Modeling and Simulation in Science Author Björn Engquist
ISBN-10 9783540888574
Release 2009-02-11
Pages 320
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Most problems in science involve many scales in time and space. An example is turbulent ?ow where the important large scale quantities of lift and drag of a wing depend on the behavior of the small vortices in the boundarylayer. Another example is chemical reactions with concentrations of the species varying over seconds and hours while the time scale of the oscillations of the chemical bonds is of the order of femtoseconds. A third example from structural mechanics is the stress and strain in a solid beam which is well described by macroscopic equations but at the tip of a crack modeling details on a microscale are needed. A common dif?culty with the simulation of these problems and many others in physics, chemistry and biology is that an attempt to represent all scales will lead to an enormous computational problem with unacceptably long computation times and large memory requirements. On the other hand, if the discretization at a coarse level ignoresthe?nescale informationthenthesolutionwillnotbephysicallymeaningful. The in?uence of the ?ne scales must be incorporated into the model. This volume is the result of a Summer School on Multiscale Modeling and S- ulation in Science held at Boso ¤n, Lidingo ¤ outside Stockholm, Sweden, in June 2007. Sixty PhD students from applied mathematics, the sciences and engineering parti- pated in the summer school.



Graphs Dioids and Semirings

Graphs  Dioids and Semirings Author Michel Gondran
ISBN-10 9780387754505
Release 2008-05-14
Pages 388
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The primary objective of this essential text is to emphasize the deep relations existing between the semiring and dioïd structures with graphs and their combinatorial properties. It does so at the same time as demonstrating the modeling and problem-solving flexibility of these structures. In addition the book provides an extensive overview of the mathematical properties employed by "nonclassical" algebraic structures which either extend usual algebra or form a new branch of it.



Fuzzy Hardware

Fuzzy Hardware Author Abraham Kandel
ISBN-10 9781461540908
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 422
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Fuzzy hardware developments have been a major force driving the applications of fuzzy set theory and fuzzy logic in both science and engineering. This volume provides the reader with a comprehensive up-to-date look at recent works describing new innovative developments of fuzzy hardware. An important research trend is the design of improved fuzzy hardware. There is an increasing interest in both analog and digital implementations of fuzzy controllers in particular and fuzzy systems in general. Specialized analog and digital VLSI implementations of fuzzy systems, in the form of dedicated architectures, aim at the highest implementation efficiency. This particular efficiency is asserted in terms of processing speed and silicon utilization. Processing speed in particular has caught the attention of developers of fuzzy hardware and researchers in the field. The volume includes detailed material on a variety of fuzzy hardware related topics such as: Historical review of fuzzy hardware research Fuzzy hardware based on encoded trapezoids Pulse stream techniques for fuzzy hardware Hardware realization of fuzzy neural networks Design of analog neuro-fuzzy systems in CMOS digital technologies Fuzzy controller synthesis method Automatic design of digital and analog neuro-fuzzy controllers Electronic implementation of complex controllers Silicon compilation of fuzzy hardware systems Digital fuzzy hardware processing Parallel processor architecture for real-time fuzzy applications Fuzzy cellular systems Fuzzy Hardware: Architectures and Applications is a technical reference book for researchers, engineers and scientists interested in fuzzy systems in general and in building fuzzy systems in particular.



A History of Numerical Analysis from the 16th through the 19th Century

A History of Numerical Analysis from the 16th through the 19th Century Author H. H. Goldstine
ISBN-10 9781468494723
Release 2012-12-06
Pages 350
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In this book I have attempted to trace the development of numerical analysis during the period in which the foundations of the modern theory were being laid. To do this I have had to exercise a certain amount of selectivity in choosing and in rejecting both authors and papers. I have rather arbitrarily chosen, in the main, the most famous mathematicians of the period in question and have concentrated on their major works in numerical analysis at the expense, perhaps, of other lesser known but capable analysts. This selectivity results from the need to choose from a large body of literature, and from my feeling that almost by definition the great masters of mathematics were the ones responsible for the most significant accomplishments. In any event I must accept full responsibility for the choices. I would particularly like to acknowledge my thanks to Professor Otto Neugebauer for his help and inspiration in the preparation of this book. This consisted of many friendly discussions that I will always value. I should also like to express my deep appreciation to the International Business Machines Corporation of which I have the honor of being a Fellow and in particular to Dr. Ralph E. Gomory, its Vice-President for Research, for permitting me to undertake the writing of this book and for helping make it possible by his continuing encouragement and support.



Applied Parallel and Scientific Computing

Applied Parallel and Scientific Computing Author Kristján Jónasson
ISBN-10 9783642281518
Release 2012-02-16
Pages 339
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The two volume set LNCS 7133 and LNCS 7134 constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Applied Parallel and Scientific Computing, PARA 2010, held in Reykjavík, Iceland, in June 2010. These volumes contain three keynote lectures, 29 revised papers and 45 minisymposia presentations arranged on the following topics: cloud computing, HPC algorithms, HPC programming tools, HPC in meteorology, parallel numerical algorithms, parallel computing in physics, scientific computing tools, HPC software engineering, simulations of atomic scale systems, tools and environments for accelerator based computational biomedicine, GPU computing, high performance computing interval methods, real-time access and processing of large data sets, linear algebra algorithms and software for multicore and hybrid architectures in honor of Fred Gustavson on his 75th birthday, memory and multicore issues in scientific computing - theory and praxis, multicore algorithms and implementations for application problems, fast PDE solvers and a posteriori error estimates, and scalable tools for high performance computing.



Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power Contemporary Research

Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power     Contemporary Research Author Arun K. Saha
ISBN-10 9788132227434
Release 2016-09-20
Pages 1701
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This volume comprises the proceedings of the 42nd National and 5th International Conference on Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power held at IIT Kanpur in December, 2014.The conference proceedings encapsulate the best deliberations held during the conference. The diversity of participation in the conference, from academia, industry and research laboratories reflects in the articles appearing in the volume. This contributed volume has articles from authors who have participated in the conference on thematic areas such as Fundamental Issues and Perspectives in Fluid Mechanics; Measurement Techniques and Instrumentation; Computational Fluid Dynamics; Instability, Transition and Turbulence; Turbomachinery; Multiphase Flows; Fluid‐Structure Interaction and Flow‐Induced Noise; Microfluidics; Bio‐inspired Fluid Mechanics; Internal Combustion Engines and Gas Turbines; and Specialized Topics. The contents of this volume will prove useful to researchers from industry and academia alike.



Computer Modelling for Sustainable Urban Design

Computer Modelling for Sustainable Urban Design Author Darren Robinson
ISBN-10 9781136539350
Release 2012-11-12
Pages 320
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This is the first book to directly address the physics of urban sustainability and how urban sustainability may be modelled and optimised. Starting with an introduction to the importance and key aspects of the topic, it moves on to a detailed consideration of the urban climate and pedestrian comfort. Comprehensive techniques for the modelling and optimisation of urban metabolism are then described, together with means for defining sustainability as the fitness function to be optimised. It ends with an eye to the future of sustainable urban design and the means available to urban designers and governors to help them to secure a more sustainable urban future. This book will be invaluable both in informing the next generation of urban planners, architects and engineers, and as a tool to current professionals that will directly contribute to the effectiveness of their work by allowing them to more successfully measure and model urban sustainability.



Computational Methods for Algebraic Spline Surfaces

Computational Methods for Algebraic Spline Surfaces Author Tor Dokken
ISBN-10 3540232745
Release 2004-12-10
Pages 238
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This volume contains revised papers that were presented at the international workshop entitled Computational Methods for Algebraic Spline Surfaces (“COMPASS”), which was held from September 29 to October 3, 2003, at Schloß Weinberg, Kefermarkt (A- tria). The workshop was mainly devoted to approximate algebraic geometry and its - plications. The organizers wanted to emphasize the novel idea of approximate implici- zation, that has strengthened the existing link between CAD / CAGD (Computer Aided Geometric Design) and classical algebraic geometry. The existing methods for exact implicitization (i. e. , for conversion from the parametric to an implicit representation of a curve or surface) require exact arithmetic and are too slow and too expensive for industrial use. Thus the duality of an implicit representation and a parametric repres- tation is only used for low degree algebraic surfaces such as planes, spheres, cylinders, cones and toroidal surfaces. On the other hand, this duality is a very useful tool for - veloping ef?cient algorithms. Approximate implicitization makes this duality available for general curves and surfaces. The traditional exact implicitization of parametric surfaces produce global rep- sentations, which are exact everywhere. The surface patches used in CAD, however, are always de?ned within a small box only; they are obtained for a bounded parameter domain (typically a rectangle, or – in the case of “trimmed” surface patches – a subset of a rectangle). Consequently, a globally exact representation is not really needed in practice.



Galerkin Finite Element Methods for Parabolic Problems

Galerkin Finite Element Methods for Parabolic Problems Author Vidar Thomee
ISBN-10 9783540331223
Release 2007-06-25
Pages 364
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This book provides insight into the mathematics of Galerkin finite element method as applied to parabolic equations. The revised second edition has been influenced by recent progress in application of semigroup theory to stability and error analysis, particulatly in maximum-norm. Two new chapters have also been added, dealing with problems in polygonal, particularly noncovex, spatial domains, and with time discretization based on using Laplace transformation and quadrature.



Curve and Surface Design

Curve and Surface Design Author Hans Hagen
ISBN-10 1611971659
Release 1992
Pages 205
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This collection of ideas and results on topics of curve and surface design is intended for research in the academic environment as well as for practical use in industrial applications. Main emphasis is on minimal energy splines and geometric spline curves, and on techniques beyond tensor product surfaces.