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GIS and Public Health

GIS and Public Health Author Ellen K. Cromley
ISBN-10 9781609187507
Release 2012-01-01
Pages 503
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Authoritative and comprehensive, this is the leading text and professional resource on using geographic information systems (GIS) to analyze and address public health problems. Basic GIS concepts and tools are explained, including ways to access and manage spatial databases. The book presents state-of-the-art methods for mapping and analyzing data on population, health events, risk factors, and health services, and for incorporating geographical knowledge into planning and policy. Numerous maps, diagrams, and real-world applications are featured. The companion Web page provides lab exercises with data that can be downloaded for individual or course use. New to This Edition *Incorporates major technological advances, such as Internet-based mapping systems and the rise of data from cell phones and other GPS-enabled devices. *Chapter on health disparities. *Expanded coverage of public participation GIS. *Companion Web page has all-new content. *Goes beyond the United States to encompass an international focus.



GIS in Public Health Practice

GIS in Public Health Practice Author Massimo Craglia
ISBN-10 0203720342
Release 2016-04-19
Pages 320
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Significant advances in the evaluation and use of geographic information have had a major effect on key elements of public health. Strides in mapping technology as well as the availability and accuracy of health information enable public health practitioners to link and analyze data in new ways at international, regional, and even street levels. This geographical perspective generates new approaches in the study of communicable disease control, environmental health protection, health needs assessment, planning and policy, operational public health management, and many other areas. GIS in Public Health Practice includes contributions from the leading researchers in the field who participated in the First European Conference on Geographic Information Sciences and Public Health. This event promoted the use of GIS within the realm of public health. Specifically selected and expanded contributions illustrate particular areas of application and address issues of major importance. Many of the chapters have a UK or European focus, but examine issues, principles, and methods that are relevant worldwide. GIS in Public Health Practice is the first book to treat GIS as more than a mere technology. It recognizes GIS as a science that encompasses the development and application of scientific methods toward solving societal problems, an emerging facet of public health research and practice. This compilation is beneficial to all practitioners and researchers with an interest in public health.



GIS Data Sources

GIS Data Sources Author Drew Decker
ISBN-10 0471437735
Release 2001-06-25
Pages 208
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Put the world of GIS data resources at your command— GIS users routinely encounter key questions about the data needed for their projects: Where did the data come from? Is this the best data available? How can the data be loaded to make it work? What about creating original data? With a broad range of GIS data options to choose from, knowing how to find, select, and use the most appropriate resources for different purposes is absolutely essential in order to keep costs down and make the most of the technology. Filled with crucial information for today's GIS users, this book offers a comprehensive, straightforward reporting on GIS data sources--what they are, hot to find them, and how to determine the right source for a given project. Beginning with a thorough review of the basic GIS data types and groups, GIS Data Sources shows hot to define specific data needs for a project and accurately envision how the data will look and act once it is applied. The next step is to locate and obtain the data. Here the book presents a wealth of data sources, with added guidance on creating original data and important information on suitable applications for different types of data. Nuts-and-bolts material on data formats, media, compression, and downloading helps users acquire and use GIS data easily and avoid the technical snags that can slow a project down. In addition, the book's extensive resource listings provide details on where to find GIS information on the Internet, and a complementary Web site (www.gisdatasources.com) provides further data links and updates to help jump-start your projects. With invaluable time-and cost-saving advice and answers to a host of common GIS data questions, GIS Data Sources is a powerful new tool for users of the technology in any field. Drew Decker is Texas State Cartographer with the Texas Natural Resources Information System in Austin, Texas. He serves as Co-chair of the Texas Geographic Information Council's Technical Advisory Committee and is the Project Manager of the Texas Strategic Mapping Program.



GIS Tutorial for Health

GIS Tutorial for Health Author Kristen Seamens Kurland
ISBN-10 9781589481794
Release 2007
Pages 320
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Designed to benefit health management students and practitioners, this illustrated tutorial is an introduction to help students investigate patterns of uninsured and poor populations, prepare spatial data to analyze environmental hazards, analyze youth pedestrian injuries, and more. This edition is updated for ArcGIS 9.2.



GIS for Health and the Environment

GIS for Health and the Environment Author Poh C. Lai
ISBN-10 9783540713180
Release 2007-10-04
Pages 310
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Aimed at all types of public health practitioners and theorists, this book is a compilation of methodological and application developments in spatial epidemiological approaches for environmental and public health studies in the Asia Pacific region. It aims to plug a gap in the literature that has seen a shortage of materials documenting the development of health GIS in this crucial part of the world.



Spatial Health Inequalities

Spatial Health Inequalities Author Esra Ozdenerol
ISBN-10 9781498701518
Release 2016-08-05
Pages 173
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The neighborhoods and the biophysical, political, and cultural environments all play a key role in affecting health outcomes of individuals. Unequal spatial distribution of resources such as clinics, hospitals, public transportation, fresh food markets, and schools could make some communities as a whole more vulnerable and less resilient to adverse health effects. This somber reality suggests that it is rather the question of "who you are depends upon where you are" and the fact that health inequality is both a people and a place concern. That is why health inequality needs to be investigated in a spatial setting to deepen our understanding of why and how some geographical areas experience poorer health than others. This book introduces how spatial context shapes health inequalities. Spatial Health Inequalities: Adapting GIS Tools and Data Analysis demonstrates the spatial health inequalities in six most important topics in environmental and public health, including food insecurity, birth health outcomes, infectious diseases, children’s lead poisoning, chronic diseases, and health care access. These are the topics that the author has done extensive research on and provides a detailed description of the topic from a global perspective. Each chapter identifies relevant data and data sources, discusses key literature on appropriate techniques, and then illustrates with real data with mapping and GIS techniques. This is a unique book for students, geographers, clinicians, health and research professionals and community members interested in applying GIS and spatial analysis to the study of health inequalities.



Geographic Information Systems and Health Applications

Geographic Information Systems and Health Applications Author Khan, Omar A.
ISBN-10 1591400767
Release 2002-07-01
Pages 344
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"This book presents a sampling of the many applications utilizing GIS in the field of health, including needs of less-developed countries in utilizing the concepts and technologies of mapping"--Provided by publisher.



Geospatial Analysis of Environmental Health

Geospatial Analysis of Environmental Health Author Juliana A. Maantay
ISBN-10 9400703295
Release 2011-03-18
Pages 498
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This book focuses on a range of geospatial applications for environmental health research, including environmental justice issues, environmental health disparities, air and water contamination, and infectious diseases. Environmental health research is at an exciting point in its use of geotechnologies, and many researchers are working on innovative approaches. This book is a timely scholarly contribution in updating the key concepts and applications of using GIS and other geospatial methods for environmental health research. Each chapter contains original research which utilizes a geotechnical tool (Geographic Information Systems (GIS), remote sensing, GPS, etc.) to address an environmental health problem. The book is divided into three sections organized around the following themes: issues in GIS and environmental health research; using GIS to assess environmental health impacts; and geospatial methods for environmental health. Representing diverse case studies and geospatial methods, the book is likely to be of interest to researchers, practitioners and students across the geographic and environmental health sciences. The authors are leading researchers and practitioners in the field of GIS and environmental health.



GIS for Health Organizations

GIS for Health Organizations Author Laura Lang
ISBN-10 187910265X
Release 2000
Pages 100
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Lang explores how geographic information systems can help health care administrators plan, understand, and combat problems in the community. These GIS systems develop graphical models between the environmental landscape and the health condition of individuals living in that landscape.



GIS in Hospital and Healthcare Emergency Management

GIS in Hospital and Healthcare Emergency Management Author Ric Skinner, GISP
ISBN-10 9781439821312
Release 2010-04-27
Pages 279
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Although many books have been published on the application of GIS in emergency management and disaster response, this is the first one to bring together a comprehensive discussion of the critical role GIS plays in hospital and healthcare emergency management and disaster response. Illustrating a wide range of practical applications, GIS in Hospital and Healthcare Emergency Management explores how GIS data is being used to assess need, determine surge capacity, and improve logistics in emergency or disaster scenarios. Leading experts in the field provide authoritative coverage of all areas of emergency management involving GIS and related technologies. Making this complex subject accessible for professionals who want to improve their preparedness and response capabilities, this complete resource provides numerous examples, case studies, and proven simulation and modeling tools to aid in the development of effective and efficient emergency response plans. It also includes a CD-ROM with a user interface that supplies access to helpful forms, exercises, color versions of the figures in the book, hundreds of valuable resources, as well as a composite bibliography of all references included in the text. In today’s technology driven environment, failure to plan is planning to fail. This accessible resource provides emergency planners, operations managers, and hospital and healthcare administrators with the understanding and the tools needed to create emergency management and disaster preparedness systems that will help hospitals save lives, time, and money when the next emergency strikes.



Spatial Agent Based Simulation Modeling in Public Health

Spatial Agent Based Simulation Modeling in Public Health Author S. M. Niaz Arifin
ISBN-10 9781118964354
Release 2016-04-11
Pages 320
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Presents an overview of the complex biological systems used within a global public health setting and features a focus on malaria analysis Bridging the gap between agent-based modeling and simulation (ABMS) and geographic information systems (GIS), Spatial Agent-Based Simulation Modeling in Public Health: Design, Implementation, and Applications for Malaria Epidemiology provides a useful introduction to the development of agent-based models (ABMs) by following a conceptual and biological core model of Anopheles gambiae for malaria epidemiology. Using spatial ABMs, the book includes mosquito (vector) control interventions and GIS as two example applications of ABMs, as well as a brief description of epidemiology modeling. In addition, the authors discuss how to most effectively integrate spatial ABMs with a GIS. The book concludes with a combination of knowledge from entomological, epidemiological, simulation-based, and geo-spatial domains in order to identify and analyze relationships between various transmission variables of the disease. Spatial Agent-Based Simulation Modeling in Public Health: Design, Implementation, and Applications for Malaria Epidemiology also features: Location-specific mosquito abundance maps that play an important role in malaria control activities by guiding future resource allocation for malaria control and identifying hotspots for further investigation Discussions on the best modeling practices in an effort to achieve improved efficacy, cost-effectiveness, ecological soundness, and sustainability of vector control for malaria An overview of the various ABMs, GIS, and spatial statistical methods used in entomological and epidemiological studies, as well as the model malaria study A companion website with computer source code and flowcharts of the spatial ABM and a landscape generator tool that can simulate landscapes with varying spatial heterogeneity of different types of resources including aquatic habitats and houses Spatial Agent-Based Simulation Modeling in Public Health: Design, Implementation, and Applications for Malaria Epidemiology is an excellent reference for professionals such as modeling and simulation experts, GIS experts, spatial analysts, mathematicians, statisticians, epidemiologists, health policy makers, as well as researchers and scientists who use, manage, or analyze infectious disease data and/or infectious disease-related projects. The book is also ideal for graduate-level courses in modeling and simulation, bioinformatics, biostatistics, public health and policy, and epidemiology. S. M. Niaz Arifin, PhD, is Research Assistant Professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at the University of Notre Dame. A member of The Society for Computer Simulation, and American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, and the recipient of The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Travel Award in 2011, his research interests include agent-based modeling and simulation, public health, data warehousing, and geographic information systems. Gregory R. Madey, PhD, is Research Professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at the University of Notre Dame. A member of The Society for Computer Simulation, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Computer Society, and American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, his research interests include agent-based modeling and simulation, cyberinfrastructure, bioinformatics, biocomplexity, e-Technologies, open source software, disaster management, and health informatics. Frank H. Collins, PhD, is Professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at the University of Notre Dame. His research interests include genome level studies of arthropod vectors of human pathogens, the biology of malaria vectors with a focus on the development of molecular tools that will permit better resolution of questions about vector population ecology, ecological genetics, and the epidemiology of malaria transmission.



GIS Tutorial

GIS Tutorial Author Wilpen L. Gorr
ISBN-10 9781589482050
Release 2008
Pages 434
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Updated for ArcView 9.3, GIS Tutorial: Workbook for ArcView 9, Third Edition, provides effective GIS training in an easy-to-follow format. By combining ArcGIS tutorials with self-study exercises intended to gradually build on basic skills, GIS Tutorial is fully adaptable to individual needs as well as classroom settings. In addition to the range of GIS functionality covered by its predecessors, the third edition of this best-selling workbook features two new tutorial chapters that utilize 3D Analyst and ArcGIS Spatial Analyst applications.



Spatial Analysis in Epidemiology

Spatial Analysis in Epidemiology Author Dirk Pfeiffer
ISBN-10 9780198509882
Release 2008-05-29
Pages 142
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Providing a practical, comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the use of spatial statistics in epidemiology, this book examines spatial analytical methods in conjunction with GIS and remotely sensed data to provide insights into the patterns and processes that underlie disease transmission.



Applied Spatial Statistics for Public Health Data

Applied Spatial Statistics for Public Health Data Author Lance A. Waller
ISBN-10 0471662674
Release 2004-07-29
Pages 520
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An application-based introduction to the statistical analysis of spatially referenced health data Sparked by the growing interest in statistical methods for the analysis of spatially referenced data in the field of public health, Applied Spatial Statistics for Public Health Data fills the need for an introductory, application-oriented text on this timely subject. Written for practicing public health researchers as well as graduate students in related fields, the text provides a thorough introduction to basic concepts and methods in applied spatial statistics as well as a detailed treatment of some of the more recent methods in spatial statistics useful for public health studies that have not been previously covered elsewhere. Assuming minimal knowledge of spatial statistics, the authors provide important statistical approaches for assessing such questions as: Are newly occurring cases of a disease "clustered" in space? Do the cases cluster around suspected sources of increased risk, such as toxic waste sites or other environmental hazards? How do we take monitored pollution concentrations measured at specific locations and interpolate them to locations where no measurements were taken? How do we quantify associations between local disease rates and local exposures? After reviewing traditional statistical methods used in public health research, the text provides an overview of the basic features of spatial data, illustrates various geographic mapping and visualization tools, and describes the sources of publicly available spatial data that might be useful in public health applications.



Introduction to Geographic Information Systems in Public Health

Introduction to Geographic Information Systems in Public Health Author Alan L. Melnick
ISBN-10 083421878X
Release 2002
Pages 300
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This clear and accessible text helps public health professionals gain a solid understanding of geographic information system technology; what it is, how it works, and how it shapes their careers. Using examples drawn from public health practice, the author fully explains this exciting technological development.



GIS for Emergency Preparedness and Health Risk Reduction

GIS for Emergency Preparedness and Health Risk Reduction Author David J. Briggs
ISBN-10 1402007981
Release 2002-08-31
Pages 326
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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, held in Budapest, Hungary, 22-25 April 2001



GIS and Spatial Analysis for the Social Sciences

GIS and Spatial Analysis for the Social Sciences Author Robert Nash Parker
ISBN-10 9781135857592
Release 2009-09-10
Pages 272
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This is the first book to provide sociologists, criminologists, political scientists, and other social scientists with the methodological logic and techniques for doing spatial analysis in their chosen fields of inquiry. The book contains a wealth of examples as to why these techniques are worth doing, over and above conventional statistical techniques using SPSS or other statistical packages. GIS is a methodological and conceptual approach that allows for the linking together of spatial data, or data that is based on a physical space, with non-spatial data, which can be thought of as any data that contains no direct reference to physical locations.