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Geometric Modelling Numerical Simulation and Optimization

Geometric Modelling  Numerical Simulation  and Optimization Author Geir Hasle
ISBN-10 9783540687832
Release 2007-06-10
Pages 558
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This edited volume addresses the importance of mathematics for industry and society by presenting highlights from contract research at the Department of Applied Mathematics at SINTEF, the largest independent research organization in Scandinavia. Examples range from computer-aided geometric design, via general purpose computing on graphics cards, to reservoir simulation for enhanced oil recovery. Contributions are written in a tutorial style.

Splitting Methods for Partial Differential Equations with Rough Solutions

Splitting Methods for Partial Differential Equations with Rough Solutions Author Helge Holden
ISBN-10 3037190787
Release 2010
Pages 226
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Operator splitting (or the fractional steps method) is a very common tool to analyze nonlinear partial differential equations both numerically and analytically. By applying operator splitting to a complicated model one can often split it into simpler problems that can be analyzed separately. In this book one studies operator splitting for a family of nonlinear evolution equations, including hyperbolic conservation laws and degenerate convection-diffusion equations. Common for these equations is the prevalence of rough, or non-smooth, solutions, e.g., shocks. Rigorous analysis is presented, showing that both semi-discrete and fully discrete splitting methods converge. For conservation laws, sharp error estimates are provided and for convection-diffusion equations one discusses a priori and a posteriori correction of entropy errors introduced by the splitting. Numerical methods include finite difference and finite volume methods as well as front tacking. The theory is illustrated by numerous examples. There is a dedicated web page that provides MATLAB codes for many of the examples. The book is suitable for graduate students and researchers in pure and applied mathematics, physics, and engineering.

Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics Part I

Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics  Part I Author Roman Wyrzykowski
ISBN-10 9783642143908
Release 2010-07-07
Pages 628
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Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics Part I has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics Part I also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics Part I book for free.

Hyperbolic Problems Contributed talks

Hyperbolic Problems  Contributed talks Author Eitan Tadmor
ISBN-10 9780821847305
Release 2009-12-15
Pages 999
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The International Conference on Hyperbolic Problems: Theory, Numerics and Applications, ``HYP2008'', was held at the University of Maryland from June 9-13, 2008. This was the twelfth meeting in the bi-annual international series of HYP conferences which originated in 1986 at Saint-Etienne, France, and over the last twenty years has become one of the highest quality and most successful conference series in Applied Mathematics. This book, the second in a two-part volume, contains more than sixty articles based on contributed talks given at the conference. The articles are written by leading researchers as well as promising young scientists and cover a diverse range of multi-disciplinary topics addressing theoretical, modeling and computational issues arising under the umbrella of ``hyperbolic PDEs''. This volume will bring readers to the forefront of research in this most active and important area in applied mathematics.

Electrokinetics for Petroleum and Environmental Engineers

Electrokinetics for Petroleum and Environmental Engineers Author George V. Chilingar
ISBN-10 9781118842836
Release 2014-10-08
Pages 264
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Electrokinetics is a term applied to a group of physicochemical phenomena involving the transport of charges, action of charged particles, effects of applied electric potential and fluid transport in various porous media to allow for a desired migration or flow to be achieved. These phenomena include electrokinetics, electroosmosis, ion migration, electrophoresis, streaming potential and electroviscosity. These phenomena are closely related and all contribute to the transport and migration of different ionic species and chemicals in porous media. The physicochemical and electrochemical properties of a porous medium and the pore fluid, and the magnitudes of the applied electrical potential all impact the direction and velocity of the fluid flow. Also, an electrical potential is generated upon the forced passage of fluid carrying charged particles through a porous medium. The use of electrokinetics in the field of petroleum and environmental engineering was groundbreaking when George Chilingar pioneered its use decades ago, but it has only been in recent years that its full potential has been studied. This is the first volume of its kind ever written, offering the petroleum or environmental engineer a practical “how to” book on using electrokinetics for more efficient and better oil recovery and recovery from difficult reservoirs. This groundbreaking volume is a must-have for any petroleum engineer working in the field, and for students and faculty in petroleum engineering departments worldwide.

Mathematical Reviews

Mathematical Reviews Author
ISBN-10 UOM:39015082440887
Release 2008
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Mathematical Reviews has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Mathematical Reviews also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Mathematical Reviews book for free.

Mathematical Methods for Curves and Surfaces

Mathematical Methods for Curves and Surfaces Author Michael Floater
ISBN-10 9783642543821
Release 2014-02-03
Pages 511
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This volume constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Mathematical Methods for Curves and Surfaces, MMCS 2012, held in Oslo, Norway, in June/July 2012. The 28 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 135 submissions. The topics range from mathematical analysis of various methods to practical implementation on modern graphics processing units. The papers reflect the newest developments in these fields and also point to the latest literature.

Graphs Dioids and Semirings

Graphs  Dioids and Semirings Author Michel Gondran
ISBN-10 9780387754505
Release 2008-05-14
Pages 388
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The primary objective of this essential text is to emphasize the deep relations existing between the semiring and dioïd structures with graphs and their combinatorial properties. It does so at the same time as demonstrating the modeling and problem-solving flexibility of these structures. In addition the book provides an extensive overview of the mathematical properties employed by "nonclassical" algebraic structures which either extend usual algebra or form a new branch of it.

Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems

Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems Author Luca Podofillini
ISBN-10 9781315648415
Release 2015-09-03
Pages 730
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Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems contains the Proceedings of the 25th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2015, held 7-10 September 2015 in Zurich, Switzerland. It includes about 570 papers accepted for presentation at the conference. These contributions focus on theories and methods in the area of risk, safety and reliability, and their applications to a wide range of industrial, civil and social sectors. The main goal of this book is to showcase the advancements in understanding, modeling and management of complex engineered systems. The book offers a multidisciplinary platform to address technological, societal and financial aspects of system safety and reliability. Emphasis is given to the intra- and interdependencies of functions and the cascading failures that characterize complex engineered systems. Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems (abstracts book 730 pages + full paper CD-ROM 4634 pages) will be of interest to academics and professionals involved or interested in aspect of risk, safety and reliability in various engineering areas.

Growth Curve Models and Statistical Diagnostics

Growth Curve Models and Statistical Diagnostics Author Jian-Xin Pan
ISBN-10 9780387218120
Release 2012-11-06
Pages 388
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This book systematically introduces the theory of the GCM with particular emphasis on their multivariate statistical diagnostics, which are based mainly on recent developments made by the authors and their collaborators. Provided are complete proofs of theorems as well as practical data sets and MATLAB code.

Multiscale Modeling and Simulation in Science

Multiscale Modeling and Simulation in Science Author Björn Engquist
ISBN-10 9783540888574
Release 2009-02-11
Pages 320
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Most problems in science involve many scales in time and space. An example is turbulent ?ow where the important large scale quantities of lift and drag of a wing depend on the behavior of the small vortices in the boundarylayer. Another example is chemical reactions with concentrations of the species varying over seconds and hours while the time scale of the oscillations of the chemical bonds is of the order of femtoseconds. A third example from structural mechanics is the stress and strain in a solid beam which is well described by macroscopic equations but at the tip of a crack modeling details on a microscale are needed. A common dif?culty with the simulation of these problems and many others in physics, chemistry and biology is that an attempt to represent all scales will lead to an enormous computational problem with unacceptably long computation times and large memory requirements. On the other hand, if the discretization at a coarse level ignoresthe?nescale informationthenthesolutionwillnotbephysicallymeaningful. The in?uence of the ?ne scales must be incorporated into the model. This volume is the result of a Summer School on Multiscale Modeling and S- ulation in Science held at Boso ¤n, Lidingo ¤ outside Stockholm, Sweden, in June 2007. Sixty PhD students from applied mathematics, the sciences and engineering parti- pated in the summer school.

Global Optimization

Global Optimization Author Leo Liberti
ISBN-10 0387282602
Release 2006-02-21
Pages 427
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Addresses the following topics: descriptions of implementations of general-purpose or problem-specific global optimization algorithms; algorithms in global optimization, some with numerical results and a discussion of the implementation; and surveys discussing software packages.

Computer Modelling for Sustainable Urban Design

Computer Modelling for Sustainable Urban Design Author Darren Robinson
ISBN-10 9781136539350
Release 2012-11-12
Pages 320
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This is the first book to directly address the physics of urban sustainability and how urban sustainability may be modelled and optimised. Starting with an introduction to the importance and key aspects of the topic, it moves on to a detailed consideration of the urban climate and pedestrian comfort. Comprehensive techniques for the modelling and optimisation of urban metabolism are then described, together with means for defining sustainability as the fitness function to be optimised. It ends with an eye to the future of sustainable urban design and the means available to urban designers and governors to help them to secure a more sustainable urban future. This book will be invaluable both in informing the next generation of urban planners, architects and engineers, and as a tool to current professionals that will directly contribute to the effectiveness of their work by allowing them to more successfully measure and model urban sustainability.

Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power Contemporary Research

Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power     Contemporary Research Author Arun K. Saha
ISBN-10 9788132227434
Release 2016-09-20
Pages 1701
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This volume comprises the proceedings of the 42nd National and 5th International Conference on Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power held at IIT Kanpur in December, 2014.The conference proceedings encapsulate the best deliberations held during the conference. The diversity of participation in the conference, from academia, industry and research laboratories reflects in the articles appearing in the volume. This contributed volume has articles from authors who have participated in the conference on thematic areas such as Fundamental Issues and Perspectives in Fluid Mechanics; Measurement Techniques and Instrumentation; Computational Fluid Dynamics; Instability, Transition and Turbulence; Turbomachinery; Multiphase Flows; Fluid‐Structure Interaction and Flow‐Induced Noise; Microfluidics; Bio‐inspired Fluid Mechanics; Internal Combustion Engines and Gas Turbines; and Specialized Topics. The contents of this volume will prove useful to researchers from industry and academia alike.

Structural Analysis Systems

Structural Analysis Systems Author A. Niku-Lari
ISBN-10 9781483160122
Release 2016-06-06
Pages 244
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Structural Analysis Systems: Software-Hardware Capability-Compatibility-Applications, Volume 2 is a practical guidebook on structural analysis systems and their applications. It provides detailed information about a specific software, its postprocessor capabilities and limitations, computer-aided design connection, and compatibility with the most common computers. Several practical examples from industry with computer and user cost are given. This volume consists of 17 chapters and begins with a description of AFAG, a dual finite element analysis program based on the flexibility method. The discussion then turns to the AQUADYN system, designed primarily to reduce the hydrodynamics problem to a linear integral equation for large floating or immersed structures. The following chapters focus on other structural analysis computer programs such as BOSOR4 and BOSOR5, INFESA, MEF/MOSAIC, RCAFAG, and STRUGEN. Some general purpose and special purpose finite element programs used for stress analysis of composite materials are also considered. This book will be a useful resource for practitioners in scientific and industrial disciplines such as mechanical or civil engineering, informatics, applied mathematics, and computer science.

Curve and Surface Design

Curve and Surface Design Author Hans Hagen
ISBN-10 1611971659
Release 1992
Pages 205
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This collection of ideas and results on topics of curve and surface design is intended for research in the academic environment as well as for practical use in industrial applications. Main emphasis is on minimal energy splines and geometric spline curves, and on techniques beyond tensor product surfaces.

Galerkin Finite Element Methods for Parabolic Problems

Galerkin Finite Element Methods for Parabolic Problems Author Vidar Thomee
ISBN-10 9783662033593
Release 2013-04-17
Pages 302
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My purpose in this monograph is to present an essentially self-contained account of the mathematical theory of Galerkin finite element methods as applied to parabolic partial differential equations. The emphases and selection of topics reflects my own involvement in the field over the past 25 years, and my ambition has been to stress ideas and methods of analysis rather than to describe the most general and farreaching results possible. Since the formulation and analysis of Galerkin finite element methods for parabolic problems are generally based on ideas and results from the corresponding theory for stationary elliptic problems, such material is often included in the presentation. The basis of this work is my earlier text entitled Galerkin Finite Element Methods for Parabolic Problems, Springer Lecture Notes in Mathematics, No. 1054, from 1984. This has been out of print for several years, and I have felt a need and been encouraged by colleagues and friends to publish an updated version. In doing so I have included most of the contents of the 14 chapters of the earlier work in an updated and revised form, and added four new chapters, on semigroup methods, on multistep schemes, on incomplete iterative solution of the linear algebraic systems at the time levels, and on semilinear equations. The old chapters on fully discrete methods have been reworked by first treating the time discretization of an abstract differential equation in a Hilbert space setting, and the chapter on the discontinuous Galerkin method has been completely rewritten.