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GIS

GIS Author Michael F. Worboys
ISBN-10 0415283752
Release 2004-05-11
Pages 448
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GIS: A Computing Perspective, Second Edition, provides a full, up-to-date overview of GIS, both Geographic Information Systems and the study of Geographic Information Science. Analyzing the subject from a computing perspective, the second edition explores conceptual and formal models needed to understand spatial information, and examines the representations and data structures needed to support adequate system performance. This volume also covers the special-purpose interfaces and architectures required to interact with and share spatial information, and explains the importance of uncertainty and time. The material on GIS architectures and interfaces as well as spatiotemporal information systems is almost entirely new. The second edition contains substantial new information, and has been completely reformatted to improve accessibility. Changes include: A new chapter on spatial uncertainty Complete revisions of the bibliography, index, and supporting diagrams Supplemental material is offset at the top of the page, as are references and links for further study Definitions of new terms are in the margins of pages where they appear, with corresponding entries in the index



Gis

Gis Author Michael F. Worboys
ISBN-10 1466587199
Release 2015-02-05
Pages 530
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Gis has been writing in one form or another for most of life. You can find so many inspiration from Gis also informative, and entertaining. Click DOWNLOAD or Read Online button to get full Gis book for free.



Python Geospatial Development

Python Geospatial Development Author Erik Westra
ISBN-10 9781782174981
Release 2016-05-23
Pages 446
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Develop sophisticated mapping applications from scratch using Python 3 tools for geospatial development About This Book Build web applications based around maps and geospatial data using Python 3.x Install and use various toolkits and obtain geospatial data for use in your programs This practical, hands-on book will teach you all about geospatial development in Python Who This Book Is For This book is for experienced Python developers who want to learn about geospatial concepts, obtain and work with geospatial data, solve spatial problems, and build sophisticated map-based applications using Python. What You Will Learn Access, manipulate, and display geospatial data from within your Python programs Master the core geospatial concepts of location, distance, units, projections, and datums Read and write geospatial data in both vector and raster format Perform complex, real-world geospatial calculations using Python Store and access geospatial information in a database Use points, lines, and polygons within your Python programs Convert geospatial data into attractive maps using Python-based tools Build complete web-based mapping applications using Python In Detail Geospatial development links your data to locations on the surface of the Earth. Writing geospatial programs involves tasks such as grouping data by location, storing and analyzing large amounts of spatial information, performing complex geospatial calculations, and drawing colorful interactive maps. In order to do this well, you'll need appropriate tools and techniques, as well as a thorough understanding of geospatial concepts such as map projections, datums, and coordinate systems. This book provides an overview of the major geospatial concepts, data sources, and toolkits. It starts by showing you how to store and access spatial data using Python, how to perform a range of spatial calculations, and how to store spatial data in a database. Further on, the book teaches you how to build your own slippy map interface within a web application, and finishes with the detailed construction of a geospatial data editor using the GeoDjango framework. By the end of this book, you will be able to confidently use Python to write your own geospatial applications ranging from quick, one-off utilities to sophisticated web-based applications using maps and other geospatial data. Style and approach This book is a comprehensive course in geospatial development. The concepts you need to know are presented in a hands-on fashion with example code to help you to solve real-world problems right away. Larger programs are built up step by step while guiding you through the process of building your own sophisticated mapping applications.



GIS Environmental Modeling and Engineering Second Edition

GIS  Environmental Modeling and Engineering  Second Edition Author Allan Brimicombe
ISBN-10 1439808724
Release 2009-12-23
Pages 378
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Spatial dimensions need to be properly captured if modeling and engineering techniques are to be successfully applied in addressing environmental problems. The links between the geographical information systems (GIS) that capture this data, simulation modeling, and engineering offer tremendous possibilities for building versatile support systems for managing the environment. GIS, Environmental Modeling and Engineering focuses on using GIS and external models to solve real environmental problems, promoting the critical thinking needed for the effective applications of these systems and their analytical outputs. Divided into three major sections, this textbook first concentrates on defining GIS, identifying how data is structured, and explaining common functionality. The text examines GIS from a technological perspective, exploring the evolution of its scientific basis and its synergies with other technologies within a geocomputational paradigm. The next section explores modeling from a neutral scientific perspective in its role of simulating phenomena, as well as from a more specific perspective in its role within environmental science and engineering. The third and largest section looks at how GIS and simulation modeling are joined. It provides case studies and covers issues such as interoperability, data quality, model validity, space-time dynamics, and decision-support systems. This volume provides seniors and postgraduate students with a structured, coherent text that goes beyond introductory subject matter by enabling readers to think critically about the data acquisition process and the results they get from the technology.



Spatial Databases

Spatial Databases Author Philippe Rigaux
ISBN-10 1558605886
Release 2002
Pages 410
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Spatial Databases is the first unified, in-depth treatment of special techniques for dealing with spatial data, particularly in the field of geographic information systems (GIS). This book surveys various techniques, such as spatial data models, algorithms, and indexing methods, developed to address specific features of spatial data that are not adequately handled by mainstream DBMS technology. The book also reviews commercial solutions to geographic data handling: ArcInfo, ArcView, and Smallworld GISs; and two extensions to the relational model, PostgreSQL and Oracle Spatial. The authors examine these underlying GIS technologies, assess their strengths and weaknesses, and consider specific uses for which each product is best suited. * Examines the strengths of various query languages and approaches to query processing. * Explains the use of computational geometry in spatial databases GISs, providing necessary background and an in-depth look at key algorithms. * Covers spatial access methods, including the R-tree and several space-driven structures, and is filled with dozens of helpful illustrations.



GIS

GIS Author Michael F. Worboys
ISBN-10 9780748400652
Release 1995-10-30
Pages 390
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This aims to make the computing principles underlying geographic databases understandable and accessible to current and potential users of such systems. It overviews database system philosophy; describes database concepts eg storage, retrieval, architecture, conceptual modelling, and database querying.It then focuses on the characteristics of GIS, spatial data and spatial databases, concluding with a discussion of current/future research trends.



GIS Algorithms

GIS Algorithms Author Ningchuan Xiao
ISBN-10 9781473933460
Release 2015-11-09
Pages 336
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Geographic information systems (GIS) have become increasingly important in helping us understand complex social, economic, and natural dynamics where spatial components play a key role. The critical algorithms used in GIS, however, are notoriously difficult to both teach and understand, in part due to the lack of a coherent representation. GIS Algorithms attempts to address this problem by combining rigorous formal language with example case studies and student exercises. Using Python code throughout, Xiao breaks the subject down into three fundamental areas: Geometric Algorithms Spatial Indexing Spatial Analysis and Modelling With its comprehensive coverage of the many algorithms involved, GIS Algorithms is a key new textbook in this complex and critical area of geography.



A Research Agenda for Geographic Information Science

A Research Agenda for Geographic Information Science Author Robert B. McMaster
ISBN-10 1420038338
Release 2004-08-30
Pages 416
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A close relationship exists between GIS and numerous applications, including cartography, photogrammetry, geodesy, surveying, computer and information science, and statistics, among others. Scientists coined the term "geographic information science (GIScience)" to describe the theory behind these fields. A Research Agenda for Geographic Information Science extensively details the issues and fundamental scientific problems that must be solved if the use of GIS in these and other fields is to advance. Immediately following the founding of the University Consortium for Geographic Information Science (UCGIS), the group identified in a Research Agenda the topics that represented major challenges to the GIS research community. The first chapter of this book delivers an introduction to the agenda and to the collective guidance that the agenda provides to researchers. Chapters 2-10 discuss nine original research challenges. Chapters 11-14 provide the basis of the agenda's four "Emerging Themes." Each chapter, written by researchers involved in the conception of the topics, discusses basic research elements, the UCGIS approach, the need for the National research agenda, contributions to knowledge and society, and offers a complete set of references. The final section draws general conclusions about the UCGIS approach and the defined research challenges.



Programming ArcObjects with VBA

Programming ArcObjects with VBA Author Kang-Tsung Chang
ISBN-10 1420009184
Release 2007-08-27
Pages 360
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If you're ready to take your knowledge of ArcGIS to the next level, then you need to learn how to work with ArcObjects. But with thousands of objects, properties, and methods, how can you ever hope to sort through the ArcObjects model diagrams? The first edition of Chang's Programming ArcObjects with VBA: A Task-Oriented Approach gave us the answer. The author's task-oriented approach shows you how to sort through the massive ArcObjects collection by examining only the objects, properties, and methods you need to perform specific tasks. What's new in the second edition? This edition adds macros and explanations for the new Geoprocessing object introduced in ArcGIS 9.x. Instead of treating this new feature in separate chapters, the author incorporates Geoprocessing code into the existing chapters. The code appears conveniently in boxes that allow you to easily compare sample macros. Get Started with Ready-to-Use Code The companion CD-ROM contains 95 complete ArcObjects macros and 33 Geoprocessing macros, along with datasets to execute the code. Each program begins with a short usage description and a list of key properties and methods, followed by the listing and explanation of the code itself. Regardless of your programming experience, Programming ArcObjects with VBA: A Task-Oriented Approach, Second Edition gives you the key to unlock the power and versatility of using ArcObjects to help you manage GIS activities.



Remote Sensing of the Environment

Remote Sensing of the Environment Author John R. Jensen
ISBN-10 1292021705
Release 2013-07-23
Pages 614
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For one-semester courses in Introductory Remote Sensing as well as Introductory Airphoto Interpretation. This widely adopted book introduces the fundamentals of remote sensing from an earth resource (versus engineering) perspective. Emphasis is on turning remote sensing data into useful spatial biophysical or socio-economic information that can be used to make decisions.



GIS Tutorial for Health

GIS Tutorial for Health Author Kristen Seamens Kurland
ISBN-10 9781589481794
Release 2007
Pages 320
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Designed to benefit health management students and practitioners, this illustrated tutorial is an introduction to help students investigate patterns of uninsured and poor populations, prepare spatial data to analyze environmental hazards, analyze youth pedestrian injuries, and more. This edition is updated for ArcGIS 9.2.



Fundamentals of Satellite Remote Sensing

Fundamentals of Satellite Remote Sensing Author Emilio Chuvieco
ISBN-10 9781498728072
Release 2016-02-24
Pages 468
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Fundamentals of Satellite Remote Sensing: An Environmental Approach, Second Edition is a definitive guide to remote sensing systems that focuses on satellite-based remote sensing tools and methods for space-based Earth observation (EO). It presents the advantages of using remote sensing data for studying and monitoring the planet, and emphasizes concepts that make the best use of satellite data. The book begins with an introduction to the basic processes that ensure the acquisition of space-borne imagery and provides an overview of the main satellite observation systems. It then describes visual and digital image analysis, highlights various interpretation techniques, and outlines their applications to science and management. The latter part of the book covers the integration of remote sensing with GIS for environmental analysis. Based on the first English version published in 2010, this latest edition has been written to reflect a global audience, and factors in international debates and legal issues surrounding EO, as well as future developments and trends. New in the Second Edition: Includes additional illustrations now in full color Uses sample images acquired from different ecosystems at different spatial resolutions to illustrate different interpretation techniques Updates information on recent satellite missions (Landsat-8, Sentinel-2, hyperspectral and hyperspatial programs) Covers near-ground missions (including UAV) and ground sensors (spectro-radiometers, cameras, LIDAR, etc.) to support EO analysis Offers analysis of image spatial properties Presents material on visual analysis, time series analysis, and data fusion Provides examples of EO data that cover different environmental problems, with particular relevance to global observation Fundamentals of Satellite Remote Sensing: An Environmental Approach, Second Edition details the tools that provide global, recurrent, and comprehensive views of the processes affecting the Earth and is a must-have for researchers, academics, students, and professionals involved in the field of environmental science.



The 3 D Global Spatial Data Model

The 3 D Global Spatial Data Model Author Earl F. Burkholder
ISBN-10 9781351646413
Release 2017-07-28
Pages 492
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Traditional methods for handling spatial data are encumbered by the assumption of separate origins for horizontal and vertical measurements, but modern measurement systems operate in a 3-D spatial environment. The 3-D Global Spatial Data Model: Principles and Applications, Second Edition maintains a new model for handling digital spatial data, the global spatial data model or GSDM. The GSDM preserves the integrity of three-dimensional spatial data while also providing additional benefits such as simpler equations, worldwide standardization, and the ability to track spatial data accuracy with greater specificity and convenience. This second edition expands to new topics that satisfy a growing need in the GIS, professional surveyor, machine control, and Big Data communities while continuing to embrace the earth center fixed coordinate system as the fundamental point of origin of one, two, and three-dimensional data sets. Ideal for both beginner and advanced levels, this book also provides guidance and insight on how to link to the data collected and stored in legacy systems.



Fuzzy Surfaces in GIS and Geographical Analysis

Fuzzy Surfaces in GIS and Geographical Analysis Author Weldon Lodwick
ISBN-10 1420006177
Release 2007-12-13
Pages 184
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Surfaces are a central to geographical analysis. Their generation and manipulation are a key component of geographical information systems (GISs). However, geographical surface data is often not precise. When surfaces are used to model geographical entities, the data inherently contains uncertainty in terms of both position and attribute. Fuzzy Surface in GIS and Geographical Analysis sets out a process to identify the uncertainty in geographic entities. It describes how to successfully obtain, model, analyze, and display data, as well as interpret results within the context of GIS. Focusing on uncertainty that arises from transitional boundaries, the book limits its study to three types of uncertainties: intervals, fuzzy sets, and possibility distributions. The book explains that uncertainty in geographical data typically stems from these three and it is only natural to incorporate them into the analysis and display of surface data. The book defines the mathematics associated with each method for analysis, then develops related algorithms, and moves on to illustrate various applications. Fuzzy Surface in GIS and Geographical Analysis clearly defines how to develop a routine that will adequately account for the uncertainties inherent in surface data.



Principles of Geographical Information Systems

Principles of Geographical Information Systems Author Peter A. Burrough
ISBN-10 9780198742845
Release 2015
Pages 432
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Geographical data are used in so many aspects of our lives today, from disaster relief operations to finding directions on our cellphones. Geographical Information Systems (GIS) are the software tools that turn raw data into useful information that can help us understand our world better.Principles of Geographical Information Systems presents a strong theoretical basis for GIS-often lacking in other texts-and an account of its practice. Through real-world examples, this text clearly explains the importance of spatial data and the information systems based upon them in solving arange of practical problems.



Encyclopedia of Ecology

Encyclopedia of Ecology Author
ISBN-10 9780080914565
Release 2014-11-03
Pages 3120
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The groundbreaking Encyclopedia of Ecology provides an authoritative and comprehensive coverage of the complete field of ecology, from general to applied. It includes over 500 detailed entries, structured to provide the user with complete coverage of the core knowledge, accessed as intuitively as possible, and heavily cross-referenced. Written by an international team of leading experts, this revolutionary encyclopedia will serve as a one-stop-shop to concise, stand-alone articles to be used as a point of entry for undergraduate students, or as a tool for active researchers looking for the latest information in the field. Entries cover a range of topics, including: Behavioral Ecology Ecological Processes Ecological Modeling Ecological Engineering Ecological Indicators Ecological Informatics Ecosystems Ecotoxicology Evolutionary Ecology General Ecology Global Ecology Human Ecology System Ecology The first reference work to cover all aspects of ecology, from basic to applied Over 500 concise, stand-alone articles are written by prominent leaders in the field Article text is supported by full-color photos, drawings, tables, and other visual material Fully indexed and cross referenced with detailed references for further study Writing level is suited to both the expert and non-expert Available electronically on ScienceDirect shortly upon publication



Environmental Modelling

Environmental Modelling Author John Wainwright
ISBN-10 9781118351482
Release 2013-01-22
Pages 496
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Simulation models are an established method used to investigate processes and solve practical problems in a wide variety of disciplines. Central to the concept of this second edition is the idea that environmental systems are complex, open systems. The authors present the diversity of approaches to dealing with environmental complexity and then encourage readers to make comparisons between these approaches and between different disciplines. Environmental Modelling: Finding Simplicity in Complexity 2nd edition is divided into four main sections: An overview of methods and approaches to modelling. State of the art for modelling environmental processes Tools used and models for management Current and future developments. The second edition evolves from the first by providing additional emphasis and material for those students wishing to specialize in environmental modelling. This edition: Focuses on simplifying complex environmental systems. Reviews current software, tools and techniques for modelling. Gives practical examples from a wide variety of disciplines, e.g. climatology, ecology, hydrology, geomorphology and engineering. Has an associated website containing colour images, links to WWW resources and chapter support pages, including data sets relating to case studies, exercises and model animations. This book is suitable for final year undergraduates and postgraduates in environmental modelling, environmental science, civil engineering and biology who will already be familiar with the subject and are moving on to specialize in the field. It is also designed to appeal to professionals interested in the environmental sciences, including environmental consultants, government employees, civil engineers, geographers, ecologists, meteorologists, and geochemists.